|Occident Oc"ci·dent noun
[ French, from Latin occidens
, from occidents
, present participle of occidere
to fall or go down. See Occasion
.] The part of the horizon where the sun last appears in the evening; that part of the earth towards the sunset; the west; -- opposed to orient . Specifically, in former times, Europe as opposed to Asia; now, also, the Western hemisphere. Chaucer.
I may wander from east to occident . Shak.
Occidental Oc`ci·den"tal adjective [ Latin occidentalis ; confer French occidental .] 1. Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western; -- opposed to oriental ; as, occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet. 2. Possessing inferior hardness, brilliancy, or beauty; -- used of inferior precious stones and gems, because those found in the Orient are generally superior.
Occidentals Oc`ci·den"tals noun plural (Eccl.) Western Christians of the Latin rite. See Orientals . Shipley.
Occiduous Oc·cid"u·ous adjective [ Latin occiduus , from occidere to go down.] Western; occidental. [ R.] Blount.
Occipital Oc·cip"i·tal adjective [ Confer French occipital .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the occiput, or back part of the head, or to the occipital bone. Occipital bone (Anat.) , the bone which forms the posterior segment of the skull and surrounds the great foramen by which the spinal cord leaves the cranium. In the higher vertebrates it is usually composed of four bones, which become consolidated in the adult. -- Occipital point (Anat.) , the point of the occiput in the mesial plane farthest from the ophryon.
Occipital Oc·cip"i·tal noun (Anat.) The occipital bone.
Occipito- Oc·cip"i·to- [ See Occiput .] A combining form denoting relation to , or situation near , the occiput ; as, occipito -axial; occipito - mastoid.
Occipitoaxial Oc·cip`i·to·ax"i·al adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the occipital bone and second vertebra, or axis.
Occiput Oc"ci·put noun
, English Occiputs
. [ Latin , from ob
) + caput
head. See Chief
.] 1. (Anat.) The back, or posterior, part of the head or skull; the region of the occipital bone. 2. (Zoology) A plate which forms the back part of the head of insects.
Occision Oc·ci"sion noun [ Latin occisio , from occidere , occisium , to cut down, to kill; ob (see Ob- ) + caedere to cut.] A killing; the act of killing. [ Obsolete] Sir M. Hale.
Occlude Oc·clude" transitive verb [ Latin occludere , occlusum ; ob (see Ob- ) + claudere to shut.] 1. To shut up; to close. Sir T. Browne. 2. (Chemistry) To take in and retain; to absorb; -- said especially with respect to gases; as iron, platinum, and palladium occlude large volumes of hydrogen.
Occludent Oc·clud"ent adjective [ Latin occludens , present participle of occludere .] Serving to close; shutting up. -- noun That which closes or shuts up. Sterne.
Occluse Oc·cluse" adjective [ Latin occlusus, past participle See Occlude .] Shut; closed. [ Obsolete] Holder.
Occlusion Oc·clu"sion noun
[ See Occlude
.] 1. The act of occluding, or the state of being occluded.
Constriction and occlusion of the orifice. Howell. 2. (Medicine) The transient approximation of the edges of a natural opening; imperforation. Dunglison. Occlusion of gases (Chem. & Physics)
, the phenomenon of absorbing gases, as exhibited by platinum, palladium, iron, or charcoal; thus, palladium absorbs, or occludes , nearly a thousand times its own volume of hydrogen, and in this case a chemical compound seems to be formed.
Occrustate Oc·crus"tate transitive verb [ See Ob- , and Crustated .] To incrust; to harden. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Occult Oc·cult" adjective
[ Latin occultus
, past participle of occulere
to cover up, hide; ob
) + a root probably akin to English hell
: confer French occulte
.] Hidden from the eye or the understanding; inviable; secret; concealed; unknown.
It is of an occult kind, and is so insensible in its advances as to escape observation. I. Taylor. Occult line (Geom.)
, a line drawn as a part of the construction of a figure or problem, but not to appear in the finished plan.
-- Occult qualities
, those qualities whose effects only were observed, but the nature and relations of whose productive agencies were undetermined; -- so called by the schoolmen.
-- Occult sciences
, those sciences of the Middle Ages which related to the supposed action or influence of occult qualities, or supernatural powers, as alchemy, magic, necromancy, and astrology.
Occult Oc·cult" transitive verb To eclipse; to hide from sight.
