Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Ne'er adverb a contraction of Never .

Ne'er-do-well noun A person who never does, or fares, well; a good for nothing.

The idle and dissolute ne'er-do-wells of their communities.
Harper's Mag.

Needment noun Something needed or wanted. plural Outfit; necessary luggage. [ Archaic] Spenser.

Carrying each his needments .
Wordsworth.

Needs adverb [ Orig. gen. of need , used as an adverb. Confer -wards .] Of necessity; necessarily; indispensably; -- often with must , and equivalent to of need .

A man must needs love mauger his head.
Chaucer.

And he must needs go through Samaria.
John iv. 4.

He would needs know the cause of his reulse.
Sir J. Davies.

Needscost adverb Of necessity. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Needsly adverb Of necessity. [ Obsolete] Drayton.

Needy adjective [ Compar. Needier ; superl. Neediest .]
1. Distressed by want of the means of living; very poor; indigent; necessitous.

Thou shalt open thy hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy in thy land.
Deut. xv. 11.

Spare the blushes of needly merit.
Dr. T. Dwight.

2. Necessary; requisite. [ Obsolete]

Corn to make your needy bread.
Shak.

Neeld, Neele noun [ See Needle .] A needle. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Neelghau noun (Zoology) See Nylghau .

Neem tree [ Hind. nīm .] (Botany) An Asiatic name for Melia Azadirachta , and M. Azedarach . See Margosa .

Neer adverb & adjective Nearer. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Neese intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Neesed ; present participle & verbal noun Neesing .] [ Middle English nesen ; akin to Dutch niezen , German niesen , Icelandic hnjōsa .] To sneeze. [ Obsolete] [ Written also neeze .]

Neesing noun Sneezing. [ Obsolete] "By his neesings a light doth shine." Job xli. 18.

Nef noun [ French See Nave .] The nave of a church. Addison.

Nefand, Nefandous adjective [ Latin nefandus not to be spoken; ne not + fari to speak.] Unfit to speak of; unmentionable; impious; execrable. [ Obsolete] " Nefand adominations." Sheldon. " Nefandous high treason." Cotton Mather.

Nefarious adjective [ Latin nefarius , from nefas crime, wrong; ne not + fas divine law; akin to fari to speak. See No , adverb , and Fate .] Wicked in the extreme; abominable; iniquitous; atrociously villainous; execrable; detestably vile.

Syn. -- Iniquitous; detestable; horrible; heinious; atrocious; infamous; impious. See Iniquitous .

-- Ne*fa"ri*ous*ly , adverb -- Ne*fa"ri*ous*ness , noun

Nefasch noun (Zoology) Any fish of the genus Distichodus . Several large species inhabit the Nile.

Nefast adjective [ Latin nefastus .] Wicked. [ R.]

Negation noun [ Latin negatio , from negare to say no, to deny; ne not + the root of aio I say; confer Greek ..., Sanskrit ah to say; confer French négation . See No , adverb , and confer Adage , Deny , Renegade .]
1. The act of denying; assertion of the nonreality or untruthfulness of anything; declaration that something is not, or has not been, or will not be; denial; -- the opposite of affirmation .

Our assertions and negations should be yea and nay.
Rogers.

2. (Logic) Description or definition by denial, exclusion, or exception; statement of what a thing is not, or has not, from which may be inferred what it is or has.

Negative adjective [ French négatif , Latin negativus , from negare to deny. See Negation .]
1. Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to affirmative .

If thou wilt confess,
Or else be impudently negative .
Shak.

Denying me any power of a negative voice.
Eikon Basilike.

Something between an affirmative bow and a negative shake.
Dickens.

2. Not positive; without affirmative statement or demonstration; indirect; consisting in the absence of something; privative; as, a negative argument; a negative morality; negative criticism.

There in another way of denying Christ, . . . which is negative , when we do not acknowledge and confess him.
South.

3. (Logic) Asserting absence of connection between a subject and a predicate; as, a negative proposition.

4. (Photog.) Of or pertaining to a picture upon glass or other material, in which the lights and shades of the original, and the relations of right and left, are reversed.

5. (Chemistry) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; - - contracted with positive or basic ; as, the nitro group is negative .

» This word, derived from electro-negative , is now commonly used in a more general sense, when acidiferous is the intended signification.

Negative crystal . (a) A cavity in a mineral mass, having the form of a crystal . (b) A crystal which has the power of negative double refraction. See refraction . -- negative electricity (Electricity) , the kind of electricity which is developed upon resin or ebonite when rubbed, or which appears at that pole of a voltaic battery which is connected with the plate most attacked by the exciting liquid; -- formerly called resinous electricity . Opposed to positive electricity . Formerly, according to Franklin's theory of a single electric fluid, negative electricity was supposed to be electricity in a degree below saturation, or the natural amount for a given body. see Electricity . -- Negative eyepiece . (Opt.) see under Eyepiece . -- Negative quantity (Alg.) , a quantity preceded by the negative sign, or which stands in the relation indicated by this sign to some other quantity. See Negative sign (below). -- Negative rotation , right-handed rotation. See Right-handed , 3. -- Negative sign , the sign -, or minus (opposed in signification to +, or plus ), indicating that the quantity to which it is prefixed is to be subtracted from the preceding quantity, or is to be reckoned from zero or cipher in the opposite direction to that of quanties having the sign plus either expressed or understood; thus, in a - b , b is to be substracted from a , or regarded as opposite to it in value; and -10° on a thermometer means 10° below the zero of the scale.

