Nemertida Ne·mer"ti·da noun plural [ New Latin ] (Zoology) Nemertina.
Nemertina Nem`er·ti"na (nĕm`ẽr*tī"nȧ) noun plural [ New Latin See Nemrtes .] (Zoology) An order of helminths usually having a long, slender, smooth, often bright-colored body, covered with minute vibrating cilia; -- called also Nemertea , Nemertida , and Rhynchocœla . » The mouth is beneath the head, and the straight intestine at the posterior end. They have a very singular long tubular proboscis, which can be everted from a pore in the front of the head. Their nervous system and blood vessels are well developed. Some of the species become over one hundred feet long. They are mostly marine and seldom parasitic; a few inhabit fresh water. The two principal divisions are Anopla and Enopla.
[ Latin , from Greek Ne`mesis
, orig., distribution, from ne`mein
to distribute. See Nomad
.] (Class. Myth.) The goddess of retribution or vengeance; hence, retributive justice personified; divine vengeance.
This is that ancient doctrine of nemesis who keeps watch in the universe, and lets no offense go unchastised. Emerson.
Nemophilist Ne·moph"i·list noun [ See Nemophily .] One who is fond of forest or forest scenery; a haunter of the woods. [ R.]
Nemophily Ne·moph"i·ly noun [ Greek ne`mos wooded pasture, glade + filei^n to love.] Fondness for forest scenery; love of the woods. [ R.]
Nemoral Nem"o·ral adjective [ Latin nemoralis , from nemus , nemoris , a wood or grove: confer French némoral .] Of or pertaining to a wood or grove. [ R.]
Nemorous Nem"o·rous adjective
[ Latin nemorosus
Paradise itself was but a kind of nemorous temple. Evelyn.
Nempne Nemp"ne transitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon nemnan to name or call. See Name , v. ] To name or call. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Nempt Nempt past participle of Nempne . Called; named. [ Obsolete]
Nems Nems noun (Zoology) The ichneumon.
Nenia Ne"ni·a noun [ Latin nenia , naenia .] A funeral song; an elegy.
Nenuphar Nen"u·phar noun [ French nénufar : confer Spanish nenúfar , Italian nenufár ; all from Persian nīl...far .] (Botany) The great white water lily of Europe; the Nymphæa alba .
Neo- Ne"o- [ Greek ... youthful, new. See New .] A prefix meaning new , recent , late ; and in chemistry designating specifically that variety of metameric hydrocarbons which, when the name was applied, had been recently classified, and in which at least one carbon atom in connected directly with four other carbon atoms; -- contrasted with normal and iso- ; as, neo pentane; the neo paraffins. Also used adjectively.
Neo-Christianity Ne`o-Chris·tian"i·ty noun [ Neo- + Christianity .] Rationalism.
Neo-Darwinism Ne`o-Dar"win·ism noun The theory which holds natural selection, as explained by Darwin, to be the chief factor in the evolution of plants and animals, and denies the inheritance of acquired characters; -- esp. opposed to Neo- Lamarckism . Weismannism is an example of extreme Neo- Darwinism. -- Ne`o-Dar*win"i*an , adjective & noun
Neo-Greek Ne`o-Greek" noun A member of a body of French painters (F. les néo-Grecs ) of the middle 19th century. The term is rather one applied by outsiders to certain artists of grave and refined style, such as Hamon and Aubert, than a name adopted by the artists themselves.
Neo-Hebraic Ne`o-He·bra"ic adjective Of, pert. to, or designating, modern Hebrew, or Hebrew of later date than the Biblical.
Neo-Hebraic Neo-Hebraic noun The modern Hebrew language.
Neo-Hegelian Ne`o-He·ge"li·an adjective Of or pertaining to Neo-Hegelianism.
Neo-Hegelian Neo-Hegelian noun An adherent of Neo-Hegelianism.
Neo-Hegelianism Ne`o-He·ge"li·an·ism noun The philosophy of a school of British and American idealists who follow Hegel in dialectical or logical method and in the general outcome of their doctrine. The founders and leaders of Neo-Hegelianism include: in England, T. H. Green (1836-1882); in Scotland, J. (1820-98) and E. (1835-1908) Caird; in the United States, W. T. Harris (1835-1909) and Josiah Royce (1855- -).
Neo-Hellenic Ne`o-Hel·len"ic noun Same as Romaic .
Neo-Hellenism Ne`o-Hel"len·ism noun Hellenism as surviving or revival in modern times; the practice or pursuit of ancient Greek ideals in modern life, art, or literature, as in the Renaissance.
Neo-Kantian Ne`o-Kant"i·an adjective Of or pertaining to Neo-Kantianism.
Neo-Kantian Neo-Kantian noun An adherent of Neo- Kantianism.
Neo-Kantianism Ne`o-Kant"i·an·ism noun The philosophy of modern thinkers who follow Kant in his general theory of knowledge, esp. of a group of German philosophers including F. A. Lange, H. Cohen, Paul Natorp, and others.
Neo-Lamarckism Ne`o-La·marck"ism noun (Biol.) Lamarckism as revived, modified, and expounded by recent biologists, esp. as maintaining that the offspring inherits characters acquired by the parent from change of environment, use or disuse of parts, etc.; -- opposed of Neo-Darwinism (which see, above). -- Ne`o-La*marck"i*an , adjective & noun
Neo-Latin Ne`o-Lat"in adjective [ Neo- + Latin .] Applied to the Romance languages, as being mostly of Latin origin.
