Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Lugger noun (Nautical) A small vessel having two or three masts, and a running bowsprit, and carrying lugsails. See Illustration in Appendix. Totten.

Lugger noun (Zoology) An Indian falcon ( Falco jugger ), similar to the European lanner and the American prairie falcon.

Lugmark noun [ From Lug an ear.] A mark cut into the ear of an animal to identify it; an earmark.

Lugsail noun (Nautical) A square sail bent upon a yard that hangs obliquely to the mast and is raised or lowered with the sail. Totten.

Lugubrious adjective [ Latin lugubris , from lugere to mourn; confer Greek lygro`s sad, Sanskrit ruj to break.] Mournful; indicating sorrow, often ridiculously or feignedly; doleful; woful; pitiable; as, a whining tone and a lugubrious look.

Crossbones, scythes, hourglasses, and other lugubrious emblems of mortality.
Hawthorne.

-- Lu*gu"bri*ous*ly , adverb -- Lu*gu"bri*ous*ness , noun

Lugworm noun [ 1st lug + worm .] (Zoology) A large marine annelid ( Arenicola marina ) having a row of tufted gills along each side of the back. It is found burrowing in sandy beaches, both in America and Europe, and is used for bait by European fishermen. Called also lobworm , and baitworm .

Luke adjective [ Prob. from lew , perhaps influenced by Anglo-Saxon wlæc warm, lukewarm, remiss. Confer Lew.] Moderately warm; not hot; tepid. -- Luke"ness , noun [ Obsolete]

Nine penn'orth o'brandy and water luke .
Dickens.

Lukewarm adjective [ See Luke .] Moderately warm; neither cold nor hot; tepid; not ardent; not zealous; cool; indifferent. " Lukewarm blood." Spenser. " Lukewarm patriots." Addison.

An obedience so lukewarm and languishing that it merits not the name of passion.
Dryden.

-- Luke"warm`ly , adverb -- Luke"warm`ness , noun

Lull (lŭl) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lulled (lŭld); present participle & verbal noun Lulling .] [ Akin to OD. lullen to sing to sleep, German lullen , Danish lulle , Swedish lulla ; all of imitative origin. Confer Loll , Lollard .] To cause to rest by soothing influences; to compose; to calm; to soothe; to quiet. " To lull him soft asleep." Spenser.

Such sweet compulsion doth in music lie,
To lull the daughters of necessity.
Milton.

Lull intransitive verb To become gradually calm; to subside; to cease or abate for a time; as, the storm lulls .

Lull noun
1. The power or quality of soothing; that which soothes; a lullaby. [ R.] Young.

2. A temporary cessation of storm or confusion.

Lullaby noun [ From Lull , transitive verb ]
1. A song to quiet babes or lull them to sleep; that which quiets. Shak.

2. Hence: Good night; good-by. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Luller noun One who, or that which, lulls.

Lullingly adverb In a lulling manner; soothingly.

Lum noun [ W. llumon chimney, llum that shoots up or ends in a point.]
1. A chimney. [ Prov. Eng. & Scot.] Burns.

2. A ventilating chimney over the shaft of a mine.

3. A woody valley; also, a deep pool. [ Prov. Eng.]

Lumachel Lu`ma*chel"la noun [ French lumachelle , Italian lumachella , from lamachella a little snail, dim. of lumaca a snail, from Latin limax , -acis .] (Min.) A grayish brown limestone, containing fossil shells, which reflect a beautiful play of colors. It is also called fire marble , from its fiery reflections.

Lumbaginous adjective Of or pertaining to lumbago.

Lumbago noun [ Latin , from lumbus loin. See Lumbar .] (Medicine) A rheumatic pain in the loins and the small of the back.

Lumbar, Lumbal adjective [ Latin lumbus loin. See Loin .] (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or near, the loins; as, the lumbar arteries.

Lumbar region (Anat.) , the region of the loin; specifically, a region between the hypochondriac and iliac regions, and outside of the umbilical region.

