Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Wit-snapper noun One who affects repartee; a wit-cracker. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Wit-starved adjective Barren of wit; destitute of genius. Examiner.

Within preposition [ Middle English withinne , withinnen , Anglo-Saxon wiðinnan ; wið with, against, toward + innan in, inwardly, within, from in in. See With , preposition , In , preposition ]


1. In the inner or interior part of; inside of; not without; as, within doors.

O, unhappy youth!
Come not within these doors; within this roof
The enemy of all your graces lives.
Shak.

Till this be cured by religion, it is as impossible for a man to be happy -- that is, pleased and contented within himself -- as it is for a sick man to be at ease.
Tillotson.

2. In the limits or compass of; not further in length than; as, within five miles; not longer in time than; as, within an hour; not exceeding in quantity; as, expenses kept within one's income. "That he repair should again within a little while." Chaucer.

Within these five hours lived Lord Hastings,
Untainted, unexamined, free, at liberty.
Shak.

3. Hence, inside the limits, reach, or influence of; not going outside of; not beyond, overstepping, exceeding, or the like.

Both he and she are still within my power.
Dryden.

Within himself
The danger lies, yet lies within his power.
Milton.

Were every action concluded within itself, and drew no consequence after it, we should, undoubtedly, never err in our choice of good.
Locke.

Within adverb
1. In the inner part; inwardly; internally. "The wound festers within ." Carew.

Ills from within thy reason must prevent.
Dryden.

2. In the house; in doors; as, the master is within .

Withinforth adverb Within; inside; inwardly. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

[ It is much greater] labor for to withinforth call into mind, without sight of the eye withoutforth upon images, what he before knew and thought upon.
Bp. Peacock.

Withinside adverb In the inner parts; inside. [ Obsolete] Graves.

Without preposition [ Middle English withoute , withouten , Anglo-Saxon wið...tan ; wið with, against, toward + ...tan outside, from ...t out. See With , preposition , Out .]


1. On or at the outside of; out of; not within; as, without doors.

Without the gate
Some drive the cars, and some the coursers rein.
Dryden.

2. Out of the limits of; out of reach of; beyond.

Eternity, before the world and after, is without our reach.
T. Burnet.

3. Not with; otherwise than with; in absence of, separation from, or destitution of; not with use or employment of; independently of; exclusively of; with omission; as, without labor; without damage.

I wolde it do withouten negligence.
Chaucer.

Wise men will do it without a law.
Bacon.

Without the separation of the two monarchies, the most advantageous terms . . . must end in our destruction.
Addison.

There is no living with thee nor without thee.
Tatler.

To do without . See under Do . -- Without day [ a translation of Latin sine die ], without the appointment of a day to appear or assemble again; finally; as, the Fortieth Congress then adjourned without day . -- Without recourse . See under Recourse .

Without conj. Unless; except; -- introducing a clause.

You will never live to my age without you keep yourselves in breath with exercise, and in heart with joyfulness.
Sir P. Sidney.

» Now rarely used by good writers or speakers.

Without adverb
1. On or art the outside; not on the inside; not within; outwardly; externally.

Without were fightings, within were fears.
2 Cor. vii. 5.

2. Outside of the house; out of doors.

The people came unto the house without .
Chaucer.

Without-door adjective Outdoor; exterior. [ Obsolete] "Her without-door form." Shak.

Withouten preposition Without. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Withoutforth adverb Without; outside' outwardly. Confer Withinforth . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Withsay transitive verb To contradict; to gainsay; to deny; to renounce. [ Obsolete] Gower.

If that he his Christendom withsay .
Chaucer.

Withset transitive verb To set against; to oppose. [ Obsolete] "Their way he them withset ." R. of Brunne.

Withstand transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Withstood ; present participle & verbal noun Withstanding .] [ Anglo-Saxon wiðstandan . See With , preposition , and Stand .] To stand against; to oppose; to resist, either with physical or moral force; as, to withstand an attack of troops; to withstand eloquence or arguments. Piers Plowman.

I withstood him to the face.
Gal. ii. 11.

