Magisteriality Mag`is·te`ri·al"i·ty noun Magisterialness; authoritativeness. [ R.] Fuller.
Magisterially Mag`is·te"ri·al·ly adverb In a magisterial manner.
Magisterialness Mag`is·te"ri·al·ness noun The quality or state of being magisterial.
Magistery Mag"is·ter·y noun [ Latin magisterium the office of a chief, president, director, tutor. See Magistrate .] 1. Mastery; powerful medical influence; renowned efficacy; a sovereign remedy. [ Obsolete] Holland. 2. A magisterial injunction. [ R.] Brougham. 3. (Chemistry) A precipitate; a fine substance deposited by precipitation; -- applied in old chemistry to certain white precipitates from metallic solutions; as, magistery of bismuth. Ure.
Magistracy Mag"is·tra·cy noun
; plural Magistracies
. [ From Magistrate
.] 1. The office or dignity of a magistrate. Blackstone. 2. The collective body of magistrates.
Magistral Mag"is·tral adjective [ Latin magistralis : confer French magistral . See Magistrate .] 1. Pertaining to a master; magisterial; authoritative; dogmatic. 2. Commanded or prescribed by a magister, esp. by a doctor; hence, effectual; sovereign; as, a magistral sirup. "Some magistral opiate." Bacon. 3. (Pharmacy) Formulated extemporaneously, or for a special case; -- opposed to officinal , and said of prescriptions and medicines. Dunglison. Magistral line (Fort.) , the guiding line, or outline, by which the form of the work is determined. It is usually the crest line of the parapet in fieldworks, or the top line of the escarp in permanent fortifications.
Magistral Mag"is·tral noun 1. (Medicine) A sovereign medicine or remedy. [ Obsolete] Burton. 2. (Fort.) A magistral line. 3. (Metal.) Powdered copper pyrites used in the amalgamation of ores of silver, as at the Spanish mines of Mexico and South America.
Magistrality Mag`is·tral"i·ty noun
; plural -ties Magisterialness; arbitrary dogmatism. Bacon.
Magistrally Mag"is·tral·ly adverb In a magistral manner. Abp. Bramhall.
Magistrate Mag"is·trate noun
[ Latin magistratus
, from magister
master: confer French magistrat
. See Master
.] A person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it.
"All Christian rulers and magistrates
." Book of Com. Prayer.
Of magistrates some also are supreme, in whom the sovereign power of the state resides; others are subordinate. Blackstone.
Magistratic, Magistratical Mag`is·trat"ic, Mag`is·trat"ic·al adjective Of, pertaining to, or proceeding from, a magistrate; having the authority of a magistrate. Jer. Taylor.
Magistrature Mag"is·tra`ture noun [ Confer French magistrature .] Magistracy. [ Obsolete]
Magma Mag"ma noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ... to squeeze, knead.] 1. Any crude mixture of mineral or organic matters in the state of a thin paste. Ure. 2. (Medicine) (a) A thick residuum obtained from certain substances after the fluid parts are expressed from them; the grounds which remain after treating a substance with any menstruum, as water or alcohol. (b) A salve or confection of thick consistency. Dunglison. 3. (Geol.) (a) The molten matter within the earth, the source of the material of lava flows, dikes of eruptive rocks, etc. (b) The glassy base of an eruptive rock. 4. (Chemistry) The amorphous or homogenous matrix or ground mass, as distinguished from well-defined crystals; as, the magma of porphyry.
Magna Charta Mag"na Char"ta [ Latin , great charter.] 1. The great Charter, so called, obtained by the English barons from King John, A. D. 1215. This name is also given to the charter granted to the people of England in the ninth year of Henry III., and confirmed by Edward I. 2. Hence, a fundamental constitution which guaranties rights and privileges.
Magnality Mag·nal"i·ty noun [ Latin magnalis mighty, from magnus great.] A great act or event; a great attainment. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Magnanimity Mag`na·nim"i·ty noun [ French magnanimité , Latin magnanimitas .] The quality of being magnanimous; greatness of mind; elevation or dignity of soul; that quality or combination of qualities, in character, which enables one to encounter danger and trouble with tranquility and firmness, to disdain injustice, meanness and revenge, and to act and sacrifice for noble objects.
Magnanimous Mag·nan"i·mous adjective
[ Latin magnanimus
great + animus
mind. See Magnate
, and Animus
.] 1. Great of mind; elevated in soul or in sentiment; raised above what is low, mean, or ungenerous; of lofty and courageous spirit; as, a magnanimous character; a magnanimous conqueror.
Be magnanimous in the enterprise. Shak.
To give a kingdom hath been thought Milton. 2. Dictated by or exhibiting nobleness of soul; honorable; noble; not selfish.
Greater and nobler done, and to lay down
Far more magnanimous than to assume.
Both strived for death; magnanimous debate. Stirling.
There is an indissoluble union between a magnanimous policy and the solid rewards of public prosperity and felicity. Washington.
Magnanimously Mag·nan"i·mous·ly adverb In a magnanimous manner; with greatness of mind.
Magnase black Mag"nase black` (Paint.) A black pigment which dries rapidly when mixed with oil, and is of intense body. Fairholt.