Occultation Oc`cul·ta"tion noun
[ Latin occultatio
a hiding, from occultare
, v. intens. of occulere
: confer French occultation
. See Occult
.] 1. (Astron.) The hiding of a heavenly body from sight by the intervention of some other of the heavenly bodies; -- applied especially to eclipses of stars and planets by the moon, and to the eclipses of satellites of planets by their primaries. 2. Fig.: The state of being occult.
The reappearance of such an author after those long periods of occultation . Jeffrey. Circle of perpetual occultation
. See under Circle .
Occulted Oc·cult"ed adjective 1. Hidden; secret. [ Obsolete] Shak. 2. (Astron.) Concealed by the intervention of some other heavenly body, as a star by the moon.
Occulting Oc·cult"ing noun Same as Occultation .
Occultism Oc·cult"ism noun A certain Oriental system of theosophy. A. P. Sinnett.
Occultist Oc·cult"ist noun An adherent of occultism.
Occultly Oc·cult"ly adverb In an occult manner.
Occultness Oc·cult"ness noun State or quality of being occult.
Occupancy Oc"cu·pan·cy noun [ See Occupant .] The act of taking or holding possession; possession; occupation. Title by occupancy (Law) , a right of property acquired by taking the first possession of a thing, or possession of a thing which belonged to nobody, and appropriating it. Blackstone. Kent.
Occupant Oc"cu·pant noun [ Latin occupans , present participle of occupare : confer French occupant . See Occupy .] 1. One who occupies, or takes possession; one who has the actual use or possession, or is in possession, of a thing. » This word, in law, sometimes signifies one who takes the first possession of a thing that has no owner. 2. A prostitute. [ Obsolete] Marston.
Occupate Oc"cu·pate transitive verb [ Latin occupatus , past participle of occupare . See Occupy .] To occupy. [ Obsolete] Bacon.
Occupation Oc`cu·pa"tion noun
[ Latin occupatio
: confer French occupation
.] 1. The act or process of occupying or taking possession; actual possession and control; the state of being occupied; a holding or keeping; tenure; use; as, the occupation of lands by a tenant. 2. That which occupies or engages the time and attention; the principal business of one's life; vocation; employment; calling; trade.
Absence of occupation is not rest. Cowper. Occupation bridge (Engineering)
, a bridge connecting the parts of an estate separated by a railroad, a canal, or an ordinary road. Syn.
-- Occupancy; possession; tenure; use; employment; avocation; engagement; vocation; calling; office; trade; profession.
Occupier Oc"cu·pi`er noun 1. One who occupies, or has possession. 2. One who follows an employment; hence, a tradesman.
[ Obsolete] "Merchants and occupiers
The occupiers of thy merchandise. Ezek. xxvii. 27.
Occupy Oc"cu·py transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Occupied
; present participle & verbal noun Occupying
.] [ Middle English occupien
, French occuper
, from Latin occupare
) + a word akin to capere
to take. See Capacious
.] 1. To take or hold possession of; to hold or keep for use; to possess.
Woe occupieth the fine [ /end] of our gladness. Chaucer.
The better apartments were already occupied . W. Irving. 2. To hold, or fill, the dimensions of; to take up the room or space of; to cover or fill; as, the camp occupies five acres of ground. Sir J. Herschel. 3. To possess or use the time or capacity of; to engage the service of; to employ; to busy.
An archbishop may have cause to occupy more chaplains than six. Eng. Statute (Hen. VIII. )
They occupied themselves about the Sabbath. 2 Macc. viii. 27. 4. To do business in; to busy one's self with.
All the ships of the sea, with their mariners, were in thee to occupy the merchandise. Ezek. xxvii. 9.
Not able to occupy their old crafts. Robynson (More's Utopia). 5. To use; to expend; to make use of.
All the gold that was occupied for the work. Ex. xxxviii. 24.
They occupy not money themselves. Robynson (More's Utopia). 6. To have sexual intercourse with.
[ Obsolete] Nares.
Occupy Oc"cu·py intransitive verb 1. To hold possession; to be an occupant. " Occupy till I come." Luke xix. 13. 2. To follow business; to traffic.
Occur Oc·cur" intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Occurred
; present participle & verbal noun Occurring
.] [ Latin occurrere
) + currere
to run. See Course
.] 1. To meet; to clash.
The resistance of the bodies they occur with. Bentley. 2. To go in order to meet; to make reply.
