Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Mason noun [ French maçon , Late Latin macio , machio , mattio , mactio , marcio , macerio ; of uncertain origin.]


1. One whose occupation is to build with stone or brick; also, one who prepares stone for building purposes.

2. A member of the fraternity of Freemasons. See Freemason .

Mason bee (Zoology) , any one of numerous species of solitary bees of the genus Osmia . They construct curious nests of hardened mud and sand. -- Mason moth (Zoology) , any moth whose larva constructs an earthen cocoon under the soil. -- Mason shell (Zoology) , a marine univalve shell of the genus Phorus ; -- so called because it cements other shells and pebbles upon its own shell; a carrier shell. -- Mason wasp (Zoology) , any wasp that constructs its nest, or brood cells, of hardened mud. The female fills the cells with insects or spiders, paralyzed by a sting, and thus provides food for its larvæ

Mason transitive verb To build stonework or brickwork about, under, in, over, etc.; to construct by masons; -- with a prepositional suffix; as, to mason up a well or terrace; to mason in a kettle or boiler.

Masonic (mȧ*sŏn"ĭk) adjective Of or pertaining to Freemasons or to their craft or mysteries.

Masonry noun [ French maçonnerie .]


1. The art or occupation of a mason.

2. The work or performance of a mason; as, good or bad masonry ; skillful masonry .

3. That which is built by a mason; anything constructed of the materials used by masons, such as stone, brick, tiles, or the like. Dry masonry is applied to structures made without mortar.

4. The craft, institution, or mysteries of Freemasons; freemasonry.

Masoola boat A kind of boat used on the coast of Madras, India. The planks are sewed together with strands of coir which cross over a wadding of the same material, so that the shock on taking the beach through surf is much reduced. [ Written also masula , masulah , etc.]

Masora noun [ NHeb. māsōrāh tradition.] A Jewish critical work on the text of the Hebrew Scriptures, composed by several learned rabbis of the school of Tiberias, in the eighth and ninth centuries. [ Written also Masorah , Massora , and Massorah .]

Masoret noun A Masorite. [ Written also Masorete , and Massorete .]

Masoretic, Masoretical adjective [ Confer French massorétique .] Of or relating to the Masora, or to its authors.

Masoretic points and accents , the vowel points and accents of the Hebrew text of the Bible, of which the first mention is in the Masora.

Masorite noun One of the writers of the Masora.

Masque noun A mask; a masquerade.

Masquerade noun [ French mascarade , from Spanish mascarada , or Italian mascherata . See Mask .]


1. An assembly of persons wearing masks, and amusing themselves with dancing, conversation, or other diversions.

In courtly balls and midnight masquerades .
Pope.

2. A dramatic performance by actors in masks; a mask. See 1st Mask , 4. [ Obsolete]

3. Acting or living under false pretenses; concealment of something by a false or unreal show; pretentious show; disguise.

That masquerade of misrepresentation which invariably accompanied the political eloquence of Rome.
De Quincey.

4. A Spanish diversion on horseback.

Masquerade intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Masqueraded ; present participle & verbal noun Masquerading .]


1. To assemble in masks; to take part in a masquerade.

2. To frolic or disport in disquise; to make a pretentious show of being what one is not.

A freak took an ass in the head, and he goes into the woods, masquerading up and down in a lion's skin.
L'Estrange.

Masquerade transitive verb To conceal with masks; to disguise. "To masquerade vice." Killingbeck.

Masquerader noun One who masquerades; a person wearing a mask; one disguised.

Mass noun [ Middle English masse , messe , Anglo-Saxon mæsse . Late Latin missa , from Latin mittere , missum , to send, dismiss: confer French messe . In the ancient churches, the public services at which the catechumens were permitted to be present were called missa catechumenorum , ending with the reading of the Gospel. Then they were dismissed with these words : "Ite, missa est" [ sc . ecclesia], the congregation is dismissed. After that the sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words were said to those who remained. So the word gave the name of Mass to the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. See Missile , and confer Christmas , Lammas , Mess a dish, Missal .]


1. (R. C. Ch.) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the Eucharist, or the consecration and oblation of the host.

2. (Mus.) The portions of the Mass usually set to music, considered as a musical composition; -- namely, the Kyrie , the Gloria , the Credo , the Sanctus , and the Agnus Dei , besides sometimes an Offertory and the Benedictus .

Canon of the Mass . See Canon . -- High Mass , Mass with incense, music, the assistance of a deacon, subdeacon, etc. -- Low Mass , Mass which is said by the priest throughout, without music. -- Mass bell , the sanctus bell. See Sanctus . -- Mass book , the missal or Roman Catholic service book.

Mass intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Massed ; present participle & verbal noun Massing .] To celebrate Mass. [ Obsolete] Hooker.

Mass transitive verb To form or collect into a mass; to form into a collective body; to bring together into masses; to assemble.

But mass them together and they are terrible indeed.
Coleridge.

Massacre noun [ French, from Late Latin mazacrium ; confer Prov. German metzgern , metzgen , to kill cattle, German metzger a butcher, and LG. matsken to cut, hew, Old High German meizan to cut, Goth. máitan .]
1. The killing of a considerable number of human beings under circumstances of atrocity or cruelty, or contrary to the usages of civilized people; as, the massacre on St. Bartholomew's Day.

2. Murder. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Syn. -- Massacre , Butchery , Carnage . Massacre denotes the promiscuous slaughter of many who can not make resistance, or much resistance. Butchery refers to cold-blooded cruelty in the killing of men as if they were brute beasts. Carnage points to slaughter as producing the heaped-up bodies of the slain.

