Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Aliturgical adjective [ Prefix a- + liturgical .] (Eccl.) Applied to those days when the holy sacrifice is not offered. Shipley.
Aliunde adverb & adjective [ Latin ] (Law) From another source; from elsewhere; as, a case proved aliunde ; evidence aliunde .
[ Middle English on live
, Anglo-Saxon on līfe
in life; līfe
being dat. of līf
life. See Life
, and confer Live
] 1. Having life, in opposition to dead ; living; being in a state in which the organs perform their functions; as, an animal or a plant which is alive . 2. In a state of action; in force or operation; unextinguished; unexpired; existent; as, to keep the fire alive ; to keep the affections alive . 3. Exhibiting the activity and motion of many living beings; swarming; thronged.
The Boyne, for a quarter of a mile, was alive with muskets and green boughs. 4. Sprightly; lively; brisk. Richardson. 5. Having susceptibility; easily impressed; having lively feelings, as opposed to apathy; sensitive.
Tremblingly alive to nature's laws. 6. Of all living (by way of emphasis).
Northumberland was the proudest man alive .
Used colloquially as an intensive; as, man alive!
always follows the noun which it qualifies.
Alizari noun [ Perh. from Arabic 'açārah juice extracted from a plant, from 'açara to press.] (Com.) The madder of the Levant. Brande & C.
Alizarin noun [ French alizarine , from alizari .] (Chemistry) A coloring principle, C 14 H 6 O 2 (OH) 2 , found in madder, and now produced artificially from anthracene. It produces the Turkish reds.
Alkahest noun [ Late Latin alchahest , French alcahest , a word that has an Arabic appearance, but was probably arbitrarily formed by Paracelsus.] The fabled "universal solvent" of the alchemists; a menstruum capable of dissolving all bodies. -- Al`ka*hes"tic adjective
Alkalamide noun [ Alkali + amide .] (Chemistry) One of a series of compounds that may be regarded as ammonia in which a part of the hydrogen has been replaced by basic, and another part by acid, atoms or radicals.
Alkalescence, Alkalescency noun A tendency to become alkaline; or the state of a substance in which alkaline properties begin to be developed, or to predominant. Ure.
Alkalescent adjective [ Confer French alcalescent .] Tending to the properties of an alkali; slightly alkaline.
; plural Alkalis
[ French alcali
, ultimately from Arabic alqalī
ashes of the plant saltwort, from qalay
to roast in a pan, fry.] 1. Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc. 2. (Chemistry) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue. Fixed alkalies
, potash and soda.
-- Vegetable alkalies
. Same as Alkaloids .
-- Volatile alkali
, ammonia, so called in distinction from the fixed alkalies.
Alkali noun Soluble mineral matter, other than common salt, contained in soils of natural waters. [ Western U. S.]
Alkali flat A sterile plain, containing an excess of alkali, at the bottom of an undrained basin in an arid region; a playa.
Alkali soil Any one of various soils found in arid and semiarid regions, containing an unusual amount of soluble mineral salts which effloresce in the form of a powder or crust (usually white) in dry weather following rains or irrigation. The basis of these salts is mainly soda with a smaller amount of potash, and usually a little lime and magnesia. Two main classes of alkali are commonly distinguished: black alkali , which may be any alkaline carbonate, but which practically consists of sodium carbonate (sal soda), which is highly corrosive and destructive to vegetation; and white alkali , characterized by the presence of sodium sulphate (Glauber's salt), which is less injurious to vegetation. Black alkali is so called because water containing it dissolves humus, forming a dark-colored solution which, when it collects in puddles and evaporates, produces characteristic black spots.
Alkali waste Waste material from the manufacture of alkali; specif., soda waste.
Alkali*zate transitive verb To alkalizate. [ R.] Johnson.
Alkalifiable adjective [ Confer French alcalifiable .] Capable of being alkalified, or converted into an alkali.
Alkalify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Alkalified
; present participle & verbal noun Alkalifying
.] [ Alkali
: confer French alcalifier
.] To convert into an alkali; to give alkaline properties to.
Alkalify intransitive verb To become changed into an alkali.
Alkalimeter noun [ Alkali + -meter . confer French alcalimètre .] An instrument to ascertain the strength of alkalies, or the quantity of alkali in a mixture.
Alkalimetric, Alkalimetrical adjective Of or pertaining to alkalimetry.
Alkalimetry noun [ Confer French alcalimètrie .] (Chemistry) The art or process of ascertaining the strength of alkalies, or the quantity present in alkaline mixtures.
