Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Wind-plant noun (Botany) A windflower.

Wind-rode adjective (Nautical) Caused to ride or drive by the wind in opposition to the course of the tide; -- said of a vessel lying at anchor, with wind and tide opposed to each other. Totten.

Wind-shaken adjective Shaken by the wind; specif. (Forestry) , affected by wind shake, or anemosis (which see, above).

Wind-sucker noun
1. (Far.) A horse given to wind-sucking Law.

2. (Zoology) The kestrel. B. Jonson.

Wind-sucking noun (Far.) A vicious habit of a horse, consisting in the swallowing of air; -- usually associated with crib-biting, or cribbing. See Cribbing , 4.

Wind-up noun Act of winding up, or closing; a concluding act or part; the end.

Windowed adjective Having windows or openings. [ R.] "Looped and windowed raggedness." Shak.

Windowless adjective Destitute of a window. Carlyle.

Windowpane noun
1. (Architecture) See Pane , noun , (3) b . [ In this sense, written also window pane .]

2. (Zoology) A thin, spotted American turbot ( Pleuronectes maculatus ) remarkable for its translucency. It is not valued as a food fish. Called also spotted turbot , daylight , spotted sand flounder , and water flounder .

Windowy adjective Having little crossings or openings like the sashes of a window. [ R.] Donne.

Windpipe noun (Anat.) The passage for the breath from the larynx to the lungs; the trachea; the weasand. See Illust. under Lung .

Windrow noun [ Wind + row .]


1. A row or line of hay raked together for the purpose of being rolled into cocks or heaps.

2. Sheaves of grain set up in a row, one against another, that the wind may blow between them. [ Eng.]

3. The green border of a field, dug up in order to carry the earth on other land to mend it. [ Eng.]

Windrow transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Windrowed ; present participle & verbal noun Windrowing .] To arrange in lines or windrows, as hay when newly made. Forby.

Windsor noun A town in Berkshire, England.

Windsor bean . (Botany) See under Bean . -- Windsor chair , a kind of strong, plain, polished, wooden chair. Simmonds. -- Windsor soap , a scented soap well known for its excellence.

Windstorm noun A storm characterized by high wind with little or no rain.

Windtight adjective So tight as to prevent the passing through of wind. Bp. Hall.

Windward noun The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to ply to the windward ; -- opposed to leeward .

To lay an anchor to the windward , a figurative expression, signifying to adopt precautionary or anticipatory measures for success or security.

Windward adjective Situated toward the point from which the wind blows; as, the Windward Islands.

Windward adverb Toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind blows.

Windy adjective [ Compar. Windier ; superl. Windiest .] [ Anglo-Saxon windig .]


1. Consisting of wind; accompanied or characterized by wind; exposed to wind. "The windy hill." M. Arnold.

Blown with the windy tempest of my heart.
Shak.

2. Next the wind; windward.

It keeps on the windy side of care.
Shak.

3. Tempestuous; boisterous; as, windy weather.

4. Serving to occasion wind or gas in the intestines; flatulent; as, windy food.

5. Attended or caused by wind, or gas, in the intestines. "A windy colic." Arbuthnot.

6. Fig.: Empty; airy. " Windy joy." Milton.

Here's that windy applause, that poor, transitory pleasure, for which I was dishonored.
South.

Wine noun [ Middle English win , Anglo-Saxon win , from Latin vinum (cf. Icelandic vīn ; all from the Latin); akin to Greek o'i^nos , ... , and English withy . Confer Vine , Vineyard , Vinous , Withy .]


1. The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a beverage or liquor prepared from grapes by squeezing out their juice, and (usually) allowing it to ferment. "Red wine of Gascoigne." Piers Plowman.

Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging, and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.
Prov. xx. 1.

Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape
Crushed the sweet poison of misused wine .
Milton.

» Wine is essentially a dilute solution of ethyl alcohol, containing also certain small quantities of ethers and ethereal salts which give character and bouquet. According to their color, strength, taste, etc., wines are called red , white , spirituous , dry , light , still , etc.

2. A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit or plant by a process similar to that for grape wine; as, currant wine ; gooseberry wine ; palm wine .

