Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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O'er preposition & adverb A contr. of Over . [ Poetic]

OEnanthylidene noun (Chemistry) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon, having a garlic odor; heptine.

OEnanthylous adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid formerly supposed to be the acid of œnanthylic ether, but now known to be a mixture of higher acids, especially capric acid. [ Obsolete]

OEnocyan noun [ Greek ... wine + ... a dark-blue substance.] (Chemistry) The coloring matter of red wines.

OEnology noun [ Greek ... wine + -logy .] Knowledge of wine, scientific or practical.

OEnomania noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... wine + ... mania.] (Medicine) (a) Delirium tremens. Rayer. (b) Dipsomania.

OEnomel noun [ Greek ... wine + ... honey.] Wine mixed with honey; mead, [ R.]

OEnometer noun [ Greek ... wine + -meter .] See Alcoholometer .

OEnophilist noun [ Greek ... wine + ... to love.] A lover of wine. [ R.] Thackeray.

OEnothionic adjective [ Greek ... wine + thionic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to an acid now called sulphovinic, or ethyl sulphuric, acid .

Oersted noun [ After Hans Christian Oersted , Danish physicist.] (Electricity) The C.G.S. unit of magnetic reluctance or resistance, equal to the reluctance of a centimeter cube of air (or vacuum) between parallel faces. Also, a reluctance in which unit magnetomotive force sets up unit flux.

OEsophagus noun , Œ`so*phag"e*al adjective , etc. Same as Esophagus , Esophageal , etc.

OEstrian adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the gadflies. -- noun A gadfly.

OEstrual adjective [ See Œstrus .] (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to sexual desire; -- mostly applied to brute animals; as, the œstrual period; œstrual influence.

OEstruation noun (Physiol.) The state of being under œstrual influence, or of having sexual desire.

OEstrus noun [ Latin , a gadfly; also, frenzy, from Greek ... gadfly; hence, sting, fury, insane desire, frenzy.]
1. (Zoology) A genus of gadflies. The species which deposits its larvæ in the nasal cavities of sheep is œstrus ovis .

2. A vehement desire; esp. (Physiol.) , the periodical sexual impulse of animals; heat; rut.

Of preposition [ Anglo-Saxon of of, from, off; akin to D. & Old Saxon af , German ab off, Old High German aba from, away, Icelandic , Dan., Swedish , & Goth. af , Latin ab , Greek ..., Sanskrit apa . Confer Off , A- (2), Ab- , After , Epi- .] In a general sense, from, or out from; proceeding from; belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used in a variety of applications; as:


1. Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating origin, source, descent, and the like; as, he is of a race of kings; he is of noble blood.

That holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke i. 35.

I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you.
1 Cor. xi. 23.

2. Denoting possession or ownership, or the relation of subject to attribute; as, the apartment of the consul: the power of the king; a man of courage; the gate of heaven . "Poor of spirit." Macaulay.

3. Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or that which it contains; as, a throne of gold; a sword of steel; a wreath of mist; a cup of water.

4. Denoting part of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a number or quantity mentioned; out of; from amongst; as, of this little he had some to spare; some of the mines were unproductive; most of the company.

It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed.
Lam. iii. 22.

It is a duty to communicate of those blessings we have received.
Franklin.

5. Denoting that by which a person or thing is actuated or impelled; also, the source of a purpose or action; as, they went of their own will; no body can move of itself; he did it of necessity.

For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts.
Josh. xi. 20.

6. Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating to; as, to boast of one's achievements.

Knew you of this fair work?
Shak.

7. Denoting nearness or distance, either in space or time; from; as, within a league of the town; within an hour of the appointed time.

8. Denoting identity or equivalence; -- used with a name or appellation, and equivalent to the relation of apposition; as, the continent of America; the city of Rome; the Island of Cuba.

9. Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which, anything is, or is done; by.

And told to her of [ by] some.
Chaucer.

He taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.
Luke iv. 15.

[ Jesus] being forty days tempted of the devil.
Luke iv. 1, 2.

» The use of the word in this sense, as applied to persons, is nearly obsolete.

10. Denoting relation to place or time; belonging to, or connected with; as, men of Athens; the people of the Middle Ages; in the days of Herod.

11. Denoting passage from one state to another; from. [ Obsolete] "O miserable of happy." Milton.

12. During; in the course of.

Not be seen to wink of all the day.
Shak.

My custom always of the afternoon.
Shak.

» Of may be used in a subjective or an objective sense. "The love of God" may mean, our love for God, or God's love for us.

