Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Objectify transitive verb [ Object + -fy .] To cause to become an object; to cause to assume the character of an object; to render objective. J. D. Morell.

Objection noun [ Latin objectio : confer French objection .]
1. The act of objecting; as, to prevent agreement, or action, by objection . Johnson.

2. That which is, or may be, presented in opposition; an adverse reason or argument; a reason for objecting; obstacle; impediment; as, I have no objection to going; unreasonable objections . " Objections against every truth." Tyndale.

3. Cause of trouble; sorrow. [ Obsolete or R.]

He remembers the objection that lies in his bosom, and he sighs deeply.
Jer. Taylor.

Syn. -- Exception; difficulty; doubt; scruple.

Objectionable adjective Liable to objection; likely to be objected to or disapproved of; offensive; as, objectionable words. -- Ob*jec"tion*a*bly , adverb

Objectist noun One who adheres to, or is skilled in, the objective philosophy. Ed. Rev.

Objectivate transitive verb To objectify.

Objectivation noun Converting into an object.

Objective adjective [ Confer F. objectif .]
1. Of or pertaining to an object.

2. (Metaph.) Of or pertaining to an object; contained in, or having the nature or position of, an object; outward; external; extrinsic; -- an epithet applied to whatever ir exterior to the mind, or which is simply an object of thought or feeling, and opposed to subjective .

In the Middle Ages, subject meant substance , and has this sense in Descartes and Spinoza: sometimes, also, in Reid. Subjective is used by William of Occam to denote that which exists independent of mind; objective , what is formed by the mind. This shows what is meant by realitas objectiva in Descartes. Kant and Fichte have inverted the meanings. Subject , with them, is the mind which knows; object , that which is known; subjective , the varying conditions of the knowing mind; objective , that which is in the constant nature of the thing known.
Trendelenburg.

Objective means that which belongs to, or proceeds from, the object known, and not from the subject knowing, and thus denotes what is real, in opposition to that which is ideal - - what exists in nature, in contrast to what exists merely in the thought of the individual.
Sir. W. Hamilton.

Objective has come to mean that which has independent exostence or authority, apart from our experience or thought. Thus, moral law is said to have objective authority , that is, authority belonging to itself, and not drawn from anything in our nature.
Calderwood (Fleming's Vocabulary).

3. (Gram.) Pertaining to, or designating, the case which follows a transitive verb or a preposition, being that case in which the direct object of the verb is placed. See Accusative , noun

» The objective case is frequently used without a governing word, esp. in designations of time or space, where a preposition, as at , in , on , etc., may be supplied.

My troublous dream [ on] this night make me sad.
Shak.

To write of victories [ in or for ] next year .
Hudibras.

Objective line (Perspective) , a line drawn on the geometrical plane which is represented or sought to be represented. -- Objective plane (Perspective) , any plane in the horizontal plane that is represented. -- Objective point , the point or result to which the operations of an army are directed. By extension, the point or purpose to which anything, as a journey or an argument, is directed.

Syn. -- Objective , Subjective . Objective is applied to things exterior to the mind, and objects of its attention; subjective , to the operations of the mind itself. Hence, an objective motive is some outward thing awakening desire; a subjective motive is some internal feeling or propensity. Objective views are those governed by outward things; subjective views are produced or modified by internal feeling. Sir Walter Scott's poetry is chiefly objective ; that of Wordsworth is eminently subjective .

In the philosophy of mind, subjective denotes what is to be referred to the thinking subject, the ego; objective what belongs to the object of thought, the non- ego.
Sir. W. Hamilton

Objective noun
1. (Gram.) The objective case.

2. An object glass. See under Object , noun

3. Same as Objective point , under Objective , adjective

Objectively adverb In the manner or state of an object; as, a determinate idea objectively in the mind.

Objectiveness noun Objectivity.

Is there such a motion or objectiveness of external bodies, which produceth light?
Sir M. Hale

Objectivity noun [ Confer F. objectivité .] The state, quality, or relation of being objective; character of the object or of the objective.

