Webster's Dictionary, 1913

Search Webster
Word starts with Word or meaning contains
Obdure (ŏb*dūr") transitive verb To harden. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Obdure (ŏb*dūr"), Ob*dured" (ŏb*dūrd") adjective Obdurate; hard. [ Obsolete]

This saw his hapless foes, but stood obdured .
Milton.

Obdureness noun , Ob*dur"ed*ness noun Hardness. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Obe (ō"be) noun See Obi .

Obeah noun Same as Obi . -- adjective Of or pertaining to obi; as, the obeah man. B. Edwards.

Obedible adjective Obedient. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Obedience noun [ French obédience , Latin obedientia , oboedientia . See Obedient , and confer Obeisance .]


1. The act of obeying, or the state of being obedient; compliance with that which is required by authority; subjection to rightful restraint or control.

Government must compel the obedience of individuals.
Ames.

2. Words or actions denoting submission to authority; dutifulness. Shak.

3. (Eccl.) (a) A following; a body of adherents; as, the Roman Catholic obedience , or the whole body of persons who submit to the authority of the pope. (b) A cell (or offshoot of a larger monastery) governed by a prior. (c) One of the three monastic vows. Shipley. (d) The written precept of a superior in a religious order or congregation to a subject.

Canonical obedience . See under Canonical . -- Passive obedience . See under Passive .

Obedienciary noun One yielding obedience. [ Obsolete] Foxe.

Obedient adjective [ Old French obedient , Latin obediens , oboediens , -entis . present participle of obedire , oboedire , to obey. See Obey .] Subject in will or act to authority; willing to obey; submissive to restraint, control, or command.

And floating straight, obedient to the stream.
Shak.

The chief his orders gives; the obedient band,
With due observance, wait the chief's command.
Pope.

Syn. -- Dutiful; respectful; compliant; submissive.

Obediential adjective [ Confer French obédientiel .] According to the rule of obedience. [ R.]

An obediental subjection to the Lord of Nature.
Sir M. Hale.

Obediently adverb In an obedient manner; with obedience.

Obeisance noun [ French obéissance obedience, from obéissant . See Obey , and confer Obedience , Abaisance .]
1. Obedience. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

2. A manifestation of obedience; an expression of difference or respect; homage; a bow; a courtesy.

Bathsheba bowed and did obeisance unto the king.
1 Kings i. 16.

Obeisancy noun See Obeisance . [ Obsolete]

Obeisant adjective [ French obéissant , present participle of obéir to obey.] Ready to obey; reverent; differential; also, servilely submissive.

Obelion noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a spit.] (Anat.) The region of the skull between the two parietal foramina where the closure of the sagittal suture usually begins.

Obeliscal adjective Formed like an obelisk.

Obelisk noun [ Latin obeliscus , Greek ..., dim. of ... a spit, a pointed pillar: confer French obélisque .]
1. An upright, four- sided pillar, gradually tapering as it rises, and terminating in a pyramid called pyramidion . It is ordinarily monolithic. Egyptian obelisks are commonly covered with hieroglyphic writing from top to bottom.

2. (Print.) A mark of reference; -- called also dagger . See Dagger , noun , 2.

Obelisk transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obelisked ; present participle & verbal noun Obelisking .] To mark or designate with an obelisk.

Obelize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obelized ; present participle & verbal noun Obelizing .] [ Greek ..., from 'obelo`s . See Obelus .] To designate with an obelus; to mark as doubtful or spirituous. [ R.]

Obelus noun ; plural Obeli . [ Latin , from Greek 'obelo`s , prop., a spit.] (Print.) A mark [ thus —, or ÷]; -- so called as resembling a needle. In old MSS. or editions of the classics, it marks suspected passages or readings.

Obequitate intransitive verb [ Latin obequitatus , past participle of obequitare to ride about.] To ride about. [ Obsolete] -- Ob*eq`ui*ta"tion noun [ Obsolete] Cockerman.

