Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Albuminiparous adjective [ Latin albumen + parere to bear, bring forth.] Producing albumin.
Albuminoid adjective [ Latin albumen + -oid .] (Chemistry) Resembling albumin. -- noun One of a class of organic principles (called also proteids ) which form the main part of organized tissues. Brunton.
Albuminoidal adjective (Chemistry) Of the nature of an albuminoid.
Albuminose noun (Chemistry) A diffusible substance formed from albumin by the action of natural or artificial gastric juice. See Peptone .
Albuminosis noun [ New Latin , from English albumin .] (Medicine) A morbid condition due to excessive increase of albuminous elements in the blood.
Albuminous, Albuminose adjective [ Confer French albumineux .] Pertaining to, or containing, albumen; having the properties of, or resembling, albumen or albumin. -- Al*bu"mi*nous*ness , noun
Albuminuria noun [ New Latin , from Latin albumen + Greek ... urine.] (Medicine) A morbid condition in which albumin is present in the urine.
Albumose noun [ From albumin .] (Chemistry) A compound or class of compounds formed from albumin by dilute acids or by an acid solution of pepsin. Used also in combination, as anti albumose , hemi albumose .
Alburn noun [ Latin alburnus , from Latin albus white. Confer Auburn .] (Zoology) The bleak, a small European fish having scales of a peculiarly silvery color which are used in making artificial pearls.
Alburnous adjective Of or pertaining to alburnum; of the alburnum; as, alburnous substances.
Alburnum noun [ Latin , from albus white.] (Botany) The white and softer part of wood, between the inner bark and the hard wood or duramen; sapwood.
[ See Albion
.] Scotland; esp. the Highlands of Scotland. T. Cambell.
(ăk*kād") noun Same as Alcaid .
[ Latin Alcaïcus
, Greek ....] Pertaining to Alcæus, a lyric poet of Mitylene, about 6000 b. c.
-- noun A kind of verse, so called from Alcæus. One variety consists of five feet, a spondee or iambic, an iambic, a long syllable, and two dactyls.
Alcaid, Alcayde (ăk*kād"; Spanish äl*kä*e"da) noun [ Spanish alcaide , from Arabic al-qāīd governor, from qāda to lead, govern.]
1. A commander of a castle or fortress among the Spaniards, Portuguese, and Moors. 2. The warden, or keeper of a jail.
[ Spanish alcalde
, from Arabic al-qādī
judge, from qada
to decide, judge. Hence, the cadi
of the Turks. Confer Cadi
.] A magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish America, etc. Prescott.
» Sometimes confounded with Alcaid
Alcaldia noun [ Spanish Alcaldía .] The jurisdiction or office of an alcalde; also, the building or chamber in which he conducts the business of his office.
[ Spanish alcana
, from Arabic al-hinnā
. See Henna
, and confer Alkanet
.] (Botany) An oriental shrub ( Lawsonia inermis ) from which henna is obtained.
; plural Alcarrazas
. [ Spanish , from Arabic al-kurrāz
earthen vessel.] A vessel of porous earthenware, used for cooling liquids by evaporation from the exterior surface.
(ăl*kād") noun Same as Alcaid .
Alcazar noun [ from Arabic al the + qacr (in plural) a castle.] A fortress; also, a royal palace. Prescott.
[ Latin , equiv. to Greek .... See Halcyon
.] (Zoology) A genus of perching birds, including the European kingfisher ( Alcedo ispida ). See Halcyon .
Alchemic, Alchemical adjective [ Confer French alchimique .] Of or relating to alchemy.
Alchemically adverb In the manner of alchemy.
[ Confer Old French alquemiste
, French alchimiste
.] One who practices alchemy.
You are alchemist ; make gold.
Alchemistic, Alchemistical adjective Relating to or practicing alchemy.
Metaphysical and alchemistical legislators.
Alchemistry noun Alchemy. [ Obsolete]
Alchemize transitive verb To change by alchemy; to transmute. Lovelace.