Some village Hampden, that, with dauntless breast.
The little tyrant of his fields withstood .
Gray.

Withstander noun One who withstands, or opposes; an opponent; a resisting power.

Withstood imperfect & past participle o... Withstand .

Withvine noun [ Withe + vine .] (Botany) Quitch grass.

Withwind noun [ Anglo-Saxon wiðowinde .] (Botany) A kind of bindweed ( Convolvulus arvensis ).

He bare a burden ybound with a broad list,
In a withewyndes wise ybounden about.
Piers Plowman.

Withwine noun (Botany) Same as Withvine .

Withy noun ; plural Withies . [ Middle English withe , wipi , Anglo-Saxon wī...ig a willow, willow twig; akin to German weide willow, Old High German wīda , Icelandic vī...ja , a withy, Swedish vide a willow twig, Danish vidie a willow, osier, Greek ..., and probably to Latin vitis a vine, viere to plait, Russian vite . √141. Confer Wine , Withe .]


1. (Botany) The osier willow ( Salix viminalis ). See Osier , noun (a) .

2. A withe. See Withe , 1.

Withy adjective Made of withes; like a withe; flexible and tough; also, abounding in withes.

The stream is brimful now, and lies high in this little withy plantation.
G. Eliot.

Witing noun [ See Wit , v. ] Knowledge. [ Obsolete] "Withouten witing of any other wight." Chaucer.

Witless adjective Destitute of wit or understanding; wanting thought; hence, indiscreet; not under the guidance of judgment. " Witless bravery." Shak.

A witty mother! witless else her son.
Shak.

Witless pity breedeth fruitless love.
Fairfax.

-- Wit"less*ly , adverb -- Wit"less*ness , noun

Witling noun [ Wit + -ling ; confer German witzling .] A person who has little wit or understanding; a pretender to wit or smartness.

A beau and witing perished in the forming.
Pope.

Ye newspaper witlings ! ye pert scribbling folks!
Goldsmith.

Witness noun [ Anglo-Saxon witness , ge witnes , from witan to know. √133. See Wit , intransitive verb ]


1. Attestation of a fact or an event; testimony.

May we with . . . the witness of a good conscience, pursue him with any further revenge?
Shak.

If I bear witness of myself, my witness is not true.
John v. 31.

2. That which furnishes evidence or proof.

Laban said to Jacob, . . . This heap be witness , and this pillar be witness .
Gen. xxxi. 51, 52.

3. One who is cognizant; a person who beholds, or otherwise has personal knowledge of, anything; as, an eye witness ; an ear witness . "Thyself art witness I am betrothed." Shak.

Upon my looking round, I was witness to appearances which filled me with melancholy and regret.
R. Hall.

4. (Law) (a) One who testifies in a cause, or gives evidence before a judicial tribunal; as, the witness in court agreed in all essential facts. (b) One who sees the execution of an instrument, and subscribes it for the purpose of confirming its authenticity by his testimony; one who witnesses a will, a deed, a marriage, or the like.

Privileged witnesses . (Law) See under Privileged . -- With a witness , effectually; to a great degree; with great force, so as to leave some mark as a testimony. [ Colloq.]

This, I confess, is haste with a witness .
South.

Witness transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Witnessed ; present participle & verbal noun Witnessing .]


1. To see or know by personal presence; to have direct cognizance of.

This is but a faint sketch of the incalculable calamities and horrors we must expect, should we ever witness the triumphs of modern infidelity.
R. Hall.

General Washington did not live to witness the restoration of peace.
Marshall.

2. To give testimony to; to testify to; to attest.

Behold how many things they witness against thee.
Mark xv. 4.

3. (Law) To see the execution of, as an instrument, and subscribe it for the purpose of establishing its authenticity; as, to witness a bond or a deed.

Witness intransitive verb To bear testimony; to give evidence; to testify. Chaucer.

The men of Belial witnessed against him.
1 Kings xxi. 13.

The witnessing of the truth was then so generally attended with this event [ martyrdom] that martyrdom now signifies not only to witness , but to witness to death.
South.

