Webster's Dictionary, 1913
obsolete past participle of Made . Chaucer.
[ Compar. Madder
; superl. Maddest
.] [ Anglo-Saxon gem...d
, mad; akin to Old Saxon gem...d
foolish, Old High German gameit
, Icelandic mei...a
to hurt, Goth. gamáids
weak, broken. ....] 1. Disordered in intellect; crazy; insane.
I have heard my grandsire say full oft, Shak. 2. Excited beyond self-control or the restraint of reason; inflamed by violent or uncontrollable desire, passion, or appetite; as, to be mad with terror, lust, or hatred; mad against political reform.
Extremity of griefs would make men mad .
It is the land of graven images, and they are mad upon their idols. Jer. 1. 88.
And being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities. Acts xxvi. 11. 3. Proceeding from, or indicating, madness; expressing distraction; prompted by infatuation, fury, or extreme rashness.
Mad wars destroy in one year the works of many years of peace. Franklin.
The mad promise of Cleon was fulfilled. Jowett (Thucyd.). 4. Extravagant; immoderate.
and merry." Shak.
bounds." Shak. 5. Furious with rage, terror, or disease; -- said of the lower animals; as, a mad bull; esp., having hydrophobia; rabid; as, a mad dog. 6. Angry; out of patience; vexed; as, to get mad at a person.
[ Colloq.] 7. Having impaired polarity; -- applied to a compass needle.
[ Colloq.] Like mad
, like a mad person; in a furious manner; as, to run like mad . L'Estrange .
-- To run mad
. (a) To become wild with excitement
. (b) To run wildly about under the influence of hydrophobia; to become affected with hydrophobia.
-- To run mad after
, to pursue under the influence of infatuation or immoderate desire.
"The world is running mad after
Mad transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Madded
; present participle & verbal noun Madding
.] To make mad or furious; to madden.
Had I but seen thy picture in this plight, Shak.
It would have madded me.
Mad intransitive verb To be mad; to go mad; to rave. See Madding .
[ Archaic] Chaucer.
Festus said with great voice, Paul thou maddest . Wyclif (Acts).
Mad noun [ Anglo-Saxon ma...a ; akin to D. & German made , Goth. mapa , and probably to English moth .] (Zoology) An earthworm. [ Written also made .]
Mad-headed adjective Wild; crack- brained.
; plural Madams
, or Mesdames
. [ See Madame
.] A gentlewoman; -- an appellation or courteous form of address given to a lady, especially an elderly or a married lady; -- much used in the address, at the beginning of a letter, to a woman. The corresponding word in addressing a man is Sir .
; plural Mesdames
. [ French, from ma
my (L. mea
) + dame
dame. See Dame
, and confer Madonna
.] My lady; -- a French title formerly given to ladies of quality; now, in France, given to all married women. Chaucer.
Madbrain adjective Hot-headed; rash. Shak. -- noun A rash or hot- headed person.
Madbrained adjective Disordered in mind; hot-headed. Shak.
1. Inclined to wild sports; delighting in rash, absurd, or dangerous amusements. "The merry madcap lord." Shak. 2. Wild; reckless. " Madcap follies" Beau. & Fl.
Madcap noun A person of wild behavior; an excitable, rash, violent person. Shak.
Madden transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Maddened
; present participle & verbal noun Maddening
.] To make mad; to drive to madness; to craze; to excite violently with passion; to make very angry; to enrage.
Madden intransitive verb To become mad; to act as if mad.
They rave, recite, and madden round the land. Pope.
[ Middle English mader
, Anglo-Saxon mædere
; akin to Icelandic maðra
.] (Botany) A plant of the genus Rubia ( R. tinctorum ). The root is much used in dyeing red, and formerly was used in medicine. It is cultivated in France and Holland. See Rubiaceous .
» Madder is sometimes used in forming pigments, as lakes, etc., which receive their names from their colors; as. madder yellow
. Field madder
, an annual European weed ( Sherardia arvensis ) resembling madder.
-- Indian madder
, the East Indian Rubia cordifolia , used in the East for dyeing; -- called also munjeet .
-- Wild madder
, Rubia peregrina of Europe; also the Galium Mollugo , a kind of bedstraw.
Madderwort noun (Botany) A name proposed for any plant of the same natural order (Rubiaceæ) as the madder.
Madding adjective Affected with madness; raging; furious.
Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife. Gray.
The madding wheels Milton.
Of brazen chariots raged.
Maddish adjective Somewhat mad. Beau. & Fl.
Made noun (Zoology) See Mad , noun
Made imperfect & past participle of Make .
Made adjective Artificially produced; pieced together; formed by filling in; as, made ground; a made mast, in distinction from one consisting of a single spar. Made up . (a) Complete; perfect . "A made up villain." Shak. (b) Falsely devised; fabricated; as, a made up story. (c) Artificial; as, a made up figure or complexion.
Madecass, Madecassee noun A native or inhabitant of Madagascar, or Madecassee; the language of the natives of Madagascar. See Malagasy .
Madecassee adjective Of or pertaining to Madagascar or its inhabitants.
