Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Lupercalia noun plural [ Latin luperealis , from Lupercus the Lycean Pan, so called from lupus a wolf, because he kept off the wolves.] (Rom. Antiq.) A feast of the Romans in honor of Lupercus, or Pan.
[ Latin lupinus
, apparently from lupinus
belonging to a wolf, from lupus
a wolf; perhaps so called because it was supposed to exhaust the soil: confer French lupin
. Confer Wolf
.] (Botany) A leguminous plant of the genus Lupinus , especially Latin albus , the seeds of which have been used for food from ancient times. The common species of the Eastern United States is Latin perennis . There are many species in California.
[ See Lupine
] Wolfish; ravenous. Gauden.
Lupinin noun (Chemistry) A glucoside found in the seeds of several species of lupine, and extracted as a yellowish white crystalline substance.
Lupinine noun (Chemistry) An alkaloid found in several species of lupine ( Lupinus luteus , Latin albus , etc.), and extracted as a bitter crystalline substance.
[ Confer French lupulin
. See Lupuline
.] 1. (Chemistry) A bitter principle extracted from hops. 2. The fine yellow resinous powder found upon the strobiles or fruit of hops, and containing this bitter principle.
[ Written also lupuline
Lupuline noun [ New Latin lupulus the hop, from Latin lupus the hop: confer French lupuline .] (Chemistry) An alkaloid extracted from hops as a colorless volatile liquid.
Lupulinic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, hops; specifically, designating an acid obtained by the decomposition of lupulin.
[ Latin , a wolf. See Wolf
.] 1. (Medicine) A cutaneous disease occurring under two distinct forms.
» Lupus erythematosus
is characterized by an eruption of red patches, which become incrusted, leaving superficial scars. Latin vulgaris
is marked by the development of nodules which often ulcerate deeply and produce great deformity. Formerly the latter was often confounded with cancer, and some varieties of cancer were included under Lupus. 2. (Astron.) The Wolf, a constellation situated south of Scorpio.
[ See its Lurch
.] Gluttony; gormandizing.
Lurch intransitive verb
[ Latin lurcare
.] To swallow or eat greedily; to devour; hence, to swallow up.
Too far off from great cities, which may hinder business; too near them, which lurcheth all provisions, and maketh everything dear. Bacon.
[ Old French lourche
name of a game; as adj., deceived, embarrassed.] 1. An old game played with dice and counters; a variety of the game of tables. 2. A double score in cribbage for the winner when his adversary has been left in the lurch .
Lady --- has cried her eyes out on losing a lurch . Walpole. To leave one in the lurch
. (a) In the game of cribbage, to leave one's adversary so far behind that the game is won before he has scored thirty-one
. (b) To leave one behind; hence, to abandon, or fail to stand by, a person in a difficulty. Denham.
But though thou'rt of a different church, Hudibras.
I will not leave thee in the lurch .
Lurch transitive verb 1. To leave in the lurch; to cheat.
Never deceive or lurch the sincere communicant. South. 2. To steal; to rob.
And in the brunt of seventeen battles since Shak.
He lurched all swords of the garland.
Lurch noun [ Confer W. llerch , llerc , a frisk, a frisking backward or forward, a loitering, a lurking, a lurking, llercian , llerciaw , to be idle, to frisk; or perhaps from English lurch to lurk.] A sudden roll of a ship to one side, as in heavy weather; hence, a swaying or staggering movement to one side, as that by a drunken man. Fig.: A sudden and capricious inclination of the mind.
Lurch intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lurched
; present participle & verbal noun Lurching
.] To roll or sway suddenly to one side, as a ship or a drunken man.
Lurch intransitive verb
[ A variant of lurk
.] 1. To withdraw to one side, or to a private place; to lurk. L'Estrange. 2. To dodge; to shift; to play tricks.
I . . . am fain to shuffle, to hedge, and to lurch . Shak.
[ See Lurch
to lurk.] 1. One that lurches or lies in wait; one who watches to pilfer, or to betray or entrap; a poacher. 2. (Zoology) One of a mongrel breed of dogs said to have been a cross between the sheep dog, greyhound, and spaniel. It hunts game silently, by scent, and is often used by poachers.