Negative noun [ Confer French négative .]
1. A proposition by which something is denied or forbidden; a conception or term formed by prefixing the negative particle to one which is positive; an opposite or contradictory term or conception.

This is a known rule in divinity, that there is no command that runs in negatives but couches under it a positive duty.
South.

2. A word used in denial or refusal; as, not , no .

» In Old England two or more negatives were often joined together for the sake of emphasis, whereas now such expressions are considered ungrammatical, being chiefly heard in iliterate speech. A double negative is now sometimes used as nearly or quite equivalent to an affirmative.

No wine ne drank she, neither white nor red.
Chaucer.

These eyes that never did nor never shall
So much as frown on you.
Shak.

3. The refusal or withholding of assents; veto.

If a kind without his kingdom be, in a civil sense, nothing, then . . . his negative is as good as nothing.
Milton.

4. That side of a question which denies or refuses, or which is taken by an opposing or denying party; the relation or position of denial or opposition; as, the question was decided in the negative .

5. (Photog.) A picture upon glass or other material, in which the light portions of the original are represented in some opaque material (usually reduced silver), and the dark portions by the uncovered and transparent or semitransparent ground of the picture.

» A negative is chiefly used for producing photographs by means of the sun's light passing through it and acting upon sensitized paper, thus producing on the paper a positive picture.

6. (Elect.) The negative plate of a voltaic or electrolytic cell.

Negative pregnant (Law) , a negation which implies an affirmation.

Negative transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Negatived ; present participle & verbal noun Negativing .]
1. To prove unreal or untrue; to disprove.

The omission or infrequency of such recitals does not negative the existence of miracles.
Paley.

2. To reject by vote; to refuse to enact or sanction; as, the Senate negatived the bill.

3. To neutralize the force of; to counteract.

Negatively adverb
1. In a negative manner; with or by denial. "He answered negatively ." Boyle.

2. In the form of speech implying the absence of something; -- opposed to positively .

I shall show what this image of God in man is, negatively , by showing wherein it does not consist, and positively, by showing wherein it does consist.
South.

Negatively charged or electrified (Electricity) , having a charge of the kind of electricity called negative .

Negativeness, Negativity noun The quality or state of being negative.

Negatory adjective [ Latin negatorius : confer French négatorie .] Expressing denial; belonging to negation; negative. Carlyle.

Neginoth noun plural [ Hebrew nĕgīnōth .] (Script.) Stringed instruments. Dr. W. Smith.

To the chief musician on Neginoth .
Ps. iv. 9heading).

Neglect transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Neglected ; present participle & verbal noun Neglecting .] [ Latin neglectus , past participle of neglegere ( negligere ) to disregard, neglect, the literal sense probably neing, not to pick up; nec not, nor (fr. ne not + - que , a particle akin to Goth. -h , -uh , and probably to English who ; confer Goth. nih nor) + Latin legere to pick up, gather. See No , adverb , Legend , Who .]
1. Not to attend to with due care or attention; to forbear one's duty in regard to; to suffer to pass unimproved, unheeded, undone, etc.; to omit; to disregard; to slight; as, to neglect duty or business; to neglect to pay debts.

I hope
My absence doth neglect no great designs.
Shak.

This, my long suffering and my day of grace,
Those who neglect and scorn shall never taste.
Milton.

2. To omit to notice; to forbear to treat with attention or respect; to slight; as, to neglect strangers.

Syn. -- To slight; overlook; disregard; disesteem; contemn. See Slight .

Neglect noun [ Latin neglectus . See Neglect , v. ]
1. Omission of proper attention; avoidance or disregard of duty, from heedlessness, indifference, or willfulness; failure to do, use, or heed anything; culpable disregard; as, neglect of business, of health, of economy.

To tell thee sadly, shepherd, without blame,
Or our neglect , we lost her as we came.
Milton.

2. Omission if attention or civilities; slight; as, neglect of strangers.

3. Habitual carelessness; negligence.

Age breeds neglect in all.
Denham.

4. The state of being disregarded, slighted, or neglected.

Rescue my poor remains from vile neglect .
Prior.

Syn. -- Negligence; inattention; disregard; disesteem; remissness; indifference. See Negligence .

Neglectedness noun The state of being neglected.

Neglecter noun One who neglects. South.

