Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Abet transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Abetted
; present participle & verbal noun Abetting
.] [ Old French abeter
) + beter
to bait (as a bear), from Icelandic beita
to set dogs on, to feed, originally, to cause to bite, from Icelandic bīta
to bite, hence to bait, to incite. See Bait
.] 1. To instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; -- used in a bad sense of persons and acts; as, to abet an ill-doer; to abet one in his wicked courses; to abet vice; to abet an insurrection.
"The whole tribe abets
the villany." South.
Would not the fool abet the stealth, 2. To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; -- in a good sense.
Who rashly thus exposed his wealth?
Our duty is urged, and our confidence abetted . 3. (Law) To contribute, as an assistant or instigator, to the commission of an offense. Syn.
-- To incite; instigate; set on; egg on; foment; advocate; countenance; encourage; second; uphold; aid; assist; support; sustain; back; connive at.
Abet noun [ Old French abet , from abeter .] Act of abetting; aid. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Abetment (-m e nt) noun The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason, crime, etc.
Abettal noun Abetment. [ R.]
Abetter, Abettor noun One who abets; an instigator of an offense or an offender.
» The form abettor
is the legal term and also in general use. Syn.
. These words denote different degrees of complicity in some deed or crime. An abettor
is one who incites or encourages to the act, without sharing in its performance. An accessory
supposes a principal offender. One who is neither the chief actor in an offense, nor present at its performance, but accedes
to or becomes involved in its guilt, either by some previous or subsequent act, as of instigating, encouraging, aiding, or concealing, etc., is an accessory
. An accomplice
is one who participates in the commission of an offense, whether as principal or accessory. Thus in treason, there are no abettors
, but all are held to be principals or accomplices
Abevacuation noun [ Prefix ab- + evacuation .] (Medicine) A partial evacuation. Mayne.
[ Old French abeance
expectation, longing; a
) + baer
, to gape, to look with open mouth, to expect, French bayer
, Late Latin badare
to gape.] 1. (Law) Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.
» When there is no person in existence in whom an inheritance (or a dignity) can vest, it is said to be in abeyance
, that is, in expectation; the law considering it as always potentially existing, and ready to vest whenever a proper owner appears. Blackstone. 2. Suspension; temporary suppression.
Keeping the sympathies of love and admiration in a dormant state, or state of abeyance .
Abeyancy noun Abeyance. [ R.] Hawthorne.
Abeyant adjective Being in a state of abeyance.
[ G.] See Legislature , Austria , Prussia .
Abhal noun The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.
Abhominable adjective Abominable.
[ A false orthography anciently used; h
was foisted into various words; hence abholish
, for abolish
This is abhominable , which he [ Don Armado] would call abominable .
Shak. Love's Labor's Lost, v. 1.
Abhominal adjective [ Latin ab away from + homo , hominis , man.] Inhuman. [ Obsolete] Fuller.
Abhor transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Abhorred
; present participle & verbal noun Abhorring
.] [ Latin abhorrere
to bristle, shiver, shudder: confer French abhorrer
. See Horrid
.] 1. To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to extremity; to loathe.
Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good. 2. To fill with horror or disgust.
Rom. xii. 9.
It doth abhor me now I speak the word. 3. (Canon Law) To protest against; to reject solemnly.
I utterly abhor , yea, from my soul Syn.
Refuse you for my judge.
-- To hate; detest; loathe; abominate. See Hate
Abhor intransitive verb To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; -- with from
. [ Obsolete] "To abhor
from those vices." Udall.
Which is utterly abhorring from the end of all law.
Abhorrence noun Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.
Abhorrency noun Abhorrence. [ Obsolete] Locke.
[ Latin abhorens
, present participle of abhorrere
.] 1. Abhorring; detesting; having or showing abhorrence; loathing; hence, strongly opposed to; as, abhorrent thoughts.
The persons most abhorrent from blood and treason.
The arts of pleasure in despotic courts 2. Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; -- followed by to .
I spurn abhorrent .
"Injudicious profanation, so abhorrent
to our stricter principles." Gibbon. 3. Detestable.
as it is." I. Taylor.
Abhorrently adverb With abhorrence.
Abhorrer noun One who abhors. Hume.
Abhorrible adjective Detestable. [ R.]
1. Detestation. Milton. 2. Object of abhorrence. Isa. lxvi. 24.
Abib noun [ Hebrew abīb , lit. an ear of corn. The month was so called from barley being at that time in ear.] The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan . Kitto.
Abidance noun The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance ( with ).
The Christians had no longer abidance in the holy hill of Palestine.
A judicious abidance by rules.
