Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ See Lucifer
.] Giving light; affording light or means of discovery. Boyle.
Luciferously adverb In a luciferous manner.
Lucific adjective [ Latin lucificus ; lux , lucis , light + facere to make.] Producing light. Grew.
Luciform adjective [ Latin lux , lucis , light = -form .] Having, in some respects, the nature of light; resembling light. Berkeley.
Lucifrian adjective Luciferian; satanic. [ Obsolete] Marston.
Lucimeter noun [ Latin lux , lucis , light + -meter .] an instrument for measuring the intensity of light; a photometer.
[ Akin to Dutch luk
, German glück
, Icelandic lukka
, Swedish lycka
, Danish lykke
, and perhaps to German locken
to entice. Confer 3d Gleck
.] That which happens to a person; an event, good or ill, affecting one's interests or happiness, and which is deemed casual; a course or series of such events regarded as occurring by chance; chance; hap; fate; fortune; often, one's habitual or characteristic fortune; as, good, bad, ill, or hard luck . Luck is often used for good luck ; as, luck is better than skill.
If thou dost play with him at any game, Shak. Luck penny
Thou art sure to lose; and of that natural luck ,
He beats thee 'gainst the odds.
, a small sum given back for luck to one who pays money.
[ Prov. Eng.] -- To be in luck
, to receive some good, or to meet with some success, in an unexpected manner, or as the result of circumstances beyond one's control; to be fortunate.
[ From Lucky
.] In a lucky manner; by good fortune; fortunately; -- used in a good sense; as, they luckily escaped injury.
1. The state or quality of being lucky; as, the luckiness of a man or of an event. 2. Good fortune; favorable issue or event. Locke.
Luckless adjective Being without luck; unpropitious; unfortunate; unlucky; meeting with ill success or bad fortune; as, a luckless gamester; a luckless maid.
Prayers made and granted in a luckless hour. Dryden.
[ Compar. Luckier
; superl. Luckiest
.] 1. Favored by luck; fortunate; meeting with good success or good fortune; -- said of persons; as, a lucky adventurer.
wight." Spenser. 2. Producing, or resulting in, good by chance, or unexpectedly; favorable; auspicious; fortunate; as, a lucky mistake; a lucky cast; a lucky hour.
We doubt not of a fair and lucky war. Shak. Syn.
-- Successful; fortunate; prosperous; auspicious.
[ Latin lucrativus
, from lucrari
to gain, from lucrum
gain: confer French lucratif
. See Lucre
.] 1. Yielding lucre; gainful; profitable; making increase of money or goods; as, a lucrative business or office.
The trade of merchandise being the most lucrative , may bear usury at a good rate. Bacon. 2. Greedy of gain.
Such diligence as the most part of our lucrative lawyers do use, in deferring and prolonging of matters and actions from term to term. Latimer.
Lucratively adverb In a lucrative manner.
[ French lucre
, Latin lucrum
.] Gain in money or goods; profit; riches; -- often in an ill sense.
The lust of lucre and the dread of death. Pope.
Lucriferous adjective [ Latin lucrum gain + -ferous .] Gainful; profitable. [ Obsolete] Boyle.
Lucrific adjective [ Latin lucrificus ; lucrum gain + facere to make.] Producing profit; gainful. [ Obsolete]
Luctation noun [ Latin luctatio , from luctari to wrestle, strive.] Effort to overcome in contest; struggle; endeavor. [ R.] Farindon.
Luctual adjective [ Latin luctus mourning, sorrow, from lugere , from luctum , to mourn.] Producing grief; saddening. [ Obsolete] Sir G. Buck.
Lucubrate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lucubrated
; present participle & verbal noun Lucubrated
.] [ Latin lucubratus
, past participle of lucubrare
to work by lamplight, from lux
light. See Light
] To study by candlelight or a lamp; to study by night.
Lucubrate transitive verb To elaborate, perfect, or compose, by night study or by laborious endeavor.
[ l. lucubratio
;cf. French lucubration
.] 1. The act of lucubrating, or studying by candlelight; nocturnal study; meditation.
After long lucubration I have hit upon such an expedient. Goldsmith. 2. That which is composed by night; that which is produced by meditation in retirement; hence (loosely) any literary composition.
Thy lucubrations have been perused by several of our friends. Tatler.
Lucubrator noun One who studies by night; also, one who produces lucubrations.
Lucubratory adjective [ Latin lucubratorius .] Composed by candlelight, or by night; of or pertaining to night studies; laborious or painstaking. Pope.
Lucule noun [ Dim. from Latin lux , lucis , light.] (Astron.) A spot or fleck on the sun brighter than the surrounding surface.
[ Latin luculentus
, from lux
, light.] 1. Lucid; clear; transparent. Thomson. 2. Clear; evident; luminous.
" Most luculent
testimonies." Hooker. 3. Bright; shining in beauty.
Most debonair and luculent lady. B. Jonson.
Luculently adverb In a luculent manner; clearly.
Lucullite noun [ From Lucullus , a Roman consul, famous for his great wealth and luxury: confer French lucullite .] (Min.) A variety of black limestone, often polished for ornamental purposes.
Lucuma noun (Botany) An American genus of sapotaceous trees bearing sweet and edible fruits. » Lucuma mammosum is called natural marmalade in the West Indies; Latin Caimito , of Peru, furnishes a delicious fruit called lucuma and caimito .
