Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Remonstrance noun [ Confer Old French remonstrance , French remonstrance . See Remonstrate .]
1. The act of remonstrating ; as: (a) A pointing out; manifestation; proof; demonstration. [ Obsolete]

You may marvel why I . . . would not rather
Make rash remonstrance of my hidden power
Than let him be so lost.
Shak.

(b) Earnest presentation of reason in opposition to something; protest; expostulation.

2. (R.C.Ch.) Same as Monstrance .

Remonstrant (-str a nt) adjective [ Late Latin remonstranc , -antis , present participle of remonstrare : confer Old French remonstrant , French remontrant .] Inclined or tending to remonstrate; expostulatory; urging reasons in opposition to something.

Remonstrant noun One who remonstrates ; specifically (Eccl. Hist.) , one of the Arminians who remonstrated against the attacks of the Calvinists in 1610, but were subsequently condemned by the decisions of the Synod of Dort in 1618. See Arminian .

Remonstrantly adverb In a remonstrant manner.

Remonstrate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Remonstrated (-str...*t...d); present participle & verbal noun Remonstrating .] [ Late Latin remonstratus , past participle of remonstrare to remonstrate; Latin prefix re- + monstrare to show. See Monster .] To point out; to show clearly; to make plain or manifest; hence, to prove; to demonstrate. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

I will remonstrate to you the third door.
B. Jonson.

Remonstrate intransitive verb To present and urge reasons in opposition to an act, measure, or any course of proceedings; to expostulate; as, to remonstrate with a person regarding his habits; to remonstrate against proposed taxation.

It is proper business of a divine to state cases of conscience, and to remonstrate against any growing corruptions in practice, and especially in principles.
Waterland.

Syn. -- Expostulate , Remonstrate . These words are commonly interchangeable, the principal difference being that expostulate is now used especially to signify remonstrance by a superior or by one in authority. A son remonstrates against the harshness of a father; a father expostulates with his son on his waywardness. Subjects remonstrate with their rulers; sovereigns expostulate with the parliament or the people.

Remonstration noun [ Confer Old French remonstration , Late Latin remonstratio .] The act of remonstrating; remonstrance. [ R.] Todd.

Remonstrative adjective Having the character of a remonstrance; expressing remonstrance.

Remonstrator noun One who remonstrates; a remonsrant. Bp. Burnet.

Remontant (-t a nt) adjective [ French] (Hort.) Rising again; -- applied to a class of roses which bloom more than once in a season; the hybrid perpetual roses, of which the Jacqueminot is a well-known example.

Remontoir noun [ French] (Horology) See under Escapement .

Remora noun [ Latin : confer French rémora .]


1. Delay; obstacle; hindrance. [ Obsolete] Milton.

2. (Zoology) Any one of several species of fishes belonging to Echeneis , Remora , and allied genera. Called also sucking fish .

» The anterior dorsal fin is converted into a large sucking disk, having two transverse rows of lamellæ, situated on the top of the head. They adhere firmly to sharks and other large fishes and to vessels by this curious sucker, letting go at will. The pegador, or remora of sharks ( Echeneis naucrates ), and the swordfish remora ( Remora brachyptera ), are common American species.

3. (Surg.) An instrument formerly in use, intended to retain parts in their places. Dunglison.

Remorate transitive verb [ Latin remoratus , past participle of remorari ; prefix re- re- + morari to delay.] To hinder; to delay. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Remord transitive verb [ Latin remordere to bite again, to torment: confer French remordre . See Remorse .] To excite to remorse; to rebuke. [ Obsolete] Skelton.

Remord intransitive verb To feel remorse. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.

Remordency noun Remorse; compunction; compassion. [ Obsolete] Killingbeck.

Remorse noun [ Middle English remors , Old French remors ,F. remords , Late Latin remorsus , from Latin remordere , remorsum , to bite again or back, to torment; prefix re- re- + mordere to bite. See Morsel .]
1. The anguish, like gnawing pain, excited by a sense of guilt; compunction of conscience for a crime committed, or for the sins of one's past life. "Nero will be tainted with remorse ." Shak.

2. Sympathetic sorrow; pity; compassion.

Curse on the unpardoning prince, whom tears can draw
To no remorse .
Dryden.

But evermore it seem'd an easier thing
At once without remorse to strike her dead.
Tennyson.

