Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Old French despensier
. See Spence
, and confer Dispenser
.] One who has the care of the spence, or buttery.
[ Obsolete] Promptorium Parvulorum.
Spencer noun [ From the third Earl Spencer , who first wore it, or brought it into fashion.] A short jacket worn by men and by women. Ld. Lutton.
Spencer noun (Nautical) A fore- and-aft sail, abaft the foremast or the mainmast, hoisted upon a small supplementary mast and set with a gaff and no boom; a trysail carried at the foremast or mainmast; -- named after its inventor, Knight Spencer , of England [ 1802]. Spencer mast , a small mast just abaft the foremast or mainmast, for hoisting the spencer. R. H. Dana, Jr.
Spend transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Spent
; present participle & verbal noun Spending
.] [ Anglo-Saxon spendan
(in comp.), from Latin expendere
to weigh out, to expend, dispense. See Pendant
, and confer Dispend
.] 1. To weigh or lay out; to dispose of; to part with; as, to spend money for clothing.
Spend thou that in the town. Shak.
Wherefore do ye spend money for that which is not bread? Isa. lv. 2. 2. To bestow; to employ; -- often with on or upon .
I . . . am never loath Herbert. 3. To consume; to waste; to squander; to exhaust; as, to spend an estate in gaming or other vices. 4. To pass, as time; to suffer to pass away; as, to spend a day idly; to spend winter abroad.
To spend my judgment.
We spend our years as a tale that is told. Ps. xc. 9. 5. To exhaust of force or strength; to waste; to wear away; as, the violence of the waves was spent .
Their bodies spent with long labor and thirst. Knolles.
Spend intransitive verb 1. To expend money or any other possession; to consume, use, waste, or part with, anything; as, he who gets easily spends freely.
He spends as a person who knows that he must come to a reckoning. South. 2. To waste or wear away; to be consumed; to lose force or strength; to vanish; as, energy spends in the using of it.
The sound spendeth and is dissipated in the open air. Bacon. 3. To be diffused; to spread.
The vines that they use for wine are so often cut, that their sap spendeth into the grapes. Bacon. 4. (Mining) To break ground; to continue working.
Spender noun One who spends; esp., one who spends lavishly; a prodigal; a spendthrift.
Spending noun The act of expending; expenditure. Spending money , money set apart for extra (not necessary) personal expenses; pocket money. [ Colloq.]
Spendthrift noun One who spends money profusely or improvidently; a prodigal; one who lavishes or wastes his estate. Also used figuratively.
A woman who was a generous spendthrift of life. Mrs. R. H. Davis.
Spendthrift adjective Prodigal; extravagant; wasteful.
Spendthrifty adjective Spendthrift; prodigal. [ R.]
Spenserian adjective Of or pertaining to the English poet Spenser ; -- specifically applied to the stanza used in his poem "The Faërie Queene."
(spĕnt) adjective 1. Exhausted; worn out; having lost energy or motive force.
Now thou seest me Addison.
Spent , overpowered, despairing of success.
Heaps of spent arrows fall and strew the ground. Dryden. 2. (Zoology) Exhausted of spawn or sperm; -- said especially of fishes. Spent ball
, a ball shot from a firearm, which reaches an object without having sufficient force to penetrate it.
Sper, Sperre transitive verb
[ See Spar
bar.] To shut in; to support; to inclose; to fasten.
[ Obsolete] "To sperre
the gate." Spenser.
Sperable adjective [ Latin spearabilis , from sperare to hope.] Within the range of hpe; proper to be hoped for. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Sperage noun Asperagus. [ Obsolete] Sylvester.
Sperate adjective [ Latin speratus , past participle of sperare to hope.] Hoped for, or to be hoped for. [ R.] Bouvier.
Spere intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon spyrian to inquire, properly, to follow the track; akin to Dutch speuren , German spüren , Icelandic spyrja . √171. See Spoor.] To search; to pry; to ask; to inquire. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] [ Written also speer , speir .] Jamieson.
[ See Sphere
.] A sphere.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Sperge noun (Distilling) A charge of wash for the still. Knight.
[ See Sparling
.] (Zoology) (a) A smelt; a sparling.
[ Prov. Eng.] (b) A young herring.
[ Local, U.S.]
[ French sperme
, Latin sperma
, Greek ........., ........., from ............ to sow. Confer Spore
.] (Physiol.) The male fecundating fluid; semen. See Semen . Sperm cell (Physiol.)
, one of the cells from which the spermatozoids are developed.
-- Sperm morula
. (Biol.) Same as Spermosphere .
Sperm noun [ Contr. from spermaceti .] Spermaceti. Sperm oil , a fatty oil found as a liquid, with spermaceti, in the head cavities of the sperm whale. -- Sperm whale . (Zoology) See in the Vocabulary.