3. The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.

Noah awoke from his wine .
Gen. ix. 24.

Birch wine , Cape wine , etc. See under Birch , Cape , etc. -- Spirit of wine . See under Spirit . -- To have drunk wine of ape or wine ape , to be so drunk as to be foolish. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. -- Wine acid . (Chemistry) See Tartaric acid , under Tartaric . [ Colloq.] -- Wine apple (Botany) , a large red apple, with firm flesh and a rich, vinous flavor. -- Wine bag , a wine skin. -- Wine biscuit , a kind of sweet biscuit served with wine. -- Wine cask , a cask for holding wine, or which holds, or has held, wine. -- Wine cellar , a cellar adapted or used for storing wine. -- Wine cooler , a vessel of porous earthenware used to cool wine by the evaporation of water; also, a stand for wine bottles, containing ice. -- Wine fly (Zoology) , small two-winged fly of the genus Piophila , whose larva lives in wine, cider, and other fermented liquors. -- Wine grower , one who cultivates a vineyard and makes wine. -- Wine measure , the measure by which wines and other spirits are sold, smaller than beer measure. -- Wine merchant , a merchant who deals in wines. -- Wine of opium (Pharm.) , a solution of opium in aromatized sherry wine, having the same strength as ordinary laudanum; -- also Sydenham's laudanum . -- Wine press , a machine or apparatus in which grapes are pressed to extract their juice. -- Wine skin , a bottle or bag of skin, used, in various countries, for carrying wine. -- Wine stone , a kind of crust deposited in wine casks. See 1st Tartar , 1. -- Wine vault . (a) A vault where wine is stored. (b) A place where wine is served at the bar, or at tables; a dramshop. Dickens. -- Wine vinegar , vinegar made from wine. -- Wine whey , whey made from milk coagulated by the use of wine.

Wineberry noun (Botany) (a) The red currant. (b) The bilberry. (c) A peculiar New Zealand shrub ( Coriaria ruscifolia ), in which the petals ripen and afford an abundant purple juice from which a kind of wine is made. The plant also grows in Chili.

Winebibber noun One who drinks much wine. Prov. xxiii. 20. -- Wine"bib`bing noun

Wineglass noun A small glass from which to drink wine.

Wineglassful ;, noun plural Wineglassfuls As much as a wineglass will hold; enough to fill a wineglass. It is usually reckoned at two fluid ounces, or four tablespoonfuls.

Wineless adjective destitute of wine; as, wineless life.

Winery noun [ Confer French vinerie .] A place where grapes are converted into wine.

Winesap noun [ Wine + sap for sop .] A variety of winter apple of medium size, deep red color, and yellowish flesh of a rich, rather subacid flavor.

Wing noun [ Middle English winge , wenge ; probably of Scand. origin; confer Dan. & Swedish vinge , Icelandic vængr .]


1. One of the two anterior limbs of a bird, pterodactyl, or bat. They correspond to the arms of man, and are usually modified for flight, but in the case of a few species of birds, as the ostrich, auk, etc., the wings are used only as an assistance in running or swimming.

As an eagle stirreth up her nest, fluttereth over her young, spreadeth abroad her wings , taketh them, beareth them on her wings .
Deut. xxxii. 11.

» In the wing of a bird the long quill feathers are in series. The primaries are those attached to the ulnar side of the hand; the secondaries , or wing coverts , those of the forearm: the scapulars , those that lie over the humerus; and the bastard feathers , those of the short outer digit. See Illust. of Bird , and Plumage .

2. Any similar member or instrument used for the purpose of flying. Specifically: (Zoology) (a) One of the two pairs of upper thoracic appendages of most hexapod insects. They are broad, fanlike organs formed of a double membrane and strengthened by chitinous veins or nervures. (b) One of the large pectoral fins of the flying fishes.

3. Passage by flying; flight; as, to take wing .

Light thickens; and the crow
Makes wing to the rooky wood.
Shak.

4. Motive or instrument of flight; means of flight or of rapid motion.

Fiery expedition be my wing .
Shak.

5. Anything which agitates the air as a wing does, or which is put in winglike motion by the action of the air, as a fan or vane for winnowing grain, the vane or sail of a windmill, etc.

