Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Anglo-Saxon nacod
; akin to Dutch naakt
, German nackt
, Old High German nacchot
, Icelandic nökviðr
, Swedish naken
, Danish nögen
, Goth. naqaþs
, Lithuanian nůgas
, Russian nagii
, Latin nudus
, Sanskrit nagna
. √266. Confer Nude
.] 1. Having no clothes on; uncovered; nude; bare; as, a naked body; a naked limb; a naked sword. 2. Having no means of defense or protection; open; unarmed; defenseless.
Thy power is full naked . Chaucer.
Behold my bosom naked to your swords. Addison. 3. Unprovided with needful or desirable accessories, means of sustenance, etc.; destitute; unaided; bare.
Patriots who had exposed themselves for the public, and whom they say now left naked . Milton. 4. Without addition, exaggeration, or excuses; not concealed or disguised; open to view; manifest; plain.
The truth appears so naked on my side, That any purblind eye may find it out. Shak.
All things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we to do. Hebrew iv. 13. 5. Mere; simple; plain.
The very naked name of love. Shak. 6. (Botany) Without pubescence; as, a naked leaf or stem; bare, or not covered by the customary parts, as a flower without a perianth, a stem without leaves, seeds without a pericarp, buds without bud scales. 7. (Mus.) Not having the full complement of tones; -- said of a chord of only two tones, which requires a third tone to be sounded with them to make the combination pleasing to the ear; as, a naked fourth or fifth. Naked bed
, a bed the occupant of which is naked, no night linen being worn in ancient times. Shak.
-- Naked eye
, the eye alone, unaided by glasses, or by telescope, microscope, or the like.
-- Naked-eyed medusa
. (Zoology) See Hydromedusa .
-- Naked flooring (Carp.)
, the timberwork which supports a floor. Gwilt.
-- Naked mollusk (Zoology)
, a nudibranch.
-- Naked wood (Botany)
, a large rhamnaceous tree ( Colibrina reclinata ) of Southern Florida and the West Indies, having a hard and heavy heartwood, which takes a fine polish. C. S. Sargent. Syn.
-- Nude; bare; denuded; uncovered; unclothed; exposed; unarmed; plain; defenseless.
Nakedly adverb In a naked manner; without covering or disguise; manifestly; simply; barely.
Nakedness noun 1. The condition of being naked. 2. (Script.) The privy parts; the genitals.
Ham . . . saw the nakedness of his father. Gen. ix. 22.
Naker noun (Zoology) Same as Nacre .
Naker noun [ Middle English nakere , French nakaire , Late Latin nacara , Persian naqāret .] A kind of kettledrum. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Nakoo noun [ From the native name.] (Zoology) The gavial. [ Written also nako .]
[ A corrupt form arising from the older "at þe n ale
" at the nale.] Ale; also, an alehouse.
Great feasts at the nale . Chaucer.
[ Either from Icelandic nāl
); or from awl
, like newt
.] An awl.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Tusser.
Nam [ Contr. from ne am .] Am not. [ Obsolete]
obsolete imperfect of Nim . Chaucer.
Namable adjective Capable of being named.
Namation noun [ Late Latin namare to take; confer Anglo-Saxon niman to take.] (O. Eng. & Scots Law) A distraining or levying of a distress; an impounding. Burrill.
Namaycush noun [ Indian name.] (Zool.) A large North American lake trout ( Salvelinus namaycush ). It is usually spotted with red, and sometimes weighs over forty pounds. Called also Mackinaw trout , lake trout , lake salmon , salmon trout , togue , and tuladi .
Namby-pamby noun [ From Ambrose Phillips , in ridicule of the extreme simplicity of some of his verses.] Talk or writing which is weakly sentimental or affectedly pretty. Macaulay.
Namby-pamby adjective Affectedly pretty; weakly sentimental; finical; insipid. Thackeray.
Namby-pamby madrigals of love. W. Gifford.
[ Anglo-Saxon nama
; akin to Dutch naam
, Old Saxon & Old High German namo
, German name
, Icelandic nafn
, for namn
, Danish navn
, Swedish namn
, Goth. namō
, Latin nomen
(perh. influenced by noscere
, to learn to know), Greek 'o`mona
, Scr. nāman
. √267. Confer Anonymous
.] 1. The title by which any person or thing is known or designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of an individual or a class.
Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof. Gen. ii. 19.
What's in a name ? That which we call a rose Shak. 2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person or thing, on account of a character or acts.