Luddite noun One of a number of riotous persons in England, who for six years (1811-17) tried to prevent the use of labor-saving machinery by breaking it, burning factories, etc.; -- so called from Ned Lud , a half-witted man who some years previously had broken stocking frames. J. & H. Smith. H. Martineau.
Ludibrious adjective [ Latin ludibrium mockery, derision, from ludere to play, sport.] Sportive; ridiculous; wanton. [ Obsolete] Tooker.
Ludibund adjective [ Latin ludibundus .] Sportive. [ Obsolete] -- Lu"di*bund*ness , noun [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ Latin ludicrus
, or ludicer
, from ludus
play, sport, from ludere
to play.] Adapted to excite laughter, without scorn or contempt; sportive. Broome.
A chapter upon German rhetoric would be in the same ludicrous predicament as Van Troil's chapter on the snakes of Iceland, which delivers its business in one summary sentence, announcing, that snakes in Iceland -- there are none. De Quincey. Syn.
-- Laughable; sportive; burlesque; comic; droll; ridiculous. -- Ludicrous
. We speak of a thing as ludicrous
when it tends to produce laughter; as laughable
when the impression is somewhat stronger; as ridiculous
when more or less contempt is mingled with the merriment created. -- Lu"di*crous*ly
[ Latin ludificatio
, from ludificare
to make sport of; ludus
sport + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See - fy
.] The act of deriding.
Ludificatory adjective [ Latin ludificatorius .] Making sport; tending to excite derision. [ Obsolete]
Ludlamite noun [ Named after Mr. Ludlam , of London.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in small, green, transparent, monoclinic crystals. It is a hydrous phosphate of iron.
Ludlow group (Geol.) A subdivision of the British Upper Silurian lying below the Old Red Sandstone; -- so named from the Ludlow , in Western England. See the Chart of Geology .
Ludwigite noun [ Named after the chemist Ludwig .] (Min.) A borate of iron and magnesia, occurring in fibrous masses of a blackish green color.
Lues noun [ Latin ] (Medicine) Disease, especially of a contagious kind. Lues venerea , syphilis; -- called also simply lues .
[ Middle English lof
, probably a sort of timber by which the course of a ship was directed, perhaps a sort of paddle; confer Dutch loef
to luff. The word is perhaps akin to English glove
. Confer Aloof
.] (Nautical) (a) The side of a ship toward the wind. (b) The act of sailing a ship close to the wind. (c) The roundest part of a ship's bow. (d) The forward or weather leech of a sail, especially of the jib, spanker, and other fore-and- aft sails. Luff tackle
, a purchase composed of a double and single block and fall, used for various purposes. Totten.
-- Luff upon luff
, a luff tackle attached to the fall of another luff tackle. R. H. Dana, Jr.
(lŭf) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Luffed
; present participle & verbal noun Luffing
.] (Nautical) To turn the head of a vessel toward the wind; to sail nearer the wind; to turn the tiller so as to make the vessel sail nearer the wind. To luff round
, or To luff alee
, to make the extreme of this movement, for the purpose of throwing the ship's head into the wind.
Luffa noun [ New Latin , from Arabic lūfah .] (Botany) (a) A small genus of tropical cucurbitaceous plants having white flowers, the staminate borne in racemes, and large fruits with a dry fibrous pericarp. The fruit of several species and the species themselves, esp. Latin Ægyptiaca , are called dishcloth gourds . (b) Any plant of this genus, or its fruit. (c) The fibrous skeleton of the fruit, used as a sponge and in the manufacture of caps and women's hats; -- written also loofah .
(lŭf"fẽr) noun (Architecture) See Louver .
Lug (lŭg) noun [ Swedish lugg the forelock.] Lug bolt (Machinery) , a bolt terminating in a long, flat extension which takes the place of a head; a strap bolt.
1. The ear, or its lobe. [ Scot. & Prov. Eng.] 2. That which projects like an ear, esp. that by which anything is supported, carried, or grasped, or to which a support is fastened; an ear; as, the lugs of a kettle; the lugs of a founder's flask; the lug (handle) of a jug. 3. (Machinery) A projecting piece to which anything, as a rod, is attached, or against which anything, as a wedge or key, bears, or through which a bolt passes, etc. 4. (Harness) The leather loop or ear by which a shaft is held up. 5. (Zoology) The lugworm.
Lug intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Lugged
; present participle & verbal noun Lugging
.] [ Middle English luggen
, Swedish lugga
to pull by the hair, from lugg
the forelock.] To pull with force; to haul; to drag along; to carry with difficulty, as something heavy or cumbersome. Dryden.
They must divide the image among them, and so lug off every one his share. Collier.
Lug intransitive verb To move slowly and heavily.
1. The act of lugging; as, a hard lug ; that which is lugged; as, the pack is a heavy lug . [ Colloq.] 2. Anything which moves slowly. [ Obsolete] Ascham.
Lug noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] Chimney lug , or Lug pole , a pole on which a kettle is hung over the fire, either in a chimney or in the open air. [ Local, U.S.] Whittier.
1. A rod or pole. [ Prov. Eng.] Wright. 2. A measure of length, being 16½ feet; a rod, pole, or perch. [ Obsolete] " Eight lugs of ground." Spenser.
[ From 4th Lug
.] That which is lugged; anything cumbrous and heavy to be carried; especially, a traveler's trunks, baggage, etc., or their contents.
I am gathering up my luggage , and preparing for my journey. Swift.
What do you mean, Shak. Syn.
To dote thus on such luggage !
-- Plunder; baggage. Luggage van
, a vehicle for carrying luggage; a railway car, or compartment of a car, for carrying luggage.