Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Compar. Sincerer
; superl. Sincerest
.] [ Latin sincerus
, of uncertain origin; the first part perhaps akin to sin-
), and the second to cernere
to separate (cf. Discern
): confer French sinc
ère.] 1. Pure; unmixed; unadulterated.
There is no sincere acid in any animal juice. Arbuthnot.
A joy which never was sincere till now. Dryden. 2. Whole; perfect; unhurt; uninjured.
The inviolable body stood sincere . Dryden. 3. Being in reality what it appears to be; having a character which corresponds with the appearance; not falsely assumed; genuine; true; real; as, a sincere desire for knowledge; a sincere contempt for meanness.
A sincere intention of pleasing God in all our actions. Law. 4. Honest; free from hypocrisy or dissimulation; as, a sincere friend; a sincere person.
The more sincere you are, the better it will fare with you at the great day of account. Waterland. Syn.
-- Honest; unfeigned; unvarnished; real; true; unaffected; inartificial; frank; upright. See Hearty
Sincerely adverb In a sincere manner. Specifically: (a) Purely; without alloy. Milton. (b) Honestly; unfeignedly; without dissimulation; as, to speak one's mind sincerely ; to love virtue sincerely .
Sincereness noun Same as Sincerity . Beau. & Fl.
[ Latin sinceritas
: confer French sincérité
.] The quality or state of being sincere; honesty of mind or intention; freedom from simulation, hypocrisy, disguise, or false pretense; sincereness.
I protest, in the sincerity of love. Shak.
Sincerity is a duty no less plain than important. Knox.
[ See Cinch
.] A saddle girth made of leather, canvas, woven horsehair, or woven grass.
[ Western U.S.]
Sinch transitive verb To gird with a sinch; to tighten the sinch or girth of (a saddle); as, to sinch up a sadle. [ Western U.S.]
Sincipital adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the sinciput; being in the region of the sinciput.
Sinciput noun [ Latin , half a head; semi half + caput the head.]
1. (Anat.) The fore part of the head. 2. (Zoology) The part of the head of a bird between the base of the bill and the vertex.
[ Arabic Sindī
, from Sind
Indian, Sanskrit sindhu
river, sea, the river Indus, the country along the Indus. Confer Indian
.] (Ethnol.) A native of Sind, India, esp. one of the native Hindoo stock.
Sindon noun [ Latin , a kind of fine Indian cotton stuff, Greek ..........]
1. A wrapper. [ Obsolete] "Wrapped in sindons of linen." Bacon. 2. (Surg.) A small rag or pledget introduced into the hole in the cranium made by a trephine. Dunglison.
[ Late Latin sinus
a sine, Latin sinus
bosom, used in translating the Arabic jaib
, properly, bosom, but probably read by mistake (the consonants being the same) for an original jība
sine, from Sanskrit jīva
bowstring, chord of an arc, sine.] (Trig.) (a) The length of a perpendicular drawn from one extremity of an arc of a circle to the diameter drawn through the other extremity. (b) The perpendicular itself. See Sine of angle , below. Artificial sines
, logarithms of the natural sines, or logarithmic sines.
-- Curve of sines
. See Sinusoid .
-- Natural sines
, the decimals expressing the values of the sines, the radius being unity.
-- Sine of an angle
, in a circle whose radius is unity, the sine of the arc that measures the angle; in a right-angled triangle, the side opposite the given angle divided by the hypotenuse. See Trigonometrical function , under Function .
-- Versed sine
, that part of the diameter between the sine and the arc.
Sine preposition [ Latin ] Without.
Sinecural adjective Of or pertaining to a sinecure; being in the nature of a sinecure.
[ Latin sine
without + cura
care, Late Latin , a cure. See Cure
.] 1. An ecclesiastical benefice without the care of souls. Ayliffe. 2. Any office or position which requires or involves little or no responsibility, labor, or active service.
A lucrative sinecure in the Excise. Macaulay.
Sinecure transitive verb To put or place in a sinecure.
Sinecurism noun The state of having a sinecure.
Sinecurist noun One who has a sinecure.
[ Middle English sinewe
, Anglo-Saxon sinu
; akin to Dutch zenuw
, Old High German senawa
, German sehne
, Icelandic sin
, Swedish sena
, Dan. sene
; confer Sanskrit snāva
. √290.] 1. (Anat.) A tendon or tendonous tissue. See Tendon . 2. Muscle; nerve.
[ R.] Sir J. Davies. 3. Fig.: That which supplies strength or power.
The portion and sinew of her fortune, her marriage dowry. Shak.
The bodies of men, munition, and money, may justly be called the sinews of war. Sir W. Raleigh.
» Money alone is often called the sinews of war
Sinew transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sinewed
; present participle & verbal noun Sinewing
.] To knit together, or make strong with, or as with, sinews. Shak.