[ Latin lurco
, a glutton. See 1st Lurch
.] A glutton; a gormandizer.
Lurchline noun The line by which a fowling net was pulled over so as to inclose the birds.
Lurdan adjective Stupid; blockish. [ Obsolete]
[ Old French lourdin
, from lourd
heavy, dull, thick-headed. See Lord
.] A blockhead.
Lure noun [ Old French loire , loirre , loerre , French leurre lure, decoy; of German origin; confer Middle High German luoder , German luder lure, carrion.]
1. A contrivance somewhat resembling a bird, and often baited with raw meat; -- used by falconers in recalling hawks. Shak. 2. Any enticement; that which invites by the prospect of advantage or pleasure; a decoy. Milton. 3. (Hat Making) A velvet smoothing brush. Knight.
Lure transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lured
; present participle & verbal noun Luring
.] [ Old French loirer
, French leurrer
. See Lure
] To draw to the lure; hence, to allure or invite by means of anything that promises pleasure or advantage; to entice; to attract.
I am not lured with love. Piers Plowman.
And various science lures the learned eye. Gay.
Lure intransitive verb To recall a hawk or other animal.
Lurg noun (Zoology) A large marine annelid ( Nephthys cæca ), inhabiting the sandy shores of Europe and America. It is whitish, with a pearly luster, and grows to the length of eight or ten inches.
[ Latin luridus
.] 1. Pale yellow; ghastly pale; wan; gloomy; dismal.
Fierce o'er their beauty blazed the lurid flame. Thomson.
Wrapped in drifts of lurid smoke Tennyson. 2. (Botany) Having a brown color tinged with red, as of flame seen through smoke. 3. (Zoology) Of a color tinged with purple, yellow, and gray.
On the misty river tide.
(lûrk) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lurked
(lûrkt); present participle & verbal noun Lurking
.] [ Middle English lurken
, probably a dim. from the source of English lower
to frown. See Lower
, and confer Lurch
, a sudden roll, Lurch
to lurk.] 1. To lie hid; to lie in wait.
Like wild beasts, lurking in loathsome den. Spenser.
Let us . . . lurk privily for the innocent. Prointransitive verb 11. 2. To keep out of sight.
The defendant lurks and wanders about in Berks. Blackstone.
1. One who lurks. 2. A small fishing boat. [ Prov. Eng.]
[ W. llwry
precipitant, a provision.] A confused heap; a throng, as of persons; a jumble, as of sounds.
To turn prayer into a kind of lurry . Milton.
[ Prob. for lustious
, from lusty
, or perhaps a corruption of luxurious
. Confer Lush
.] 1. Sweet; delicious; very grateful to the taste; toothsome; excessively sweet or rich.
And raisins keep their luscious , native taste. Dryden. 2. Cloying; fulsome.
He had a tedious, luscious way of talking. Jeffrey. 3. Gratifying a depraved sense; obscene.
[ R.] Steele.
[ French loup- cervier
, Latin lupus cervarius
.] (Zoology) A lynx. See 1st Lucern and Loup-cervier .
[ Prob. an abbrev. of lushious
, from luscious
.] Full of juice or succulence. Tennyson.
How lush and lusty the grass looks! how green! Shak.
Lush noun [ Etymol uncertain; said to be from Lushington , name of a London brewer.] Liquor, esp. intoxicating liquor; drink. [ Slang] C. Lever.
Lusitanian adjective Pertaining to Lusitania, the ancient name of the region almost coinciding with Portugal. -- noun One of the people of Lusitania.
Lusk adjective Lazy; slothful. [ Obsolete]
Lusk noun A lazy fellow; a lubber. [ Obsolete] T. Kendall.
Lusk intransitive verb To be idle or unemployed. [ Obsolete]
Luskish adjective Inclined to be lazy. Marston. -- Lusk"ish*ly , adverb - Lusk"ish*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Spenser.
Lusorious, Lusory adjective
[ Latin lusorius
. See Illusory
.] Used in play; sportive; playful.
[ Obsolete] Bp. Sanderson.
