Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Pollax noun A poleax. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Polled adjective Deprived of a poll, or of something belonging to the poll. Specifically: (a) Lopped; -- said of trees having their tops cut off. (b) Cropped; hence, bald; -- said of a person. "The polled bachelor." Beau. & Fl. (c) Having cast the antlers; -- said of a stag. (d) Without horns; as, polled cattle; polled sheep.
[ Latin pollen
fine flour, fine dust; confer Greek ...] 1. Fine bran or flour.
[ Obsolete] Bailey. 2. (Botany) The fecundating dustlike cells of the anthers of flowers. See Flower , and Illust. of Filament . Pollen grain (Botany)
, a particle or call of pollen.
-- Pollen mass
, a pollinium. Gray.
-- Pollen sac
, a compartment of an anther containing pollen, -- usually there are four in each anther.
-- Pollen tube
, a slender tube which issues from the pollen grain on its contact with the stigma, which it penetrates, thus conveying, it is supposed, the fecundating matter of the grain to the ovule.
Pollenarious adjective Consisting of meal or pollen.
Pollened adjective Covered with pollen. Tennyson.
Polleniferous adjective [ Pollen + -ferous .] (Botany) Producing pollen; polliniferous.
Pollenin noun [ Confer French pollénine .] (Chemistry) A substance found in the pollen of certain plants. [ R.]
Pollenize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Pollenized
; present participle & verbal noun Pollenizing
.] To supply with pollen; to impregnate with pollen.
[ From Poll
] One who polls; specifically: (a) One who polls or lops trees. (b) One who polls or cuts hair; a barber. [ R.] (c) One who extorts or plunders. [ Obsolete] Baex> . (d) One who registplws votplws, or one who enters his name as a voter.
; plural Pollices
. [ the thumb.] (Anat.) The first, or preaxial, digit of the fore limb, corresponding to the hallux in the hind limb; the thumb. In birds, the pollex is the joint which bears the bastard wing.
Pollicate adjective [ Latin pollex , pollicis , a thumb.] (Zoology) Having a curved projection or spine on the inner side of a leg joint; -- said of insects.
Pollicitation noun [ Latin pollicitatio , from pollicitari to promise, v. intens. from polliceri to promise: confer French pollicitation .]
1. A voluntary engagement, or a paper containing it; a promise. Bp. Burnet. 2. (Roman Law) A promise without mutuality; a promise which has not been accepted by the person to whom it is made. Bouvier.
Pollinate adjective (Zoology) Pollinose.
Pollinate transitive verb (Botany) To apply pollen to (a stigma). -- Pol`li*na"tion noun (Botany)
Pollinctor noun [ Latin , from pollingere .] (Rom. Antiq.) One who prepared corpses for the funeral.
[ See Poll
the head.] 1. The act of topping, lopping, or cropping, as trees or hedges. 2. Plunder, or extortion.
[ Obsolete] E. Hall. 3. The act of voting, or of registering a vote. Polling booth
, a temporary structure where the voting at an election is done; a polling place.
Polliniferous adjective [ Latin pollen , -inis , pollen + -ferous : confer French pollinifère .] (Botany) Producing pollen; polleniferous.
; plural Pollinia
. [ NL
. See Pollen
.] (Botany) A coherent mass of pollen, as in the milkweed and most orchids.
Pollinose adjective [ Latin pollen , -inis , dust.] (Zoology) Having the surface covered with a fine yellow dust, like pollen.
Polliwig, Polliwog noun
[ Middle English polwigle
. Confer Poll
head, and Wiggle
.] (Zoology) A tadpole; -- called also purwiggy and porwigle .
[ See Pollack
.] (Zoology) A marine gadoid fish ( Pollachius carbonarius ), native both of the European and American coasts. It is allied to the cod, and like it is salted and dried. In England it is called coalfish , lob , podley , podling , pollack , etc.
[ See Pollux
, and 4th Castor
.] (Min.) A colorless transparent mineral, resembling quartz, occurring with castor or castorite on the island of Elba. It is a silicate of alumina and cæsia. Called also pollux .
Pollute transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Polluted
; present participle & verbal noun Polluting
.] [ Latin pollutus
, past participle of polluere
to defile, to pollute, from a preposition appearing only in comp. + luere
to wash. See Position
.] 1. To make foul, impure, or unclean; to defile; to taint; to soil; to desecrate; -- used of physical or moral defilement.
