Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Won't A colloquial contraction of woll not . Will not. See Will .

» Often pronounced wŭnt in New England.

Wont adjective [ For woned , past participle of won , wone , to dwell, Anglo-Saxon wunian ; akin to Dutch wonen , Old Saxon wun...n , OHG, won...n , German wohnen , and Anglo-Saxon wund , ge wuna , custom, habit; orig. probably, to take pleasure; confer Icelandic una to dwell, to enjoy, Goth. wunan to rejoice (in un wunands sad); and akin to Sanskrit van to like, to wish. ............. Confer Wean , Win .] Using or doing customarily; accustomed; habituated; used. "As he was wont to go." Chaucer.

If the ox were wont to push with his horn.
Ex. xxi. 29.

Wont noun Custom; habit; use; usage.

They are . . . to be called out to their military motions, under sky or covert, according to the season, as was the Roman wont .
Milton.

From childly wont and ancient use.
Cowper.

Wont intransitive verb [ imperfect Wont , past participle Wont , or Wonted ; present participle & verbal noun Wonting .] To be accustomed or habituated; to be used.

A yearly solemn feast she wont to make.
Spenser.

Wont transitive verb To accustom; -- used reflexively.

Wonted adjective Accustomed; customary; usual.

Again his wonted weapon proved.
Spenser.

Like an old piece of furniture left alone in its wonted corner.
Sir W. Scott.

She was wonted to the place, and would not remove.
L'Estrange.

Wontedness noun The quality or state of being accustomed. [ R.] Eikon Basilike.

Wontless adjective Unaccustomed. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Woo transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Wooed ; present participle & verbal noun Wooing .] [ Middle English wowen , wo...en , Anglo-Saxon w...gian , from w...h bent, crooked, bad; akin to Old Saxon wāh evil, Goth. un wahs blameless, Sanskrit va...c to waver, and perhaps to English vaccilate .]


1. To solicit in love; to court.

Each, like the Grecian artist, wooes
The image he himself has wrought.
Prior.

2. To court solicitously; to invite with importunity.

Thee, chantress, oft the woods among
I woo , to hear thy even song.
Milton.

I woo the wind
That still delays his coming.
Bryant.

Woo intransitive verb To court; to make love. Dryden.

Wood (wod) adjective [ Middle English wod , Anglo-Saxon wōd ; akin to Old High German wuot , Icelandic ōðr , Goth. wōds , Dutch woede madness, German wuth , wut , also to Anglo-Saxon wōð song, Icelandic ōðr , Latin vates a seer, a poet. Confer Wednesday .] Mad; insane; possessed; rabid; furious; frantic. [ Obsolete] [ Written also wode .]

Our hoste gan to swear as [ if] he were wood .
Chaucer.

Wood intransitive verb To grow mad; to act like a madman; to mad. Chaucer.

Wood noun [ Middle English wode , wude , Anglo-Saxon wudu , wiodu ; akin to Old High German witu , Icelandic vi...r , Dan. & Swedish ved wood, and probably to Ir. & Gael. fiodh , W. gwydd trees, shrubs.]


1. A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove; -- frequently used in the plural.

Light thickens, and the crow
Makes wing to the rooky wood .
Shak.

2. The substance of trees and the like; the hard fibrous substance which composes the body of a tree and its branches, and which is covered by the bark; timber. "To worship their own work in wood and stone for gods." Milton.

3. (Botany) The fibrous material which makes up the greater part of the stems and branches of trees and shrubby plants, and is found to a less extent in herbaceous stems. It consists of elongated tubular or needle-shaped cells of various kinds, usually interwoven with the shinning bands called silver grain .

» Wood consists chiefly of the carbohydrates cellulose and lignin, which are isomeric with starch.

