Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Sing-sing noun (Zoology) The kob.
Single-surfaced adjective Having one surface; -- said specif. of aëroplanes or aërocurves that are covered with fabric, etc., on only one side.
Singles noun plural See Single , noun , 2.
Singlestick noun (a) In England and Scotland, a cudgel used in fencing or fighting; a backsword. (b) The game played with singlesticks, in which he who first brings blood from his adversary's head is pronounced victor; backsword; cudgeling.
Singlet noun An unlined or undyed waistcoat; a single garment; -- opposed to doublet . [ Prov. Eng.]
Singleton noun In certain games at cards, as whist, a single card of any suit held at the deal by a player; as, to lead a singleton .
[ Confer Swingletree
.] The pivoted or swinging bar to which the traces of a harnessed horse are fixed; a whiffletree.
» When two horses draw abreast, a singletree
is fixed at each end of another crosspiece, called the doubletree
Singly adverb 1. Individually; particularly; severally; as, to make men singly and personally good. 2. Only; by one's self; alone.
Look thee, 't is so! Thou singly honest man. Shak. 3. Without partners, companions, or associates; single-handed; as, to attack another singly .
At omber singly to decide their doom. Pope. 4. Honestly; sincerely; simply.
[ R.] Johnson. 5. Singularly; peculiarly.
[ Obsolete] Milton.
1. Bad singing or poetry. 2. A drawling or monotonous tone, as of a badly executed song.
Singsong adjective Drawling; monotonous.
Singsong intransitive verb To write poor poetry. [ R.] Tennyson.
Singspiel noun [ G.; singen to sing + spiel to play.] (Music) A dramatic work, partly in dialogue and partly in song, of a kind popular in Germany in the latter part of the 18th century. It was often comic, had modern characters, and patterned its music on folk song with strictly subordinated accompaniment.
Singster noun A songstress. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.
[ Middle English singuler
, French singulier
, from Latin singularius
, from singulus
single. See Single
] 1. Separate or apart from others; single; distinct.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
And God forbid that all a company Chaucer. 2. Engaged in by only one on a side; single.
Should rue a singular man's folly.
To try the matter thus together in a singular combat. Holinshed. 3. (Logic) Existing by itself; single; individual.
The idea which represents one . . . determinate thing, is called a singular idea, whether simple, complex, or compound. I. Watts. 4. (Law) Each; individual; as, to convey several parcels of land, all and singular . 5. (Gram.) Denoting one person or thing; as, the singular number; -- opposed to dual and plural . 6. Standing by itself; out of the ordinary course; unusual; uncommon; strange; as, a singular phenomenon.
So singular a sadness Denham. 7. Distinguished as existing in a very high degree; rarely equaled; eminent; extraordinary; exceptional; as, a man of singular gravity or attainments. 8. Departing from general usage or expectations; odd; whimsical; -- often implying disapproval or censure.
Must have a cause as strange as the effect.
His zeal Milton.
None seconded, as out of season judged,
Or singular and rash.
To be singular in anything that is wise and worthy, is not a disparagement, but a praise. Tillotson. 9. Being alone; belonging to, or being, that of which there is but one; unique.
These busts of the emperors and empresses are all very scarce, and some of them almost singular in their kind. Addison. Singular point in a curve (Math.)
, a point at which the curve possesses some peculiar properties not possessed by other points of the curve, as a cusp point, or a multiple point.
-- Singular proposition (Logic)
, a proposition having as its subject a singular term, or a common term limited to an individual by means of a singular sign. Whately.
-- Singular succession (Civil Law)
, division among individual successors, as distinguished from universal succession , by which an estate descended in intestacy to the heirs in mass.
-- Singular term (Logic)
, a term which represents or stands for a single individual. Syn.
-- Unexampled; unprecedented; eminent; extraordinary; remarkable; uncommon; rare; unusual; peculiar; strange; odd; eccentric; fantastic.
1. An individual instance; a particular. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More. 2. (Gram) The singular number, or the number denoting one person or thing; a word in the singular number.
(sĭn"gu*lẽr*ĭst) noun One who affects singularity.
A clownish singularist , or nonconformist to ordinary usage. Borrow.
; plural Singularities
(- tĭz). [ Latin singularitas
: confer French singularité
.] 1. The quality or state of being singular; some character or quality of a thing by which it is distinguished from all, or from most, others; peculiarity.
Pliny addeth this singularity to that soil, that the second year the very falling down of the seeds yieldeth corn. Sir. W. Raleigh.
I took notice of this little figure for the singularity of the instrument. Addison. 2. Anything singular, rare, or curious.
Your gallery Shak. 3. Possession of a particular or exclusive privilege, prerogative, or distinction.
