Webster's Dictionary, 1913
; plural Necropolises
. [ New Latin , from Greek ...; ... a dead body, adj., dead + ... city.] A city of the dead; a name given by the ancients to their cemeteries, and sometimes applied to modern burial places; a graveyard.
[ Greek ... a dead body + ... sight: confer French nécropsie
.] (Medicine) A post-mortem examination or inspection; an autopsy. See Autopsy .
Necroscopic, Necroscopical adjective [ Greek ... a dead body + -scope .] Or or relating to post-mortem examinations.
Necrose transitive verb & i. (Medicine) To affect with necrosis; to undergo necrosis. Quain.
Necrosed adjective (Medicine) Affected by necrosis; dead; as, a necrosed bone. Dunglison.
[ New Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to make dead, to mortify, ... a dead body.] 1. (med.) Mortification or gangrene of bone, or the death of a bone or portion of a bone in mass, as opposed to its death by molecular disintegration. See Caries . 2. (Botany) A disease of trees, in which the branches gradually dry up from the bark to the center.
Necrotic adjective (Medicine) Affected with necrosis; as, necrotic tissue; characterized by, or producing, necrosis; as, a necrotic process.
Necrotomy noun [ Greek ... dead person + ... to cut.] (Medicine) The dissection of dead bodies; also, excision of necrosed bone. -- Nec`ro*tom"ic adjective -- Nec*rot"o*mist noun
Nectar noun [ Latin , from Greek ....]
1. (Myth. & Poetic) The drink of the gods (as ambrosia was their food); hence, any delicious or inspiring beverage. 2. (Botany) A sweetish secretion of blossoms from which bees make honey.
1. Nectareous. 2. (Botany) Of or pertaining to a nectary.
Nectarean adjective [ Latin nectareus : confer French nectaréen .] Resembling nectar; very sweet and pleasant. " nectarean juice." Talfourd.
Nectared adjective Imbued with nectar; mingled with nectar; abounding with nectar. Milton.
Nectareous adjective Of, pertaining to, containing, or resembling nectar; delicious; nectarean. Pope. -- Nec*ta"re*ous*ly , adverb -- Nec*ta"re*ous*ness , noun
Nectarial adjective Of or pertaining to the nectary of a plant.
Nectaried adjective Having a nectary.
Nectariferous adjective [ Latin nectar nectar + -ferous : confer French nectarifère .] (Botany) Secreting nectar; -- said of blossoms or their parts.
Nectarine adjective Nectareous. [ R.] Milton.
[ Confer French nectarine
. See Nectar
.] (Botany) A smooth- skinned variety of peach. Spanish nectarine
, the plumlike fruit of the West Indian tree Chrysobalanus Icaco ; -- also called cocoa plum . it is made into a sweet conserve which a largely exported from Cuba.
Nectarize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Nectarized
; present participle & verbal noun Nectarizing
.] To mingle or infuse with nectar; to sweeten.
[ Obsolete] Cockeram.
Nectarous adjective Nectareous. Milton.
; plural Nectaries
. [ From Nectar
: confer French nectaire
.] (Botany) That part of a blossom which secretes nectar, usually the base of the corolla or petals; also, the spur of such flowers as the larkspur and columbine, whether nectariferous or not. See the Illustration of Nasturtium .
; plural Nectocalyces
. [ New Latin , from Greek ... swimming + ... a calyx.] (Zoology) (a) The swimming bell or umbrella of a jellyfish of medusa. (b) One of the zooids of certain Siphonophora, having somewhat the form, and the essential structure, of the bell of a jellyfish, and acting as a swimming organ.
Nectosac, Nectosack noun [ Greek ... swimming + English sac , sack .] (Zoology) The cavity of a nectocalyx.
Nectostem noun [ Greek ... swimming + English stem .] (Zoology) That portion of the axis which bears the nectocalyces in the Siphonophora.
[ See Adder
.] (Zoology) An adder.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Chaucer.
; plural Neddies (Zoology) A pet name for a donkey.
Nee past participle , fem.
[ French, from Latin nata
, fem. of natus
, past participle of nasci
to be born. See Nation
.] Born; -- a term sometimes used in introducing the name of the family to which a married woman belongs by birth; as, Madame de Staël, née Necker.
[ Middle English need
, Anglo-Saxon neád
; akin to Dutch nood
, German not
, Icelandic nauðr
, Swedish & Danish nöd
, Goth. naups
.] 1. A state that requires supply or relief; pressing occasion for something; necessity; urgent want.
And the city had no need of the sun. Rev. xxi. 23.
I have no need to beg. Shak.
Be governed by your needs , not by your fancy. Jer. Taylor. 2. Want of the means of subsistence; poverty; indigence; destitution. Chaucer.
Famine is in thy cheeks; Shak. 3. That which is needful; anything necessary to be done; ( plural ) necessary things; business.
Need and oppression starveth in thine eyes.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 4. Situation of need; peril; danger.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. Syn.
