Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Absinthian noun Of the nature of wormwood. " Absinthian bitterness." T. Randolph.
Absinthiate transitive verb [ From Latin absinthium : confer Latin absinthiatus , adjective ] To impregnate with wormwood.
Absinthiated adjective Impregnated with wormwood; as, absinthiated wine.
Absinthic adjective (Chemistry) Relating to the common wormwood or to an acid obtained from it.
Absinthin noun (Chemistry) The bitter principle of wormwood ( Artemisia absinthium ). Watts.
Absinthism noun The condition of being poisoned by the excessive use of absinth.
Absinthium noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Botany) The common wormwood ( Artemisia absinthium ), an intensely bitter plant, used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.
Absist intransitive verb [ Latin absistere , present participle absistens ; ab + sistere to stand, causal of stare .] To stand apart from; top leave off; to desist. [ Obsolete] Raleigh.
Absistence noun A standing aloof. [ Obsolete]
[ Latin absolutus
, past participle of absolvere
: confer French absolu
. See Absolve
.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as, absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch. 2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
So absolute she seems, 3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative ; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space. Absolute
And in herself complete.
rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a state of nature as contradistinguished from relative
rights and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social relations. 4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
» In this sense God is called the Absolute
by the Theist. The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe, or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its mutually depending forces and their laws. 5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
» It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or abstraction, or whether the absolute
, as thus defined, can be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing, the recent philosophy of the absolute . 6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful.
Sir W. Hamilton.
I am absolute 't was very Cloten. 7. Authoritative; peremptory.
The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head, 8. (Chemistry) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol. 9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of the sentence in government; as, the case absolute . See Ablative absolute , under Ablative . Absolute curvature (Geom.)
With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed.
, that curvature of a curve of double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane of the curve.
-- Absolute equation (Astron.)
, the sum of the optic and eccentric equations.
-- Absolute space (Physics)
, space considered without relation to material limits or objects.
-- Absolute terms
, such as are known, or which do not contain the unknown quantity. Davies & Peck.
-- Absolute temperature (Physics)
, the temperature as measured on a scale determined by certain general thermo-dynamic principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero.
-- Absolute zero (Physics)
, the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to -273Â° centigrade or - 459.4Â° Fahrenheit. Syn.
-- Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional; unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic; autocratic.
Absolute noun (Geom.) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.
Absolutely adverb In an absolute, independent, or unconditional manner; wholly; positively.
Absoluteness noun The quality of being absolute; independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness; absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.
[ French absolution
, Latin absolutio
, from absolvere
to absolve. See Absolve
.] 1. An absolving, or setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an offense.
"Government . . . granting absolution
to the nation." Froude. 2. (Civil Law) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge declaring and accused person innocent.
[ Obsolete] 3. (R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven.
» In the English and other Protestant churches, this act regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting forgiveness. 4. (Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example, excommunication. P. Cyc. 5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved. Shipley. 6. Delivery, in speech.
[ Obsolete] B. Jonson. Absolution day (R. C. Ch.)
, Tuesday before Easter.
Absolutism noun 1. The state of being absolute; the system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism.
The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling. 2. (Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees. Ash.
1. One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government. 2. (Metaph.) One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the absolute . Sir. W. Hamilton.
Absolutist adjective Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary; despotic; as, absolutist principles.
Absolutistic adjective Pertaining to absolutism; absolutist.
Absolutory adjective [ Latin absolutorius , from absolvere to absolve.] Serving to absolve; absolving. "An absolutory sentence." Ayliffe.
Absolvable adjective That may be absolved.
Absolvatory adjective Conferring absolution; absolutory.
(#; 277) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Absolved
; present participle & verbal noun Absolving
.] [ Latin absolvere
to set free, to absolve; ab
to loose. See Assoil
.] 1. To set free, or release, as from some obligation, debt, or responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and remission of his punishment.
Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen. 2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); -- said of the sin or guilt.
In his name I absolve your perjury. 3. To finish; to accomplish.
The work begun, how soon absolved . 4. To resolve or explain.
[ Obsolete] "We shall not absolve
the doubt." Sir T. Browne. Syn.
-- To Absolve
. We speak of a man as absolved
from something that binds his conscience, or involves the charge of wrongdoing; as, to absolve
from allegiance or from the obligation of an oath, or a promise. We speak of a person as exonerated
, when he is released from some burden which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate
from suspicion, to exonerate
from blame or odium. It implies a purely moral acquittal. We speak of a person as acquitted
, when a decision has been made in his favor with reference to a specific charge, either by a jury or by disinterested persons; as, he was acquitted
of all participation in the crime.