Magnate Mag"nate [ French magnat , Latin (pl.) magnates , magnati , from magnus great. See Master .] 1. A person of rank; a noble or grandee; a person of influence or distinction in any sphere. Macaulay. 2. One of the nobility, or certain high officers of state belonging to the noble estate in the national representation of Hungary, and formerly of Poland.
Magnes Mag"nes noun [ Latin ] Magnet. [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Magnesia Mag·ne"si·a noun [ Latin Magnesia , fem. of Magnesius of the country Magnesia, Greek h` Magnhsi`a li`qos a magnet. Confer Magnet .] (Chemistry) A light earthy white substance, consisting of magnesium oxide, and obtained by heating magnesium hydrate or carbonate, or by burning magnesium. It has a slightly alkaline reaction, and is used in medicine as a mild antacid laxative. See Magnesium . Magnesia alba [ Latin ] (Med. Chem.) , a bulky white amorphous substance, consisting of a hydrous basic carbonate of magnesium, and used as a mild cathartic.
Magnesian Mag·ne"sian adjective Pertaining to, characterized by, or containing, magnesia or magnesium. Magnesian limestone . (Min.) See Dolomite .
Magnesic Mag·ne"sic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, magnesium; as, magnesic oxide.
Magnesite Mag"ne·site noun [ Confer French magnésite .] (Min.) Native magnesium carbonate occurring in white compact or granular masses, and also in rhombohedral crystals.
Magnesium Mag·ne"si·um noun [ New Latin & F. See Magnesia .] (Chemistry) A light silver-white metallic element, malleable and ductile, quite permanent in dry air but tarnishing in moist air. It burns, forming (the oxide) magnesia, with the production of a blinding light (the so-called magnesium light ) which is used in signaling, in pyrotechny, or in photography where a strong actinic illuminant is required. Its compounds occur abundantly, as in dolomite, talc, meerschaum, etc. Symbol Mg. Atomic weight, 24.4. Specific gravity, 1.75. Magnesium sulphate . (Chemistry) Same as Epsom salts .
[ Middle English magnete
, Old French magnete
, Latin magnes
, - etis
, Greek Magnh^tis li`qos
a magnet, metal that looked like silver, prop., Magnesian stone, from Greek Magnhsi`a
, a country in Thessaly. Confer Magnesia
.] 1. The loadstone; a species of iron ore (the ferrosoferric or magnetic ore, Fe 3 O 4 ) which has the property of attracting iron and some of its ores, and, when freely suspended, of pointing to the poles; -- called also natural magnet .
Dinocrates began to make the arched roof of the temple of Arsinoë all of magnet , or this loadstone. Holland.
Two magnets , heaven and earth, allure to bliss, Dryden. 2. (Physics) A bar or mass of steel or iron to which the peculiar properties of the loadstone have been imparted; -- called, in distinction from the loadstone, an artificial magnet .
The larger loadstone that, the nearer this.
» An artificial magnet, produced by the action of a voltaic or electrical battery, is called an electro-magnet
. Field magnet (Physics & Elec.)
, a magnet used for producing and maintaining a magnetic field; -- used especially of the stationary or exciting magnet of a dynamo or electromotor in distinction from that of the moving portion or armature.
Magnetic Mag·net"ic noun 1. A magnet.
As the magnetic hardest iron draws. Milton. 2. Any metal, as iron, nickel, cobalt, etc., which may receive, by any means, the properties of the loadstone, and which then, when suspended, fixes itself in the direction of a magnetic meridian.
Magnetic, Magnetical Mag·net"ic, Mag·net"ic·al adjective
[ Latin magneticus
: confer French magnétique
.] 1. Pertaining to the magnet; possessing the properties of the magnet, or corresponding properties; as, a magnetic bar of iron; a magnetic needle. 2. Of or pertaining to, or characterized by, the earth's magnetism; as, the magnetic north; the magnetic meridian. 3. Capable of becoming a magnet; susceptible to magnetism; as, the magnetic metals. 4. Endowed with extraordinary personal power to excite the feelings and to win the affections; attractive; inducing attachment.
She that had all magnetic force alone. Donne. 5. Having, susceptible to, or induced by, animal magnetism, so called; as, a magnetic sleep. See Magnetism . Magnetic amplitude
, etc. See under Amplitude , Attraction , etc.
-- Magnetic battery
, a combination of bar or horseshoe magnets with the like poles adjacent, so as to act together with great power.
-- Magnetic compensator
, a contrivance connected with a ship's compass for compensating or neutralizing the effect of the iron of the ship upon the needle.
-- Magnetic curves
, curves indicating lines of magnetic force, as in the arrangement of iron filings between the poles of a powerful magnet.
-- Magnetic elements
. (a) (Chem. Physics) Those elements, as iron, nickel, cobalt, chromium, manganese, etc., which are capable or becoming magnetic. (b) (Physics) In respect to terrestrial magnetism, the declination, inclination, and intensity
. (c) See under Element .
-- Magnetic equator
, the line around the equatorial parts of the earth at which there is no dip, the dipping needle being horizontal.