The calm, the cheerfulness, the disinterested objectivity have disappeared [ in the life of the Greeks].
M. Arnold.

Objectize transitive verb To make an object of; to regard as an object; to place in the position of an object.

In the latter, as objectized by the former, arise the emotions and affections.
Coleridge.

Objectless adjective Having no object; purposeless.

Objector noun [ Latin , an accuser.] One who objects; one who offers objections to a proposition or measure.

Objibways noun plural See Chippeways .

Objicient noun [ Latin objiciens , present participle of objicere to object.] One who makes objection; an objector. [ R.] Cardinal Wiseman.

Objuration noun [ Latin objurare to bind by oath; ob (see Ob- ) + jurare to swear, from jus right.] A binding by oath. [ R.] Abp. Bramhall.

Objurgate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Objurgated ; present participle & verbal noun Objurgating .] [ Latin objurgatus , past participle of objurgare to chide; ob (see Ob- ) + jurgare to quarrel, scold, from jus right, court. See Jury .] To chide; to reprove.

Objurgation noun [ Latin objurgatio : confer French objurgation .] The act of objurgating; reproof.

While the good lady was bestowing this objurgation on Mr. Ben Allen.
Dickens.

With a strong objurgation of the elbow in his ribs.
Landor.

Objurgatory adjective [ Latin objurgatorius .] Designed to objurgate or chide; containing or expressing reproof; culpatory. Bancroft.

The objurgatory question of the Pharisees.
Paley.

Oblanceolate adjective [ Prefix ob- + lanceolate .] Lanceolate in the reversed order, that is, narrowing toward the point of attachment more than toward the apex.

Oblate adjective [ Latin oblatus , used as past participle of offerre to bring forward, offer, dedicate; ob (see Ob- ) + latus borne, for tlatus . See Tolerate .]


1. (Geom.) Flattened or depressed at the poles; as, the earth is an oblate spheroid.

2. Offered up; devoted; consecrated; dedicated; -- used chiefly or only in the titles of Roman Catholic orders. See Oblate , noun

Oblate ellipsoid or spheroid (Geom.) , a solid generated by the revolution of an ellipse about its minor axis; an oblatum. See Ellipsoid of revolution , under Ellipsoid .

Oblate noun [ From Oblate , adjective ] (R. C. Ch.) (a) One of an association of priests or religious women who have offered themselves to the service of the church. There are three such associations of priests, and one of women, called oblates. (b) One of the Oblati.

Oblateness noun The quality or state of being oblate.

Oblati noun plural [ Late Latin , from Latin oblatus . See Oblate .] (R.C.Ch.) (a) Children dedicated in their early years to the monastic state. (b) A class of persons, especially in the Middle Ages, who offered themselves and their property to a monastery. Addis & Arnold.

Oblation noun [ Latin oblatio : confer French oblation . See Oblate .]
1. The act of offering, or of making an offering. Locke.

2. Anything offered or presented in worship or sacred service; an offering; a sacrifice.

A peculiar . . . oblation given to God.
Jer. Taylor.

A pin was the usual oblation .
Sir. W. Scott.

3. A gift or contribution made to a church, as for the expenses of the eucharist, or for the support of the clergy and the poor.

Oblationer noun One who makes an offering as an act worship or reverence. Dr. H. More.

Oblatrate intransitive verb [ Latin oblatratus , past participle of oblatrare to bark against.] To bark or snarl, as a dog. [ Obsolete]

Oblatration noun The act of oblatrating; a barking or snarling. Bp. Hall.

Oblatum noun ; plural Oblata . [ New Latin See Oblate .] (Geom.) An oblate spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its minor axis. Confer Oblongum .

Oblectate transitive verb [ Latin oblectatus , past participle of oblectare .] To delight; to please greatly. [ Obsolete]

Oblectation noun [ Latin oblectatio .] The act of pleasing highly; the state of being greatly pleased; delight. [ R.] Feltham.