Have we passed through, not without much content
In many singularities .
No bishop of Rome ever took upon him this name of singularity [ universal bishop]. Hooker.
Catholicism . . . must be understood in opposition to the legal singularity of the Jewish nation. Bp. Pearson. 4. Celibacy.
[ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Singularize (sĭn"gu*lẽr*īz) transitive verb To make singular or single; to distinguish. [ R.]
1. In a singular manner; in a manner, or to a degree, not common to others; extraordinarily; as, to be singularly exact in one's statements; singularly considerate of others. " Singularly handsome." Milman. 2. Strangely; oddly; as, to behave singularly . 3. So as to express one, or the singular number.
Singult noun [ Latin singultus .] A sigh or sobbing; also, a hiccough. [ Obsolete] Spenser. W. Browne.
Singultous adjective (Medicine) Relating to, or affected with, hiccough. Dunglison.
Singultus noun [ Latin ] (Medicine) Hiccough.
[ See Sinologue
.] (Ethnol.) Of or pertaining to the Chinese and allied races; Chinese.
[ From Sine
.] (Trig.) Of or pertaining to a sine; employing, or founded upon, sines; as, a sinical quadrant.
Sinicism noun (Ethnol.) Anything peculiar to the Chinese; esp., a Chinese peculiarity in manners or customs.
Sinigrin noun [ From New Latin Sinapis nigra .] (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the seeds of black mustard ( Brassica nigra , formerly Sinapis nigra ) It resembles sinalbin, and consists of a potassium salt of myronic acid.
(sĭn"ĭs*tẽr; 277) adjective
[ Accented on the middle syllable by the older poets, as Shakespeare, Milton, Dryden.] [ Latin sinister
: confer French sinistre
.] 1. On the left hand, or the side of the left hand; left; -- opposed to dexter , or right .
"Here on his sinister
My mother's blood Shak.
Runs on the dexter cheek, and this sinister
Bounds in my father's
» In heraldy the sinister
side of an escutcheon is the side which would be on the left of the bearer of the shield, and opposite the right hand of the beholder. 2. Unlucky; inauspicious; disastrous; injurious; evil; -- the left being usually regarded as the unlucky side; as, sinister influences.
All the several ills that visit earth, B. Jonson. 3. Wrong, as springing from indirection or obliquity; perverse; dishonest; corrupt; as, sinister aims.
Brought forth by night, with a sinister birth.
Nimble and sinister tricks and shifts. Bacon.
He scorns to undermine another's interest by any sinister or inferior arts. South.
He read in their looks . . . sinister intentions directed particularly toward himself. Sir W. Scott. 4. Indicative of lurking evil or harm; boding covert danger; as, a sinister countenance. Bar sinister
. (Her.) See under Bar , noun
-- Sinister aspect (Astrol.)
, an appearance of two planets happening according to the succession of the signs, as Saturn in Aries, and Mars in the same degree of Gemini.
-- Sinister base
, Sinister chief
. See under Escutcheon .
Sinister-handed adjective Left- handed; hence, unlucky. [ Obsolete] Lovelace.
Sinisterly adverb In a sinister manner. Wood.
Sinistrad adverb [ Latin sinistra the left hand + ad to.] (Anat. & Zoology) Toward the left side; sinistrally.
1. Of or pertaining to the left, inclining to the left; sinistrous; -- opposed to dextral . 2. (Zoology) Having the whorls of the spire revolving or rising to the left; reversed; -- said of certain spiral shells.
Sinistrality noun The quality or state of being sinistral.
Sinistrally adverb Toward the left; in a sinistral manner. J. Le Conte.
Sinistrin (sĭn"ĭs*trĭn) noun [ Latin sinister left.] (Chemistry) A mucilaginous carbohydrate, resembling achroödextrin, extracted from squill as a colorless amorphous substance; -- so called because it is levorotatory.
Sinistrorsal adjective [ Latin sinistrorsus , sinistroversus , turned toward the left side; sinister left + vertere , vortere , versum , vorsum , to turn.] Rising spirally from right to left (of the spectator); sinistrorse.
[ See Sinistrolsal
.] Turning to the left (of the spectator) in the ascending line; -- the opposite of dextrorse . See Dextrorse .
[ See Sinister
.] 1. Being on the left side; inclined to the left; sinistral.
gravity." Sir T. Browne. 2. Wrong; absurd; perverse.
A knave or fool can do no harm, even by the most sinistrous and absurd choice. Bentley.
(sĭn"ĭs*trŭs*lȳ) adverb 1. In a sinistrous manner; perversely; wrongly; unluckily. 2. With a tendency to use the left hand.
Many, in their infancy, are sinistrously disposed, and divers continue all their life left-handed. Sir T. Browne.
(sĭnk) intransitive verb
[ imperfect Sunk
(sŭnk), or ( Sank
(sănk)); past participle Sunk
, -- now used as adj.
); present participle & verbal noun Sinking
.] [ Middle English sinken
, Anglo-Saxon sincan
; akin to Dutch zinken
, Old Saxon sincan
, German sinken
, Icelandic sökkva
, Danish synke
, Swedish sjunka
, Goth. siggan
, and probably to English silt
. Confer Silt
.] 1. To fall by, or as by, the force of gravity; to descend lower and lower; to decline gradually; to subside; as, a stone sinks in water; waves rise and sink ; the sun sinks in the west.
I sink in deep mire. Ps. lxix. 2. 2. To enter deeply; to fall or retire beneath or below the surface; to penetrate.
The stone sunk into his forehead. 1 San. xvii. 49. 3. Hence, to enter so as to make an abiding impression; to enter completely.
Let these sayings sink down into your ears. Luke ix. 44. 4. To be overwhelmed or depressed; to fall slowly, as so the ground, from weakness or from an overburden; to fail in strength; to decline; to decay; to decrease.
I think our country sinks beneath the yoke. Shak.
He sunk down in his chariot. 2 Kings ix. 24.
Let not the fire sink or slacken. Mortimer. 5. To decrease in volume, as a river; to subside; to become diminished in volume or in apparent height.
The Alps and Pyreneans sink before him. Addison. Syn.
-- To fall; subside; drop; droop; lower; decline; decay; decrease; lessen.
Sink transitive verb 1. To cause to sink; to put under water; to immerse or submerge in a fluid; as, to sink a ship.
[ The Athenians] fell upon the wings and sank a single ship. Jowett (Thucyd.). 2. Figuratively: To cause to decline; to depress; to degrade; hence, to ruin irretrievably; to destroy, as by drowping; as, to sink one's reputation.
I raise of sink , imprison or set free. Prior.
If I have a conscience, let it sink me. Shak.
Thy cruel and unnatural lust of power Rowe. 3. To make (a depression) by digging, delving, or cutting, etc.; as, to sink a pit or a well; to sink a die. 4. To bring low; to reduce in quantity; to waste.
Has sunk thy father more than all his years.
You sunk the river repeated draughts. Addison. 5. To conseal and appropriate.
If sent with ready money to buy anything, and you happen to be out of pocket, sink the money, and take up the goods on account. Swift. 6. To keep out of sight; to suppress; to ignore.
A courtly willingness to sink obnoxious truths. Robertson. 7. To reduce or extinguish by payment; as, to sink the national debt.
Sink noun 1. A drain to carry off filthy water; a jakes. 2. A shallow box or vessel of wood, stone, iron, or other material, connected with a drain, and used for receiving filthy water, etc., as in a kitchen. 3. A hole or low place in land or rock, where waters sink and are lost; -- called also sink hole .
[ U. S.] Sink hole
. (a) The opening to a sink drain
. (b) A cesspool
. (c) Same as Sink , noun , 3.
Sink (sĭnk) noun The lowest part of a natural hollow or closed basin whence the water of one or more streams escapes by evaporation; as, the sink of the Humboldt River. [ Western U. S.]
Sinker noun One who, or that which, sinks.
Specifically: (a) A weight on something, as on a fish line, to sink it. (b) In knitting machines, one of the thin plates, blades, or other devices, that depress the loops upon or between the needles. Dividing sinker
, in knitting machines, a sinker between two jack sinkers and acting alternately with them.
-- Jack sinker
. See under Jack , noun
-- Sinker bar
. (a) In knitting machines, a bar to which one set of the sinkers is attached
. (b) In deep well boring, a heavy bar forming a connection between the lifting rope and the boring tools, above the jars.
Sinking adjective & noun from Sink . Sinking fund
. See under Fund .
-- Sinking head (Founding)
, a riser from which the mold is fed as the casting shrinks. See Riser , noun , 4.
-- Sinking pump
, a pump which can be lowered in a well or a mine shaft as the level of the water sinks.
Sinless adjective Free from sin. Piers Plowman. -- Sin"less*ly , adverb -- Sin"less*ness , noun
Sinner noun One who has sinned; especially, one who has sinned without repenting; hence, a persistent and incorrigible transgressor; one condemned by the law of God.
Sinner intransitive verb To act as a sinner.
Whether the charmer sinner it or saint it. Pope.
Sinneress noun A woman who sins. [ Obsolete]
[ See Sinologue
.] Relating to the Chinese language or literature.