Syn. -- Compunction; regret; anguish; grief; compassion. See Compunction .

Remorsed adjective Feeling remorse. [ Obsolete]

Remorseful adjective
1. Full of remorse.

The full tide of remorseful passion had abated.
Sir W. Scott.

2. Compassionate; feeling tenderly. [ Obsolete] Shak.

3. Exciting pity; pitiable. [ Obsolete] Chapman.

-- Re*morse"ful*ly , adverb -- Re*morse"ful*ness , noun

Remorseless adjective Being without remorse; having no pity; hence, destitute of sensibility; cruel; insensible to distress; merciless. " Remorseless adversaries." South. "With remorseless cruelty." Milton.

Syn. -- Unpitying; pitiless; relentless; unrelenting; implacable; merciless; unmerciful; savage; cruel.

-- Re*morse"less*ly , adverb -- Re*morse"less*ness , noun

Remote adjective [ Compar. Remoter (-?r); superl. Remotest .] [ Latin remotus , past participle of removere to remove. See Remove .]
1. Removed to a distance; not near; far away; distant; -- said in respect to time or to place ; as, remote ages; remote lands.

Places remote enough are in Bohemia.
Shak.

Remote from men, with God he passed his days.
Parnell.

2. Hence, removed; not agreeing, according, or being related; -- in various figurative uses. Specifically: (a) Not agreeing; alien; foreign. "All these propositions, how remote soever from reason." Locke. (b) Not nearly related; not close; as, a remote connection or consanguinity. (c) Separate; abstracted. "Wherever the mind places itself by any thought, either amongst, or remote from, all bodies." Locke. (d) Not proximate or acting directly; primary; distant. "From the effect to the remotest cause." Granville. (e) Not obvious or sriking; as, a remote resemblance.

3. (Botany) Separated by intervals greater than usual.

-- Re*mote"ly , adverb -- Re*mote"ness , noun

Remotion noun [ Latin remotio . See Remove .]
1. The act of removing; removal. [ Obsolete]

This remotion of the duke and her
Is practice only.
Shak.

2. The state of being remote; remoteness. [ R.]

The whitish gleam [ of the stars] was the mask conferred by the enormity of their remotion .
De Quincey.

Remould transitive verb See Remold .

Remount transitive verb & i. To mount again.

Remount noun The opportunity of, or things necessary for, remounting; specifically, a fresh horse, with his equipments; as, to give one a remount .

Removable adjective Admitting of being removed. Ayliffe. -- Re*mov`a*bil"i*ty (-...-b...l"...-t...) noun

Removal (- a l) noun The act of removing, or the state of being removed.

Remove transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Removed (-m??vd"); present participle & verbal noun Removing .] [ Old French removoir , remouvoir , Latin removere , remotum ; prefix re- re- + movere to move. See Move .]
1. To move away from the position occupied; to cause to change place; to displace; as, to remove a building.

Thou shalt not remove thy neighbor's landmark.
Deut. xix. 14.

When we had dined, to prevent the ladies' leaving us, I generally ordered the table to be removed .
Goldsmith.

2. To cause to leave a person or thing; to cause to cease to be; to take away; hence, to banish; to destroy; to put an end to; to kill; as, to remove a disease. "King Richard thus removed ." Shak.

3. To dismiss or discharge from office; as, the President removed many postmasters.

» See the Note under Remove , intransitive verb

Remove intransitive verb To change place in any manner, or to make a change in place; to move or go from one residence, position, or place to another.

Till Birnam wood remove to Dunsinane,
I can not taint with fear.
Shak.

» The verb remove , in some of its application, is synonymous with move , but not in all. Thus we do not apply remove to a mere change of posture, without a change of place or the seat of a thing. A man moves his head when he turns it, or his finger when he bends it, but he does not remove it. Remove usually or always denotes a change of place in a body, but we never apply it to a regular, continued course or motion. We never say the wind or water, or a ship, removes at a certain rate by the hour; but we say a ship was removed from one place in a harbor to another. Move is a generic term, including the sense of remove , which is more generally applied to a change from one station or permanent position, stand, or seat, to another station.

Remove noun
1. The act of removing; a removal.

This place should be at once both school and university, not needing a remove to any other house of scholarship.
Milton.

And drags at each remove a lengthening chain.
Goldsmith.