Lumber noun [ Prob. from Lombard , the Lombards being the money lenders and pawnbrokers of the Middle Ages. A lumber room was, according to Trench, originally a Lombard room, or room where the Lombard pawnbroker stored his pledges. See Lombard .]
1. A pawnbroker's shop, or room for storing articles put in pawn; hence, a pledge, or pawn. [ Obsolete]

They put all the little plate they had in the lumber , which is pawning it, till the ships came.
Lady Murray.

2. Old or refuse household stuff; things cumbrous, or bulky and useless, or of small value.

3. Timber sawed or split into the form of beams, joists, boards, planks, staves, hoops, etc.; esp., that which is smaller than heavy timber. [ U.S.]

Lumber kiln , a room in which timber or lumber is dried by artificial heat. [ U.S.] -- Lumber room , a room in which unused furniture or other lumber is kept. [ U.S.] -- Lumber wagon , a heavy rough wagon, without springs, used for general farmwork, etc.

Lumber transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lumbered ; present participle & verbal noun Lumbering .]
1. To heap together in disorder. " Stuff lumbered together." Rymer.

2. To fill or encumber with lumber; as, to lumber up a room.

Lumber intransitive verb
1. To move heavily, as if burdened.

2. [ Confer dial. Swedish lomra to resound.] To make a sound as if moving heavily or clumsily; to rumble. Cowper.

3. To cut logs in the forest, or prepare timber for market. [ U.S.]

Lumber State Maine; -- a nickname.

Lumberer noun One employed in lumbering, cutting, and getting logs from the forest for lumber; a lumberman. [ U.S.]

Lumberers have a notion that he (the woodpecker) is harmful to timber.
Lowell.

Lumbering noun The business of cutting or getting timber or logs from the forest for lumber. [ U.S.]

Lumberman noun ; plural Lumbermen One who is engaged in lumbering as a business or employment. [ U.S.]

Lumbosacral noun [ Latin lumbus loin + English sacral .] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the loins and sacrum; as, the lumbosacral nerve, a branch of one of the lumber nerves which passes over the sacrum.

Lumbric noun [ Latin lumbricus .] (Zoology) An earthworm, or a worm resembling an earthworm.

Lumbrical adjective [ Confer French lombrical . See Lumbric .] (Anat.) Resembling a worm; as, the lumbrical muscles of the hands of the hands and feet. -- noun A lumbrical muscle.

Lumbriciform adjective [ Latin lumbricus worm + -form .] (Zoology) Resembling an earthworm; vermiform.

Lumbricoid adjective [ Lumbricus + -oid .] (Zoology) Like an earthworm; belonging to the genus Lumbricus, or family Lumbricidæ .

Lumbricus noun [ Latin See Lumbric .] (Zoology) A genus of annelids, belonging to the Oligochæta, and including the common earthworms. See Earthworm .

Lumen noun ; plural Latin Lumina , English Lumens . [ Latin , light, an opening for light.]
1. (Photom.) (a) A unit of illumination, being the amount of illumination of a unit area of spherical surface, due to a light of unit intensity placed at the center of the sphere. (b) A unit of light flux, being the flux through one square meter of surface the illumination of which is uniform and of unit brightness.

2. (Biol.) An opening, space, or cavity, esp. a tubular cavity; a vacuole.

Luminant adjective Luminous. [ R.]

Luminary noun ; plural Luminaries , [ French luminaire , Latin luminare a light or lamp, which was lighted in the churches, a luminary, from lumen , luminis , light, from lucere to be light, to shine, lux , lucis , light. See Light .]


1. Any body that gives light, especially one of the heavenly bodies. " Radiant luminary ." Skelton.

Where the great luminary . . .
Dispenses light from far.
Milton.