Neglectful adjective Full of neglect; heedless; careless; negligent; inattentive; indifferent. Pope.

A cold and neglectful countenance.
Locke.

Though the Romans had no great genius for trade, yet they were not entirely neglectful of it.
Arbuthnot.

-- Neg*lect"ful*ly , adverb -- Neg*lect"ful*ness , noun

Neglectingly adverb Carelessly; heedlessly. Shak.

Neglection noun [ Latin neglectio .] The state of being negligent; negligence. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Neglective adjective Neglectful. [ R.] " Neglective of their own children." Fuller.

Negligee noun [ French négligé , from négliger to neglect, Latin negligere . See Neglect .] An easy, unceremonious attire; undress; also, a kind of easy robe or dressing gown worn by women.

Negligence noun [ French négligence , Latin negligentia .] The quality or state of being negligent; lack of due diligence or care; omission of duty; habitual neglect; heedlessness.

2. An act or instance of negligence or carelessness.

remarking his beauties, . . . I must also point out his negligences and defects.
Blair.

3. (Law) The omission of the care usual under the circumstances, being convertible with the Roman culpa . A specialist is bound to higher skill and diligence in his specialty than one who is not a specialist, and liability for negligence varies acordingly.

Contributory negligence . See under Contributory .

Syn. -- Neglect; inattention; heedlessness; disregard; slight. -- Negligence , Neglect . These two words are freely interchanged in our older writers; but a distinction has gradually sprung up between them. As now generally used, negligence is the habit, and neglect the act, of leaving things undone or unattended to. We are negligent as a general trait of character; we are guilty of neglect in particular cases, or in reference to individuals who had a right to our attentions.

Negligent adjective [ French négligent , Latin negligens ,present participle of negligere . See Neglect .] Apt to neglect; customarily neglectful; characterized by negligence; careless; heedless; culpably careless; showing lack of attention; as, disposed in negligent order. "Be thou negligent of fame." Swift.

He that thinks he can afford to be negligent is not far from being poor.
Rambler.

Syn. -- Careles; heedless; neglectful; regardless; thoughtless; indifferent; inattentive; remiss.

Negligently adverb In a negligent manner.

Negligible adjective [ Confer French négligible , négligeable .] That may neglected, disregarded, or left out of consideration.

Within very negligible limits of error.
Sir J. Herschel.

Negoce noun [ French négoce . See Negotiate .] Business; occupation. [ Obsolete] Bentley.

Negotiability noun [ Confer French négociabilité .] The quality of being negotiable or transferable by indorsement.

Negotiable adjective [ Confer French négotiable . See Negotiate .] Capable of being negotiated; transferable by assignment or indorsement to another person; as, a negotiable note or bill of exchange.

Negotiable paper , any commercial paper transferable by sale or delivery and indorsement, as bills of exchange, drafts, checks, and promissory notes.

Negotiant noun [ Latin negotians , prop. present participle of negotiari : confer French négociant .] A negotiator. [ R.] Sir W. Raleigh.

Negotiate intransitive verb [ Latin negotiatus , past participle of negotiari , from negotium business; nec not + otium leisure. Confer Neglect .]
1. To transact business; to carry on trade. [ Obsolete] Hammond.

2. To treat with another respecting purchase and sale or some business affair; to bargain or trade; as, to negotiate with a man for the purchase of goods or a farm.

3. To hold intercourse respecting a treaty, league, or convention; to treat with, respecting peace or commerce; to conduct communications or conferences.

He that negotiates between God and man
Is God's ambassador.
Cowper.

4. To intrigue; to scheme. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Negotiate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Negotiated ; present participle & verbal noun Negotiating .]
1. To carry on negotiations concerning; to procure or arrange for by negotiation; as, to negotiate peace, or an exchange.

Constantinople had negotiated in the isles of the Archipelago . . . the most indispensable supplies.
Gibbon.

2. To transfer for a valuable consideration under rules of commercial law; to sell; to pass.

The notes were not negotiated to them in the usual course of business or trade.
Kent.

Negotiation noun [ Latin negotiatio : confer French négociation .]
1. The act or process of negotiating; a treating with another respecting sale or purchase. etc.

2. Hence, mercantile business; trading. [ Obsolete]

Who had lost, with these prizes, forty thousand pounds, after twenty years' negotiation in the East Indies.
Evelyn.

3. The transaction of business between nations; the mutual intercourse of governments by diplomatic agents, in making treaties, composing difference, etc.; as, the negotiations at Ghent.

An important negotiation with foreign powers.
Macaulay.

Negotiator noun [ Latin : confer French négociateur .] One who negotiates; a person who treats with others, either as principal or agent, in respect to purchase and sale, or public compacts.

Negotiatory adjective Of or pertaining to negotiation.

Negotiatrix noun [ Latin ] A woman who negotiates. Miss Edgeworth.

Negotiosity noun [ Latin negotiositas .] The state of being busy; multitude of business. [ Obsolete]