Abide intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Abode
; present participle & verbal noun Abiding
] [ Anglo-Saxon ābīdan
; prefix ā-
(cf. Goth. us-
, German er-
, orig. meaning out
) + bīdan
to bide. See Bide
.] 1. To wait; to pause; to delay.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 2. To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
Let the damsel abide with us a few days. 3. To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue; to remain.
Gen. xxiv. 55.
Let every man abide in the same calling.
1 Cor. vii. 20.
Followed by by
: To abide by
. (a) To stand to; to adhere; to maintain.
The poor fellow was obstinate enough to abide by what he said at first. (b) To acquiesce; to conform to; as, to abide by a decision or an award.
Abide transitive verb 1. To wait for; to be prepared for; to await; to watch for; as, I abide my time.
"I will abide
the coming of my lord." Tennyson.
[ [Obsolete], with a personal
Bonds and afflictions abide me. 2. To endure; to sustain; to submit to.
Acts xx. 23.
[ Thou] shalt abide her judgment on it. 3. To bear patiently; to tolerate; to put up with.
She could not abide Master Shallow. 4.
[ Confused with aby
to pay for. See Aby
.] To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for.
Dearly I abide that boast so vain.
1. One who abides, or continues. [ Obsolete] "Speedy goers and strong abiders ." Sidney. 2. One who dwells; a resident. Speed.
Abiding adjective Continuing; lasting.
Abidingly adverb Permanently. Carlyle.
Abies noun [ Latin , fir tree.] (Botany) A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to this genus.
Abietene noun [ Latin abies , abietis , a fir tree.] A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut pine ( Pinus sabiniana ) of California.
Abietic adjective Of or pertaining to the fir tree or its products; as, abietic acid, called also sylvic acid. Watts.
Abietin, Abietine noun
[ See Abietene
.] (Chemistry) A resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada balsam. It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in strong acetic acid, and in ether. Watts.
Abietinic adjective Of or pertaining to abietin; as, abietinic acid.
Abietite noun (Chemistry) A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe ( Abies pectinata ). Eng. Cyc.
[ The proper name used as an appellative.] A lady's waiting-maid. Pepys.
Her abigail reported that Mrs. Gutheridge had a set of night curls for sleeping in.
Abiliment (ȧ*bĭl"ĭ*m e nt) noun Habiliment. [ Obsolete]
; plural Abilities
[ French habileté
, earlier spelling habilité
(with silent h
), Latin habilitas
aptitude, ability, from habilis
apt. See Able
.] The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural , faculty, talent.
Then the disciples, every man according to his ability , determined to send relief unto the brethren.
Acts xi. 29.
Natural abilities are like natural plants, that need pruning by study.
The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ability . Syn.
-- Capacity; talent; cleverness; faculty; capability; efficiency; aptitude; aptness; address; dexterity; skill. Ability
. These words come into comparison when applied to the higher intellectual powers. Ability
has reference to the active
exercise of our faculties. It implies not only native vigor of mind, but that ease and promptitude of execution which arise from mental training. Thus, we speak of the ability
with which a book is written, an argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It always something to be done
, and the power of doing
has reference to the receptive
powers. In its higher exercises it supposes great quickness of apprehension and breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude for acquiring and retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it the idea of resources
and undeveloped power. Thus we speak of the extraordinary capacity
of such men as Lord Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. " Capacity
," says H. Taylor, "is requisite to devise, and ability
to execute, a great enterprise." The word abilities
, in the plural, embraces both these qualities, and denotes high mental endowments.
Abime, Abyme noun
[ French abîme
. See Abysm
.] A abyss.
[ Greek 'a
priv. + ... life + ..., origin, birth.] (Biol.) The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; -- called also abiogeny , and opposed to biogenesis .
I shall call the . . . doctrine that living matter may be produced by not living matter, the hypothesis of abiogenesis .
Abiogenetic adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to abiogenesis. Ab`i*o*ge*net"ic*al*ly , adverb
Abiogenist noun (Biol.) One who believes that life can be produced independently of antecedent. Huxley.
Abiogenous adjective (Biol.) Produced by spontaneous generation.
Abiological adjective [ Greek 'a priv. + English biological .] Pertaining to the study of inanimate things.
Abirritant noun (Medicine) A medicine that diminishes irritation.
Abirritate transitive verb [ Prefix ab- + irritate .] (Medicine) To diminish the sensibility of; to debilitate.
Abirritation noun (Medicine) A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation; debility; want of strength; asthenia.
Abirritative adjective (Medicine) Characterized by abirritation or debility.
Abit 3d sing. present of Abide .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.