Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Losable adjective Such as can be lost.

Losange noun See Lozenge .

Lose (lōz) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lost (lŏst; 115) present participle & verbal noun Losing (lōz"ĭng).] [ Middle English losien to loose, be lost, lose, Anglo-Saxon losian to become loose; akin to Middle English leosen to lose, past participle loren , lorn , Anglo-Saxon leósan , past participle loren (in comp.), D. ver liezen , G. ver lieren , Dan. for lise , Swedish för lisa , för lora , Goth. fra liusan , also to English loose , a & v., Latin luere to loose, Greek ly`ein , Sanskrit to cut. √127. Confer Analysis , Palsy , Solve , Forlorn , Leasing , Loose , Loss .]


1. To part with unintentionally or unwillingly, as by accident, misfortune, negligence, penalty, forfeit, etc.; to be deprived of; as, to lose money from one's purse or pocket, or in business or gaming; to lose an arm or a leg by amputation; to lose men in battle.

Fair Venus wept the sad disaster
Of having lost her favorite dove.
Prior.

2. To cease to have; to possess no longer; to suffer diminution of; as, to lose one's relish for anything; to lose one's health.

If the salt hath lost his savor, wherewith shall it be salted ?
Matt. v. 13.

3. Not to employ; to employ ineffectually; to throw away; to waste; to squander; as, to lose a day; to lose the benefits of instruction.

The unhappy have but hours, and these they lose .
Dryden.

4. To wander from; to miss, so as not to be able to and; to go astray from; as, to lose one's way.

He hath lost his fellows.
Shak

5. To ruin; to destroy; as destroy; as, the ship was lost on the ledge.

The woman that deliberates is lost .
Addison.

6. To be deprived of the view of; to cease to see or know the whereabouts of; as, he lost his companion in the crowd.

Like following life thro' creatures you dissect,
You lose it in the moment you detect.
Pope.

7. To fail to obtain or enjoy; to fail to gain or win; hence, to fail to catch with the mind or senses; to miss; as, I lost a part of what he said.

He shall in no wise lose his reward.
Matt. x. 42.

I fought the battle bravely which I lost ,
And lost it but to Macedonians.
Dryden.

8. To cause to part with; to deprive of. [ R.]

How should you go about to lose him a wife he loves with so much passion ?
Sir W. Temple.

9. To prevent from gaining or obtaining.

O false heart ! thou hadst almost betrayed me to eternal flames, and lost me this glory.
Baxter.

To lose ground , to fall behind; to suffer gradual loss or disadvantage. -- To lose heart , to lose courage; to become timid. "The mutineers lost heart ." Macaulay. -- To lose one's head , to be thrown off one's balance; to lose the use of one's good sense or judgment.

In the excitement of such a discovery, many scholars lost their heads .
Whitney.

-- To lose one's self . (a) To forget or mistake the bearing of surrounding objects; as, to lose one's self in a great city. (b) To have the perceptive and rational power temporarily suspended; as, we lose ourselves in sleep . -- To lose sight of . (a) To cease to see; as, to lose sight of the land. (b) To overlook; to forget; to fail to perceive; as, he lost sight of the issue .

Lose intransitive verb To suffer loss, disadvantage, or defeat; to be worse off, esp. as the result of any kind of contest.

We 'll . . . hear poor rogues
Talk of court news; and we'll talk with them too,
Who loses and who wins; who's in, who's out.
Shak.

Losel noun [ From the root of lose , loss . √127. Confer Lorel .] One who loses by sloth or neglect; a worthless person; a lorel. [ Archaic] Spenser.

One sad losel soils a name for aye.
Byron.

Losel adjective Wasteful; slothful.

Losenger noun [ Old French losengier , losengeor , from losengier to deceive, flatter, losenge , flattery, Pr. lauzenga , from Latin laus praise. Confer Lozenge .] A flatterer; a deceiver; a cozener. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

To a fair pair of gallows, there to end their lives with shame, as a number of such other losengers had done.
Holinshed.

Losengerie noun [ Old French ] Flattery; deceit; trickery. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Loser noun One who loses. South.

Losing adjective [ See Losenger .] Given to flattery or deceit; flattering; cozening. [ Obsolete]

Amongst the many simoniacal that swarmed in the land, Herbert, Bishop of Thetford, must not be forgotten; nick-named Losing , that is, the Flatterer.
Fuller.

Losing adjective [ See Lose , transitive verb ] Causing or incurring loss; as, a losing game or business.

Who strive to sit out losing hands are lost.
Herbert.

Losingly adverb In a manner to incur loss.

Loss (lŏs; 115) noun [ Anglo-Saxon los loss, losing, from leósan to lose. √127. See Lose , transitive verb ]
1. The act of losing; failure; destruction; privation; as, the loss of property; loss of money by gaming; loss of health or reputation.