2. The transfer of one's business, or of one's domestic belongings, from one location or dwelling house to another; - - in the United States usually called a move .

It is an English proverb that three removes are as bad as a fire.
J. H. Newman.

3. The state of being removed. Locke.

4. That which is removed, as a dish removed from table to make room for something else.

5. The distance or space through which anything is removed; interval; distance; stage; hence, a step or degree in any scale of gradation; specifically, a division in an English public school; as, the boy went up two removes last year.

A freeholder is but one remove from a legislator.
Addison.

6. (Far.) The act of resetting a horse's shoe. Swift.

Removed adjective
1. Changed in place.

2. Dismissed from office.

3. Distant in location; remote. "Something finer than you could purchase in so removed a dwelling." Shak.

4. Distant by degrees in relationship; as, a cousin once removed .

-- Re*mov"ed*ness (r...-m......v"...d-n...s) noun Shak.

Remover noun One who removes; as, a remover of landmarks. Bacon.

Remuable adjective [ French] That may be removed; removable. [ Obsolete] Gower.

Remue transitive verb [ French remuer . See Mew to molt.] To remove. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Remugient adjective [ Latin remugiens , present participle of remugire . See Mugient .] Rebellowing. Dr. H. More.

Remunerate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Remunerated (-?"t?d); present participle & verbal noun Remunerating .] [ Latin remuneratus , past participle of remunerare , remunerari ; prefix re- re- + munerare , munerari , to give, present, from munus , muneris , a gift, present. Confer Munificent .] To pay an equivalent to for any service, loss, expense, or other sacrifice; to recompense; to requite; as, to remunerate men for labor.

Syn. -- To reward; recompense; compensate; satisfy; requite; repay; pay; reimburse.

Remuneration noun [ Latin remuneratio : confer French rémunération .]
1. The act of remunerating.

2. That which is given to remunerate; an equivalent given, as for services, loss, or sufferings. Shak.

Syn. -- Reward; recompense; compensation; pay; payment; repayment; satisfaction; requital.

Remunerative adjective [ Confer F. rémun...ratif .] Affording remuneration; as, a remunerative payment for services; a remunerative business. - Re*mu"ner*a*tive*ly , adverb -- Re*mu"ner*a*tive*ness , noun

Remuneratory adjective [ Confer French rémun...ratoire .] Remunerative. Johnson.

Remurmur transitive verb & i. [ Prefix re- + murmur : confer French remurmurare .] To murmur again; to utter back, or reply, in murmurs.

The trembling trees, in every plain and wood,
Her fate remurmur to the silver flood.
Pope.

Ren transitive verb & i. See Renne . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Ren noun A run. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Renable adjective [ Old French resnable .] Reasonable; also, loquacious. [ Obsolete] "Most renable of tongue." Piers Plowman. -- Ren"a*bly , adverb [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Renaissance (F. r e -na`säNs"; E. re-nās"s a ns) noun [ French, from renaître to be born again. Confer Renascence .] A new birth, or revival. Specifically: (a) The transitional movement in Europe, marked by the revival of classical learning and art in Italy in the 15th century, and the similar revival following in other countries. (b) The style of art which prevailed at this epoch.

The Renaissance was rather the last stage of the Middle Ages, emerging from ecclesiastical and feudal despotism, developing what was original in mediæval ideas by the light of classic arts and letters.
J. A. Symonds (Encyc. Brit.).

Renaissant adjective Of or pertaining to the Renaissance.

Renal adjective [ Latin renalis , from renes the kidneys or reins: confer French rénal . See Reins .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the kidneys; in the region of the kidneys.

Renal calculus (Medicine) , a concretion formed in the excretory passages of the kidney. -- Renal capsules or glands , the suprarenal capsules. See under Capsule . -- Renal casts , Renal colic . (Medicine) See under Cast , and Colic .

Renal-portal adjective (Anat.) Both renal and portal. See Portal .

Rename transitive verb To give a new name to.

Renard noun [ French renard the fox, the name of the fox in a celebrated epic poem, and of German origin, German Reinhard , Old High German Reginhard , properly, strong in counsel; regin counsel (akin to Goth. ragin ) + hart hard. See Hard .] A fox; -- so called in fables or familiar tales, and in poetry. [ Written also reynard .]

Renardine adjective Of or pertaining to Renard, the fox, or the tales in which Renard is mentioned.