Lussheburgh noun A spurious coin of light weight imported into England from Luxemburg , or Lussheburgh, as it was formerly called.
God wot, no Lussheburghes payen ye. Chaucer.
[ Anglo-Saxon lust
, pleasure, longing; akin to Old Saxon , D., G., & Swedish lust
, Dan. & Icelandic lyst
, Goth lustus
, and perhaps tom Sanskrit lush
to desire, or to English loose
. Confer List
to please, Listless
.] 1. Pleasure.
[ Obsolete] " Lust and jollity." Chaucer. 2. Inclination; desire.
For little lust had she to talk of aught. Spenser.
My lust to devotion is little. Bp. Hall. 3. Longing desire; eagerness to possess or enjoy; -- in a had sense; as, the lust of gain.
The lust of reigning. Milton. 4. Licentious craving; sexual appetite. Milton. 5. Hence: Virility; vigor; active power.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Lust intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lusted
; present participle & verbal noun Lusting
.] [ Anglo-Saxon lystan
. See Lust
, and confer List to choose.] 1. To list; to like.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
" Do so if thou lust
. " Latimer.
» In earlier usage lust
In the water vessel he it cast Chaucer. 2. To have an eager, passionate, and especially an inordinate or sinful desire, as for the gratification of the sexual appetite or of covetousness; -- often with after .
When that him luste .
Whatsoever thy soul lusteth after. Deut. xii. 15.
Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her, hath committed adultery with her already in his heart. Matt. v. 28.
The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy. James iv. 5.
Luster noun One who lusts.
Luster, Lustre noun
[ Latin lustrum
: confer French lustre
.] A period of five years; a lustrum.
Both of us have closed the tenth luster . Bolingbroke.
Luster, Lustre noun
[ French lustre
; confer Italian lustro
; both from Latin lustrare
to purify, go about (like the priests at the lustral sacrifice), traverse, survey, illuminate, from lustrum
a purificatory sacrifice; perhaps akin to English loose
. But lustrare
to illuminate is perhaps a different word, and akin to Latin lucere
to be light or clear, to shine. See Lucid
, and confer Illustrious
.] 1. Brilliancy; splendor; brightness; glitter.
The right mark and very true luster of the diamond. Sir T. More.
The scorching sun was mounted high, Addison.
In all its luster , to the noonday sky.
» There is a tendency to limit the use of luster
, in this sense, to the brightness of things which do not shine with their own light, or at least do not blaze or glow with heat. One speaks of the luster
of a diamond, or of silk, or even of the stars, but not often now of the luster
of the sun, a coal of fire, or the like. 2. Renown; splendor; distinction; glory.
His ancestors continued about four hundred years, rather without obscurity than with any great luster . Sir H. Wotton. 3. A candlestick, chandelier, girandole, or the like, generally of an ornamental character. Pope. 4. (Min.) The appearance of the surface of a mineral as affected by, or dependent upon, peculiarities of its reflecting qualities.
» The principal kinds of luster recognized are: metallic
, and silky
. With respect to intensity, luster
is characterized as splendent
, and dull
. 5. A substance which imparts luster to a surface, as plumbago and some of the glazes. 6. A fabric of wool and cotton with a lustrous surface, -- used for women's dresses. Luster ware
, earthenware decorated by applying to the glazing metallic oxides, which acquire brilliancy in the process of baking.
Luster, Lustre transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lustred
; present participle & verbal noun Lustering
, or Lustring
.] To make lustrous.
[ R. & Poetic]
Flooded and lustered with her loosened gold. Lowell.
1. The act or process of imparting a luster, as to pottery. 2. The brightening of a metal in the crucible when it becomes pure, as in certain refining processes.
Lusterless, Lustreless adjective Destitute of luster; dim; dull.
1. Full of lust; excited by lust. Spenser. Tillotson. 2. Exciting lust; characterized by lust or sensuality. " Lustful orgies." Milton. 3. Strong; lusty. [ Obsolete] " Lustful health." Sackville. Syn. -- sensual; fleshly; carnal; inordinate; licentious; lewd; unchaste; impure; libidinous; lecherous. -- Lust"ful*ly , adverb -- Lust"ful*ness , noun