Absolvent adjective [ Latin absolvens , present participle of absolvere .] Absolving. [ R.] Carlyle.
Absolvent noun An absolver. [ R.] Hobbes.
Absolver noun One who absolves. Macaulay.
Absonant adjective [ Latin ab + sonans , present participle of sonare to sound.] Discordant; contrary; -- opposed to consonant . " Absonant to nature." Quarles.
Absonous adjective [ Latin absonus ; ab + sonus sound.] Discordant; inharmonious; incongruous. [ Obsolete] " Absonous to our reason." Glanvill.
Absorb transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Absorbed
; present participle & verbal noun Absorbing
.] [ Latin absorbere
to suck in, akin to Greek ...: confer French absorber
.] 1. To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up; to include.
"Dark oblivion soon absorbs
them all." Cowper.
The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion. 2. To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the lacteals of the body. Bacon. 3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as, absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth. 4. To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances into which they pass. Nichol. p. 8 Syn.
-- To Absorb
, Swallow up
. These words agree in one general idea, that of completely taking up
. They are chiefly used in a figurative sense and may be distinguished by a reference to their etymology. We speak of a person as absorbed
(lit., drawn in, swallowed up) in study or some other employment of the highest interest. We speak of a person as ebgrossed
(lit., seized upon in the gross
, or wholly) by something which occupies his whole time and thoughts, as the acquisition of wealth, or the attainment of honor. We speak of a person (under a stronger image) as swallowed up
and lost in that which completely occupies his thoughts and feelings, as in grief at the death of a friend, or in the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a person as engulfed
in that which (like a gulf) takes in all his hopes and interests; as, engulfed
in misery, ruin, etc.
That grave question which had begun to absorb the Christian mind -- the marriage of the clergy.
Too long hath love engrossed Britannia's stage,
And sunk to softness all our tragic rage.
Should not the sad occasion swallow up
My other cares?
And in destruction's river
Engulf and swallow those.
Sir P. Sidney.
Absorbability noun The state or quality of being absorbable. Graham (Chemistry).
Absorbable adjective [ Confer French absorbable .] Capable of being absorbed or swallowed up. Kerr.
Absorbedly adverb In a manner as if wholly engrossed or engaged.
Absorbency noun Absorptiveness.
Absorbent adjective [ Latin absorbens , present participle of absorbere .] Absorbing; swallowing; absorptive. Absorbent ground (Paint.) , a ground prepared for a picture, chiefly with distemper, or water colors, by which the oil is absorbed, and a brilliancy is imparted to the colors.
Absorbent noun 1. Anything which absorbs.
The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat. 2. (Medicine) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts. 3. plural (Physiol.) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants.
Absorber noun One who, or that which, absorbs.
Absorbing adjective Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing pursuit. -- Ab*sorb"ing , adverb
Absorbition noun Absorption. [ Obsolete]
Absorpt adjective [ Latin absorptus , past participle ] Absorbed. [ Arcahic.] " Absorpt in care." Pope.
[ Latin absorptio
, from absorbere
. See Absorb
.] 1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger. 2. (Chem. & Physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc. 3. (Physiol.) In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs. 4. Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment.
Absorptive adjective Having power, capacity, or tendency to absorb or imbibe. E. Darwin.
Absorptiveness noun The quality of being absorptive; absorptive power.
Absorptivity noun Absorptiveness.
Absquatulate intransitive verb To take one's self off; to decamp. [ A jocular word. U. S.]
Absque hoc [ Latin , without this.] (Law) The technical words of denial used in traversing what has been alleged, and is repeated.
Abstain intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Abstained
; present participle & verbal noun Abstaining
.] [ Middle English absteynen
, Old French astenir
, French abstenir
, from Latin abstinere
, transitive verb & intransitive verb , to keep from; ab
to hold. See Tenable
.] To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from .
Not a few abstained from voting.
Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt? Syn.
-- To refrain; forbear; withhold; deny one's self; give up; relinquish.
Abstain transitive verb To hinder; to withhold.
Whether he abstain men from marrying.
Abstainer noun One who abstains; esp., one who abstains from the use of intoxicating liquors.
[ Latin abstemius
+ root of temetum
intoxicating drink.] 1. Abstaining from wine.
[ Orig. Latin sense.]
Under his special eye 2. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions.
Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain.
Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious . 3. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as, an abstemious diet. Gibbon. 4. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
day." Pope. 5. Promotive of abstemiousness.
Such is the virtue of the abstemious well.
Abstemiousness noun The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance .