Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Simpering adjective &. noun from Simper , v.
Simperingly adverb In a simpering manner.
[ Compar. Simpler
; superl. Simplest
.] [ French, from Latin simplus
, or simplex
, gen. simplicis
. The first part of the Latin words is probably akin to English same
, and the sense, one, one and the same; confer Latin semel
one to each, single. Cg. Single
, and for the last part of the word confer Double
.] 1. Single; not complex; not infolded or entangled; uncombined; not compounded; not blended with something else; not complicated; as, a simple substance; a simple idea; a simple sound; a simple machine; a simple problem; simple tasks. 2. Plain; unadorned; as, simple dress.
story." Burns. 3. Mere; not other than; being only.
A medicine . . . whose simple touch Shak. 4. Not given to artifice, stratagem, or duplicity; undesigning; sincere; true.
Is powerful to araise King Pepin.
Full many fine men go upon my score, as simple as I stand here, and I trust them. Marston.
Must thou trust Tradition's simple tongue? Byron.
To be simple is to be great. Emerson. 5. Artless in manner; unaffected; unconstrained; natural; inartificial;; straightforward.
In simple manners all the secret lies. Young. 6. Direct; clear; intelligible; not abstruse or enigmatical; as, a simple statement; simple language. 7. Weak in intellect; not wise or sagacious; of but moderate understanding or attainments; hence, foolish; silly.
"You have simple
The simple believeth every word; but the prudent man looketh well to his going. Prov. xiv. 15. 8. Not luxurious; without much variety; plain; as, a simple diet; a simple way of living.
Thy simple fare and all thy plain delights. Cowper. 9. Humble; lowly; undistinguished.
A simple husbandman in garments gray. Spenser.
Clergy and laity, male and female, gentle and simple made the fuel of the same fire. Fuller. 10. (BOt.) Without subdivisions; entire; as, a simple stem; a simple leaf. 11. (Chemistry) Not capable of being decomposed into anything more simple or ultimate by any means at present known; elementary; thus, atoms are regarded as simple bodies. Confer Ultimate , adjective
» A simple
body is one that has not as yet been decomposed. There are indications that many of our simple elements are still compound bodies, though their actual decomposition into anything simpler may never be accomplished. 12. (Min.) Homogenous. 13. (Zoology) Consisting of a single individual or zooid; as, a simple ascidian; -- opposed to compound . Simple contract (Law)
, any contract, whether verbal or written, which is not of record or under seal. J. W. Smith. Chitty.
-- Simple equation (Alg.)
, an equation containing but one unknown quantity, and that quantity only in the first degree.
-- Simple eye (Zoology)
, an eye having a single lens; -- opposed to compound eye .
-- Simple interest
. See under Interest .
-- Simple larceny
. (Law) See under Larceny .
-- Simple obligation (Rom. Law)
, an obligation which does not depend for its execution upon any event provided for by the parties, or is not to become void on the happening of any such event. Burrill. Syn.
-- Single; uncompounded; unmingled; unmixed; mere; uncombined; elementary; plain; artless; sincere; harmless; undesigning; frank; open; unaffected; inartificial; unadorned; credulous; silly; foolish; shallow; unwise. -- Simple
. One who is simple
is sincere, unaffected, and inexperienced in duplicity, -- hence liable to be duped. A silly
person is one who is ignorant or weak and also self- confident; hence, one who shows in speech and act a lack of good sense. Simplicity
is incompatible with duplicity, artfulness, or vanity, while silliness
is consistent with all three. Simplicity
denotes lack of knowledge or of guile; silliness
denotes want of judgment or right purpose, a defect of character as well as of education.
I am a simple woman, much too weak Shak.
To oppose your cunning.
He is the companion of the silliest people in their most silly pleasure; he is ready for every impertinent entertainment and diversion. Law.
[ French See Simple
] 1. Something not mixed or compounded.
"Compounded of many simples
." Shak. 2. (Medicine) A medicinal plant; -- so called because each vegetable was supposed to possess its particular virtue, and therefore to constitute a simple remedy.