Alkaline adjective [ Confer French alcalin .] Of or pertaining to an alkali or to alkalies; having the properties of an alkali. Alkaline earths , certain substances, as lime, baryta, strontia, and magnesia, possessing some of the qualities of alkalies. -- Alkaline metals , potassium, sodium, cæsium, lithium, rubidium. -- Alkaline reaction , a reaction indicating alkalinity, as by the action on limits, turmeric, etc.
Alkalinity noun The quality which constitutes an alkali; alkaline property. Thomson.
Alkalious adjective Alkaline. [ Obsolete]
Alkalizate adjective Alkaline. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Alkalization noun [ Confer French alcalisation .] The act rendering alkaline by impregnating with an alkali; a conferring of alkaline qualities.
(ăl"kȧ*līz) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Alkalized
; present participle & verbal noun Alkalizing
] [ Confer French alcaliser
.] To render alkaline; to communicate the properties of an alkali to.
Alkaloid (ăl"kȧ*loid), Al`ka*loid"al (ăl`kȧ*loid" a l) adjective [ Alkali + -oid : confer French alcaloïde .] Pertaining to, resembling, or containing, alkali.
Alkaloid (ăl"kȧ*loid) noun (Chemistry) An organic base, especially one of a class of substances occurring ready formed in the tissues of plants and the bodies of animals. » Alkaloids all contain nitrogen, carbon, and hydrogen, and many of them also contain oxygen. They include many of the active principles in plants; thus, morphine and narcotine are alkaloids found in opium.
[ Dim. of Spanish alcana
, in which al
is the Arabic article. See Henna
, and cf
.] 1. (Chemistry) A dyeing matter extracted from the roots of Alkanna tinctoria , which gives a fine deep red color. 2. (Botany) (a) A boraginaceous herb ( Alkanna tinctoria ) yielding the dye; orchanet. (b) The similar plant Anchusa officinalis ; bugloss; also, the American puccoon.
sin + oxy gen
.] (Chemistry) Same as Cacodylic acid .
Alkarsin noun [ Alkali + ars enic + -in .] (Chemistry) A spontaneously inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor, and consisting of cacodyl and its oxidation products; -- called also Cadel's fuming liquid .
Alkekengi noun [ Confer French alkékenge , Spanish alquequenje , ultimately from Arabic al- kākanj a kind of resin from Herat.] (Botany) An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family ( Physalis alkekengi ) and its fruit, which is a well flavored berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged leafy calyx; -- also called winter cherry , ground cherry , and strawberry tomato . D. C. Eaton.
[ Arabic al-qirmiz
kermes. See Kermes
.] (Old Pharmacy) A compound cordial, in the form of a confection, deriving its name from the kermes insect, its principal ingredient.
Alkoran noun The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as Alcoran and Koran .
[ Middle English al
, plural alle
, Anglo-Saxon eal
, plural ealle
, Northumbrian alle
, akin to D. & Old High German al
, German all
, Icelandic allr
. Danish al
, Swedish all
, Goth. alls
; and perhaps to Ir. and Gael. uile
, W. oll
.] 1. The whole quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or degree of; the whole; the whole number of; any whatever; every; as, all the wheat; all the land; all the year; all the strength; all happiness; all abundance; loss of all power; beyond all doubt; you will see us all (or all of us).
Prove all things: hold fast that which is good. 2. Any.
1 Thess. v. 21.
[ Obsolete] "Without all
» When the definite article "the," or a possessive or a demonstrative pronoun, is joined to the noun that all
precedes the article or the pronoun; as, all
the cattle; all
my labor; all
his wealth; all
our families; all
your citizens; all
their property; all
other joys. This word, not only in popular language, but in the Scriptures, often signifies, indefinitely, a large portion or number, or a great part. Thus, all
the cattle in Egypt died, all
Judea and all
the region round about Jordan, all
men held John as a prophet, are not to be understood in a literal sense, but as including a large part, or very great numbers. 3. Only; alone; nothing but.
I was born to speak all mirth and no matter. All the whole
, the whole (emphatically).
[ Obsolete] " All the whole
All adverb 1. Wholly; completely; altogether; entirely; quite; very; as, all bedewed; my friend is all for amusement.
"And cheeks all
» In the ancient phrases, all
too dear, all
too much, all
so long, etc., this word retains its appropriate sense or becomes intensive. 2. Even; just. (Often a mere intensive adjunct.)