-- Exigency; emergency; strait; extremity; necessity; distress; destitution; poverty; indigence; want; penury. -- Need
is stronger than need
; it places us under positive compulsion. We are frequently under the necessity
of going without that of which we stand very greatly in need
. It is also with the corresponding adjectives; necessitous
circumstances imply the direct pressure of suffering; needy
circumstances, the want of aid or relief.
Need transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Needed
; present participle & verbal noun Needing
.] [ See Need
Confer Anglo-Saxon n...dan
to force, Goth. nau...jan
.] To be in want of; to have cause or occasion for; to lack; to require, as supply or relief.
Other creatures all day long Milton.
Rove idle, unemployed, and less need rest.
» With another verb, need
is used like an auxiliary, generally in a negative sentence expressing requirement or obligation, and in this use it undergoes no change of termination in the third person singular of the present tense. "And the lender need
not fear he shall be injured." Anacharsis (Trans. ).
Need intransitive verb To be wanted; to be necessary. Chaucer.
When we have done it, we have done all that is in our power, and all that needs . Locke.
Need adverb Of necessity. See Needs .
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Needer noun One who needs anything. Shak.
Needful adjective 1. Full of need; in need or want; needy; distressing.
[ Archaic] Chaucer.
The needful time of trouble. Bk. of Com. Prayer. 2. Necessary for supply or relief; requisite.
All things needful for defense abound. Dryden.
[ From Needy
.] In a needy condition or manner; necessarily. Chaucer.
Neediness noun The state or quality of being needy; want; poverty; indigence.
[ Middle English nedle
, Anglo-Saxon n...dl
; akin to Dutch neald
, Old Saxon nādla
, German nadel
, Old High German nādal
, Icelandic nāl
, Swedish nål
, Danish naal
, and also to German nähen
to sew, Old High German nājan
, Latin nere
to spin, Greek ..., and perhaps to English snare
: confer Gael. & Ir. snathad
needle, Gael. snath
thread, German schnur
string, cord.] 1. A small instrument of steel, sharply pointed at one end, with an eye to receive a thread, -- used in sewing. Chaucer.
» In some needles(as for sewing machines) the eye is at the pointed end, but in ordinary needles it is at the blunt end. 2. See Magnetic needle , under Magnetic . 3. A slender rod or wire used in knitting; a knitting needle; also, a hooked instrument which carries the thread or twine, and by means of which knots or loops are formed in the process of netting, knitting, or crocheting. 4. (Botany) One of the needle-shaped secondary leaves of pine trees. See Pinus . 5. Any slender, pointed object, like a needle, as a pointed crystal, a sharp pinnacle of rock, an obelisk, etc. Dipping needle
. See under Dipping .
-- Needle bar
, the reciprocating bar to which the needle of a sewing machine is attached.
-- Needle beam (Architecture)
, to shoring, the horizontal cross timber which goes through the wall or a pier, and upon which the weight of the wall rests, when a building is shored up to allow of alterations in the lower part.
-- Needle furze (Botany)
, a prickly leguminous plant of Western Europe; the petty whin ( Genista Anglica ).
-- Needle gun
, a firearm loaded at the breech with a cartridge carrying its own fulminate, which is exploded by driving a slender needle, or pin, into it.
-- Needle loom (Weaving)
, a loom in which the weft thread is carried through the shed by a long eye- pointed needle instead of by a shuttle.
-- Needle ore (Min.)
, acicular bismuth; a sulphide of bismuth, lead, and copper occuring in acicular crystals; -- called also aikinite .
-- Needle shell (Zoology)
, a sea urchin.
-- Needle spar (Min.)
-- Needle telegraph
, a telegraph in which the signals are given by the deflections of a magnetic needle to the right or to the left of a certain position.
-- Sea needle (Zoology)
, the garfish.
Needle transitive verb To form in the shape of a needle; as, to needle crystals.
Needle intransitive verb To form needles; to crystallize in the form of needles.
Needle-pointed adjective Pointed as needles.
Needlebook noun A book- shaped needlecase, having leaves of cloth into which the needles are stuck.
Needlecase noun A case to keep needles.
Needlefish noun (Zoology) (a) The European great pipefish ( Siphostoma, or Syngnathus, acus ); -- called also earl , and tanglefish . (b) The garfish.
; plural needlefuls As much thread as is used in a needle at one time.
Needler noun One who makes or uses needles; also, a dealer in needles. Piers Plowman.
Needless adjective 1. Having no need.
Weeping into the needless stream. Shak. 2. Not wanted; unnecessary; not requisite; as, needless labor; needless expenses. 3. Without sufficient cause; groundless; causeless.
Needlestone noun (Min.) Natrolite; -- called also needle zeolite .
; plural Needlewomen A woman who does needlework; a seamstress.
1. Work executed with a needle; sewed work; sewing; embroidery; also, the business of a seamstress. 2. The combination of timber and plaster making the outside framework of some houses.
Needly adjective Like a needle or needles; as, a needly horn; a needly beard. R. D. Blackmore.
[ Anglo-Saxon nȳdlice
. See Need
.] Necessarily; of necessity.
[ Obsolete] hak.