The land was polluted with blood. Ps. cvi. 38
Wickedness . . . hath polluted the whole earth. 2 Esd. xv. 6. 2. To violate sexually; to debauch; to dishonor. 3. (Jewish Law) To render ceremonially unclean; to disqualify or unfit for sacred use or service, or for social intercourse.
Neither shall ye pollute the holy things of the children of Israel, lest ye die. Num. xviii. 32.
They have polluted themselves with blood. Lam. iv. 14. Syn.
-- To defile; soil; contaminate; corrupt; taint; vitiate; debauch; dishonor; ravish.
Pollute adjective [ Latin pollutus .] Polluted. [ R.] Milton.
Polluted adjective Defiled; made unclean or impure; debauched. -- Pol*lut"ed*ly , adverb -- Pol*lut"ed*ness , noun
Polluter noun One who pollutes. Dryden.
Polluting adjective Adapted or tending to pollute; causing defilement or pollution. -- Pol*lut"ing*ly , adverb
Pollution noun [ Latin pollutio : confer French pollution .]
1. The act of polluting, or the state of being polluted (in any sense of the verb); defilement; uncleanness; impurity. 2. (Medicine) The emission of semen, or sperm, at other times than in sexual intercourse. Dunglison.
[ Latin , the twin brother of castor; also, the constellation.] 1. (Astron.) A fixed star of the second magnitude, in the constellation Gemini. Confer 3d Castor . 2. (Min.) Same as Pollucite .
Polly noun A woman's name; also, a popular name for a parrot.
Pollywog noun (Zoology) A polliwig.
Polo noun [ Of Eastern origin; -- properly, the ball used in the game.]
1. A game of ball of Eastern origin, resembling hockey, with the players on horseback. 2. A similar game played on the ice, or on a prepared floor, by players wearing skates.
Polo noun A game similar to hockey played by swimmers.
Polo noun [ Spanish , an air or popular song in Andalucia.] A Spanish gypsy dance characterized by energetic movements of the body while the feet merely shuffle or glide, with unison singing and rhythmic clapping of hands.
Polonaise adjective [ French polonais , polonaise , Polish.] Of or pertaining to the Poles, or to Poland. [ Written also Polonese .]
Polonaise noun [ Written also Polonese and Polonoise .]
1. The Polish language. 2. An article of dress for women, consisting of a body and an outer skirt in one piece. 3. (Mus.) A stately Polish dance tune, in 3-4 measure, beginning always on the beat with a quaver followed by a crotchet, and closing on the beat after a strong accent on the second beat; also, a dance adapted to such music; a polacca.
Polonium noun [ New Latin So named after Poland, in Latin form Polonia , one of the discoverers being a Pole.] (Chemistry) A supposed new element, a radioactive substance discovered by M. and MMe. Curie in pitchblende. It is closely related chemically to bismuth. It emits only alpha rays and is perhaps identical with radium F.
Polony noun [ Prob. corrupt. from Bologna .] A kind of sausage made of meat partly cooked.
Polt noun [ Confer English pelt , Latin pultare to beat, strike.] A blow or thump. Halliwell. -- adjective Distorted. Pot foot , a distorted foot. Sir T. Herbert.
Polt-foot, Polt-footed adjective Having a distorted foot, or a clubfoot or clubfeet. B. Jonson.
[ French poltron
, from Italian poltrone
an idle fellow, sluggard, coward, poltro
idle, lazy, also, bed, from Old High German polstar
, cushion, German polster
, akin to English bolster
. See Bolster
.] An arrant coward; a dastard; a craven; a mean-spirited wretch. Shak.
Poltroon adjective Base; vile; contemptible; cowardly.
Poltroonery noun [ French poltronnerie ; confer Italian poltroneria .] Cowardice; want of spirit; pusillanimity.
Poltroonish adjective Resembling a poltroon; cowardly.
[ Italian polverino
, from polvere ...
ust, Latin pulvis
, - veris
. See Powder
.] Glassmaker's ashes; a kind of potash or pearlash, brought from the Levant and Syria, -- used in the manufacture of fine glass.
Polwig noun (Zoology) A polliwig. Holland .
[ Latin polium
, the name of a plant, perhaps Teucrium polium
, Greek ....] (Botany) A whitish woolly plant ( Teucrium Polium ) of the order Labiatæ , found throughout the Mediterranean region. The name, with sundry prefixes, is sometimes given to other related species of the same genus.
[ Spelt also poley
.] Poly mountain
. See Poly-mountain , in Vocabulary.
[ See Full
] A combining form or prefix from Greek poly`s , many ; as, poly gon, a figure of many angles; poly atomic, having many atoms; poly chord, poly conic.