Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin abjectus
, past participle of abjicere
to throw away; ab
to throw. See Jet
a shooting forth.] 1. Cast down; low- lying.
From the safe shore their floating carcasses 2. Sunk to a law condition; down in spirit or hope; degraded; servile; groveling; despicable; as, abject posture, fortune, thoughts.
And broken chariot wheels; so thick bestrown
Abject and lost lay these, covering the flood.
"Base and abject
And banish hence these abject , lowly dreams. Syn.
-- Mean; groveling; cringing; mean-spirited; slavish; ignoble; worthless; vile; beggarly; contemptible; degraded.
Abject transitive verb
[ From Abject
] To cast off or down; hence, to abase; to degrade; to lower; to debase.
[ Obsolete] Donne.
Abject noun A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway.
Shall these abjects , these victims, these outcasts, know any thing of pleasure?
Abjectedness noun A very abject or low condition; abjectness. [ R.] Boyle.
[ French abjection
, Latin abjectio
.] 1. The act of bringing down or humbling.
of the king and his realm." Joe. 2. The state of being rejected or cast out.
An adjection from the beatific regions where God, and his angels and saints, dwell forever. 3. A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement; degradation.
That this should be termed baseness, abjection of mind, or servility, is it credible?
Abjectly adverb Meanly; servilely.
Abjectness noun The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility. Grew.
Abjudge transitive verb
[ Prefix ab-
, v. Confer Abjudicate
.] To take away by judicial decision.
Abjudicate transitive verb
[ Latin abjudicatus
, past participle of abjudicare
. See Judge
, and confer Abjudge
.] To reject by judicial sentence; also, to abjudge.
[ Obsolete] Ash.
Abjudication noun Rejection by judicial sentence. [ R.] Knowles.
Abjugate transitive verb [ Latin abjugatus , past participle of abjugare .] To unyoke. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ Latin abjunctus
, past participle of abjungere
to join.] Exceptional.
It is this power which leads on from the accidental and abjunctive to the universal.
Abjuration noun [ Latin abjuratio : confer French abjuration .] Oath of abjuration , an oath asserting the right of the present royal family to the crown of England, and expressly abjuring allegiance to the descendants of the Pretender. Brande & C.
1. The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return. 2. A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.
Abjuratory adjective Containing abjuration.
Abjure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Abjured
; present participle & verbal noun Abjuring
] [ Latin abjurare
to deny upon oath; ab
to swear, from jus
, right, law; confer French abjurer
. See Jury
.] 1. To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow; as, to abjure allegiance to a prince. To abjure the realm , is to swear to abandon it forever. 2. To renounce or reject with solemnity; to recant; to abandon forever; to reject; repudiate; as, to abjure errors.
"Magic I here abjure
." Shak. Syn.
-- See Renounce
Abjure intransitive verb To renounce on oath. Bp. Burnet.
Abjurement (-m e nt) noun Renunciation. [ R.]
Abjurer noun One who abjures.
Ablactate transitive verb [ Latin ablactatus , past participle of ablactare ; ab + lactare to suckle, from lac milk.] To wean. [ R.] Bailey.
1. The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from their dam. Blount. 2. (Hort.) The process of grafting now called inarching , or grafting by approach .
Ablaqueate transitive verb [ Latin ablaqueatus , past participle of. ablaqueare ; from ab + laqueus a noose.] To lay bare, as the roots of a tree. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
Ablaqueation noun [ Latin ablaqueatio .] The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.
Ablastemic adjective [ Greek 'a priv. + ... growth.] (Biol.) Non-germinal.
[ Latin ablatio
, from ablatus
past participle of auferre
to carry away; ab
, past participle of ferre
carry: confer French ablation
. See Tolerate
.] 1. A carrying or taking away; removal. Jer. Taylor. 2. (Medicine) Extirpation. Dunglison. 3. (Geol.) Wearing away; superficial waste. Tyndall.
Ablatitious adjective Diminishing; as, an ablatitious force. Sir J. Herschel.
[ French ablatif
, Latin ablativus
. See Ablation
.] 1. Taking away or removing.
Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ablative directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth. 2. (Gram.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal , separation , or taking away .