4. Trees cut or sawed for the fire or other uses.

Wood acid , Wood vinegar (Chemistry) , a complex acid liquid obtained in the dry distillation of wood, and containing large quantities of acetic acid; hence, specifically, acetic acid. Formerly called pyroligneous acid . - - Wood anemone (Botany) , a delicate flower ( Anemone nemorosa ) of early spring; -- also called windflower . See Illust. of Anemone . -- Wood ant (Zoology) , a large ant ( Formica rufa ) which lives in woods and forests, and constructs large nests. -- Wood apple (Botany) . See Elephant apple , under Elephant . -- Wood baboon (Zoology) , the drill. -- Wood betony . (Botany) (a) Same as Betony . (b) The common American lousewort ( Pedicularis Canadensis ), a low perennial herb with yellowish or purplish flowers. -- Wood borer . (Zoology) (a) The larva of any one of numerous species of boring beetles, esp. elaters, longicorn beetles, buprestidans, and certain weevils. See Apple borer , under Apple , and Pine weevil , under Pine . (b) The larva of any one of various species of lepidopterous insects, especially of the clearwing moths, as the peach-tree borer (see under Peach ), and of the goat moths. (c) The larva of various species of hymenopterous of the tribe Urocerata. See Tremex . (d) Any one of several bivalve shells which bore in wood, as the teredos, and species of Xylophaga. (e) Any one of several species of small Crustacea, as the Limnoria , and the boring amphipod ( Chelura terebrans ). -- Wood carpet , a kind of floor covering made of thin pieces of wood secured to a flexible backing, as of cloth. Knight. -- Wood cell (Botany) , a slender cylindrical or prismatic cell usually tapering to a point at both ends. It is the principal constituent of woody fiber. -- Wood choir , the choir, or chorus, of birds in the woods. [ Poetic] Coleridge. -- Wood coal , charcoal; also, lignite, or brown coal. -- Wood cricket (Zoology) , a small European cricket ( Nemobius sylvestris ). -- Wood culver (Zoology) , the wood pigeon. -- Wood cut , an engraving on wood; also, a print from such an engraving. -- Wood dove (Zoology) , the stockdove. -- Wood drink , a decoction or infusion of medicinal woods. -- Wood duck (Zoology) (a) A very beautiful American duck ( Aix sponsa ). The male has a large crest, and its plumage is varied with green, purple, black, white, and red. It builds its nest in trees, whence the name. Called also bridal duck , summer duck , and wood widgeon . (b) The hooded merganser. (c) The Australian maned goose ( Chlamydochen jubata ). -- Wood echo , an echo from the wood. -- Wood engraver . (a) An engraver on wood. (b) (Zoology) Any of several species of small beetles whose larvæ bore beneath the bark of trees, and excavate furrows in the wood often more or less resembling coarse engravings; especially, Xyleborus xylographus . -- Wood engraving . (a) The act or art engraving on wood; xylography. (b) An engraving on wood; a wood cut; also, a print from such an engraving. -- Wood fern . (Botany) See Shield fern , under Shield . -- Wood fiber . (a) (Botany) Fibrovascular tissue. (b) Wood comminuted, and reduced to a powdery or dusty mass. -- Wood fretter (Zoology) , any one of numerous species of beetles whose larvæ bore in the wood, or beneath the bark, of trees. -- Wood frog (Zoology) , a common North American frog ( Rana sylvatica ) which lives chiefly in the woods, except during the breeding season. It is drab or yellowish brown, with a black stripe on each side of the head. -- Wood germander . (Botany) See under Germander . -- Wood god , a fabled sylvan deity. -- Wood grass . (Botany) See under Grass . -- Wood grouse . (Zoology) (a) The capercailzie. (b) The spruce partridge. See under Spruce . -- Wood guest (Zoology) , the ringdove. [ Prov. Eng.] -- Wood hen . (Zoology) (a) Any one of several species of Old World short-winged rails of the genus Ocydromus , including the weka and allied species. (b) The American woodcock. -- Wood hoopoe (Zoology) , any one of several species of Old World arboreal birds belonging to Irrisor and allied genera. They are closely allied to the common hoopoe, but have a curved beak, and a longer tail. -- Wood ibis (Zoology) , any one of several species of large, long-legged, wading birds belonging to the genus Tantalus . The head and neck are naked or scantily covered with feathers. The American wood ibis ( Tantalus loculator ) is common in Florida. -- Wood lark (Zoology) , a small European lark ( Alauda arborea ), which, like, the skylark, utters its notes while on the wing. So called from its habit of perching on trees. -- Wood laurel (Botany) , a European evergreen shrub ( Daphne Laureola ). -- Wood leopard (Zoology) , a European spotted moth ( Zeuzera æsculi ) allied to the goat moth. Its large fleshy larva bores in the wood of the apple, pear, and other fruit trees. -- Wood lily (Botany) , the lily of the valley. -- Wood lock (Nautical) , a piece of wood close fitted and sheathed with copper, in the throating or score of the pintle, to keep the rudder from rising. -- Wood louse (Zoology) (a) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial isopod Crustacea belonging to Oniscus , Armadillo , and related genera. See Sow bug , under Sow, and Pill bug , under Pill . (b) Any one of several species of small, wingless, pseudoneuropterous insects of the family Psocidæ , which live in the crevices of walls and among old books and papers. Some of the species are called also book lice , and deathticks , or deathwatches . -- Wood mite (Zoology) , any one of numerous small mites of the family Oribatidæ . They are found chiefly in woods, on tree trunks and stones. -- Wood mote . (Eng. Law) (a) Formerly, the forest court. (b) The court of attachment. -- Wood nettle . (Botany) See under Nettle . -- Wood nightshade (Botany) , woody nightshade. -- Wood nut (Botany) , the filbert. -- Wood nymph . (a) A nymph inhabiting the woods; a fabled goddess of the woods; a dryad. "The wood nymphs , decked with daisies trim." Milton. (b) (Zoology) Any one of several species of handsomely colored moths belonging to the genus Eudryas . The larvæ are bright- colored, and some of the species, as Eudryas grata , and E. unio , feed on the leaves of the grapevine. (c) (Zoology) Any one of several species of handsomely colored South American humming birds belonging to the genus Thalurania . The males are bright blue, or green and blue. -- Wood offering , wood burnt on the altar.