I'll find a day to massacre them all,
And raze their faction and their family.
Shak.

If thou delight to view thy heinous deeds,
Brhold this pattern of thy butcheries .
Shak.

Such a scent I draw
Of carnage , prey innumerable !
Milton.

Massacre transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Massacred ; present participle & verbal noun Massacring .] [ Confer French massacrer . See Massacre , noun ] To kill in considerable numbers where much resistance can not be made; to kill with indiscriminate violence, without necessity, and contrary to the usages of nations; to butcher; to slaughter; -- limited to the killing of human beings.

If James should be pleased to massacre them all, as Maximian had massacred the Theban legion.
Macaulay.

Massacrer noun One who massacres. [ R.]

Massage noun [ French] A rubbing or kneading of the body, especially when performed as a hygienic or remedial measure.

Massage transitive verb (Medicine) To treat by means of massage; to rub or knead; as, to massage a patient with ointment.

Massagist noun One who practices massage; a masseur or masseuse.

Massasauga noun (Zoology) The black rattlesnake ( Crotalus, or Caudisona, tergemina ), found in the Mississippi Valley.

Massé, Massé shot noun (Billiards) A stroke made with the cue held vertically.

Masser noun A priest who celebrates Mass. [ R.] Bale.

Masseter noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a chewer, ... a muscle of the lower jaw used in chewing, from ... to chew: confer French masséter .] (Anat.) The large muscle which raises the under jaw, and assists in mastication.

Masseteric adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the masseter.

Masseterine adjective (Anat.) Masseteric.

Masseur noun m. , Mas`seuse" noun f. ,[ French, or formed in imitation of French. See Massage .] (Medicine) One who performs massage.

Masseur (mȧ`sûr") noun ; plural -seurs (-sûrz"; F. -sûr"). [ French See Massage .]
1. A man who practices massage.

2. An instrument used in the performance of massage.

Masseuse (mȧ*sûz") noun ; plural -seuses ( F. -sûz"). [ French] A woman who practices massage.

Massicot noun [ French massicot ; English masticot is a corruption.] (Chemistry) Lead protoxide, PbO, obtained as a yellow amorphous powder, the fused and crystalline form of which is called litharge ; lead ocher. It is used as a pigment.

» Massicot is sometimes used by painters, and also as a drier in the composition of ointments and plasters.

Massiness noun [ From Massy .] The state or quality of being massy; ponderousness.

Massive adjective [ French massif .]
1. Forming, or consisting of, a large mass; compacted; weighty; heavy; massy. " Massive armor." Dr. H. More.

2. (Min.) In mass; not necessarily without a crystalline structure, but having no regular form; as, a mineral occurs massive .

Massive rock (Geol.) , a compact crystalline rock not distinctly schistose, as granite; also, with some authors, an eruptive rock.

Massively adverb In a heavy mass.

Massiveness noun The state or quality of being massive; massiness.

Massoola boat See Masoola boat .

Massora noun Same as Masora .

Massoret noun Same as Masorite .

Massy adjective [ Compar. Massier ; superl. Massiest .] Compacted into, or consisting of, a mass; having bulk and weight or substance; ponderous; bulky and heavy; weighty; heavy; as, a massy shield; a massy rock.

Your swords are now too massy for your strengths,
And will not be uplifted.
Shak.

Yawning rocks in massy fragments fly.
Pope.

Mast (mȧst) noun [ Anglo-Saxon mæst , fem.; akin to German mast , and English meat . See Meat .] The fruit of the oak and beech, or other forest trees; nuts; acorns.

Oak mast , and beech, . . . they eat.
Chapman.

Swine under an oak filling themselves with the mast .
South.

Mast noun [ Anglo-Saxon mæst , masc.; akin to D., G., Dan., & Swedish mast , Icelandic mastr , and perhaps to Latin malus .]


1. (Nautical) A pole, or long, strong, round piece of timber, or spar, set upright in a boat or vessel, to sustain the sails, yards, rigging, etc. A mast may also consist of several pieces of timber united by iron bands, or of a hollow pillar of iron or steel.

The tallest pine
Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast
Of some great ammiral.
Milton.

» The most common general names of masts are foremast , mainmast , and mizzenmast , each of which may be made of separate spars.

2. (Machinery) The vertical post of a derrick or crane.

Afore the mast , Before the mast . See under Afore , and Before . - - Mast coat . See under Coat . -- Mast hoop , one of a number of hoops attached to the fore edge of a boom sail, which slip on the mast as the sail is raised or lowered; also, one of the iron hoops used in making a made mast. See Made .

Mast transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Masted ; present participle & verbal noun Masting .] To furnish with a mast or masts; to put the masts of in position; as, to mast a ship.

Mast noun (Aëronautics) A spar or strut to which tie wires or guys are attached for stiffening purposes.

Mastaba noun Also Mas"ta*bah [ Arabic maçtabah a large stone bench.]
1. In Mohammedan countries, a fixed seat, common in dwellings and in public places.

2. (Egyptology) A type of tomb, of the time of the Memphite dynasties, comprising an oblong structure with sloping sides (sometimes containing a decorated chamber, sometimes of solid masonry), and connected with a mummy chamber in the rock beneath.

Mastax noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... mouth, jaws.] (Zoology) (a) The pharynx of a rotifer. It usually contains four horny pieces. The two central ones form the incus, against which the mallei, or lateral ones, work so as to crush the food. (b) The lore of a bird.

Masted adjective Furnished with a mast or masts; -- chiefly in composition; as, a three- masted schooner.