2. One who illustrates any subject, or enlightens mankind; as, Newton was a distinguished luminary .

Luminate transitive verb [ Latin luminatus , past participle of luminare to illumine, from lumen light. See Limn .] To illuminate. [ Obsolete]

Lumination noun Illumination. [ Obsolete]

Lumine intransitive verb To illumine. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Luminescence noun [ See Luminescent .]
1. (Physics) Any emission of light not ascribable directly to incandescence, and therefore occurring at low temperatures, as in phosphorescence and fluorescence or other luminous radiation resulting from vital processes, chemical action, friction, solution, or the influence of light or of ultraviolet or cathode rays, etc.

2. (Zoology) (a) The faculty or power of voluntarily producing light, as in the firefly and glowworm. (b) The light thus produced; luminosity; phosphorescence.

Luminescent adjective [ Latin luminare to illuminate + -escent .] (Physics) Shining with a light due to any of the various causes which produce luminescence.

Luminiferous adjective [ Latin lumen light + -ferous .] Producing light; yielding light; transmitting light; as, the luminiferous ether.

Luminosity noun The quality or state of being luminous; luminousness.

Luminous adjective [ Latin luminosus , from lumen light: confer French lumineux . See Luminary , Illuminate .]


1. Shining; emitting or reflecting light; brilliant; bright; as, the is a luminous body; a luminous color.

Fire burneth wood, making it . . . luminous .
Bacon.

The mountains lift . . . their lofty and luminous heads.
Longfellow.

2. Illuminated; full of light; bright; as, many candles made the room luminous .

Up the staircase moved a luminous space in the darkness.
Longfellow.

3. Enlightened; intelligent; also, clear; intelligible; as, a luminous mind. " Luminous eloquence." Macaulay. " A luminous statement." Brougham.

Luminous paint , a paint made up with some phosphorescent substance, as sulphide of calcium, which after exposure to a strong light is luminous in the dark for a time.

Syn. -- Lucid; clear; shining; perspicuous.

-- Lu"mi*nous*ly , adverb -- Lu"mi*nous*ness , noun

Lummox noun A fat, ungainly, stupid person; an awkward bungler. [ Low.]

Lump noun [ Confer OD. lompe piece, mass. Confer Lunch .]
1. A small mass of matter of irregular shape; an irregular or shapeless mass; as, a lump of coal; a lump of iron ore. " A lump of cheese." Piers Plowman. " This lump of clay." Shak.

2. A mass or aggregation of things.

3. (Firearms) A projection beneath the breech end of a gun barrel.

In the lump , In a lump , the whole together; in gross.

They may buy them in the lump .
Addison.

-- Lump coal , coal in large lumps; -- the largest size brought from the mine. -- Lump sum , a gross sum without a specification of items; as, to award a lump sum in satisfaction of all claims and damages.

Lump intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lumped ; present participle & verbal noun Lumping .]
1. To throw into a mass; to unite in a body or sum without distinction of particulars.

The expenses ought to be lumped together.
Ayliffe.

2. To take in the gross; to speak of collectively.

Not forgetting all others, . . . whom for brevity, but out of no resentment to you, I lump all together.
Sterne.

3. To get along with as one can, although displeased; as, if he does n't like it, he can lump it. [ Low]

Lumper noun [ Confer Lamper eel .] (Zoology) The European eelpout; -- called also lumpen .

Lumper noun
1. One who lumps.

2. A laborer who is employed to load or unload vessels when in harbor.

Lumpfish noun [ From Lump , on account of its bulkiness: confer G. & Dutch lump , French lompe .] (Zoology) A large, thick, clumsy, marine fish ( Cyclopterus lumpus ) of Europe and America. The color is usually translucent sea green, sometimes purplish. It has a dorsal row of spiny tubercles, and three rows on each side, but has no scales. The ventral fins unite and form a ventral sucker for adhesion to stones and seaweeds. Called also lumpsucker , cock-paddle , sea owl .

Lumping adjective Bulky; heavy. Arbuthnot.

Lumpish adjective Like a lump; inert; gross; heavy; dull; spiritless. " Lumpish , heavy, melancholy." Shak.

-- Lump"ish*ly , adverb -- Lump"ish*ness , noun