Neo-Malthusian Ne`o-Mal·thu"sian adjective Designating, or pertaining to, a group of modern economists who hold to the Malthusianism doctrine that permanent betterment of the general standard of living is impossible without decrease of competition by limitation of the number of births. -- Ne`o- Mal*thu"sian , Ne`o-Mal*thu"sian*ism , noun
Neo-Scholastic Ne`o-Scho·las"tic adjective Of or pert. to Neo-Scholasticism.
Neo-Scholasticism Ne`o-Scho·las"ti·cism noun The modern revival of the Scholastic philosophy, esp. of that of Thomas Aquinas, with critical revision to suit the exigencies of the general advance in learning. The Neo-Scholastic movement received a great impetus from Leo XIII.'s interest in it.
Neocarida Ne`o·car"i·da noun plural [ New Latin , from Greek ... new + ..., ..., a kind of crustacean.] (Zoology) The modern, or true, Crustacea, as distinguished from the Merostomata.
Neocene Ne"o·cene adjective [ Neo- + Greek ... new.] (Geol.) More recent than the Eocene, that is, including both the Miocene and Pliocene divisions of the Tertiary.
Neoclassic Ne`o·clas"sic adjective [ Neo- + classic .] Belonging to, or designating, the modern revival of classical, esp. Greco-Roman, taste and manner of work in architecture, etc.
Neoclassic architecture Neoclassic architecture All that architecture which, since the beginning of the Italian Renaissance, about 1420, has been designed with deliberate imitation of Greco-Roman buildings.
Neocomian Ne`o·co"mi·an noun [ From Neocomium , the Latin name of Neuchatel, in Switzerland, where these rocks occur.] (Geol.) A term applied to the lowest deposits of the Cretaceous or chalk formation of Europe, being the lower greensand.
Neocomian Ne`o·co"mi·an adjective (Geol.) Of or pertaining to the lower greensand.
Neocosmic Ne`o·cos"mic adjective [ Neo- + cosmic .] Of or pertaining to the universe in its present state; specifically, pertaining to the races of men known to history.
Neocracy Ne·oc"ra·cy noun [ Neo- + - cracy , as in aristocracy .] Government by new or inexperienced hands; upstart rule; raw or untried officials.
Neocriticism Ne`o·crit"i·cism noun [ Neo- + classicism .] The form of Neo-Kantianism developed by French idealists, following C. Renouvier. It rejects the noumena of Kant, restricting knowledge to phenomena as constituted by a priori categories.
Neodamode Ne·od"a·mode noun [ Greek ...; ... new + ..., dh`mos , the people + ... shape.] In ancient Sparta, one of those Helots who were freed by the state in reward for military service. Milford.
Neodymium Ne`o·dym"i·um noun [ New Latin Dee Neo- , and Didymium .] (Chemistry) An elementary substance which forms one of the constituents of didymium. Symbol Nd. Atomic weight 140.8.
Neodymium Ne`o·dym"i·um noun [ New Latin See Neo- , Didymium .] (Chemistry) A rare metallic element occurring in combination with cerium, lanthanum, and other rare metals, and forming amethyst-colored salts. It was separated in 1885 by von Welsbach from praseodymium, the two having previously been regarded as a single element (didymium). It is chiefly trivalent. Symbol Nd; at. wt. 144.3.
Neogamist Ne·og"a·mist noun [ Greek ... newly married.] A person recently married.
Neogen Ne"o·gen noun [ Neo- + - gen .] (Chemistry) An alloy resembling silver, and consisting chiefly of copper, zinc, and nickel, with small proportions of tin, aluminium, and bismuth. Ure.
Neogrammarian Ne`o·gram·ma"ri·an noun [ Neo- + grammarian ; a translation of German junggrammatiker .] One of a group of philologists who apply phonetic laws more widely and strictly than was formerly done, and who maintain that these laws admit of no real exceptions. -- Ne`o*gram*mat"ic*al adjective
Neography Ne·og"ra·phy noun [ Neo- + -graphy .] A new method or system of writing.
Neogæan Ne`o·gæ"an adjective [ Neo- + Greek ... earth.] (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the New World, or Western Hemisphere.
Neoimpressionism Ne`o·im·pres"sion·ism noun (Painting) A theory or practice which is a further development, on more rigorously scientific lines, of the theory and practice of Impressionism, originated by George Seurat (1859-91), and carried on by Paul Signac (1863- -) and others. Its method is marked by the laying of pure primary colors in minute dots upon a white ground, any given line being produced by a variation in the proportionate quantity of the primary colors employed. This method is also known as Pointillism (stippling).
Neolithic Ne`o·lith"ic adjective
.] (Archæol. & Geol.) Of or pertaining to, or designating, an era characterized by late remains in stone.
The Neolithic era includes the latter half of the "Stone age;" the human relics which belong to it are associated with the remains of animals not yet extinct. The kitchen middens of Denmark, the lake dwellings of Switzerland, and the stockaded islands, or "crannogs," of the British Isles, belong to this era. Lubbock.