Obligable adjective Acknowledging, or complying with, obligation; trustworthy. [ R.]

The main difference between people seems to be, that one man can come under obligations on which you can rely, -- is obligable ; and another is not.
Emerson.

Obligate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obligated ; present participle & verbal noun Obligating .] [ Latin obligatus , past participle of obligare . See Oblige .]
1. To bring or place under obligation, moral or legal; to hold by a constraining motive. " Obligated by a sense of duty." Proudfit.

That's your true plan -- to obligate
The present ministers of state.
Churchill.

2. To bind or firmly hold to an act; to compel; to constrain; to bind to any act of duty or courtesy by a formal pledge.

That they may not incline or be obligated to any vile or lowly occupations.
Landor.

Obligation noun [ French obligation . Latin obligatio . See Oblige .]
1. The act of obligating.

2. That which obligates or constrains; the binding power of a promise, contract, oath, or vow, or of law; that which constitutes legal or moral duty.

A tender conscience is a stronger obligation than a proson.
Fuller.

3. Any act by which a person becomes bound to do something to or for anouther, or to forbear something; external duties imposed by law, promise, or contract, by the relations of society, or by courtesy, kindness, etc.

Every man has obligations which belong to his station. Duties extend beyond obligation , and direct the affections, desires, and intentions, as well as the actions.
Whewell.

4. The state of being obligated or bound; the state of being indebted for an act of favor or kindness; as, to place others under obligations to one.

5. (Law) A bond with a condition annexed, and a penalty for nonfulfillment. In a larger sense, it is an acknowledgment of a duty to pay a certain sum or do a certain things.

Days of obligation . See under Day .

Obligato adjective [ Italian ] See Obbligato .

Obligatorily adverb In an obligatory manner; by reason of obligation. Foxe.

Obligatoriness noun The quality or state of being obligatory.

Obligatory adjective [ Latin obligatorius : confer French obligatoire .] Binding in law or conscience; imposing duty or obligation; requiring performance or forbearance of some act; -- often followed by on or upon ; as, obedience is obligatory on a soldier.

As long as the law is obligatory , so long our obedience is due.
Jer. Taylor.

Oblige transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obliged ; present participle & verbal noun Obliging .] [ Old French obligier , French obliger , Latin obligare ; ob (see Ob- ) + ligare to bind. See Ligament , and confer Obligate .]
1. To attach, as by a bond. [ Obsolete]

He had obliged all the senators and magistrates firmly to himself.
Bacon.

2. To constrain by physical, moral, or legal force; to put under obligation to do or forbear something.

The obliging power of the law is neither founded in, nor to be measured by, the rewards and punishments annexed to it.
South.

Religion obliges men to the practice of those virtues which conduce to the preservation of our health.
Tillotson.

3. To bind by some favor rendered; to place under a debt; hence, to do a favor to; to please; to gratify; to accommodate.

Thus man, by his own strength, to heaven would soar,
And would not be obliged to God for more.
Dryden.

The gates before it are brass, and the whole much obliged to Pope Urban VIII.
Evelyn.

I shall be more obliged to you than I can express.
Mrs. E. Montagu.

Obligee noun [ French obligé , past participle of obliger . See Oblige .] The person to whom another is bound, or the person to whom a bond is given. Blackstone.

Obligement noun Obligation. [ R.]

I will not resist, therefore, whatever it is, either of divine or human obligement , that you lay upon me.
Milton.

Obliger noun One who, or that which, obliges. Sir H. Wotton.

Obliging adjective Putting under obligation; disposed to oblige or do favors; hence, helpful; civil; kind.

Mons.Strozzi has many curiosities, and is very obliging to a stranger who desires the sight of them.
Addison.

Syn. -- Civil; complaisant; courteous; kind, -- Obliging , Kind , Complaisant . One is kind who desires to see others happy; one is complaisant who endeavors to make them so in social intercourse by attentions calculated to please; one who is obliging performs some actual service, or has the disposition to do so.

