Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin nasturtium
, for nasitortium
, from nasus
nose + torquere
, to twist, torture, in allusion to the causing one to make a wry face by its pungent taste. See Nose
of the face, and Torture
.] 1. (Botany) A genus of cruciferous plants, having white or yellowish flowers, including several species of cress. They are found chiefly in wet or damp grounds, and have a pungent biting taste. 2. (Botany) Any plant of the genus Tropæolum , geraniaceous herbs, having mostly climbing stems, peltate leaves, and spurred flowers, and including the common Indian cress ( Tropæolum majus ), the canary-bird flower ( T. peregrinum ), and about thirty more species, all natives of South America. The whole plant has a warm pungent flavor, and the fleshy fruits are used as a substitute for capers, while the leaves and flowers are sometimes used in salads.
[ Compar. Nastier
; superl. Nastiest
.] [ For older nasky
; confer dial. Swedish naskug
.] 1. Offensively filthy; very dirty, foul, or defiled; disgusting; nauseous. 2. Hence, loosely: Offensive; disagreeable; unpropitious; wet; drizzling; as, a nasty rain, day, sky. 3. Characterized by obscenity; indecent; indelicate; gross; filthy. Syn.
. Anything nasty
is usually wet or damp as well as filthy or dirty, and disgusts by its stickiness or odor; but filthy
imply that a thing is filled or covered with offensive matter, while dirty
describes it as defiled or sullied with dirt of any kind; as, filthy
Nasute adjective [ Latin nasutus , from nasus the nose.]
1. Having a nice sense of smell. [ Obsolete] Evelyn. 2. Critically nice; captious. [ Obsolete] auden.
Nasutness noun Quickness of scent; hence, nice discernment; acuteness. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
Nat adverb Not. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Nat [ For ne at .] Not at; nor at. [ Obsolete] haucer.
[ Latin natalis
, from natus
, past participle of nasci
to be born: confer French natal
. See Nation
, and confer Noel
.] 1. Of or pertaining to one's birth; accompying or dating from one's birth; native.
Princes' children took names from their natal places. Camden.
Propitious star, whose sacred power Prior. 2. (Actrol.) Presiding over nativity; as, natal Jove. Syn.
Presided o'er the monarch's natal hour.
-- Native, natural. See Native
Natal plum (Botany) The drupaceous fruit of two South African shrubs of the genus Arduina ( A. bispinosa and A. grandiflora ).
Natalitial, Natalitious adjective
[ Latin natalitius
, from natalis
. See Natal
.] Of or pertaining to one's birth or birthday, or one's nativity.
[ Obsolete] " Natalitial
fire." W. Cartwright.
[ From Natal alo
es.] (Chemistry) A bitter crystalline substance constituting the essential principle of Natal aloes. Confer Aloon .
Natals noun plural One's birth, or the circumstances attending it. [ Obsolete] Fitz- Geffry.
Natant adjective [ Latin natans , - antis , from swim, v. intens. from nare to swim: confer French natant .]
1. (Botany) Floating in water, as the leaves of water lilies, or submersed, as those of many aquatic plants. 2. (Her.) Placed horizontally across the field, as if swimming toward the dexter side; said of all sorts of fishes except the flying fish.
Natantly adverb In a floating manner; swimmingly.
[ Latin natatio
, from natare
to swim: confer French natation
. See Natant
.] The act of floating on the water; swimming. Sir T. Browne.
Natatores noun plural [ Latin natator a swimmer.] (Zoology) The swimming birds. » They were formerly united into one order, which is now considered an artificial group.
Natatorial adjective Inclined or adapted to swim; swimming; as, natatorial birds.
Natatorious adjective (Zoology) Adapted for swimming; -- said of the legs of certain insects.
Natatorium noun [ Latin ] A swimming bath.
Natatory adjective [ Latin natatorius .] Adapted for swimming or floating; as, natatory organs.
[ Old French nache
fesse, Late Latin natica
, from Latin natis
the rump, buttocks. Confer Aitchbone
.] The rump of beef; esp., the lower and back part of the rump. Natch bone
, the edgebone, or aitchbone, in beef.
