Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Albuminiparous adjective [ Latin albumen + parere to bear, bring forth.] Producing albumin.

Albuminoid adjective [ Latin albumen + -oid .] (Chemistry) Resembling albumin. -- noun One of a class of organic principles (called also proteids ) which form the main part of organized tissues. Brunton.

Albuminoidal adjective (Chemistry) Of the nature of an albuminoid.

Albuminose noun (Chemistry) A diffusible substance formed from albumin by the action of natural or artificial gastric juice. See Peptone .

Albuminosis noun [ New Latin , from English albumin .] (Medicine) A morbid condition due to excessive increase of albuminous elements in the blood.

Albuminous, Albuminose adjective [ Confer French albumineux .] Pertaining to, or containing, albumen; having the properties of, or resembling, albumen or albumin. -- Al*bu"mi*nous*ness , noun

Albuminuria noun [ New Latin , from Latin albumen + Greek ... urine.] (Medicine) A morbid condition in which albumin is present in the urine.

Albumose noun [ From albumin .] (Chemistry) A compound or class of compounds formed from albumin by dilute acids or by an acid solution of pepsin. Used also in combination, as anti albumose , hemi albumose .

Alburn noun [ Latin alburnus , from Latin albus white. Confer Auburn .] (Zoology) The bleak, a small European fish having scales of a peculiarly silvery color which are used in making artificial pearls.

Alburnous adjective Of or pertaining to alburnum; of the alburnum; as, alburnous substances.

Alburnum noun [ Latin , from albus white.] (Botany) The white and softer part of wood, between the inner bark and the hard wood or duramen; sapwood.

Albyn noun [ See Albion .] Scotland; esp. the Highlands of Scotland. T. Cambell.

Alcade (ăk*kād") noun Same as Alcaid .

Alcade noun Var. of Alcaid .

Alcahest noun Same as Alkahest .

Alcaic adjective [ Latin Alcaïcus , Greek ....] Pertaining to Alcæus, a lyric poet of Mitylene, about 6000 b. c. -- noun A kind of verse, so called from Alcæus. One variety consists of five feet, a spondee or iambic, an iambic, a long syllable, and two dactyls.

Alcaid, Alcayde (ăk*kād"; Spanish äl*kä*e"da) noun [ Spanish alcaide , from Arabic al-qāīd governor, from qāda to lead, govern.]
1. A commander of a castle or fortress among the Spaniards, Portuguese, and Moors.

2. The warden, or keeper of a jail.

Alcalde noun [ Spanish alcalde , from Arabic al-qādī judge, from qada to decide, judge. Hence, the cadi of the Turks. Confer Cadi .] A magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish America, etc. Prescott.

» Sometimes confounded with Alcaid .

Alcaldia noun [ Spanish Alcaldía .] The jurisdiction or office of an alcalde; also, the building or chamber in which he conducts the business of his office.

Alcalimeter noun See Alkalimeter .

Alcanna noun [ Spanish alcana , alhe...a , from Arabic al-hinnā . See Henna , and confer Alkanet .] (Botany) An oriental shrub ( Lawsonia inermis ) from which henna is obtained.

Alcarraza noun ; plural Alcarrazas . [ Spanish , from Arabic al-kurrāz earthen vessel.] A vessel of porous earthenware, used for cooling liquids by evaporation from the exterior surface.

Alcayde (ăl*kād") noun Same as Alcaid .

Alcazar noun [ from Arabic al the + qacr (in plural) a castle.] A fortress; also, a royal palace. Prescott.

Alcedo noun [ Latin , equiv. to Greek .... See Halcyon .] (Zoology) A genus of perching birds, including the European kingfisher ( Alcedo ispida ). See Halcyon .

Alchemic, Alchemical adjective [ Confer French alchimique .] Of or relating to alchemy.

Alchemically adverb In the manner of alchemy.

Alchemist noun [ Confer Old French alquemiste , French alchimiste .] One who practices alchemy.

You are alchemist ; make gold.
Shak.

Alchemistic, Alchemistical adjective Relating to or practicing alchemy.

Metaphysical and alchemistical legislators.
Burke.

Alchemistry noun Alchemy. [ Obsolete]

Alchemize transitive verb To change by alchemy; to transmute. Lovelace.