[ Old French alkemie
, French alchimie
, Arabic al-kīmīa
, from late Greek ..., for ..., a mingling, infusion, ... juice, liquid, especially as extracted from plants, from ... to pour; for chemistry was originally the art of extracting the juices from plants for medicinal purposes. Confer Spanish alquimia
, Italian alchimia
. Greek ... is probably akin to Latin fundere
to pour, Goth. guitan
, Anglo-Saxon geótan
, to pour, and so to English fuse
. See Fuse
, and confer Chemistry
.] 1. An imaginary art which aimed to transmute the baser metals into gold, to find the panacea, or universal remedy for diseases, etc. It led the way to modern chemistry. 2. A mixed metal composed mainly of brass, formerly used for various utensils; hence, a trumpet.
Put to their mouths the sounding alchemy . 3. Miraculous power of transmuting something common into something precious.
Kissing with golden face the meadows green,
Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy .
Alchymic adjective , Al"chy*mist noun , Al`chy*mis"tic adjective , Al"chy*my
Alco noun A small South American dog, domesticated by the aborigines.
Alcoate, Alcohate noun Shortened forms of Alcoholate .
[ Confer French alcool
, formerly written alcohol
, Spanish alcohol
alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol
; all from Arabic al-kohl
a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Spanish word has both meanings. Confer Alquifou
.] 1. An impalpable powder.
[ Obsolete] 2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation.
[ Obsolete] Boyle. 3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol ); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.
» As used in the U. S. "Pharmacopœia," alcohol
contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol
(proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water. 4. (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C 2 H 5 .OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH 3 .OH) or wood spirit ; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C 5 H 11 .OH) or fusel oil , etc.
Alcoholate noun [ Confer French alcolaie .] (Chemistry) A crystallizable compound of a salt with alcohol, in which the latter plays a part analogous to that of water of crystallization. Graham.
Alcoholature noun [ Confer French alcoolature .] (Medicine) An alcoholic tincture prepared with fresh plants. New Eng. Dict.
Alcoholic adjective [ Confer French alcolique .] Of or pertaining to alcohol, or partaking of its qualities; derived from, or caused by, alcohol; containing alcohol; as, alcoholic mixtures; alcoholic gastritis; alcoholic odor.
1. A person given to the use of alcoholic liquors. 2. plural Alcoholic liquors.
Alcoholism noun [ Confer French alcoolisme .] (Medicine) A diseased condition of the system, brought about by the continued use of alcoholic liquors.
Alcoholization noun [ Confer French alcoolisation .]
1. The act of reducing a substance to a fine or impalpable powder. [ Obsolete] Johnson. 2. The act rectifying spirit. 3. Saturation with alcohol; putting the animal system under the influence of alcoholic liquor.
Alcoholize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Alcoholized
; present participle & verbal noun Alcoholizing
.] [ Confer French alcooliser
.] 1. To reduce to a fine powder.
[ Obsolete] Johnson. 2. To convert into alcohol; to rectify; also, to saturate with alcohol.
Alcoholometer, Alcoholmeter noun [ Alcohol + -meter .] (Chemistry) An instrument for determining the strength of spirits, with a scale graduated so as to indicate the percentage of pure alcohol, either by weight or volume. It is usually a form of hydrometer with a special scale.
Alcoholometric, Alcoholometrical Al`co*hol*met"ric*al adjective Relating to the alcoholometer or alcoholometry.
The alcoholometrical strength of spirituous liquors.
Alcoholometry noun The process or method of ascertaining the proportion of pure alcohol which spirituous liquors contain.
, from Arabic al-qorān
, orig. the reading, the book, from qaraa
to read. Confer Koran
.] The Mohammedan Scriptures; the Koran (now the usual form).
[ Spelt also Alkoran
Alcoranic adjective Of or pertaining to the Koran.
Alcoömetry noun See Alcoholometry .
» The chemists say alcomètre
, doubtless by the suppression of a syllable in order to avoid a disagreeable sequence of sounds. (Cf. Idolatry