6. An ornament worn on the shoulder; a small epaulet or shoulder knot.

7. Any appendage resembling the wing of a bird or insect in shape or appearance. Specifically: (a) (Zoology) One of the broad, thin, anterior lobes of the foot of a pteropod, used as an organ in swimming. (b) (Botany) Any membranaceous expansion, as that along the sides of certain stems, or of a fruit of the kind called samara. (c) (Botany) Either of the two side petals of a papilionaceous flower.

8. One of two corresponding appendages attached; a sidepiece. Hence: (a) (Architecture) A side building, less than the main edifice; as, one of the wings of a palace. (b) (Fort.) The longer side of crownworks, etc., connecting them with the main work. (c) (Hort.) A side shoot of a tree or plant; a branch growing up by the side of another. [ Obsolete] (d) (Mil.) The right or left division of an army, regiment, etc. (e) (Nautical) That part of the hold or orlop of a vessel which is nearest the sides. In a fleet, one of the extremities when the ships are drawn up in line, or when forming the two sides of a triangle. Totten. (f) One of the sides of the stags in a theater.

On the wing . (a) Supported by, or flying with, the wings another. -- On the wings of the wind , with the utmost velocity. -- Under the wing , or wings , of , under the care or protection of. -- Wing and wing (Nautical) , with sails hauled out on either side; -- said of a schooner, or her sails, when going before the wind with the foresail on one side and the mainsail on the other; also said of a square-rigged vessel which has her studding sails set. Confer Goosewinged . -- Wing case (Zoology) , one of the anterior wings of beetles, and of some other insects, when thickened and used to protect the hind wings; an elytron; -- called also wing cover . -- Wing covert (Zoology) , one of the small feathers covering the bases of the wing quills. See Covert , noun , 2. -- Wing gudgeon (Machinery) , an iron gudgeon for the end of a wooden axle, having thin, broad projections to prevent it from turning in the wood. See Illust. of Gudgeon . -- Wing shell (Zoology) , wing case of an insect. -- Wing stroke , the stroke or sweep of a wing. -- Wing transom (Nautical) , the uppermost transom of the stern; - - called also main transom . J. Knowles.

Wing transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Winged ; present participle & verbal noun Winging .]
1. To furnish with wings; to enable to fly, or to move with celerity.

Who heaves old ocean, and who wings the storms.
Pope.

Living, to wing with mirth the weary hours.
Longfellow.

2. To supply with wings or sidepieces.

The main battle, whose puissance on either side
Shall be well winged with our chiefest horse.
Shak.

3. To transport by flight; to cause to fly.

I, an old turtle,
Will wing me to some withered bough.
Shak.

4. To move through in flight; to fly through.

There's not an arrow wings the sky
But fancy turns its point to him.
Moore.

5. To cut off the wings of; to wound in the wing; to disable a wing of; as, to wing a bird.

To wing a flight , to exert the power of flying; to fly.

Wing noun (Aëronautics) Any surface used primarily for supporting a flying machine in flight, whether by edge-on motion, or flapping, or rotation; specif., either of a pair of supporting planes of a flying machine.

Wing-footed adjective
1. Having wings attached to the feet; as, wing-footed Mercury; hence, swift; moving with rapidity; fleet. Drayton.

2. (Zoology) (a) Having part or all of the feet adapted for flying. (b) Having the anterior lobes of the foot so modified as to form a pair of winglike swimming organs; -- said of the pteropod mollusks.

Wing-handed adjective (Zoology) Having the anterior limbs or hands adapted for flight, as the bats and pterodactyls.

Wing-leaved adjective (Botany) Having pinnate or pinnately divided leaves.

Wing-shell noun (Zoology) (a) Any one of various species of marine bivalve shells belonging to the genus Avicula , in which the hinge border projects like a wing. (b) Any marine gastropod shell of the genus Strombus . See Strombus . (c) Any pteropod shell.

Winged adjective
1. Furnished with wings; transported by flying; having winglike expansions.

2. Soaring with wings, or as if with wings; hence, elevated; lofty; sublime. [ R.]

How winged the sentiment that virtue is to be followed for its own sake.
J. S. Harford.