Alchemy noun [ Old French alkemie , arquemie , French alchimie , Arabic al-kīmīa , from late Greek ..., for ..., a mingling, infusion, ... juice, liquid, especially as extracted from plants, from ... to pour; for chemistry was originally the art of extracting the juices from plants for medicinal purposes. Confer Spanish alquimia , Italian alchimia . Greek ... is probably akin to Latin fundere to pour, Goth. guitan , Anglo-Saxon geótan , to pour, and so to English fuse . See Fuse , and confer Chemistry .]
1. An imaginary art which aimed to transmute the baser metals into gold, to find the panacea, or universal remedy for diseases, etc. It led the way to modern chemistry.

2. A mixed metal composed mainly of brass, formerly used for various utensils; hence, a trumpet. [ Obsolete]

Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy .
Milton.

3. Miraculous power of transmuting something common into something precious.

Kissing with golden face the meadows green,
Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy .
Shak.

Alchymic adjective , Al"chy*mist noun , Al`chy*mis"tic adjective , Al"chy*my
Alco noun A small South American dog, domesticated by the aborigines.

Alcoate, Alcohate noun Shortened forms of Alcoholate .

Alcohol (ăl"ko*hŏl) noun [ Confer French alcool , formerly written alcohol , Spanish alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol ; all from Arabic al-kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Spanish word has both meanings. Confer Alquifou .]
1. An impalpable powder. [ Obsolete]

2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. [ Obsolete] Boyle.

3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol ); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.

» As used in the U. S. "Pharmacopœia," alcohol contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water.

4. (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C 2 H 5 .OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH 3 .OH) or wood spirit ; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C 5 H 11 .OH) or fusel oil , etc.

Alcoholate noun [ Confer French alcolaie .] (Chemistry) A crystallizable compound of a salt with alcohol, in which the latter plays a part analogous to that of water of crystallization. Graham.

Alcoholature noun [ Confer French alcoolature .] (Medicine) An alcoholic tincture prepared with fresh plants. New Eng. Dict.

Alcoholic adjective [ Confer French alcolique .] Of or pertaining to alcohol, or partaking of its qualities; derived from, or caused by, alcohol; containing alcohol; as, alcoholic mixtures; alcoholic gastritis; alcoholic odor.

Alcoholic noun
1. A person given to the use of alcoholic liquors.

2. plural Alcoholic liquors.

Alcoholism noun [ Confer French alcoolisme .] (Medicine) A diseased condition of the system, brought about by the continued use of alcoholic liquors.

Alcoholization noun [ Confer French alcoolisation .]
1. The act of reducing a substance to a fine or impalpable powder. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

2. The act rectifying spirit.

3. Saturation with alcohol; putting the animal system under the influence of alcoholic liquor.

Alcoholize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Alcoholized ; present participle & verbal noun Alcoholizing .] [ Confer French alcooliser .]
1. To reduce to a fine powder. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

2. To convert into alcohol; to rectify; also, to saturate with alcohol.

Alcoholometer, Alcoholmeter noun [ Alcohol + -meter .] (Chemistry) An instrument for determining the strength of spirits, with a scale graduated so as to indicate the percentage of pure alcohol, either by weight or volume. It is usually a form of hydrometer with a special scale.

Alcoholometric, Alcoholometrical Al`co*hol*met"ric*al adjective Relating to the alcoholometer or alcoholometry.

The alcoholometrical strength of spirituous liquors.
Ure.

Alcoholometry noun The process or method of ascertaining the proportion of pure alcohol which spirituous liquors contain.

Alcohometer noun , Al`co*ho*met"ric adjective Same as Alcoholometer , Alcoholometric .

Alcoran noun [ alcoran , from Arabic al-qorān , orig. the reading, the book, from qaraa to read. Confer Koran .] The Mohammedan Scriptures; the Koran (now the usual form). [ Spelt also Alkoran .]

Alcoranic adjective Of or pertaining to the Koran.

Alcoömetry noun See Alcoholometry .

» The chemists say alcomètre , alcoomètrie , doubtless by the suppression of a syllable in order to avoid a disagreeable sequence of sounds. (Cf. Idolatry .) Littré.