Oberon (ŏb"ẽr*ŏn) noun [ French, from Old French Auberon ; probably of Frankish origin.] (Mediæval Mythol.) The king of the fairies, and husband of Titania or Queen Mab. Shak.

Oberration noun [ Latin oberrate to wander about.] A wandering about. [ Obsolete] Jonhson.

Obese adjective [ Latin obesus eaten away, lean; also, that has eaten itself fat, fat, stout, past participle of obedere to devour; ob (see Ob- ) + edere to eat. See Eat .] Excessively corpulent; fat; fleshy.

Obeseness noun Quality of being obese; obesity.

Obesity noun [ Latin obesitas : confer French obésité .] The state or quality of being obese; incumbrance of flesh.

Obey transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obeyed ; present participle & verbal noun Obeying .] [ Middle English obeyen , French obéir , from Latin obedire , oboedire ; ob (see Ob-) + audire to hear. See Audible , and confer Obeisance .]
1. To give ear to; to execute the commands of; to yield submission to; to comply with the orders of.

Children, obey your parents in the Lord.
Eph. vi. 1.

Was she the God, that her thou didst obey ?
Milton.

2. To submit to the authority of; to be ruled by.

My will obeyed his will.
Chaucer.

Afric and India shall his power obey .
Dryden.

3. To yield to the impulse, power, or operation of ; as, a ship obeys her helm.

Obey intransitive verb To give obedience.

Will he obey when one commands?
Tennyson.

» By some old writers obey was used, as in the French idiom, with the preposition to .

His servants ye are, to whom ye obey .
Rom. vi. 16.

He commanded the trumpets to sound: to which the two brave knights obeying , they performed their courses.
Sir. P. Sidney.

Obeyer noun One who yields obedience. Holland.

Obeyingly adverb Obediently; submissively.

Obfirm, Obfirmate transitive verb [ Latin obfirmatus , past participle of obfirmare to make steadfast. See Ob- , and Firm , transitive verb ] To make firm; to harden in resolution. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall. Sheldon.

Obfirmation noun [ Late Latin obfirmatio .] Hardness of heart; obduracy. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.

Obfuscate adjective [ Latin obfuscatus , past participle of obfuscare to darken; ob (see Ob- ) + fuscare , fuscatum , to darken, from fuscus dark.] Obfuscated; darkened; obscured. [ Obsolete] [ Written also offuscate .] Sir. T. Elyot.

Obfuscate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obfuscated ; present participle & verbal noun Obfuscating .] To darken; to obscure; to becloud; hence, to confuse; to bewilder.

His head, like a smokejack, the funnel unswept, and the ideas whirling round and round about in it, all obfuscated and darkened over with fuliginous matter.
Sterne.

Clouds of passion which might obfuscate the intellects of meaner females.
Sir. W. Scott.

Obfuscation noun [ Latin obfuscatio .] The act of darkening or bewildering; the state of being darkened. " Obfuscation of the cornea." E. Darwin.

Obi noun [ Prob. of African origin.]
1. A species of sorcery, probably of African origin, practiced among the negroes of the West Indies. [ Written also obe and obeah .] De Quincey. B. Edwards.

2. A charm or fetich. [ West Indies] B. Edwards.

Obi noun [ Jap.] A sash, esp. the long broad sash of soft material worn by women. [ Japan]

Over this is bound the large sash ( obi ) which is the chief article of feminine adornment.
B. H. Chamberlain.

Obiism noun Belief in, or the practice of, the obi superstitions and rites.

Obimbricate adjective [ Prefix ob- + imbricate.] (Botany) Imbricated, with the overlapping ends directed downward.

Obit noun [ Old French obit , Latin obitus , from obire to go against, to go to meet, (sc. mortem ) to die; ob (see Ob-) + ire to go. See Issue .]
1. Death; decease; the date of one's death. Wood.

2. A funeral solemnity or office; obsequies.

3. A service for the soul of a deceased person on the anniversary of the day of his death.

The emoluments and advantages from oblations, obits , and other sources, increased in value.
Milman.