» From is the primary sense of this preposition; a sense retained in off , the same word differently written for distinction. But this radical sense disappears in most of its application; as, a man of genius; a man of rare endowments; a fossil of a red color, or of an hexagonal figure; he lost all hope of relief; an affair of the cabinet; he is a man of decayed fortune; what is the price of corn? In these and similar phrases, of denotes property or possession, or a relation of some sort involving connection. These applications, however all proceeded from the same primary sense. That which proceeds from, or is produced by, a person or thing, either has had, or still has, a close connection with the same; and hence the word was applied to cases of mere connection, not involving at all the idea of separation.

Of consequence , of importance, value, or influence. -- Of late , recently; in time not long past. -- Of old , formerly; in time long past. -- Of one's self , by one's self; without help or prompting; spontaneously.

Why, knows not Montague, that of itself
England is safe, if true within itself?
Shak.

Off adverb [ Middle English of , orig. the same word as R. of , preposition , Anglo-Saxon of , adverb & preposition √194. See Of .] In a general sense, denoting from or away from; as:


1. Denoting distance or separation; as, the house is a mile off .

2. Denoting the action of removing or separating; separation; as, to take off the hat or cloak; to cut off , to pare off , to clip off , to peel off , to tear off , to march off , to fly off , and the like.

3. Denoting a leaving, abandonment, departure, abatement, interruption, or remission; as, the fever goes off ; the pain goes off ; the game is off ; all bets are off .

4. Denoting a different direction; not on or towards: away; as, to look off .

5. Denoting opposition or negation. [ Obsolete]

The questions no way touch upon puritanism, either off or on.
Bp. Sanderson.

From off , off from; off. "A live coal . . . taken with the tongs from off the altar." Is. vi. 6. -- Off and on . (a) Not constantly; not regularly; now and then; occasionally . (b) (Nautical) On different tacks, now toward, and now away from, the land. -- To be off . (a) To depart; to escape; as, he was off without a moment's warning. (b) To be abandoned, as an agreement or purpose; as, the bet was declared to be off . [ Colloq.] -- To come off , To cut off , To fall off , To go off , etc. See under Come , Cut , Fall , Go , etc. -- To get off . (a) To utter; to discharge; as, to get off a joke. (b) To go away; to escape; as, to get off easily from a trial . [ Colloq.] -- To take off , to mimic or personate. -- To tell off (Mil.) , to divide and practice a regiment or company in the several formations, preparatory to marching to the general parade for field exercises. Farrow. -- To be well off , to be in good condition. -- To be ill off , To be badly off , to be in poor condition.

Off interj. Away; begone; -- a command to depart.

Off preposition Not on; away from; as, to be off one's legs or off the bed; two miles off the shore. Addison.

Off hand . See Offhand . -- Off side (Football) , out of play; -- said when a player has got in front of the ball in a scrimmage, or when the ball has been last touched by one of his own side behind him. -- To be off color , to be of a wrong color. -- To be off one's food , to have no appetite. (Colloq.)

Off adjective
1. On the farther side; most distant; on the side of an animal or a team farthest from the driver when he is on foot; in the United States, the right side; as, the off horse or ox in a team, in distinction from the nigh or near horse or ox; the off leg.

2. Designating a time when one is not strictly attentive to business or affairs, or is absent from his post, and, hence, a time when affairs are not urgent; as, he took an off day for fishing: an off year in politics. "In the off season." Thackeray.

Off side . (a) The right hand side in driving; the farther side . See Gee . (b) (Cricket) See Off , noun

Off noun (Cricket) The side of the field that is on the right of the wicket keeper.

Offal noun [ Off + fall .]
1. The rejected or waste parts of a butchered animal.

2. A dead body; carrion. Shak.

3. That which is thrown away as worthless or unfit for use; refuse; rubbish.

The off als of other profession.
South.

Offcut noun
1. That which is cut off.

2. (Bookbinding) A portion ofthe printed sheet, in certain sizes of books, that is cut off before folding.

Offence noun See Offense .

Offend transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Offended ; present participle & verbal noun Offending .] [ Old French offendre , Latin offendere , offensum ; ob (see Ob- ) + fendere (in comp.) to thrust, dash. See Defend .]
1. To strike against; to attack; to assail. [ Obsolete] Sir P. Sidney.

2. To displease; to make angry; to affront.

A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city.
Prov. xviii. 19.

3. To be offensive to; to harm; to pain; to annoy; as, strong light offends the eye; to offend the conscience.

4. To transgress; to violate; to sin against. [ Obsolete]

Marry, sir, he hath offended the law.
Shak.

5. (Script.) To oppose or obstruct in duty; to cause to stumble; to cause to sin or to fall. [ Obsolete]

Who hath you misboden or offended .
Chaucer.

If thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out . . . And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off.
Matt. v. 29, 3O.

Great peace have they which love thy law, and nothing shall offend them.
Ps. cxix. 165.

