Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Rejolt noun A reacting jolt or shock; a rebound or recoil.
These inward rejolts and recoilings of the mind. South.
Rejolt transitive verb To jolt or shake again. Locke.
Rejourn transitive verb
[ Confer French réajourner
. See Adjourn
.] To adjourn; to put off.
[ Obsolete] Shak.
Rejournment (-m e nt) noun Adjournment. [ Obsolete]
Rejudge transitive verb To judge again; to reëxamine; to review; to call to a new trial and decision.
Rejudge his acts, and dignify disgrace. Pope.
Rejuvenate transitive verb [ Prefix re- re- + Latin juventis young, youthful.] To render young again.
Rejuvenated p. adjective
. 1. Rendered young again; as, rejuvenated life. 2. (Physics Geology) (a) Stimulated by uplift to renewed erosive activity; -- said of streams. (b) Developed with steep slopes inside a district previously worn down nearly to base level; -- said of topography, or features of topography, as valleys, hills, etc.
Rejuvenation noun Rejuvenescence.
1. A renewing of youth; the state of being or growing young again. 2. (Botany) A method of cell formation in which the entire protoplasm of an old cell escapes by rupture of the cell wall, and then develops a new cell wall. It is seen sometimes in the formation of zoöspores, etc.
Rejuvenescency noun Rejuvenescence.
Rejuvenescent (-s e nt) adjective Becoming, or causing to become, rejuvenated; rejuvenating.
Rejuvenize transitive verb To rejuvenate.
Rekindle transitive verb & i. To kindle again.
Rekne transitive verb To reckon. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Relade (rē*lād") transitive verb To lade or load again.
(rē*lād"), imperfect & past participle of Relay .
[ French See Relay
] (Fort.) A narrow space between the foot of the rampart and the scarp of the ditch, serving to receive the earth that may crumble off or be washed down, and prevent its falling into the ditch. Wilhelm.
Reland transitive verb To land again; to put on land, as that which had been shipped or embarked.
Reland intransitive verb To go on shore after having embarked; to land again.
Relapse intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Relapsed
(-l?pst"); present participle & verbal noun Relapsing
.] [ Latin relapsus
, past participle of relabi
to slip back, to relapse; prefix re-
re- + labi
to fall, slip, slide. See Lapse
.] 1. To slip or slide back, in a literal sense; to turn back.
[ Obsolete] Dryden. 2. To slide or turn back into a former state or practice; to fall back from some condition attained; -- generally in a bad sense, as from a state of convalescence or amended condition; as, to relapse into a stupor, into vice, or into barbarism; -- sometimes in a good sense; as, to relapse into slumber after being disturbed.
That task performed, [ preachers] relapse into themselves. Cowper. 3. (Theol.) To fall from Christian faith into paganism, heresy, or unbelief; to backslide.
They enter into the justified state, and so continue all along, unless they relapse . Waterland.
[ For sense 2 confer French relaps
. See Relapse
] 1. A sliding or falling back, especially into a former bad state, either of body or morals; backsliding; the state of having fallen back.
Alas! from what high hope to what relapse Milton. 2. One who has relapsed, or fallen back, into error; a backslider; specifically, one who, after recanting error, returns to it again.
Unlooked for are we fallen!
Relapser noun One who relapses. Bp. Hall.
Relapsing adjective Marked by a relapse; falling back; tending to return to a former worse state. Relapsing fever (Medicine) , an acute, epidemic, contagious fever, which prevails also endemically in Ireland, Russia, and some other regions. It is marked by one or two remissions of the fever, by articular and muscular pains, and by the presence, during the paroxism of spiral bacterium ( Spirochæte ) in the blood. It is not usually fatal. Called also famine fever , and recurring fever .
Relate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Related
; present participle & verbal noun Relating
.] [ French relater
to recount, Late Latin relatare
, from Latin relatus
, used as past participle of referre
. See Elate
, and confer Refer
.] 1. To bring back; to restore.
Abate your zealous haste, till morrow next again Spenser. 2. To refer; to ascribe, as to a source.
Both light of heaven and strength of men relate .
[ Obsolete or R.] 3. To recount; to narrate; to tell over.