Post obit [ Latin post obitum ]. See Post-obit .

Obiter adverb [ Latin , on the way; ob (see Ob- ) + iter a going, a walk, way.] In passing; incidentally; by the way.

Obitual adjective [ Latin obitus death. See Obit .] Of or pertaining to obits, or days when obits are celebrated; as, obitual days. Smart.

Obituarily adverb In the manner of an obituary.

Obituary adjective [ See Obit .] Of or pertaining to the death of a person or persons; as, an obituary notice; obituary poetry.

Obituary noun ; plural Obituaries . [ Confer French obituaire . See Obit .]
1. That which pertains to, or is called forth by, the obit or death of a person; esp., an account of a deceased person; a notice of the death of a person, accompanied by a biographical sketch.

2. (R.C.Ch.) A list of the dead, or a register of anniversary days when service is performed for the dead.

Object (ŏb*jĕkt") transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Objected ; present participle & verbal noun Objecting .] [ Latin objectus , past participle of objicere , obicere , to throw or put before, to oppose; ob (see Ob- ) + jacere to throw: confer objecter . See Jet a shooting forth.]
1. To set before or against; to bring into opposition; to oppose. [ Obsolete]

Of less account some knight thereto object ,
Whose loss so great and harmful can not prove .
Fairfax.

Some strong impediment or other objecting itself.
Hooker.

Pallas to their eyes
The mist objected , and condensed the skies.
Pope.

2. To offer in opposition as a criminal charge or by way of accusation or reproach; to adduce as an objection or adverse reason.

He gave to him to object his heinous crime.
Spencer.

Others object the poverty of the nation.
Addison.

The book . . . giveth liberty to object any crime against such as are to be ordered.
Whitgift.

Object intransitive verb To make opposition in words or argument; -- usually followed by to . Sir. T. More.

Object (ŏb"jĕkt) noun [ Latin objectus . See Object , transitive verb ]


1. That which is put, or which may be regarded as put, in the way of some of the senses; something visible or tangible; as, he observed an object in the distance; all the objects in sight; he touched a strange object in the dark.

2. That which is set, or which may be regarded as set, before the mind so as to be apprehended or known; that of which the mind by any of its activities takes cognizance, whether a thing external in space or a conception formed by the mind itself; as, an object of knowledge, wonder, fear, thought, study, etc.

Object is a term for that about which the knowing subject is conversant; what the schoolmen have styled the "materia circa quam."
Sir. W. Hamilton.

The object of their bitterest hatred.
Macaulay.

3. That by which the mind, or any of its activities, is directed; that on which the purpose are fixed as the end of action or effort; that which is sought for; end; aim; motive; final cause.

Object , beside its proper signification, came to be abusively applied to denote motive, end, final cause . . . . This innovation was probably borrowed from the French.
Sir. W. Hamilton.

Let our object be, our country, our whole country, and nothing but our country.
D. Webster.

4. Sight; show; appearance; aspect. [ Obsolete] Shak.

He, advancing close
Up to the lake, past all the rest, arose
In glorious object .
Chapman.

5. (Gram.) A word, phrase, or clause toward which an action is directed, or is considered to be directed; as, the object of a transitive verb.

Object glass , the lens, or system of lenses, placed at the end of a telescope, microscope, etc., which is toward the object. Its office is to form an image of the object, which is then viewed by the eyepiece. Called also objective . See Illust. of Microscope . -- Object lesson , a lesson in which object teaching is made use of. -- Object staff . (Leveling) Same as Leveling staff . -- Object teaching , a method of instruction, in which illustrative objects are employed, each new word or idea being accompanied by a representation of that which it signifies; -- used especially in the kindergarten, for young children.

Object adjective [ Latin objectus , past participle ] Opposed; presented in opposition; also, exposed. [ Obsolete]

Objectable adjective Such as can be presented in opposition; that may be put forward as an objection. [ R.]