Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Material adjective [ Latin materialis , from materia stuff, matter: confer French matériel . See Matter , and confer MatÉriel .]


1. Consisting of matter; not spiritual; corporeal; physical; as, material substance or bodies.

The material elements of the universe.
Whewell.

2. Hence: Pertaining to, or affecting, the physical nature of man, as distinguished from the mental or moral nature; relating to the bodily wants, interests, and comforts.

3. Of solid or weighty character; not insubstantial; of consequence; not be dispensed with; important.

Discourse, which was always material , never trifling.
Evelyn.

I shall, in the account of simple ideas, set down only such as are most material to our present purpose.
Locke.

4. (Logic.) Pertaining to the matter, as opposed to the form, of a thing. See Matter .

Material cause . See under Cause . -- Material evidence (Law) , evidence which conduces to the proof or disproof of a relevant hypothesis. Wharton.

Syn. -- Corporeal; bodily; important; weighty; momentous; essential.

Material noun The substance or matter of which anything is made or may be made.

Raw material , any crude, unfinished, or elementary materials that are adapted to use only by processes of skilled labor. Cotton, wool, ore, logs, etc., are raw material .

Material transitive verb To form from matter; to materialize. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Materialism noun [ Confer French matérialisme .]


1. The doctrine of materialists; materialistic views and tenets.

The irregular fears of a future state had been supplanted by the materialism of Epicurus.
Buckminster.

2. The tendency to give undue importance to material interests; devotion to the material nature and its wants.

3. Material substances in the aggregate; matter. [ R. & Obsolete] A. Chalmers.

Materialist (mȧ*tē"rĭ* a l*ĭst) noun [ Confer French matérialiste .]
1. One who denies the existence of spiritual substances or agents, and maintains that spiritual phenomena, so called, are the result of some peculiar organization of matter.

2. One who holds to the existence of matter, as distinguished from the idealist, who denies it. Berkeley.

Materialistic, Materialistical adjective Of or pertaining to materialism or materialists; of the nature of materialism.

But to me his very spiritualism seemed more materialistic than his physics.
C. Kingsley.

Materiality noun [ Confer French matérialité .]


1. The quality or state of being material; material existence; corporeity.

2. Importance; as, the materiality of facts.

Materialization noun The act of materializing, or the state of being materialized.

Materialize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Materialized ; present participle & verbal noun Materializing .] [ Confer French matérialiser .]
1. To invest with material characteristics; to make perceptible to the senses; hence, to present to the mind through the medium of material objects.

Having with wonderful art and beauty materialized , if I may so call it, a scheme of abstracted notions, and clothed the most nice, refined conceptions of philosophy in sensible images.
Tatler.

2. To regard as matter; to consider or explain by the laws or principles which are appropriate to matter.

3. To cause to assume a character appropriate to material things; to occupy with material interests; as, to materialize thought.

4. (Spiritualism) To make visable in, or as in, a material form; -- said of spirits.

A female spirit form temporarily materialized , and not distinguishable from a human being.
Epes Sargent.

Materialize intransitive verb To appear as a material form; to take substantial shape. [ Colloq.]

Materially adverb
1. In the state of matter.

I do not mean that anything is separable from a body by fire that was not materially preëxistent in it.
Boyle.

2. In its essence; substantially.

An ill intention is certainly sufficient to spoil . . . an act in itself materially good.
South.

3. In an important manner or degree; essentially; as, it materially concerns us to know the real motives of our actions.

Materialness noun The state of being material.

Materiarian noun [ Latin materiarius .] See Materialist . [ Obsolete]

Materiate, Materiated adjective [ Latin materiatus , past participle of materiare to build of wood.] Consisting of matter. [ Obsolete] Bacon.

Materiation noun [ Latin materiatio woodwork.] Act of forming matter. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Matériel noun [ French See Material .] That in a complex system which constitutes the materials , or instruments employed, in distinction from the personnel , or men; as, the baggage, munitions, provisions, etc., of an army; or the buildings, libraries, and apparatus of a college, in distinction from its officers.

Materious adjective See Material . [ Obsolete]

Maternal adjective [ French maternel , Latin maternus , from mater mother. See Mother .] Of or pertaining to a mother; becoming to a mother; motherly; as, maternal love; maternal tenderness.

Syn. -- See Motherly .

Maternally adverb In a motherly manner.

Maternity noun [ French maternité , Late Latin maternitas .] The state of being a mother; the character or relation of a mother.

Matfelon noun [ W. madfelen .] (Botany) The knapweed ( Centaurea nigra ).