By any other name would smell as sweet.
His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Is. ix. 6. 3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation; fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable estimation; distinction.
What men of name resort to him? Shak.
Far above . . . every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come. Eph. i. 21.
I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. 1 Macc. iii. 14.
He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin. Deut. xxii. 19.
The king's army . . . had left no good name behind. Clarendon. 4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his name , came every day to pay their feigned civilities. Motley. 5. A person, an individual.
They list with women each degenerate name . Dryden. Christian name
. (a) The name a person receives at baptism, as distinguished from surname ; baptismal name
. (b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.
-- Given name
. See under Given .
-- In name
, in profession, or by title only; not in reality; as, a friend in name .
-- In the name of
. (a) In behalf of; by the authority of.
" I charge you in the duke's name
to obey me." Shak. (b) In the represented or assumed character of.
"I'll to him again in name of
-- Name plate
, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.
-- Pen name
, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or nom de plume. Bayard Taylor.
-- Proper name (Gram.)
, a name applied to a particular person, place, or thing.
-- To call names
, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by reproachful appellations.
-- To take a name in vain
, to use a name lightly or profanely; to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. Ex. xx. 7. Syn.
-- Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination; epithet. -- Name
is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or letters by which a person or thing is known and distinguished. Appellation
, although sometimes put for name
simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive term
, used by way of marking some individual peculiarity or characteristic; as, Charles the Bold
, Philip the Stammerer
. A title
is a term employed to point out one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke
of Bedford, Paul the Apostle
, etc. Denomination
is to particular bodies what appellation
is to individuals; thus, the church of Christ is divided into different denominations
, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, etc.
Name transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Named
; present participle & verbal noun Naming
.] [ Anglo-Saxon namian
. See Name
] 1. To give a distinctive name or appellation to; to entitle; to denominate; to style; to call.
She named the child Ichabod. 1 Sam. iv. 21.
Thus was the building left Milton. 2. To mention by name; to utter or publish the name of; to refer to by distinctive title; to mention.
Ridiculous, and the work Confusion named .
None named thee but to praise. Halleck.
Old Yew, which graspest at the stones Tennyson. 3. To designate by name or specifically for any purpose; to nominate; to specify; to appoint; as, to name a day for the wedding.
That name the underlying dead.
Whom late you have named for consul. Shak. 4. (House of Commons) To designate (a member) by name, as the Speaker does by way of reprimand. Syn.
-- To denominate; style; term; call; mention; specify; designate; nominate.
Nameless adjective 1. Without a name; not having been given a name; as, a nameless star. Waller. 2. Undistinguished; not noted or famous.
A nameless dwelling and an unknown name. Harte. 3. Not known or mentioned by name; anonymous; as, a nameless writer.
pens." Atterbury. 4. Unnamable; indescribable; inexpressible.
But what it is, that is not yet known; what Shak.
I can not name; ...t is nameless woe,I wot.
I have a nameless horror of the man. Hawthorne.
Namelessly adverb In a nameless manner.
Namely adverb 1. By name; by particular mention; specifically; especially; expressly.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
The solitariness of man . . . God hath namely and principally ordered to prevent by marriage. Milton. 2. That is to say; to wit; videlicet; -- introducing a particular or specific designation.
For the excellency of the soul, namely , its power of divining dreams; that several such divinations have been made, none ...an question. Addison.
Namer noun One who names, or calls by name.
Namesake noun [ For name's sake ; i. e. , one named for the sake of another's name.] One that has the same name as another; especially, one called after, or named out of regard to, another.
Namo adverb No more. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Nan interj. [ For anan .] Anan. [ Prov. Eng.]
Nandine noun [ Native name.] (Zoology) An African carnivore ( Nandinia binotata ), allied to the civets. It is spotted with black.
Nandou, Nandu noun
[ Braz. nhandu
.] (Zoology) Any one of three species of South American ostriches of the genera Rhea and Pterocnemia . See Rhea .
[ Written also nandow
Nanism noun [ Greek ... + -ism : confer French nanisme .] The condition of being abnormally small in stature; dwarfishness; -- opposed to gigantism .
Nankeen noun [ So called from its being originally manufactured at Nankin , in China.] [ Written also nankin .] Nankeen bird (Zoology) , the Australian night heron ( Nycticorax Caledonicus ); -- called also quaker .