Offend intransitive verb
1. To transgress the moral or divine law; to commit a crime; to stumble; to sin.

Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
James ii. 10.

If it be a sin to cevet honor,
I am the most offending soul alive.
Shak.

2. To cause dislike, anger, or vexation; to displease.

I shall offend , either to detain or give it.
Shak.

To offend against , to do an injury or wrong to; to commit an offense against. "We have offended against the Lord already." 2 Chron. xxviii. 13.

Offendant noun An offender. [ R.] Holland.

Offender noun One who offends; one who violates any law, divine or human; a wrongdoer.

I and my son Solomon shall be counted offenders .
1 Kings i. 21.

Offendress noun A woman who offends. Shak.

Offense, Offence noun [ French, from Latin offensa . See Offend .]
1. The act of offending in any sense; esp., a crime or a sin, an affront or an injury.

Who was delivered for our offenses , and was raised again for our justification.
Rom. iv. 25.

I have given my opinion against the authority of two great men, but I hope without offense to their memories.
Dryden.

2. The state of being offended or displeased; anger; displeasure.

He was content to give them just cause of offense , when they had power to make just revenge.
Sir P. Sidney.

3. A cause or occasion of stumbling or of sin. [ Obsolete]

Woe to that man by whom the offense cometh!
Matt. xviii. 7.

» This word, like expense , is often spelled with a c . It ought, however, to undergo the same change with expense , the reasons being the same, namely, that s must be used in offensive as in expensive , and is found in the Latin offensio , and the French offense .

To take offense , to feel, or assume to be, injured or affronted; to become angry or hostile. -- Weapons of offense , those which are used in attack, in distinction from those of defense , which are used to repel.

Syn. -- Displeasure; umbrage; resentment; misdeed; misdemeanor; trespass; transgression; delinquency; fault; sin; crime; affront; indignity; outrage; insult.

Offenseful adjective Causing offense; displeasing; wrong; as, an offenseful act. [ R.]

Offenseless adjective Unoffending; inoffensive.

Offensible adjective That may give offense. [ Obsolete]

Offension noun [ Old French , from Latin offensio an offense.] Assault; attack. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Offensive adjective [ Confer F. offensif . See Offend .]


1. Giving offense; causing displeasure or resentment; displeasing; annoying; as, offensive words.

2. Giving pain or unpleasant sensations; disagreeable; revolting; noxious; as, an offensive smell; offensive sounds. " Offensive to the stomach." Bacon.

3. Making the first attack; assailant; aggressive; hence, used in attacking; -- opposed to defensive ; as, an offensive war; offensive weapons.

League offensive and defensive , a leaque that requires all the parties to it to make war together against any foe, and to defend one another if attacked.

Syn. -- Displeasing; disagreeable; distasteful; obnoxious; abhorrent; disgusting; impertinent; rude; saucy; reproachful; opprobrious; insulting; insolent; abusive; scurrilous; assailant; attacking; invading.

-- Of*fen"sive*ly , adverb -- Of*fen"sive*ness , noun

Offensive noun The state or posture of one who offends or makes attack; aggressive attitude; the act of the attacking party; -- opposed to defensive .

To act on the offensive , to be the attacking party.

Offer transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Offered ; present participle & verbal noun Offering .] [ Middle English offren , AS . offrian to sacrifice, from Latin offerre ; ob (see OB- ) + ferre to bear, bring. The English word was influenced by French offrir to offer, of the same origin. See 1st Bear .]
1. To present, as an act of worship; to immolate; to sacrifice; to present in prayer or devotion; -- often with up .

Thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement.
Ex. xxix. 36.

A holy priesthood to offer up spiritual sacrifices.
1 Pet. ii. 5.

2. To bring to or before; to hold out to; to present for acceptance or rejection; as, to offer a present, or a bribe; to offer one's self in marriage.

I offer thee three things.
2 Sam. xxiv. 12.

3. To present in words; to proffer; to make a proposal of; to suggest; as, to offer an opinion. With the infinitive as an objective: To make an offer; to declare one's willingness; as, he offered to help me.

4. To attempt; to undertake.

All that offer to defend him.
Shak.

5. To bid, as a price, reward, or wages; as, to offer a guinea for a ring; to offer a salary or reward.

6. To put in opposition to; to manifest in an offensive way; to threaten; as, to offer violence, attack, etc.

Syn. -- To propose; propound; move; proffer; tender; sacrifice; immolate.

Offer intransitive verb
1. To present itself; to be at hand.

The occasion offers , and the youth complies.
Dryden.

2. To make an attempt; to make an essay or a trial; -- used with at . "Without offering at any other remedy." Swift.

He would be offering at the shepherd's voice.
L'Estrange.