Wretches, now stuck up for long tortures . . . might, if properly treated, serve to sinew the state in time of danger. Goldsmith.
Sinew-shrunk adjective (Far.) Having the sinews under the belly shrunk by excessive fatigue.
Sinewed adjective 1. Furnished with sinews; as, a strong- sinewed youth. 2. Fig.: Equipped; strengthened.
When he sees Shak.
Ourselves well sinewed to our defense.
Sinewiness noun Quality of being sinewy.
Sinewish adjective Sinewy. [ Obsolete] Holinshed.
Sinewless adjective Having no sinews; hence, having no strength or vigor.
Sinewous adjective Sinewy. [ Obsolete] Holinshed.
Sinewy adjective 1. Pertaining to, consisting of, or resembling, a sinew or sinews.
The sinewy thread my brain lets fall. Donne. 2. Well braced with, or as if with, sinews; nervous; vigorous; strong; firm; tough; as, the sinewy Ajax.
A man whose words . . . were so close and sinewy . Hare.
[ AAS. synfull
.] Tainted with, or full of, sin; wicked; iniquitous; criminal; unholy; as, sinful men; sinful thoughts. Piers Plowman.
Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity. Isa. i. 4.
Sing intransitive verb
[ imperfect Sung
; past participle Sung
; present participle & verbal noun Singing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon singan
; akin to Dutch zingen
, Old Saxon & Old High German singan
, German singen
, Icelandic syngja
, Swedish sjunga
, Danish synge
, Goth. siggwan
, and perhaps to English say
, v.t., or confer Greek ......... voice. Confer Singe
.] 1. To utter sounds with musical inflections or melodious modulations of voice, as fancy may dictate, or according to the notes of a song or tune, or of a given part (as alto, tenor, etc.) in a chorus or concerted piece.
The noise of them that sing do I hear. Ex. xxxii. 18. 2. To utter sweet melodious sounds, as birds do.
On every bough the briddes heard I sing . Chaucer.
Singing birds, in silver cages hung. Dryden. 3. To make a small, shrill sound; as, the air sings in passing through a crevice.
O'er his head the flying spear Pope. 4. To tell or relate something in numbers or verse; to celebrate something in poetry. Milton.
Sang innocent, and spent its force in air.
Bid her . . . sing Prior. 5. To cry out; to complain.
Of human hope by cross event destroyed.
They should sing if thet they were bent. Chaucer.
Sing transitive verb 1. To utter with musical inflections or modulations of voice.
And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb. Rev. xv. 3.
And in the darkness sing your carol of high praise. Keble. 2. To celebrate is song; to give praises to in verse; to relate or rehearse in numbers, verse, or poetry. Milton.
Arms and the man I sing . Dryden.
The last, the happiest British king, Addison. 3. To influence by singing; to lull by singing; as, to sing a child to sleep. 4. To accompany, or attend on, with singing.
Whom thou shalt paint or I shall sing .
I heard them singing home the bride. Longfellow.
(sĭnj) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Singed
(sĭnjd); present participle & verbal noun Singeing
(sĭnj"ĭng).] [ Middle English sengen
, Anglo-Saxon sengan
in be sengan
(akin to Dutch zengen
, German sengen
), originally, to cause to sing, from Anglo-Saxon singan
to sing, in allusion to the singing
or hissing sound often produced when a substance is singed, or slightly burned. See Sing
.] 1. To burn slightly or superficially; to burn the surface of; to burn the ends or outside of; as, to singe the hair or the skin.
You sulphurous and thought-executing fires, . . . Shak.
Singe my white head!
I singed the toes of an ape through a burning glass. L'Estrange. 2. (a) To remove the nap of (cloth), by passing it rapidly over a red-hot bar, or over a flame, preliminary to dyeing it. (b) To remove the hair or down from (a plucked chicken or the like) by passing it over a flame.
Singe noun A burning of the surface; a slight burn.
[ From Singe
.] One who, or that which, singes.
Specifically: (a) One employed to singe cloth. (b) A machine for singeing cloth.
[ From Sing
.] One who sings; especially, one whose profession is to sing.
Singeress noun A songstress. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
Singhalese noun & adjective
[ Sanskrit Si&mtil;hala
Ceylon.] (Ethnol.) Same as Cingalese .
Singing adjective & noun from Sing , v. Singing bird
. (Zoology) (a) Popularly, any bird that sings; a song bird
. (b) Specifically, any one of the Oscines.
-- Singing book
, a book containing music for singing; a book of tunes.
-- Singing falcon
. (Zoology) See Chanting falcon , under Chanting .
-- Singing fish (Zoology)
, a California toadfish ( Porichthys porosissimus ).