Natchez noun plural (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who formerly lived near the site of the city of Natchez, Mississippi. In 1729 they were subdued by the French; the survivors joined the Creek Confederacy.
Natchnee noun (Botany) An annual grass ( Eleusine coracona ), cultivated in India as a food plant.
Nates noun plural [ Latin , the buttocks.]
1. (Anat.) (a) The buttocks. (b) The two anterior of the four lobes on the dorsal side of the midbrain of most mammals; the anterior optic lobes. 2. (Zoology) The umbones of a bivalve shell.
Nath [ Contr. from ne hath ,] hath not. [ Obsolete]
[ Middle English natheles
, na the les
, not the less, Anglo-Saxon nā
never. See Na
, and confer Nevertheless
[ Archaic] Chaucer. Milton. E. Arnold.
Nathmore adverb [ Middle English na the more .] Not the more; never the more. [ Obsolete] penser.
; plural Naticas
(- sē). (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of marine gastropods belonging to Natica , Lunatia , Neverita , and other allied genera (family Naticidæ .) They burrow beneath the sand, or mud, and drill other shells.
Naticoid adjective [ Natica + -oid .] (Zoology) Like or belonging to Natica, or the family Naticidæ .
[ French nation
, Latin natio
nation, race, orig., a being born, from natus
, past participle of nasci
, to be born, for gnatus
, from the same root as English kin
. √44. See Kin
kindred, and confer Cognate
.] 1. (Ethnol.) A part, or division, of the people of the earth, distinguished from the rest by common descent, language, or institutions; a race; a stock.
All nations , and kindreds, and people, and tongues. Rev. vii. 9. 2. The body of inhabitants of a country, united under an independent government of their own.
A nation is the unity of a people. Coleridge.
Praise the power that hath made and preserved us a nation . F. S. Key. 3. Family; lineage.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer. 4. (a) One of the divisions of university students in a classification according to nativity, formerly common in Europe. (b) (Scotch Universities) One of the four divisions (named from the parts of Scotland) in which students were classified according to their nativity. 5. A great number; a great deal; -- by way of emphasis; as, a nation of herbs. Sterne. Five nations
. See under Five .
-- Law of nations
. See International law , under International , and Law . Syn.
-- people; race. See People
[ Confer French national
.] 1. Of or pertaining to a nation; common to a whole people or race; public; general; as, a national government, language, dress, custom, calamity, etc. 2. Attached to one's own country or nation. National anthem
, a popular song or hymn which has become by general acceptance the recognized musical expression of the patriotic sentiment of a nation; as, "God save the King" is called the national anthem of England.
-- National bank
, the official common name of a class of banking corporations established under the laws of the United States.
-- National flag
. See under Flag .
-- National guard
, a body of militia, or a local military organization, as in Paris during the French Revolution, or as certain bodies of militia in other European countries and in the United States.
-- National salute
, a salute consisting of as many guns as there are States in the Union.
1. The state of being national; national attachment; nationality. 2. An idiom, trait, or character peculiar to any nation. 3. National independence; the principles of the Nationalists.
Nationalist noun One who advocates national unity and independence; one of a party favoring Irish independence.
; plural Nationalities
. [ Confer French nationalité
.] 1. The quality of being national, or strongly attached to one's own nation; patriotism. 2. The sum of the qualities which distinguish a nation; national character. 3. A race or people, as determined by common language and character, and not by political bias or divisions; a nation.
the fulfillment of his mission is to be looked for in the condition of nationalities and the character of peoples. H. W. Beecher. 4. Existence as a distinct or individual nation; national unity and integrity. 5. The state or quality of belonging to or being connected with a nation or government by nativity, character, ownership, allegiance, etc.
Nationalization noun The act of nationalizing, or the state of being nationalized.
Nationalize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Nationalized
; present participle & verbal noun Nationalizing
.] [ Confer French nationaliser
.] To make national; to make a nation of; to endow with the character and habits of a nation, or the peculiar sentiments and attachment of citizens of a nation.
Nationally adverb In a national manner or way; as a nation. "The jews . . . being nationally espoused to God by covenant." South.
Nationalness noun The quality or state of being national; nationality. Johnson.
[ G.] (Switzerland) See Legislature .