What virtue is in this remedy lies in the naked simple itself as it comes over from the Indies. Sir W. Temple. 3. (Weaving) (a) A drawloom. (b) A part of the apparatus for raising the heddles of a drawloom. 4. (R. C. Ch.) A feast which is not a double or a semidouble.
Simple intransitive verb To gather simples, or medicinal plants.
As simpling on the flowery hills she [ Circe] strayed. Garth.
Simple-hearted adjective Sincere; inguenuous; guileless. Sir W. Scott.
Simple-minded adjective Artless; guileless; simple-hearted; undesigning; unsuspecting; devoid of duplicity. Blackstone. -- Sim"ple-mind`ed*ness , noun
Simpleness noun The quality or state of being simple; simplicity. Shak.
Simpler noun One who collects simples, or medicinal plants; a herbalist; a simplist. Simpler's joy . (Botany) Vervain.
Simpless noun [ French simplesse .] Simplicity; silliness. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Simpleton noun [ Confer French simplet , Italian semplicione .] A person of weak intellect; a silly person.
Simplician noun [ Confer Old French simplicien .] One who is simple. [ Obsolete] Arnway.
[ French simplicité
, Latin simplicitas
. See Simple
.] 1. The quality or state of being simple, unmixed, or uncompounded; as, the simplicity of metals or of earths. 2. The quality or state of being not complex, or of consisting of few parts; as, the simplicity of a machine. 3. Artlessness of mind; freedom from cunning or duplicity; lack of acuteness and sagacity.
Marquis Dorset, a man, for his harmless simplicity neither misliked nor much regarded. Hayward.
In wit a man; simplicity a child. Pope. 4. Freedom from artificial ornament, pretentious style, or luxury; plainness; as, simplicity of dress, of style, or of language; simplicity of diet; simplicity of life. 5. Freedom from subtlety or abstruseness; clearness; as, the simplicity of a doctrine; the simplicity of an explanation or a demonstration. 6. Weakness of intellect; silliness; folly.
How long, ye simple ones, will ye love simplicity ? and the scorners delight in their scorning? Prointransitive verb 22.
Simplification noun [ Confer French simplification .] The act of simplifying. A. Smith.
Simplify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Simplified
; present participle & verbal noun Simplifying
.] [ Confer French simplifier
, Late Latin simplificare
. See Simple
, and -fy
.] To make simple; to make less complex; to make clear by giving the explanation for; to show an easier or shorter process for doing or making.
The collection of duties is drawn to a point, and so far simplified . A. Hamilton.
It is important, in scientific pursuits, to be caitious in simplifying our deductions. W. Nicholson.
Simplist noun One skilled in simples, or medicinal plants; a simpler. Sir T. Browne.
Simplistic adjective Of or pertaining to simples, or a simplist. [ R.] Wilkinson.
Simplity noun Simplicity. [ Obsolete]
Simply adverb 1. In a simple manner or state; considered in or by itself; without addition; along; merely; solely; barely.
[ They] make that now good or evil, . . . which otherwise of itself were not simply the one or the other. Hooker.
Simply the thing I am Shak. 2. Plainly; without art or subtlety.
Shall make me live.
Subverting worldly strong and worldly wise Milton. 3. Weakly; foolishly. Johnson.
By simply meek.
Simulacher, Simulachre noun
[ Confer French simulacre
.] See Simulacrum .
; plural Simulacra
. [ Latin See Simulate
.] A likeness; a semblance; a mock appearance; a sham; -- now usually in a derogatory sense.
Beneath it nothing but a great simulacrum . Thackeray.
[ Confer Latin simulator
, French simulateur
. See Simulate
.] One who pretends to be what he is not; one who, or that which, simulates or counterfeits something; a pretender.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Christ calleth the Pharisees hypocrites, that is to say, simulars , and painted sepulchers. Tyndale.
Simular adjective False; specious; counterfeit. [ R. & Obsolete] "Thou simular man of virtue." Shak.