-- O*bli"ging*ly . adverb -- O*bli"ging*ness , noun

Obligor noun The person who binds himself, or gives his bond to another. Blackstone.

Obliquation noun [ Latin obliquatio , from obliquare to turn obliquely. See Oblique .]
1. The act of becoming oblique; a turning to one side; obliquity; as, the obliquation of the eyes. [ R.] Sir T. Browne.

2. Deviation from moral rectitude. [ R.]

Oblique adjective [ French, from Latin obliquus ; ob (see Ob- ) + liquis oblique; confer licinus bent upward, Gr ... slanting.] [ Written also oblike .]


1. Not erect or perpendicular; neither parallel to, nor at right angles from, the base; slanting; inclined.

It has a direction oblique to that of the former motion.
Cheyne.

2. Not straightforward; indirect; obscure; hence, disingenuous; underhand; perverse; sinister.

The love we bear our friends . . .
Hath in it certain oblique ends.
Drayton.

This mode of oblique research, when a more direct one is denied, we find to be the only one in our power.
De Quincey.

Then would be closed the restless, oblique eye.
That looks for evil, like a treacherous spy.
Wordworth.

3. Not direct in descent; not following the line of father and son; collateral.

His natural affection in a direct line was strong, in an oblique but weak.
Baker.

Oblique angle , Oblique ascension , etc. See under Angle , Ascension , etc. -- Oblique arch (Architecture) , an arch whose jambs are not at right angles with the face, and whose intrados is in consequence askew. -- Oblique bridge , a skew bridge. See under Bridge , noun -- Oblique case (Gram.) , any case except the nominative. See Case , noun -- Oblique circle (Projection) , a circle whose plane is oblique to the axis of the primitive plane. -- Oblique fire (Mil.) , a fire the direction of which is not perpendicular to the line fired at. -- Oblique flank (Fort.) , that part of the curtain whence the fire of the opposite bastion may be discovered. Wilhelm. -- Oblique leaf . (Botany) (a) A leaf twisted or inclined from the normal position. (b) A leaf having one half different from the other. -- Oblique line (Geom.) , a line that, meeting or tending to meet another, makes oblique angles with it. -- Oblique motion (Mus.) , a kind of motion or progression in which one part ascends or descends, while the other prolongs or repeats the same tone, as in the accompanying example. -- Oblique muscle (Anat.) , a muscle acting in a direction oblique to the mesial plane of the body, or to the associated muscles; -- applied especially to two muscles of the eyeball. -- Oblique narration . See Oblique speech . -- Oblique planes (Dialing) , planes which decline from the zenith, or incline toward the horizon. -- Oblique sailing (Nautical) , the movement of a ship when she sails upon some rhumb between the four cardinal points, making an oblique angle with the meridian. -- Oblique speech (Rhet.) , speech which is quoted indirectly, or in a different person from that employed by the original speaker. -- Oblique sphere (Astron. & Geology) , the celestial or terrestrial sphere when its axis is oblique to the horizon of the place; or as it appears to an observer at any point on the earth except the poles and the equator. -- Oblique step (Mil.) , a step in marching, by which the soldier, while advancing, gradually takes ground to the right or left at an angle of about 25°. It is not now practiced. Wilhelm. -- Oblique system of coördinates (Anal. Geom.) , a system in which the coördinate axes are oblique to each other.

Oblique noun (Geom.) An oblique line.

Oblique intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Obliqued ; present participle & verbal noun Obliquing .]
1. To deviate from a perpendicular line; to move in an oblique direction.

Projecting his person towards it in a line which obliqued from the bottom of his spine.
Sir. W. Scott.

2. (Mil.) To march in a direction oblique to the line of the column or platoon; -- formerly accomplished by oblique steps, now by direct steps, the men half- facing either to the right or left.

Oblique-angled adjective Having oblique angles; as, an oblique-angled triangle.