I will not offer at that I can not master.
Bacon.

Offer noun [ Confer French offre , from offrir to offer, from Latin offerre . See Offer , transitive verb ]
1. The act of offering, bringing forward, proposing, or bidding; a proffer; a first advance. "This offer comes from mercy." Shak.

2. That which is offered or brought forward; a proposal to be accepted or rejected; a sum offered; a bid.

When offers are disdained, and love denied.
Pope.

3. Attempt; endeavor; essay; as, he made an offer to catch the ball. "Some offer and attempt." South.

Offerable adjective Capable of being offered; suitable or worthy to be offered.

Offerer noun One who offers; esp., one who offers something to God in worship. Hooker.

Offering noun
1. The act of an offerer; a proffering.

2. That which is offered, esp. in divine service; that which is presented as an expiation or atonement for sin, or as a free gift; a sacrifice; an oblation; as, sin offering .

They are polluted offerings more abhorred
Than spotted livers in the sacrifice.
Shak.

3. A sum of money offered, as in church service; as, a missionary offering . Specif.: (Ch. of Eng.) Personal tithes payable according to custom, either at certain seasons as Christmas or Easter, or on certain occasions as marriages or christenings.

[ None] to the offering before her should go.
Chaucer.

Burnt offering , Drink offering , etc. See under Burnt . etc.

Offertory noun ; plural Offertories . [ Latin offertorium the place to which offerings were brought, in Late Latin offertory: confer French offertoire .]
1. The act of offering, or the thing offered. [ Obsolete or R.] Bacon. Bp. Fell.

2. (R.C.Ch.) (a) An anthem chanted, or a voluntary played on the organ, during the offering and first part of the Mass. (b) That part of the Mass which the priest reads before uncovering the chalice to offer up the elements for consecration. (c) The oblation of the elements.

3. (Ch. of Eng. & Prot. Epis. Ch.) (a) The Scripture sentences said or sung during the collection of the offerings. (b) The offerings themselves.

Offerture noun [ Late Latin offertura an offering.] Offer; proposal; overture. [ Obsolete]

More offertures and advantages to his crown.
Milton.

Offhand adjective Instant; ready; extemporaneous; as, an offhand speech ; offhand excuses. -- adverb In an offhand manner; as, he replied offhand .

Office noun [ French, from Latin officium , for opificium ; ops ability, wealth, holp + facere to do or make. See Opulent , Fact .]
1. That which a person does, either voluntarily or by appointment, for, or with reference to, others; customary duty, or a duty that arises from the relations of man to man; as, kind offices , pious offices .

I would I could do a good office between you.
Shak.

2. A special duty, trust, charge, or position, conferred by authority and for a public purpose; a position of trust or authority; as, an executive or judical office ; a municipal office .

3. A charge or trust, of a sacred nature, conferred by God himself; as, the office of a priest under the old dispensation, and that of the apostles in the new.

Inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I magnify mine office .
Rom. xi. 13.

4. That which is performed, intended, or assigned to be done, by a particular thing, or that which anything is fitted to perform; a function; -- answering to duty in intelligent beings.

They [ the eyes] resign their office and their light.
Shak.

Hesperus, whose office is to bring
Twilight upon the earth.
Milton.

In this experiment the several intervals of the teeth of the comb do the office of so many prisms.
Sir I. Newton.

5. The place where a particular kind of business or service for others is transacted; a house or apartment in which public officers and others transact business; as, the register's office ; a lawyer's office .

6. The company or corporation, or persons collectively, whose place of business is in an office; as, I have notified the office .

7. plural The apartments or outhouses in which the domestics discharge the duties attached to the service of a house, as kitchens, pantries, stables, etc. [ Eng.]

As for the offices , let them stand at distance.
Bacon.

8. (Eccl.) Any service other than that of ordination and the Mass; any prescribed religious service.

This morning was read in the church, after the office was done, the declaration setting forth the late conspiracy against the king's person.
Evelyn.

Holy office . Same as Inquisition , noun , 3. -- Houses of office . Same as def. 7 above. Chaucer. -- Little office (R.C.Ch.) , an office recited in honor of the Virgin Mary. -- Office bearer , an officer; one who has a specific office or duty to perform. -- Office copy (Law) , an authenticated or certified copy of a record, from the proper office. See Certified copies , under Copy . Abbott. -- Office- found (Law) , the finding of an inquest of office. See under Inquest . -- Office holder . See Officeholder in the Vocabulary

Office transitive verb To perform, as the duties of an office; to discharge. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Office wire (Electricity) Copper wire with a strong but light insulation, used in wiring houses, etc.

Officeholder noun An officer, particularly one in the civil service; a placeman.