I must occur to one specious objection. Bentley. 3. To meet one's eye; to be found or met with; to present itself; to offer; to appear; to happen; to take place; as, I will write if opportunity occurs .
In Scripture, though the word heir occur , yet there is no such thing as "heir" in our author's sense. Locke. 4. To meet or come to the mind; to suggest itself; to be presented to the imagination or memory.
There doth not occur to me any use of this experiment for profit. Bacon.
Occurrence Oc·cur"rence noun
[ Confer French occurrence
. See Occur
.] 1. A coming or happening; as, the occurence of a railway collision.
Voyages detain the mind by the perpetual occurrence and expectation of something new. I. Watts. 2. Any incident or event; esp., one which happens without being designed or expected; as, an unusual occurrence , or the ordinary occurrences of life.
All the occurrence of my fortune. Shak. Syn.
-- See Event
Occurrent Oc·cur"rent adjective [ Latin occurrens , -entis , present participle of occurrere : confer French occurrent . See Occur .] Occurring or happening; hence, incidental; accidental.
Occurrent Oc·cur"rent noun 1. One who meets; hence, an adversary.
[ Obsolete] Holland. 2. Anything that happens; an occurrence.
These we must meet with in obvious occurrents of the world. Sir T. Browne.
Occurse Oc·curse" noun [ Latin occursus .] Same as Occursion . [ Obsolete] Bentley.
Occursion Oc·cur"sion noun [ Latin occursio . See Occur .] A meeting; a clash; a collision. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
[ French océan
, Latin oceanus
, Greek 'wkeano`s
ocean, in Homer, the great river supposed to encompass the earth.] 1. The whole body of salt water which covers more than three fifths of the surface of the globe; -- called also the sea , or great sea .
Like the odor of brine from the ocean Longfellow. 2. One of the large bodies of water into which the great ocean is regarded as divided, as the Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and Antarctic oceans . 3. An immense expanse; any vast space or quantity without apparent limits; as, the boundless ocean of eternity; an ocean of affairs. Locke.
Comes the thought of other years .
Ocean O"cean (ō"sh a n) adjective Of or pertaining to the main or great sea; as, the ocean waves; an ocean stream. Milton.
Oceanic O`ce·an"ic adjective
[ Confer F. océanique
. See Ocean
.] 1. Of or pertaining to the ocean; found or formed in or about, or produced by, the ocean; frequenting the ocean, especially mid- ocean.
Petrels are the most aërial and oceanic of birds. Darwin. 2. Of or pertaining to Oceania or its inhabitants.
Oceanography O`cean·og"ra·phy noun [ Ocean + -graphy .] A description of the ocean.
Oceanology O`cean·ol"o·gy noun [ Ocean + -logy .] That branch of science which relates to the ocean.
Oceanus O·ce"a·nus noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] (Gr.Myth.) The god of the great outer sea, or the river which was believed to flow around the whole earth.
Ocellary O·cel"la·ry adjective Of or pertaining to ocelli.
Ocellate O·cel"late adjective Same as Ocellated .
Ocellated O·cel"la·ted adjective [ Latin ocellatus , from ocellus a little eye, dim. of oculus an eye.] 1. Resembling an eye. 2. Marked with eyelike spots of color; as, the ocellated blenny. Ocellated turkey (Zoology) , the wild turkey of Central America ( Meleagris ocellata ).
Ocellus O·cel"lus noun
; plural Ocelli
. [ Latin , dim. of oculus
an eye.] (Zoology) (a) A little eye; a minute simple eye found in many invertebrates. (b) An eyelike spot of color, as those on the tail of the peacock.
Oceloid O"ce·loid adjective [ Ocelot + - oid .] (Zoology) Resembling the ocelot.
Ocelot O"ce·lot noun [ Mexican ocelotl .] (Zoology) An American feline carnivore ( Felis pardalis ). It ranges from the Southwestern United States to Patagonia. It is covered with blackish ocellated spots and blotches, which are variously arranged. The ground color varies from reddish gray to tawny yellow.
Ocher, Ochre O"cher, O"chre noun [ French ocre , Latin ochra , from Greek ..., from pale, pale yellow.] (Min.) (a) A impure earthy ore of iron or a ferruginous clay, usually red (hematite) or yellow (limonite), -- used as a pigment in making paints, etc. The name is also applied to clays of other colors. (b) A metallic oxide occurring in earthy form; as, tungstic ocher or tungstite.
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