Math noun [ Anglo-Saxon mǣð ; akin to māwan to mow, German mahd math. See Mow to cut (grass).] A mowing, or that which is gathered by mowing; -- chiefly used in composition; as, an after math . [ Obsolete]

The first mowing thereof, for the king's use, is wont to be sooner than the common math .
Bp. Hall.

Mathematic adjective [ French mathématique , Latin mathematicus , Greek ... disposed to learn, belonging to learning or the sciences, especially to mathematics, from ... that which is learned, learning, plural ... things learned, learning, science, especially mathematical science, from ..., ..., to learn; akin to English mind . See Mind .] See Mathematical .

Mathematical adjective [ See Mathematic .] Of or pertaining to mathematics; according to mathematics; hence, theoretically precise; accurate; as, mathematical geography; mathematical instruments; mathematical exactness. -- Math`e*mat"ic*al*ly , adverb

Mathematician noun [ Confer French mathématicien .] One versed in mathematics.

Mathematics noun [ French mathématiques , plural, Latin mathematica , sing., Greek ... (sc. ...) science. See Mathematic , and -ics .] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations.

» Mathematics embraces three departments, namely: 1. Arithmetic . 2. Geometry , including Trigonometry and Conic Sections . 3. Analysis , in which letters are used, including Algebra , Analytical Geometry , and Calculus . Each of these divisions is divided into pure or abstract , which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or applied , which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations.

Mather noun See Madder .

Mathes noun [ Perh. corrupted from Latin anthemis camomile, Greek ... .] (Botany) The mayweed. Confer Maghet .

Mathesis noun [ Latin , from Greek ..., from ..., ..., to learn.] Learning; especially, mathematics. [ R.] Pope.

Mathurin noun (R. C. Ch.) See Trinitarian .

Matico noun (Botany) A Peruvian plant ( Piper, or Artanthe, elongatum ), allied to the pepper, the leaves of which are used as a styptic and astringent.

Matie noun (Zoology) A fat herring with undeveloped roe. [ Written also matty .] [ Eng. & Scot.]

Mâtin noun [ French mâtin .] (Zoology) A French mastiff.

Matin noun [ French from Latin matutinum the morning, matutinus of the morning, Matuta the goddess of the morning. See Matutinal .]
1. Morning. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. plural [ French matines . See Etymol. above.] Morning worship or service; morning prayers or songs.

The winged choristers began
To chirp their matins .
Cleveland.

3. Time of morning service; the first canonical hour in the Roman Catholic Church.

Matin adjective Of or pertaining to the morning, or to matins; used in the morning; matutinal.

Matinal adjective Relating to the morning, or to matins; matutinal.

Matinée noun [ French, from matin . See Matin .] A reception, or a musical or dramatic entertainment, held in the daytime. See SoirÉe .

Matrass noun [ French matras ; perhaps so called from its long narrow neck; confer Old French matras large arrow, Latin materis , mataris , matara , a Celtic javelin, pike; of Celtic origin.] (Chemistry) A round- bottomed glass flask having a long neck; a bolthead.

Matress noun See Matress .

Matriarch noun [ Latin mater mother + -arch .] The mother and ruler of a family or of her descendants; a ruler by maternal right.

Matriarchal adjective Of or pertaining to a matriarch; governed by a matriarch.

Matriarchate noun The office or jurisdiction of a matriarch; a matriarchal form of government.

Matrice noun [ Confer French matrice . See Matrix .] See Matrix .

Matricidal adjective Of or pertaining to matricide.

Matricide noun [ Latin matricidium ; mater mother + coedere to kill, slay: confer French matricide . See Mother , and confer Homicide .]
1. The murder of a mother by her son or daughter.

2. [ Latin matricida : confer French matricide .] One who murders one's own mother.

Matriculate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Matriculated ; present participle & verbal noun Matriculating .] [ Latin matricula a public roll or register, dim. of matrix a mother, in respect to propagation, also, a public register. See Matrix .] To enroll; to enter in a register; specifically, to enter or admit to membership in a body or society, particularly in a college or university, by enrolling the name in a register.

In discovering and matriculating the arms of commissaries from North America.
Sir W. Scott.

Matriculate intransitive verb To go though the process of admission to membership, as by examination and enrollment, in a society or college.

Matriculate adjective Matriculated. Skelton. -- noun One who is matriculated. Arbuthnot.

Matriculation noun The act or process of matriculating; the state of being matriculated.

Matrimoine noun Matrimony. [ Obsolete]