Sperm whale (Zoology) A very large toothed whale ( Physeter macrocephalus ), having a head of enormous size. The upper jaw is destitute of teeth. In the upper part of the head, above the skull, there is a large cavity, or case, filled with oil and spermaceti. This whale sometimes grows to the length of more than eighty feet. It is found in the warmer parts of all the oceans. Called also cachalot , and spermaceti whale . Pygmy sperm whale (Zoology) , a small whale ( Kogia breviceps ), seldom twenty feet long, native of tropical seas, but occasionally found on the American coast. Called also snub-nosed cachalot . -- Sperm-whale porpoise (Zoology) , a toothed cetacean ( Hyperoödon bidens ), found on both sides of the Atlantic and valued for its oil. The adult becomes about twenty-five feet long, and its head is very large and thick. Called also bottle-nosed whale .
[ Latin sperma
sperm + cetus
, any large sea animal, a whale, Greek .......... See Sperm
.] A white waxy substance obtained from cavities in the head of the sperm whale, and used making candles, oilments, cosmetics, etc. It consists essentially of ethereal salts of palmitic acid with ethal and other hydrocarbon bases. The substance of spermaceti after the removal of certain impurities is sometimes called cetin . Spermaceti whale (Zoology)
, the sperm whale.
Spermaphore noun [ Greek ............ sperm + ............ to bear.] (Botany) That part of the ovary from which the ovules arise; the placenta.
Spermary noun (Anat.) An organ in which spermatozoa are developed; a sperm gland; a testicle.
; plural Spermathecæ
. [ New Latin , from Greek ............ seed + ............ case, or receptacle.] (Zoology) A small sac connected with the female reproductive organs of insects and many other invertebrates, serving to receive and retain the spermatozoa.
[ Latin spermaticus
, Greek ............: confer French spermatique
. See Sperm
.] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to semen; as, the spermatic fluid, the spermatic vessels, etc. Spermatic cord (Anat.)
, the cord which suspends the testicle within the scrotum. It is made up of a connective tissue sheath inclosing the spermatic duct and accompanying vessels and nerves.
Spermatical adjective Spermatic.
Spermatin noun (Physiol. Chem.) A substance allied to alkali albumin and to mucin, present in semen, to which it is said to impart the mucilaginous character.
Spermatism noun (Physiol.) The emission of sperm, or semen.
; plural Spermatia
. [ New Latin ] (Botany) One of the motionless spermatozoids in the conceptacles of certain fungi. J. H. Balfour.
Spermatize intransitive verb
[ Greek .......... See Sperm
.] To yield seed; to emit seed, or sperm.
[ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Spermato-, Spermo- Combining forms from Greek spe`rma , -atos , seed , sperm , semen (of plants or animals); as, spermato blast, spermo blast.
+ Greek ............ a hollow vessel.] (Physiol.) Same as Spermoblast .
Spermatogenesis noun [ Spermato- + genesis .] (Biol.) The development of the spermatozoids.
Spermatogenetic adjective (Physiol.) Relating to, or connected with, spermatogenesis; as, spermatogenetic function.
Spermatogenous adjective [ Spermato- + -genous .] (Physiol.) Sperm- producing.
Spermatogonium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ............, ........., sperm + ......... offspring.] (Physiol.) A primitive seminal cell, occuring in masses in the seminal tubules. It divides into a mass (spermosphere) of small cells (spermoblast), which in turn give rise to spermatozoids.
Spermatoid adjective [ Spermato- + -oid .] (Physiol.) Spermlike; resembling sperm, or semen.
+ Greek ......... to bear.] 1. (Physiol.) Same as Spermospore . 2. (Zoology) A capsule or pocket inclosing a number of spermatozoa. They are present in many annelids, brachiopods, mollusks, and crustaceans. In cephalopods the structure of the capsule is very complex.
Spermatophorous adjective (Physiol.) Producing seed, or sperm; seminiferous; as, the so-called spermatophorous cells.
Spermatophyta noun plural [ New Latin ; spermato- + Greek ... plant.] (Botany) A phylum embracing the highest plants, or those that produce seeds; the seed plants, or flowering plants. They form the most numerous group, including over 120,000 species. In general, the group is characterized by the marked development of the sporophyte, with great differentiation of its parts (root, stem, leaves, flowers, etc.); by the extreme reduction of the gametophyte; and by the development of seeds. All the Spermatophyta are heterosporous; fertilization of the egg cell is either through a pollen tube emitted by the microspore or (in a few gymnosperms) by spermatozoids. The phrase "flowering plants" is less distinctive than "seed plants," since the conifers, grasses, sedges, oaks, etc., do not produce flowers in the popular sense. For this reason the terms Anthrophyta , Phænogamia , and Panerogamia have been superseded as names of the phylum by Spermatophyta .
Spermatophyte noun Any plant of the phylum Spermatophyta. -- Sper`ma*to*phyt"ic adjective
Spermatorrhea, Spermatorrhœa , noun [ New Latin , from Greek spe`rma , - atos , seed + ......... to flow.] (Medicine) Abnormally frequent involuntary emission of the semen without copulation.
; plural Spermatoa
. [ New Latin , from Greek spe`rma
, seed + ......... an egg.] (Anat.) A spermoblast.
-- Sper`ma*to"al adjective Owen.