This heavy act with heavy heart relate . Shak. 4. To ally by connection or kindred. To relate one's self
, to vent thoughts in words.
[ R.] Syn.
-- To tell; recite; narrate; recount; rehearse; report; detail; describe.
Relate intransitive verb 1. To stand in some relation; to have bearing or concern; to pertain; to refer; -- with to .
All negative or privative words relate positive ideas. Locke. 2. To make reference; to take account.
[ R.& Obsolete]
Reckoning by the years of their own consecration without relating to any imperial account. Fuller.
Related past participle & adjective 1. Allied by kindred; connected by blood or alliance, particularly by consanguinity; as, persons related in the first or second degree. 2. Standing in relation or connection; as, the electric and magnetic forcec are closely related . 3. Narrated; told. 4. (Mus.) Same as Relative , 4.
Relatedness noun The state or condition of being related; relationship; affinity. [ R.] Emerson.
Relater noun One who relates or narrates.
[ French relation
, Latin relatio
. See Relate
.] 1. The act of relating or telling; also, that which is related; recital; account; narration; narrative; as, the relation of historical events.
..................oet's relation doth well figure them. Bacon. 2. The state of being related or of referring; what is apprehended as appertaining to a being or quality, by considering it in its bearing upon something else; relative quality or condition; the being such and such with regard or respect to some other thing; connection; as, the relation of experience to knowledge; the relation of master to servant.
Any sort of connection which is perceived or imagined between two or more things, or any comparison which is made by the mind, is a relation . I. Taylor. 3. Reference; respect; regard.
I have been importuned to make some observations on this art in relation to its agreement with poetry. Dryden. 4. Connection by consanguinity or affinity; kinship; relationship; as, the relation of parents and children.
Relations dear, and all the charities Milton. 5. A person connected by cosanguinity or affinity; a relative; a kinsman or kinswoman.
Of father, son, and brother, first were known.
For me . . . my relation does not care a rush. Ld. Lytton. 6. (Law) (a) The carrying back, and giving effect or operation to, an act or proceeding frrom some previous date or time, by a sort of fiction, as if it had happened or begun at that time. In such case the act is said to take effect by relation . (b) The act of a relator at whose instance a suit is begun. Wharton. Burrill. Syn.
-- Recital; rehearsal; narration; account; narrative; tale; detail; description; kindred; kinship; consanguinity; affinity; kinsman; kinswoman.
Relational adjective 1. Having relation or kindred; related.
We might be tempted to take these two nations for relational stems . Tooke. 2. Indicating or specifying some relation.
Relational words, as prepositions, auxiliaries, etc. R. Morris.
Relationist noun A relative; a relation. [ Obsolete]
Relationship noun The state of being related by kindred, affinity, or other alliance. Mason.
[ French relatif
, Latin relativus
. See Relate
.] 1. Having relation or reference; referring; respecting; standing in connection; pertaining; as, arguments not relative to the subject.
I'll have grounds Shak. 2. Arising from relation; resulting from connection with, or reference to, something else; not absolute.
More relative than this.
Every thing sustains both an absolute and a relative capacity: an absolute, as it is such a thing, endued with such a nature; and a relative , as it is a part of the universe, and so stands in such a relations to the whole. South. 3. (Gram.) Indicating or expressing relation; refering to an antecedent; as, a relative pronoun. 4. (Mus.) Characterizing or pertaining to chords and keys, which, by reason of the identify of some of their tones, admit of a natural transition from one to the other. Moore (Encyc. of Music). Relative clause (Gram.)
, a clause introduced by a relative pronoun.
-- Relative term
, a term which implies relation to, as guardian to ward, matter to servant, husband to wife. Confer Correlative .
Relative noun One who, or that which, relates to, or is considered in its relation to, something else; a relative object or term; one of two object or term; one of two objects directly connected by any relation. Specifically: (a) A person connected by blood or affinity; strictly, one allied by blood; a relation; a kinsman or kinswoman. "Confining our care . . . to ourselves and relatives ." Bp. Fell. (b) (Gram.) A relative pronoun; a word which relates to, or represents, another word or phrase, called its antecedent ; as, the relatives "who", "which", "that".