3. Swift; rapid. "Bear this sealed brief with winged haste to the lord marshal." Shak.

4. Wounded or hurt in the wing.

5. (Botany) Furnished with a leaflike appendage, as the fruit of the elm and the ash, or the stem in certain plants; alate.

6. (Her.) Represented with wings, or having wings, of a different tincture from the body.

7. Fanned with wings; swarming with birds. "The winged air darked with plumes." Milton.

Winger noun (Nautical) One of the casks stowed in the wings of a vessel's hold, being smaller than such as are stowed more amidships. Totten.

Wingfish noun (Zoology) A sea robin having large, winglike pectoral fins. See Sea robin , under Robin .

Wingless adjective Having no wings; not able to ascend or fly.

Wingless bird (Zoology) , the apteryx.

Winglet noun
1. A little wing; a very small wing.

2. (Zoology) A bastard wing, or alula.

Wingmanship noun [ From Wing , in imitation of horsemanship .] Power or skill in flying. [ R.] Duke of Argyll.

Wingy adjective
1. Having wings; rapid.

With wingy speed outstrip the eastern wind.
Addison.

2. Soaring with wings, or as if with wings; volatile airy. [ Obsolete or R.]

Those wingy mysteries in divinity.
Sir T. Browne.

Wink intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Winked ; present participle & verbal noun Winking .] [ Middle English winken , Anglo-Saxon wincian ; akin to Dutch wenken , German winken to wink, nod, beckon, Old High German winchan , Swedish vinka , Danish vinke , Anglo-Saxon wancol wavering, Old High German wanchal wavering, wanch...n to waver, German wanken , and perhaps to English weak ; confer Anglo-Saxon wincel a corner. Confer Wench , Wince , intransitive verb ]


1. To nod; to sleep; to nap. [ Obsolete] "Although I wake or wink ." Chaucer.

2. To shut the eyes quickly; to close the eyelids with a quick motion.

He must wink , so loud he would cry.
Chaucer.

And I will wink , so shall the day seem night.
Shak.

They are not blind, but they wink .
Tillotson.

3. To close and open the eyelids quickly; to nictitate; to blink.

A baby of some three months old, who winked , and turned aside its little face from the too vivid light of day.
Hawthorne.

4. To give a hint by a motion of the eyelids, often those of one eye only.

Wink at the footman to leave him without a plate.
Swift.

5. To avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at anything; to be tolerant; -- generally with at .

The times of this ignorance God winked at .
Acts xvii. 30.

And yet, as though he knew it not,
His knowledge winks , and lets his humors reign.
Herbert.

Obstinacy can not be winked at, but must be subdued.
Locke.

6. To be dim and flicker; as, the light winks .

Winking monkey (Zoology) , the white- nosed monkey ( Cersopithecus nictitans ).

Wink transitive verb To cause (the eyes) to wink. [ Colloq.]

Wink noun
1. The act of closing, or closing and opening, the eyelids quickly; hence, the time necessary for such an act; a moment.

I have not slept one wink .
Shak.

I could eclipse and cloud them with a wink .
Donne.

2. A hint given by shutting the eye with a significant cast. Sir. P. Sidney.

The stockjobber thus from Change Alley goes down,
And tips you, the freeman, a wink .
Swift.

Winker noun
1. One who winks. Pope.

2. A horse's blinder; a blinker.

Winkingly adverb In a winking manner; with the eye almost closed. Peacham.

Winkle noun [ Anglo-Saxon wincle .] (Zoology) (a) Any periwinkle. Holland. (b) Any one of various marine spiral gastropods, esp., in the United States, either of two species of Fulgar ( F. canaliculata , and F. carica ).

» These are large mollusks which often destroy large numbers of oysters by drilling their shells and sucking their blood.

Sting winkle , a European spinose marine shell ( Murex erinaceus ). See Illust. of Murex .

Winkle-hawk noun [ Dutch winkel-haak a carpenter's square.] A rectangular rent made in cloth; -- called also winkle-hole . [ Local, U. S.] Bartlett.

Winnard 2 noun The redwing. [ Prov. Eng.]