We cast the lots . . . for the wood offering .
Neh. x. 34.

-- Wood oil (Botany) , a resinous oil obtained from several East Indian trees of the genus Dipterocarpus , having properties similar to those of copaiba, and sometimes substituted for it. It is also used for mixing paint. See Gurjun . -- Wood opal (Min.) , a striped variety of coarse opal, having some resemblance to wood. -- Wood paper , paper made of wood pulp. See Wood pulp , below. -- Wood pewee (Zoology) , a North American tyrant flycatcher ( Contopus virens ). It closely resembles the pewee, but is smaller. -- Wood pie (Zoology) , any black and white woodpecker, especially the European great spotted woodpecker. -- Wood pigeon . (Zoology) (a) Any one of numerous species of Old World pigeons belonging to Palumbus and allied genera of the family Columbidæ . (b) The ringdove. -- Wood puceron (Zoology) , a plant louse. -- Wood pulp (Technol.) , vegetable fiber obtained from the poplar and other white woods, and so softened by digestion with a hot solution of alkali that it can be formed into sheet paper, etc. It is now produced on an immense scale. -- Wood quail (Zoology) , any one of several species of East Indian crested quails belonging to Rollulus and allied genera, as the red-crested wood quail ( R. roulroul ), the male of which is bright green, with a long crest of red hairlike feathers. -- Wood rabbit (Zoology) , the cottontail. -- Wood rat (Zoology) , any one of several species of American wild rats of the genus Neotoma found in the Southern United States; -- called also bush rat . The Florida wood rat ( Neotoma Floridana ) is the best-known species. -- Wood reed grass (Botany) , a tall grass ( Cinna arundinacea ) growing in moist woods. -- Wood reeve , the steward or overseer of a wood. [ Eng.] -- Wood rush (Botany) , any plant of the genus Luzula , differing from the true rushes of the genus Juncus chiefly in having very few seeds in each capsule. -- Wood sage (Botany) , a name given to several labiate plants of the genus Teucrium . See Germander . -- Wood screw , a metal screw formed with a sharp thread, and usually with a slotted head, for insertion in wood. -- Wood sheldrake (Zoology) , the hooded merganser. -- Wood shock (Zoology) , the fisher. See Fisher , 2. -- Wood shrike (Zoology) , any one of numerous species of Old World singing birds belonging to Grallina , Collyricincla , Prionops , and allied genera, common in India and Australia. They are allied to the true shrikes, but feed upon both insects and berries. -- Wood snipe . (Zoology) (a) The American woodcock. (b) An Asiatic snipe ( Gallinago nemoricola ). -- Wood soot , soot from burnt wood. -- Wood sore . (Zoology) See Cuckoo spit , under Cuckoo . -- Wood sorrel (Botany) , a plant of the genus Oxalis ( Oxalis Acetosella ), having an acid taste. See Illust. ( a ) of Shamrock . -- Wood spirit . (Chemistry) See Methyl alcohol , under Methyl . -- Wood stamp , a carved or engraved block or stamp of wood, for impressing figures or colors on fabrics. -- Wood star (Zoology) , any one of several species of small South American humming birds belonging to the genus Calothorax . The male has a brilliant gorget of blue, purple, and other colors. -- Wood sucker (Zoology) , the yaffle. -- Wood swallow (Zoology) , any one of numerous species of Old World passerine birds belonging to the genus Artamus and allied genera of the family Artamidæ . They are common in the East Indies, Asia, and Australia. In form and habits they resemble swallows, but in structure they resemble shrikes. They are usually black above and white beneath. -- Wood tapper (Zoology) , any woodpecker. -- Wood tar . See under Tar . -- Wood thrush , (Zoology) (a) An American thrush ( Turdus mustelinus ) noted for the sweetness of its song. See under Thrush . (b) The missel thrush. - - Wood tick . See in Vocabulary. -- Wood tin . (Min.) . See Cassiterite . -- Wood titmouse (Zoology) , the goldcgest. -- Wood tortoise (Zoology) , the sculptured tortoise. See under Sculptured . -- Wood vine (Botany) , the white bryony. -- Wood vinegar . See Wood acid , above. -- Wood warbler . (Zoology) (a) Any one of numerous species of American warblers of the genus Dendroica . See Warbler . (b) A European warbler ( Phylloscopus sibilatrix ); -- called also green wren , wood wren , and yellow wren . -- Wood worm (Zoology) , a larva that bores in wood; a wood borer. -- Wood wren . (Zoology) (a) The wood warbler. (b) The willow warbler.