[ Obsolete or Poet.]
All as his straying flock he fed.
A damsel lay deploring All to
All on a rock reclined.
, or All-to
. In such phrases as " all to rent," " all to break ," " all-to frozen," etc., which are of frequent occurrence in our old authors, the all and the to have commonly been regarded as forming a compound adverb, equivalent in meaning to entirely , completely , altogether . But the sense of entireness lies wholly in the word all (as it does in " all forlorn," and similar expressions), and the to properly belongs to the following word, being a kind of intensive prefix (orig. meaning asunder and answering to the LG. ter- , HG. zer- ). It is frequently to be met with in old books, used without the all . Thus Wyclif says, "The vail of the temple was to rent :" and of Judas, "He was hanged and to-burst the middle:" i. e. , burst in two, or asunder.
- - All along
. See under Along .
-- All and some
, individually and collectively, one and all.
[ Obsolete] "Displeased all and some
-- All but
. (a) Scarcely; not even.
[ Obsolete] Shak. (b) Almost; nearly.
"The fine arts were all but
-- All hollow
, entirely, completely; as, to beat any one all hollow .
[ Low] -- All one
, the same thing in effect; that is, wholly the same thing.
-- All over
, over the whole extent; thoroughly; wholly; as, she is her mother all over .
[ Colloq.] -- All the better
, wholly the better; that is, better by the whole difference.
-- All the same
"There they [ certain phenomena] remain rooted all the same
, whether we recognize them or not." J. C. Shairp.
"But Rugby is a very nice place all the same
." T. Arnold.
-- See also under All
All noun The whole number, quantity, or amount; the entire thing; everything included or concerned; the aggregate; the whole; totality; everything or every person; as, our all is at stake.
Death, as the Psalmist saith, is certain to all .
All that thou seest is mine. All
Gen. xxxi. 43.
is used with of
, like a partitive; as, all
of a thing, all
of us. After all
, after considering everything to the contrary; nevertheless.
-- All in all
, a phrase which signifies all things to a person, or everything desired; (also adverbially ) wholly; altogether.
Thou shalt be all in all , and I in thee,
Trust me not at all, or all in all .
-- All in the wind (Nautical)
, a phrase denoting that the sails are parallel with the course of the wind, so as to shake.
-- All told
, all counted; in all.
-- And all
, and the rest; and everything connected.
"Bring our crown and all
-- At all
. (a) In every respect; wholly; thoroughly.
[ Obsolete] "She is a shrew at al(l)
." Chaucer. (b) A phrase much used by way of enforcement or emphasis, usually in negative or interrogative sentences, and signifying in any way or respect ; in the least degree or to the least extent ; in the least ; under any circumstances ; as, he has no ambition at all ; has he any property at all ?
"Nothing at all
"If thy father at all
miss me." 1 Sam. xx. 6
. -- Over all
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
is much used in composition to enlarge the meaning, or add force to a word. In some instances, it is completely incorporated into words, and its final consonant is dropped, as in al
ways: but, in most instances, it is an adverb prefixed to adjectives or participles, but usually with a hyphen, as, all
- surrounding, etc. In others it is an adjective; as, all
-giver. Anciently many words, as, al
aground, etc., were compounded with all
, which are now written separately.
[ Orig. all
, adverb , wholly: used with though
, which being dropped before the subjunctive left all
as if in the sense although
.] Although; albeit.
All they were wondrous loth.
All Fools' Day The first day of April, a day on which sportive impositions are practiced.
The first of April, some do say,
Is set apart for All Fools' Day .
Poor Robin's Almanack (1760).
[ formerly, All` four"
.] All four legs of a quadruped; or the two legs and two arms of a person. To be
, or run
, on all fours
(Fig.), to be on the same footing; to correspond ( with ) exactly; to be alike in all the circumstances to be considered.
"This example is on all fours
with the other." "No simile can go on all fours
All hail [ All + hail , interj. ] All health; -- a phrase of salutation or welcome.
All Saints, All Saints' The first day of November, called, also, Allhallows or Hallowmas ; a feast day kept in honor of all the saints; also, the season of this festival.
All Souls' Day The second day of November; a feast day of the Roman Catholic church, on which supplications are made for the souls of the faithful dead.
Alla breve [ Italian , according to the breve .] (Old Church Music) With one breve , or four minims, to measure, and sung faster like four crotchets; in quick common time; -- indicated in the time signature by ....
Allah noun [ contr. from the article al the + ilah God.] The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs and the Mohammedans generally.