[ Latin simulatus
, past participle of simulare
to simulate; akin to simul
at the same time, together, similis
like. See Similar
, and confer Dissemble
.] Feigned; pretended. Bale.
Simulate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Simulated
; present participle & verbal noun Simulating
.] To assume the mere appearance of, without the reality; to assume the signs or indications of, falsely; to counterfeit; to feign.
The Puritans, even in the depths of the dungeons to which she had sent them, prayed, and with no simulated fervor, that she might be kept from the dagger of the assassin. Macaulay.
Simulation noun [ French simulation , Latin simulatio .] The act of simulating, or assuming an appearance which is feigned, or not true; -- distinguished from dissimulation , which disguises or conceals what is true. Syn. -- Counterfeiting; feint; pretense.
Simulator noun [ Latin ] One who simulates, or feigns. De Quincey.
Simulatory adjective Simulated, or capable of being simulated. Bp. Hall.
Simultaneity noun The quality or state of being simultaneous; simultaneousness.
[ Late Latin simultim
at the same time, from Latin simul
. See Simulate
.] Existing, happening, or done, at the same time; as, simultaneous events.
, noun Simultaneous equations (Alg.)
, two or more equations in which the values of the unknown quantities entering them are the same at the same time in both or in all.
Simulty noun [ Latin simultas a hostile encounter, drudge, originally, a (hostile) coming together, from simul together: confer Old French simulté .] Private grudge or quarrel; as, domestic simulties . [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.
Sin adverb , preposition , & conj. Old form of Since .
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
Sin that his lord was twenty year of age. Chaucer.
[ Middle English sinne
, Anglo-Saxon synn
; akin to Dutch zonde
, Old Saxon sundia
, Old High German sunta
, German sünde
, Icelandic , Dan. & Swedish synd
, Latin sons
, guilty, perhaps originally from the present participle of the verb signifying, to be, and meaning, the one who it is. Confer Authentic
.] 1. Transgression of the law of God; disobedience of the divine command; any violation of God's will, either in purpose or conduct; moral deficiency in the character; iniquity; as, sins of omission and sins of commission.
Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin . John viii. 34.
Sin is the transgression of the law. 1 John iii. 4.
I think 't no sin . Shak.
To cozen him that would unjustly win.
Enthralled Milton. 2. An offense, in general; a violation of propriety; a misdemeanor; as, a sin against good manners.
By sin to foul, exorbitant desires.
I grant that poetry's a crying sin . Pope. 3. A sin offering; a sacrifice for sin.
He hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin. 2 Cor. v. 21. 4. An embodiment of sin; a very wicked person.
Thy ambition, Shak.
Thou scarlet sin , robbed this bewailing land
Of noble Buckingham.
is used in the formation of some compound words of obvious signification; as, sin
-polluted, and the like. Actual sin
, Canonical sins
, Original sin
, Venial sin
. See under Actual , Canonical , etc.
, or Mortal
, sins (R. C. Ch.)
, willful and deliberate transgressions, which take away divine grace; -- in distinction from vental sins . The seven deadly sins are pride, covetousness, lust, wrath, gluttony, envy, and sloth.
-- Sin eater
, a man who (according to a former practice in England) for a small gratuity ate a piece of bread laid on the chest of a dead person, whereby he was supposed to have taken the sins of the dead person upon himself.
-- Sin offering
, a sacrifice for sin; something offered as an expiation for sin. Syn.
-- Iniquity; wickedness; wrong. See Crime
Sin intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Sinned
; present participle & verbal noun Sinning
.] [ Middle English sinnen
, Anglo-Saxon syngian
. See Sin
] 1. To depart voluntarily from the path of duty prescribed by God to man; to violate the divine law in any particular, by actual transgression or by the neglect or nonobservance of its injunctions; to violate any known rule of duty; -- often followed by against .
Against thee, thee only, have I sinned . Ps. li. 4.
All have sinned , and come short of the glory of God. Rom. iii. 23. 2. To violate human rights, law, or propriety; to commit an offense; to trespass; to transgress.
I am a man Shak.
More sinned against than sinning .