-- Singing flame (Acoustics)
, a flame, as of hydrogen or coal gas, burning within a tube and so adjusted as to set the air within the tube in vibration, causing sound. The apparatus is called also chemical harmonicon .
-- Singing master
, a man who teaches vocal music.
-- Singing school
, a school in which persons are instructed in singing.
Singingly adverb With sounds like singing; with a kind of tune; in a singing tone. G. North (1575).
[ Latin singulus
, a dim. from the root in simplex
simple; confer Middle English & Old French sengle
, from Latin singulus
. See Simple
, and confer Singular
.] 1. One only, as distinguished from more than one; consisting of one alone; individual; separate; as, a single star.
No single man is born with a right of controlling the opinions of all the rest. Pope. 2. Alone; having no companion.
Who single hast maintained, Milton. 3. Hence, unmarried; as, a single man or woman.
Against revolted multitudes, the cause
Grows, lives, and dies in single blessedness. Shak.
Single chose to live, and shunned to wed. Dryden. 4. Not doubled, twisted together, or combined with others; as, a single thread; a single strand of a rope. 5. Performed by one person, or one on each side; as, a single combat.
These shifts refuted, answer thy appellant, . . . Milton. 6. Uncompounded; pure; unmixed.
Who now defles thee thrice ti single fight.
Simple ideas are opposed to complex, and single to compound. I. Watts. 7. Not deceitful or artful; honest; sincere.
I speak it with a single heart. Shak. 8. Simple; not wise; weak; silly.
He utters such single matter in so infantly a voice. Beau. & Fl. Single ale
, or drink
, small ale, etc., as contrasted with double ale , etc., which is stronger.
[ Obsolete] Nares.
-- Single bill (Law)
, a written engagement, generally under seal, for the payment of money, without a penalty. Burril.
-- Single court (Lawn Tennis)
, a court laid out for only two players.
-- Single-cut file
. See the Note under 4th File .
-- Single entry
. See under Bookkeeping .
-- Single file
. See under 1st File .
-- Single flower (Botany)
, a flower with but one set of petals, as a wild rose.
-- Single knot
. See Illust. under Knot .
-- Single whip (Nautical)
, a single rope running through a fixed block.
Single transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Singled
; present participle & verbal noun Singling
.] 1. To select, as an individual person or thing, from among a number; to choose out from others; to separate.
Dogs who hereby can single out their master in the dark. Bacon.
His blood! she faintly screamed her mind More. 2. To sequester; to withdraw; to retire.
Still singling one from all mankind.
An agent singling itself from consorts. Hooker. 3. To take alone, or one by one.
Men . . . commendable when they are singled . Hooker.
Single intransitive verb To take the irrregular gait called single-foot;- said of a horse. See Single- foot .
Many very fleet horses, when overdriven, adopt a disagreeable gait, which seems to be a cross between a pace and a trot, in which the two legs of one side are raised almost but not quite, simultaneously. Such horses are said to single , or to be single-footed. W. S. Clark.
1. A unit; one; as, to score a single . 2. plural The reeled filaments of silk, twisted without doubling to give them firmness. 3. A handful of gleaned grain. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] 4. (Law Tennis) A game with but one player on each side; -- usually in the plural. 5. (Baseball) A hit by a batter which enables him to reach first base only.
Single tax (Pol. Econ.) A tax levied upon land alone, irrespective of improvements, -- advocated by certain economists as the sole source of public revenue.
Whatever may be thought of Henry George's single- tax theory as a whole, there can be little question that a relatively higher assessment of ground rent, with corresponding relief for those who have made improvements, is a much-needed reform. A. T. Hadley.
Single-acting adjective Having simplicity of action; especially (Machinery) , acting or exerting force during strokes in one direction only; -- said of a reciprocating engine, pump, etc.
Single-breasted adjective Lapping over the breast only far enough to permit of buttoning, and having buttons on one edge only; as, a single-breasted coast.
Single-foot noun An irregular gait of a horse; -- called also single-footed pace . See Single , intransitive verb
Single-foot is an irregular pace, rather rare, distinguished by the posterior extremities moving in the order of a fast walk, and the anterior extremities in that of a slow trot. Stillman (The Horse in Motion.)
Single-foot intransitive verb To proceed by means of the single-foot, as a horse or other quadruped. -- Sin"gle-foot`er , noun
Single-handed adjective Having but one hand, or one workman; also, alone; unassisted.
Single-hearted adjective Having an honest heart; free from duplicity. -- Sin"gle- heart"ed*ly , adverb
Single-minded adjective Having a single purpose; hence, artless; guileless; single-hearted.
1. The quality or state of being single, or separate from all others; the opposite of doubleness, complication, or multiplicity. 2. Freedom from duplicity, or secondary and selfish ends; purity of mind or purpose; simplicity; sincerity; as, singleness of purpose; singleness of heart.