Witnesser noun One who witness.

Witted adjective Having (such) a wit or understanding; as, a quick- witted boy.

Witticaster noun [ Formed like criticaster .] A witling. [ R.] Milton.

Witticism noun [ From Witty .] A witty saying; a sentence or phrase which is affectedly witty; an attempt at wit; a conceit. Milton.

He is full of conceptions, points of epigram, and witticisms ; all which are below the dignity of heroic verse.
Addison.

Wittified adjective [ Witty + - fy + -ed .] Possessed of wit; witty. [ R.] R. North.

Wittily adverb In a witty manner; wisely; ingeniously; artfully; with wit; with a delicate turn or phrase, or with an ingenious association of ideas.

Who his own harm so wittily contrives.
Dryden.

Wittiness noun The quality of being witty.

Wittingly adverb [ See Wit , v. ] Knowingly; with knowledge; by design.

Wittol noun [ Said to be for white tail , and so called in allusion to its white tail; but confer witwal .]


1. (Zoology) The wheatear. [ Prov. Eng.]

2. A man who knows his wife's infidelity and submits to it; a tame cuckold; -- so called because the cuckoo lays its eggs in the wittol's nest. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Wittolly adjective Like a wittol; cuckoldly. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Witts noun (Mining) Tin ore freed from earthy matter by stamping. Knight.

Witty adjective [ Compar. Wittier ; superl. Wittiest .] [ Anglo-Saxon witig , wittig . See Wit , noun ]


1. Possessed of wit; knowing; wise; skillful; judicious; clever; cunning. [ Obsolete] "The deep-revolving witty Buckingham." Shak.

2. Especially, possessing wit or humor; good at repartee; droll; facetious; sometimes, sarcastic; as, a witty remark, poem, and the like. "Honeycomb, who was so unmercifully witty upon the women." Addison.

Syn. -- Acute; smart; sharp; arch; keen; facetious; amusing; humorous; satirical; ironical; taunting.

Witwal, Witwall noun [ Akin to German wittewal , wiedewall , Middle High German witewal , Dutch wiedewaal , wielewaal , OD. weduwael , and perhaps the same word as Middle English wodewale . Confer Wood , noun , Wittol .] (Zoology) (a) The golden oriole. (b) The greater spotted woodpecker. [ Prov. Eng.]

Witworm noun One who, or that which, feeds on or destroys wit. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Wive intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Wived ; present participle & verbal noun Wiving .] [ Anglo-Saxon wīfian , gewīfian . See Wite .] To marry, as a man; to take a wife.

Wherefore we pray you hastily to wive .
Chaucer.

Wive transitive verb
1. To match to a wife; to provide with a wife. "An I could get me but a wife . . . I were manned, horsed, and wived ." Shak.

2. To take for a wife; to marry.

I have wived his sister.
Sir W. Scott.

Wivehood noun Wifehood. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Wiveless adjective Wifeless. [ Obsolete] Homilies.

Wively adjective Wifely. [ Obsolete] Udall.

Wiver, Wivern noun [ Middle English wivere a serpent, Old French wivre , guivre , French givre , guivre , wiver, from Latin vipera ; probably influenced by Old High German wipera , from the Latin. See Viper , and confer Weever .]


1. (Her.) A fabulous two-legged, winged creature, like a cockatrice, but having the head of a dragon, and without spurs. [ Written also wyvern .]

The jargon of heraldry, its griffins, its mold warps, its wiverns , and its dragons.
Sir W. Scott.

2. (Zoology) The weever.

Wives noun , plural of Wife .

Wizard noun [ Probably from wise + -ard .]
1. A wise man; a sage. [ Obsolete]

See how from far upon the eastern road
The star-led wizards [ Magi] haste with odors sweet!
Milton.

2. One devoted to the black art; a magician; a conjurer; a sorcerer; an enchanter.

The wily wizard must be caught.
Dryden.

Wizard adjective
1. Enchanting; charming. Collins.

2. Haunted by wizards.

Where Deva spreads her wizard stream.
Milton.