[ French natif
, Latin nativus
, from nasci
, past participle natus
. See Nation
, and confer Naïve
a serf.] 1. Arising by birth; having an origin; born.
Anaximander's opinion is, that the gods are native , rising and vanishing again in long periods of times. Cudworth. 2. Of or pertaining to one's birth; natal; belonging to the place or the circumstances in which one is born; -- opposed to foreign ; as, native land, language, color, etc. 3. Born in the region in which one lives; as, a native inhabitant, race; grown or originating in the region where used or sold; not foreign or imported; as, native oysters, or strawberries. 4. Original; constituting the original substance of anything; as, native dust. Milton. 5. Conferred by birth; derived from origin; born with one; inherent; inborn; not acquired; as, native genius, cheerfulness, simplicity, rights, etc.
Courage is native to you. Jowett (Thucyd. ). 6. Naturally related; cognate; connected (with).
the head is not more native to the heart, . . . Shak. 7. (Min.) (a) Found in nature uncombined with other elements; as, native silver. (b) Found in nature; not artificial; as native sodium chloride. Native American party
Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father.
. See under American , adjective
-- Native bear (Zoology)
, the koala.
-- Native bread (Botany)
, a large underground fungus, of Australia ( Mylitta australis ), somewhat resembling a truffle, but much larger.
-- Native devil
. (Zoology) Same as Tasmanian devil , under Devil .
-- Native hen (Zoology)
, an Australian rail ( Tribonyx Mortierii ).
-- Native pheasant
. (Zoology) See Leipoa .
-- Native rabbit (Zoology)
, an Australian marsupial ( Perameles lagotis ) resembling a rabbit in size and form.
-- Native sloth (Zoology)
, the koala.
-- Native thrush (Zoology)
, an Australian singing bird ( Pachycephala olivacea ); -- called also thickhead .
-- Native turkey (Zoology)
, the Australian bustard ( Choriotis australis ); -- called also bebilya . Syn.
-- Natural; natal; original; congential. -- Native
refers to the nature
of a thing, or that which springs therefrom; native
, to one's birth or origin; as, a native
country, language, etc.; natal
, to the circumstances of one's birth; as, a natal
day, or star. Native
talent is that which is inborn; natural
talent is that which springs from the structure of the mind. Native
eloquence is the result of strong innate emotion; natural
eloquence is opposed to that which is studied or artificial.
1. One who, or that which, is born in a place or country referred to; a denizen by birth; an animal, a fruit, or vegetable, produced in a certain region; as, a native of France. 2. (Stock Breeding) Any of the live stock found in a region, as distinguished from such as belong to pure and distinct imported breeds. [ U.S.]
Native steel A sort of steel which has been found where a burning coal seam had reduced and carbonized adjacent iron ore.
Natively adverb By natural or original condition; naturally; originally.
Nativeness noun The quality or state of being native.
1. The disposition to favor the native inhabitants of a country, in preference to immigrants from foreign countries. 2. (Philos.) The doctrine of innate ideas, or that the mind possesses forms of thought independent of sensation.
Nativist noun An advocate of nativism.
Nativistic adjective Relating to nativism.
; plural Nativies
. [ French nativité
, Latin nativitas
. See Native
, and confer NaïvetÉ
.] 1. The coming into life or into the world; birth; also, the circumstances attending birth, as time, place, manner, etc. Chaucer.
I have served him from the hour of my nativity . Shak.
Thou hast left . . . the land of thy nativity . Ruth ii. 11.
These in their dark nativity the deep Milton. 2. (Fine Arts) A picture representing or symbolizing the early infancy of Christ. The simplest form is the babe in a rude cradle, and the heads of an ox and an ass to express the stable in which he was born. 3. (Astrol.) A representation of the positions of the heavenly bodies as the moment of one's birth, supposed to indicate his future destinies; a horoscope. The Nativity
Shall yield us, pregnant with infernal flame.
, the birth or birthday of Christ; Christmas day.
-- To cast, or calculate
, one's nativity (Astrol.)
, to find out and represent the position of the heavenly bodies at the time of one's birth.
Natka adjective (Zoology) A species of shrike.
[ New Latin See Natron
.] (Chemistry) The technical name for sodium.