1. A species of cloth, of a firm texture, originally brought from China, made of a species of cotton ( Gossypium religiosum ) that is naturally of a brownish yellow color quite indestructible and permanent. 2. An imitation of this cloth by artificial coloring. 3. plural Trousers made of nankeen. Ld. Lytton.
Nanny noun A diminutive of Ann or Anne , the proper name. Nanny goat , a female goat. [ Colloq.]
Nanpie noun (Zoology) The magpie.
[ New Latin , from Greek ............ a temple, the cella.] (Architecture) A term used by modern archæologists instead of cella . See Cella .
Nap intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Napped
; present participle & verbal noun Napping
.] [ Middle English nappen
, Anglo-Saxon hnæppian
to take a nap, to slumber; confer Anglo-Saxon hnipian
to bend one's self, Icelandic hnipna
, to droop.] 1. To have a short sleep; to be drowsy; to doze. Chaucer. 2. To be in a careless, secure state. Wyclif.
I took thee napping , unprepared. Hudibras.
Nap noun A short sleep; a doze; a siesta. Cowper.
Nap noun [ Middle English noppe , Anglo-Saxon hnoppa ; akin to Dutch nop , Danish noppe , LG. nobbe .]
1. Woolly or villous surface of felt, cloth, plants, etc.; an external covering of down, of short fine hairs or fibers forming part of the substance of anything, and lying smoothly in one direction; the pile; -- as, the nap of cotton flannel or of broadcloth. 2. plural The loops which are cut to make the pile, in velvet. Knight.
Nap transitive verb To raise, or put, a nap on.
Nape noun [ Perh. akin to knap a knop.] The back part of the neck. Spenser.
Nape-crest noun (Zoology) An African bird of the genus Schizorhis , related to the plantain eaters.
; plural Naperies
. [ Old French naperie
, from nape
a tablecloth, French nappe
, Late Latin napa
, from Latin mappa
. See Map
, and confer Apron
.] Table linen; also, linen clothing, or linen in general.
[ Obsolete] Gayton.
Napha water [ Spanish nafa , from Arabic napha odor.] A perfume distilled from orange flowers.
Naphew noun (Botany) See Navew .
[ Latin naphtha
, Greek ..............., from Arabic nafth
.] 1. (Chemistry) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called crude petroleum , mineral oil , or rock oil . Specifically: That portion of the distillate obtained in the refinement of petroleum which is intermediate between the lighter gasoline and the heavier benzine, and has a specific gravity of about 0.7, -- used as a solvent for varnishes, as a carburetant, illuminant, etc. 2. (Chemistry) One of several volatile inflammable liquids obtained by the distillation of certain carbonaceous materials and resembling the naphtha from petroleum; as, Boghead naphtha , from Boghead coal (obtained at Boghead , Scotland); crude naphtha , or light oil , from coal tar; wood naphtha , from wood, etc.
» This term was applied by the earlier chemical writers to a number of volatile, strong smelling, inflammable liquids, chiefly belonging to the ethers, as the sulphate, nitrate, or acetate of ethyl. Watts. Naphtha vitrioli
[ New Latin , naphtha of vitriol] (Old Chem.)
, common ethyl ether; -- formerly called sulphuric ether . See Ether .
Naphthalate noun (Chemistry) A salt of naphthalic acid; a phthalate. [ Obsolete]
Naphthalene noun (Chemistry) A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, C 10 H 8 , analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a large number of derivatives among organic compounds. Formerly called also naphthaline . Naphthalene red (Chemistry) , a dyestuff obtained from certain diazo derivatives of naphthylamine, and called also magdala red . -- Naphthalene yellow (Chemistry) , a yellow dyestuff obtained from certain nitro derivatives of naphthol.
Naphthalenic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to , or derived from, naphthalene; -- used specifically to designate a yellow crystalline substance, called naphthalenic acid and also hydroxy quinone , and obtained from certain derivatives of naphthol.
Naphthalic adjective (Chemistry) (a) Pertaining to, derived from, or related to, naphthalene; -- used specifically to denote any one of a series of acids derived from naphthalene, and called naphthalene acids . (b) Formerly, designating an acid probably identical with phthalic acid.
+ tolu idine
.] (Chemistry) Same as Naphthylamine .
Naphthalin, Naphthaline noun
[ French naphthaline
.] (Chemistry) See Naphthalene .
Naphthalize transitive verb (Chemistry) To mingle, saturate, or impregnate, with naphtha.