Who but wishes to invert the laws Pope.
Of order, sins against the eternal cause.
Sinaic, Sinaitic adjective [ From Mount Sinai .] Of or pertaining to Mount Sinai; given or made at Mount Sinai; as, the Sinaitic law. Sinaitic manuscript , a fourth century Greek manuscript of the part Bible, discovered at Mount Sinai (the greater part of it in 1859) by Tisschendorf, a German Biblical critic; -- called also Codex Sinaiticus .
Sinalbin noun [ From Latin Sin apis + alba .] (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the seeds of white mustard ( Brassica alba , formerly Sinapis alba ), and extracted as a white crystalline substance.
Sinamine noun [ Sin apis + mel amine .] (Chemistry) A bitter white crystalline nitrogenous substance, obtained indirectly from oil of mustard and ammonia; -- called also allyl melamine .
Sinapate noun (Chemistry) A salt of sinapic acid.
Sinapic adjective (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to sinapine; specifically, designating an acid (C 11 H 12 O 5 ) related to gallic acid, and obtained by the decomposition of sinapine, as a white crystalline substance.
Sinapine noun [ Latin sinapi , sinapis , mustard, Greek .........: confer French sinapine .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid occuring in the seeds of mustard. It is extracted, in combination with sulphocyanic acid, as a white crystalline substance, having a hot, bitter taste. When sinapine is isolated it is unstable and undergoes decomposition.
Sinapis noun [ Latin ] (Botany) A disused generic name for mustard; -- now called Brassica .
Sinapisin noun (Chemistry) A substance extracted from mustard seed and probably identical with sinalbin. [ Obsolete]
Sinapism noun [ Latin sinapismus , Greek ............, the use of a mustard blister, from ......... to apply a mustard blister, from ............ mustard.] (Medicine) A plaster or poultice composed principally of powdered mustard seed, or containing the volatile oil of mustard seed. It is a powerful irritant.
Sinapoleic adjective [ Sina pis + oleic .] (Chemistry) Of or pertaining to mustard oil; specifically, designating an acid of the oleic acid series said to occur in mistard oil.
Sinapoline noun [ Sinapis + Latin oleum oil.] (Chemistry) A nitrogenous base, CO.(NH.C 3 H 5 ) 2 , related to urea, extracted from mustard oil, and also produced artifically, as a white crystalline substance; -- called also diallyl urea .
Sincaline noun [ So called because obtained by the action of al kal ies on sin apine.] (Chemistry) Choline. [ Written also sinkaline .]
[ For sins
, contr. from Middle English sithens
, formed by an adverbial ending (cf. Besides
) from Middle English sithen
, also shortened into sithe
, Anglo-Saxon siððan
, afterward, then, since, after; properly, after that; from sīð
after, later, adverb and preposition (originally a comparative adverb , akin to Old Saxon sīð
afterward, since, Old High German sīd
, German seit
since, Goth. seiþus
late, ni þana seiþs
no longer) + ðon
instrumental of the demonstrative and article. See That
.] 1. From a definite past time until now; as, he went a month ago, and I have not seen him since .
[ 1913 Webster]
We since become the slaves to one man's lust. B. Jonson. 2. In the time past, counting backward from the present; before this or now; ago.
How many ages since has Virgil writ? Roscommon.
About two years since , it so fell out, that he was brought to a great lady's house. Sir P. Sidney. 3. When or that.
Do you remember since we lay all night in the windmill in St. George's field? Shak.
Since preposition From the time of; in or during the time subsequent to; subsequently to; after; -- usually with a past event or time for the object.
The Lord hath blessed thee, since my coming. Gen. xxx. 30.
I have a model by which he build a nobler poem than any extant since the ancients. Dryden.
Since conj. Seeing that; because; considering; -- formerly followed by that .
Since that my penitence comes after all, Shak.
Since truth and constancy are vain, Granville. Syn.
Since neither love, nor sense of pain,
Nor force of reason, can persuade,
Then let example be obeyed.
-- Because; for; as; inasmuch as; considering. See Because