-- Magnetic field
, or Field of magnetic force
, any space through which a magnet exerts its influence.
-- Magnetic fluid
, the hypothetical fluid whose existence was formerly assumed in the explanations of the phenomena of magnetism.
-- Magnetic iron
, or Magnetic iron ore
. (Min.) Same as Magnetite .
-- Magnetic needle
, a slender bar of steel, magnetized and suspended at its center on a sharp-pointed pivot, or by a delicate fiber, so that it may take freely the direction of the magnetic meridian. It constitutes the essential part of a compass, such as the mariner's and the surveyor's.
-- Magnetic poles
, the two points in the opposite polar regions of the earth at which the direction of the dipping needle is vertical.
-- Magnetic pyrites
. See Pyrrhotite .
-- Magnetic storm (Terrestrial Physics)
, a disturbance of the earth's magnetic force characterized by great and sudden changes.
-- Magnetic telegraph
, a telegraph acting by means of a magnet. See Telegraph .
Magnetically Mag·net"ic·al·ly adverb By or as by, magnetism.
Magneticalness Mag·net"ic·al·ness noun Quality of being magnetic.
Magnetician Mag`ne·ti"cian noun One versed in the science of magnetism; a magnetist.
Magneticness Mag·net"ic·ness noun Magneticalness. [ Obsolete]
Magnetics Mag·net"ics noun The science of magnetism.
Magnetiferous Mag`net·if"er·ous adjective [ Latin magnes , -etis + -ferous .] Producing or conducting magnetism.
Magnetism Mag"net·ism noun [ Confer French magnétisme .] The property, quality, or state, of being magnetic; the manifestation of the force in nature which is seen in a magnet. 2. The science which treats of magnetic phenomena. 3. Power of attraction; power to excite the feelings and to gain the affections. "By the magnetism of interest our affections are irresistibly attracted." Glanvill. Animal magnetism , a force, more or less analogous to magnetism, which, it has been alleged, is produced in animal tissues, and passes from one body to another with or without actual contact. The existence of such a force, and its potentiality for the cure of disease, were asserted by Mesmer in 1775. His theories and methods were afterwards called mesmerism , a name which has been popularly applied to theories and claims not put forward by Mesmer himself. See Mesmerism , Biology , Od , Hypnotism . -- Terrestrial magnetism , the magnetic force exerted by the earth, and recognized by its effect upon magnetized needles and bars.
Magnetist Mag"net·ist noun One versed in magnetism.
Magnetite Mag"net·ite noun (Min.) An oxide of iron (Fe 3 O 4 ) occurring in isometric crystals, also massive, of a black color and metallic luster. It is readily attracted by a magnet and sometimes possesses polarity, being then called loadstone . It is an important iron ore. Called also magnetic iron .
Magnetizable Mag"net·i`za·ble adjective Capable of being magnetized.
Magnetization Mag`net·i·za"tion noun The act of magnetizing, or the state of being magnetized.
Magnetize Mag"net·ize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Magnetized
; preposition & adverb Magnetizing
.] [ Confer French magnétiser
.] 1. To communicate magnetic properties to; as, to magnetize a needle. 2. To attract as a magnet attracts, or like a magnet; to move; to influence.
Fascinated, magnetized , as it were, by his character. Motley. 3. To bring under the influence of animal magnetism.
Magnetizee Mag`net·i·zee" noun A person subjected to the influence of animal magnetism. [ R.]
Magnetizer Mag"net·i`zer noun One who, or that which, imparts magnetism.
Magneto- Mag"net·o- [ See Magnet .] A prefix meaning pertaining to , produced by , or in some way connected with , magnetism.
Magneto-electric, Magneto- electrical Mag`net·o-e·lec"tric, Mag`net·o- e·lec"tric·al adjective (Physics) Pertaining to, or characterized by, electricity by the action of magnets; as, magneto-electric induction. Magneto-electric machine , a form of dynamo- electric machine in which the field is maintained by permanent steel magnets instead of electro-magnets.
Magneto-electricity Mag`net·o-e`lec·tric"i·ty noun 1. Electricity evolved by the action of magnets. 2. (Physics) That branch of science which treats of the development of electricity by the action of magnets; -- the counterpart of electro-magnetism .
Magnetograph Mag·net"o·graph noun [ Magneto- + -graph .] (Physics) An automatic instrument for registering, by photography or otherwise, the states and variations of any of the terrestrial magnetic elements.
Magnetometer Mag`net·om"e·ter noun [ Magneto- + -meter : confer French magnétomètre .] (Physics) An instrument for measuring the intensity of magnetic forces; also, less frequently, an instrument for determining any of the terrestrial magnetic elements, as the dip and declination.
Magnetometric Mag`net·o·met"ric adjective Pertaining to, or employed in, the measurement of magnetic forces; obtained by means of a magnetometer; as, magnetometric instruments; magnetometric measurements.
Magnetomotive Mag`net·o·mo"tive adjective [ Magneto- + motive , adjective ] (Electricity) Pertaining to, or designating, a force producing magnetic flux, analogous to electromotive force, and equal to the magnetic flux multiplied by the magnetic reluctance.
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