Wood transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Wooded ; present participle & verbal noun Wooding .] To supply with wood, or get supplies of wood for; as, to wood a steamboat or a locomotive.

Wood intransitive verb To take or get a supply of wood.

Wood gum (Chemistry) Xylan.

Wood hyacinth A European squill ( Scilla nonscripta ) having a scape bearing a raceme of drooping blue, purple, white, or sometimes pink, bell-shaped flowers.

Wood partridge (a) Any of several small partridges of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and neighboring regions belonging to the genera Caloperdix , Rollulus , and Melanoperdix . (b) The Canada grouse. [ Local, U. S.]

Wood tick (Zoology) Any one of several species of ticks of the genus Ixodes whose young cling to bushes, but quickly fasten themselves upon the bodies of any animal with which they come in contact. When they attach themselves to the human body they often produce troublesome sores. The common species of the Northern United States is Ixodes unipunctata .

Wood-bound adjective Incumbered with tall, woody hedgerows.

Wood-layer noun (Botany) A young oak, or other timber plant, laid down in a hedge among the whitethorn or other plants used in hedges.

Woodbind noun Woodbine. Dryden.

A garland . . . of woodbind or hawthorn leaves.
Chaucer.

Woodbine noun [ Anglo-Saxon wudubind black ivy; -- so named as binding about trees. See Wood , and Bind , transitive verb ] (Botany) (a) A climbing plant having flowers of great fragrance ( Lonicera Periclymenum ); the honeysuckle. (b) The Virginia creeper. See Virginia creeper , under Virginia . [ Local, U. S.]

Beatrice, who even now
Is couched in the woodbine coverture.
Shak.

Woodbury-type noun [ After the name of the inventor, W. Woodbury .]


1. A process in photographic printing, in which a relief pattern in gelatin, which has been hardened after certain operations, is pressed upon a plate of lead or other soft metal. An intaglio impression in thus produced, from which pictures may be directly printed, but by a slower process than in common printing.

2. A print from such a plate.

Woodchat noun (Zoology) (a) Any one of several species of Asiatic singing birds belonging to the genera Ianthia and Larvivora . They are closely allied to the European robin. The males are usually bright blue above, and more or less red or rufous beneath. (b) A European shrike ( Enneoctonus rufus ). In the male the head and nape are rufous red; the back, wings, and tail are black, varied with white.

Woodchuck noun
1. (Zoology) A common large North American marmot ( Arctomys monax ). It is usually reddish brown, more or less grizzled with gray. It makes extensive burrows, and is often injurious to growing crops. Called also ground hog .

2. (Zoology) The yaffle, or green woodpecker. [ Prov. Eng.]

Woodcock noun [ Anglo-Saxon wuducoc .]