Madefaction, Madefication noun [ Latin madefacere to make wet; madere to be wet + facere to make: confer French madéfaction .] The act of madefying, or making wet; the state of that which is made wet. [ R.] Bacon.
Madefy transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Madefied
; present participle & verbal noun Madefying
.] [ Confer French madéfier
, Latin madefacere
. See Madefaction
.] To make wet or moist.
[ Portuguese , the Island Madeira, properly, wood, from Latin materia
stuff, wood. The island was so called because well wooded. See Matter
.] A rich wine made on the Island of Madeira.
A cup of Madeira , and a cold capon's leg. Shak. Madeira nut (Botany)
, the European walnut; the nut of the Juglans regia .
Madeira vine (Botany) A herbaceous climbing vine ( Boussingaultia baselloides ) very popular in cultivation, having shining entire leaves and racemes of small fragrant white flowers.
Madeira wood (Botany) (a) The mahogany tree ( Swietenia Mahogoni ). (b) A West Indian leguminous tree ( Lysiloma Latisiliqua ) the wood of which is used for boat trimming.
; plural Mesdemoiselles
. [ French, from ma
my, f. of mon
young lady. See Damsel
.] 1. A French title of courtesy given to a girl or an unmarried lady, equivalent to the English Miss. Goldsmith. 2. (Zoology) A marine food fish ( Sciæna chrysura ), of the Southern United States; -- called also yellowtail , and silver perch .
Madge noun [ Confer Old French & Prov. French machette .] (Zoology) (a) The barn owl. (b) The magpie.
Madhouse noun A house where insane persons are confined; an insane asylum; a bedlam.
Madia noun [ New Latin , from Spanish madi , from Chilian madi , the native name.] (Botany) A genus of composite plants, of which one species ( Madia sativa ) is cultivated for the oil yielded from its seeds by pressure. This oil is sometimes used instead of olive oil for the table.
Madid adjective [ Latin madidus , from madere to be wet.] Wet; moist; as, a madid eye. [ R.] Beaconsfield.
Madisterium noun [ New Latin , from Greek ....] (Surg.) An instrument to extract hairs.
Madjoun noun [ Hind., from Arabic ma'j...n .] An intoxicating confection from the hemp plant; -- used by the Turks and Hindoos. [ Written also majoun .]
[ From Mad
] In a mad manner; without reason or understanding; wildly.
; plural Madmen A man who is mad; lunatic; a crazy person.
When a man mistakes his thoughts for person and things, he is mad. A madman is properly so defined. Coleridge.
Madnep noun (Botany) The masterwort ( Peucedanum Ostruthium ).
[ From Mad
] 1. The condition of being mad; insanity; lunacy. 2. Frenzy; ungovernable rage; extreme folly. Syn.
-- Insanity; distraction; derangement; craziness; lunacy; mania; frenzy; franticness; rage; aberration; alienation; monomania. See Insanity
[ Italian madonna
my lady. See Dame
, and confer Madame
.] 1. My lady; -- a term of address in Italian formerly used as the equivalent of Madame , but for which Signora is now substituted. Sometimes introduced into English. Shak. 2.
[ plural Madonnas
(nȧz).] A picture of the Virgin Mary (usually with the babe).
The Italian painters are noted for drawing the Madonnas by their own wives or mistresses. Rymer.
Madoqua noun (Zoology) A small Abyssinian antelope ( Neotragus Saltiana ), about the size of a hare.
Madrague noun [ R.] A large fish pound used for the capture of the tunny in the Mediterranean; also applied to the seines used for the same purpose.
[ So named after Madras
, a city and presidency of India.] A large silk-and- cotton kerchief, usually of bright colors, such as those often used by negroes for turbans.
A black woman in blue cotton gown, red-and-yellow madras turban . . . crouched against the wall. G. W. Cable.
Madreperl noun [ Italian madreperla .] Mother-of-pearl.
[ New Latin See Madrepore
.] (Zoology) A genus of reef corals abundant in tropical seas. It includes than one hundred and fifty species, most of which are elegantly branched.
-- Mad`re*po"ral adjective
Madreporaria noun plural
[ New Latin See Madrepore
.] (Zoology) An extensive division of Anthozoa, including most of the species that produce stony corals. See Illust. of Anthozoa .
-- Mad`re*po*ra"ri*an adjective & noun
[ French madrepore
, perhaps from madré
spotted, from Old French madre
, a kind of knotty wood with brown spots, from Old High German masar
a knot, grain, or vein in wood, a speck, German maser + pore
); or perhaps French madrépore
is rather from Italian madrepora
, and this perhaps from Italian madre
mother (see Mother
) + Greek ... a soft stone.] (Zoology) Any coral of the genus Madrepora; formerly, often applied to any stony coral.
Madreporian, Madreporic adjective (Zoology) Resembling, or pertaining to, the genus Madrepora. Madreporic plate (Zoology) , a perforated plate in echinoderms, through which water is admitted to the ambulacral tubes; -- called also madreporic tubercule .
Madreporiform adjective [ Madrepore + -form .] (Zoology) Resembling a madreporian coral in form or structure.
Madreporite noun [ Confer French madréporite ]
1. (Paleon.) A fossil coral. 2. (Zoology) The madreporic plate of echinoderms.