Relatively adverb In a relative manner; in relation or respect to something else; not absolutely.
Consider the absolute affections of any being as it is in itself, before you consider it relatively . I. Watts.
Relativeness noun The state of being relative, or having relation; relativity.
Relativity noun The state of being relative; as, the relativity of a subject. Coleridge.
[ Latin : confer French relateur
. See Relate
.] 1. One who relates; a relater.
"The several relators
of this history." Fuller. 2. (Law) A private person at whose relation, or in whose behalf, the attorney-general allows an information in the nature of a quo warranto to be filed.
Relatrix noun [ Latin ] (Law) A female relator.
Relax transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Relaxed
(-l?kst"); present participle & verbal noun Relaxing
.] [ Latin relaxare
; prefix re-
re- + laxare
to loose, to slacken, from laxus
loose. See Lax
, and confer Relay
.] 1. To make lax or loose; to make less close, firm, rigid, tense, or the like; to slacken; to loosen; to open; as, to relax a rope or cord; to relax the muscles or sinews.
Horror . . . all his joints relaxed . Milton.
Nor served it to relax their serried files. Milton. 2. To make less severe or rigorous; to abate the stringency of; to remit in respect to strenuousness, earnestness, or effort; as, to relax discipline; to relax one's attention or endeavors.
The statute of mortmain was at several times relaxed by the legislature. Swift. 3. Hence, to relieve from attention or effort; to ease; to recreate; to divert; as, amusement relaxes the mind. 4. To relieve from constipation; to loosen; to open; as, an aperient relaxes the bowels. Syn.
-- To slacken; loosen; loose; remit; abate; mitigate; ease; unbend; divert.
Relax intransitive verb 1. To become lax, weak, or loose; as, to let one's grasp relax .
His knees relax with toil. Pope. 2. To abate in severity; to become less rigorous.
In others she relaxed again, Prior. 3. To remit attention or effort; to become less diligent; to unbend; as, to relax in study.
And governed with a looser rein.
Relax noun Relaxation. [ Obsolete] Feltham.
Relaxable adjective Capable of being relaxed.
Relaxant noun [ Latin relaxans , present participle of relaxare .] (Medicine) A medicine that relaxes; a laxative.
Relaxation noun [ Latin relaxatio ; confer French relaxation .]
1. The act or process of relaxing, or the state of being relaxed; as, relaxation of the muscles; relaxation of a law. 2. Remission from attention and effort; indulgence in recreation, diversion, or amusement. "Hours of careless relaxation ." Macaulay.
Relaxative adjective Having the quality of relaxing; laxative. -- noun A relaxant. B. Jonson.
Relay transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Relaid
(-l?d); present participle & verbal noun Relaying
.] [ Prefix re-
, v.] To lay again; to lay a second time; as, to relay a pavement.
[ French relais
(cf. Old French relais
relaxation, discontinuance, Italian rilascio
release, relief, rilasso
relay), from Old French relaissier
to abandon, release, from Latin relaxare
. See Relax
.] 1. A supply of anything arranged beforehand for affording relief from time to time, or at successive stages; provision for successive relief.
Specifically: (a) A supply of horses placced at stations to be in readiness to relieve others, so that a trveler may proceed without delay. (b) A supply of hunting dogs or horses kept in readiness at certain places to relive the tired dogs or horses, and to continue the pursuit of the game if it comes that way. (c) A number of men who relieve others in carrying on some work. 2. (Electricity) In various forms of telegraphic apparatus, a magnet which receives the circuit current, and is caused by it to bring into into action the power of a local battery for performing the work of making the record; also, a similar device by which the current in one circuit is made to open or close another circuit in which a current is passing. Relay battery (Electricity)
, the local battery which is brought into use by the action of the relay magnet, or relay.
Relay adjective (Machinery) Relating to, or having the characteristics of, an auxiliary apparatus put into action by a feeble force but itself capable of exerting greater force, used to control a comparatively powerful machine or appliance.
[ Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Relay cylinder In a variable expansion central-valve engine, a small auxiliary engine for automatically adjusting the steam distribution to the load on the main engine.
[ Webster 1913 Suppl.]