1. (Zoology) Any one of several species of long-billed limicoline birds belonging to the genera Scolopax and Philohela . They are mostly nocturnal in their habits, and are highly esteemed as game birds.

» The most important species are the European ( Scolopax rusticola ) and the American woodcock ( Philohela minor ), which agree very closely in appearance and habits.

2. Fig.: A simpleton. [ Obsolete]

If I loved you not, I would laugh at you, and see you
Run your neck into the noose, and cry, "A woodcock !"
Beau. & Fl.

Little woodcock . (a) The common American snipe. (b) The European snipe. -- Sea woodcock fish , the bellows fish. -- Woodcock owl , the short-eared owl ( Asio brachyotus ). -- Woodcock shell , the shell of certain mollusks of the genus Murex , having a very long canal, with or without spines. -- Woodcock snipe . See under Snipe .

Woodcracker noun (Zoology) The nuthatch. [ Prov. Eng.]

Woodcraft noun Skill and practice in anything pertaining to the woods, especially in shooting, and other sports in the woods.

Men of the glade and forest! leave
Your woodcraft for the field of fight.
Bryant.

Woodcut noun An engraving on wood; also, a print from it. Same as Wood cut , under Wood .

Woodcutter noun
1. A person who cuts wood.

2. An engraver on wood. [ R.]

Woodcutting noun
1. The act or employment of cutting wood or timber.

2. The act or art of engraving on wood. [ R.]

Wooded adjective Supplied or covered with wood, or trees; as, land wooded and watered.

The brook escaped from the eye down a deep and wooded dell.
Sir W. Scott.

Wooden adjective
1. Made or consisting of wood; pertaining to, or resembling, wood; as, a wooden box; a wooden leg; a wooden wedding.

2. Clumsy; awkward; ungainly; stiff; spiritless.

When a bold man is out of countenance, he makes a very wooden figure on it.
Collier.

His singing was, I confess, a little wooden .
G. MacDonald.

Wooden spoon . (a) (Cambridge University, Eng.) The last junior optime who takes a university degree, -- denoting one who is only fit to stay at home and stir porridge. "We submit that a wooden spoon of our day would not be justified in calling Galileo and Napier blockheads because they never heard of the differential calculus." Macaulay. (b) In some American colleges, the lowest appointee of the junior year; sometimes, one especially popular in his class, without reference to scholarship. Formerly, it was a custom for classmates to present to this person a wooden spoon with formal ceremonies. -- Wooden ware , a general name for buckets, bowls, and other articles of domestic use, made of wood. -- Wooden wedding . See under Wedding .

Woodenly adverb Clumsily; stupidly; blockishly. R. North.

Woodenness noun Quality of being wooden; clumsiness; stupidity; blockishness.

We set our faces against the woodenness which then characterized German philology.
Sweet.

Woodhack, Woodhacker noun (Zoology) The yaffle. [ Prov. Eng.]

Woodhewer noun (Zoology) A woodpecker.

Woodhole noun A place where wood is stored.

Woodhouse noun A house or shed in which wood is stored, and sheltered from the weather.

Woodiness noun The quality or state of being woody. Evelyn.

Woodknacker noun (Zoology) The yaffle.

Woodland noun Land covered with wood or trees; forest; land on which trees are suffered to grow, either for fuel or timber.

Here hills and vales, the woodland and the plain,
Here earth and water seem to strive again.
Pope.

Woodlands and cultivated fields are harmoniously blended.
Bancroft.

Woodland adjective Of or pertaining to woods or woodland; living in the forest; sylvan.

She had a rustic, woodland air.
Wordsworth.

Like summer breeze by woodland stream.
Keble.

Woodland caribou . (Zoology) See under Caribou .

Woodlander noun A dweller in a woodland.

Woodless adjective Having no wood; destitute of wood. Mitford. -- Wood"less*ness , noun

Woodly adverb In a wood, mad, or raving manner; madly; furiously. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Woodman noun ; plural Woodmen [ Written also woodsman .]


1. A forest officer appointed to take care of the king's woods; a forester. [ Eng.]

2. A sportsman; a hunter.

[ The duke] is a better woodman than thou takest him for.
Shak.

3. One who cuts down trees; a woodcutter.

Woodman , spare that tree.
G. P. Morris.

4. One who dwells in the woods or forest; a bushman.

Woodmeil noun See Wadmol .

Woodmonger noun A wood seller. [ Obsolete]