Ablative (Gram.) The ablative case. ablative absolute , a construction in Latin, in which a noun in the ablative case has a participle (either expressed or implied), agreeing with it in gender, number, and case, both words forming a clause by themselves and being unconnected, grammatically, with the rest of the sentence; as, Tarquinio regnante , Pythagoras venit, i. e. , Tarquinius reigning, Pythagoras came.
Ablaut noun [ German , off-sound; ab off + laut sound.] (Philol.) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get , gat , got ; sing , song ; hang , hung . Earle.
Ablaze adverb & adjective
[ Prefix a-
.] 1. On fire; in a blaze, gleaming. Milman.
All ablaze with crimson and gold. 2. In a state of glowing excitement or ardent desire.
The young Cambridge democrats were all ablaze to assist Torrijos.
[ Comp. Abler
; superl. Ablest
] [ Old French habile
, Latin habilis
that may be easily held or managed, apt, skillful, from habere
to have, hold. Confer Habile
and see Habit
.] 1. Fit; adapted; suitable.
A many man, to ben an abbot able . 2. Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means, or resources of any kind to accomplish the object; possessed of qualifications rendering competent for some end; competent; qualified; capable; as, an able workman, soldier, seaman, a man able to work; a mind able to reason; a person able to be generous; able to endure pain; able to play on a piano. 3. Specially: Having intellectual qualifications, or strong mental powers; showing ability or skill; talented; clever; powerful; as, the ablest man in the senate; an able speech.
No man wrote abler state papers. 4. (Law) Legally qualified; possessed of legal competence; as, able to inherit or devise property. Able for
, is Scotticism. "Hardly able for
such a march." Robertson. Syn.
-- Competent; qualified; fitted; efficient; effective; capable; skillful; clever; vigorous; powerful.
Able transitive verb
[ See Able
] [ Obsolete] 1. To make able; to enable; to strengthen. Chaucer. 2. To vouch for.
"I 'll able
Able-bodied adjective Having a sound, strong body; physically competent; robust. " Able-bodied vagrant." Froude. -- A`ble-bod"ied*ness , noun .
Able-minded adjective Having much intellectual power. -- A`ble-mind"ed*ness , noun
Ablegate transitive verb
[ Latin ablegatus
, past participle of ablegare
to send with a commission. See Legate
.] To send abroad.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
Ablegate noun (R. C. Ch.) A representative of the pope charged with important commissions in foreign countries, one of his duties being to bring to a newly named cardinal his insignia of office.
Ablegation noun [ Latin ablegatio .] The act of sending abroad. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Ableness noun Ability of body or mind; force; vigor. [ Obsolete or R.]
Ablepsy noun [ Greek ...; 'a priv. + ... to see.] Blindness. [ R.] Urquhart.
, comp. of Able .
-- A"blest adjective
, superl. of Able .
[ French ablet
, a dim. from Late Latin abula
, for albula
, dim. of albus
white. Confer Abele
.] (Zoology) A small fresh-water fish ( Leuciscus alburnus ); the bleak.
Abligate transitive verb [ Latin ab + ligatus , past participle of ligare to tie.] To tie up so as to hinder from. [ Obsolete]
Abligurition noun [ Latin abligurito , from abligurire to spend in luxurious indulgence; ab + ligurire to be lickerish, dainty, from lingere to lick.] Prodigal expense for food. [ Obsolete] Bailey.
[ See Able
Abloom adverb [ Prefix a- + bloom .] In or into bloom; in a blooming state. Masson.
Ablude transitive verb [ Latin abludere ; ab + ludere to play.] To be unlike; to differ. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.
[ Latin abluens
, present participle of. abluere
to wash away; ab
). See Lave
.] Washing away; carrying off impurities; detergent.
-- noun (Medicine) A detergent.
Ablush adverb & adjective [ Prefix a- + blush .] Blushing; ruddy.
[ Latin ablutio
, from abluere
: confer French ablution
. See Abluent
.] 1. The act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite. 2. The water used in cleansing.
"Cast the ablutions
in the main." Pope. 3. (R. C. Ch.) A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to wash the priest's thumb and index finger after the communion, and which then, as perhaps containing portions of the consecrated elements, is drunk by the priest.
Ablutionary adjective Pertaining to ablution.