Assured loss before the match be played.
Shak.

2. The state of losing or having lost; the privation, defect, misfortune, harm, etc., which ensues from losing.

Though thou repent, yet I have still the loss .
Shak.

3. That which is lost or from which one has parted; waste; -- opposed to gain or increase ; as, the loss of liquor by leakage was considerable.

4. The state of being lost or destroyed; especially, the wreck or foundering of a ship or other vessel.

5. Failure to gain or win; as, loss of a race or battle.

6. Failure to use advantageously; as, loss of time.

7. (Mil.) Killed, wounded, and captured persons, or captured property.

8. (Insurance) Destruction or diminution of value, if brought about in a manner provided for in the insurance contract (as destruction by fire or wreck, damage by water or smoke), or the death or injury of an insured person; also, the sum paid or payable therefor; as, the losses of the company this year amount to a million of dollars.

To bear a loss , to make a loss good; also, to sustain a loss without sinking under it. -- To be at a loss , to be in a state of uncertainty.

Syn. -- Privation; detriment; injury; damage.

Lossful adjective Detrimental. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Lossless adjective Free from loss. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Lost adjective [ Propast participle p. of Middle English losien . See Lose , transitive verb ]
1. Parted with unwillingly or unintentionally; not to be found; missing; as, a lost book or sheep.

2. Parted with; no longer held or possessed; as, a lost limb; lost honor.

3. Not employed or enjoyed; thrown away; employed ineffectually; wasted; squandered; as, a lost day; a lost opportunity or benefit.

5. Having wandered from, or unable to find, the way; bewildered; perplexed; as, a child lost in the woods; a stranger lost in London.

6. Ruined or destroyed, either physically or morally; past help or hope; as, a ship lost at sea; a woman lost to virtue; a lost soul.

7. Hardened beyond sensibility or recovery; alienated; insensible; as, lost to shame; lost to all sense of honor.

8. Not perceptible to the senses; no longer visible; as, an island lost in a fog; a person lost in a crowd.

9. Occupied with, or under the influence of, something, so as to be insensible of external things; as, to be lost in thought.

Lost motion (Machinery) , the difference between the motion of a driver and that of a follower, due to the yielding of parts or looseness of joints.

Lot (lŏt) noun [ Anglo-Saxon hlot ; akin to hleótan to cast lots, Old Saxon hlōt lot, Dutch lot , German loos , Old High German lōz , Icelandic hlutr , Swedish lott , Danish lod , Goth. hlauts . Confer Allot , Lotto , Lottery .]


1. That which happens without human design or forethought; chance; accident; hazard; fortune; fate.

But save my life, which lot before your foot doth lay.
Spenser.

2. Anything (as a die, pebble, ball, or slip of paper) used in determining a question by chance, or without man's choice or will; as, to cast or draw lots .

The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord.
Prov. xvi. 33.

If we draw lots , he speeds.
Shak.

3. The part, or fate, which falls to one, as it were, by chance, or without his planning.

O visions ill foreseen! Each day's lot's
Enough to bear.
Milton.

He was but born to try
The lot of man -- to suffer and to die.
Pope.

4. A separate portion; a number of things taken collectively; as, a lot of stationery; -- colloquially, sometimes of people; as, a sorry lot ; a bad lot .

I, this winter, met with a very large lot of English heads, chiefly of the reign of James I.
Walpole.

5. A distinct portion or plot of land, usually smaller than a field; as, a building lot in a city.

The defendants leased a house and lot in the city of New York.
Kent.

6. A large quantity or number; a great deal; as, to spend a lot of money; lots of people think so. [ Colloq.]

He wrote to her . . . he might be detained in London by a lot of business.
W. Black.

7. A prize in a lottery. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

To cast in one's lot with , to share the fortunes of. -- To cast lots , to use or throw a die, or some other instrument, by the unforeseen turn or position of which, an event is by previous agreement determined. -- To draw lots , to determine an event, or make a decision, by drawing one thing from a number whose marks are concealed from the drawer. -- To pay scot and lot , to pay taxes according to one's ability. See Scot .

Lot transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lotted ; present participle & verbal noun Lotting .] To allot; to sort; to portion. [ R.]

To lot on or upon , to count or reckon upon; to expect with pleasure. [ Colloq. U. S.]

Lote noun [ Latin lotus , Greek .... Confer Lotus .] (Botany) A large tree ( Celtis australis ), found in the south of Europe. It has a hard wood, and bears a cherrylike fruit. Called also nettle tree . Eng. Cyc.

Lote noun [ French lotte .] (Zoology) The European burbot.

Lote intransitive verb [ Anglo-Saxon lutian .] To lurk; to lie hid. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Loth adjective , Loth"ly adjective & adverb , Loth"some adjective , See Loath , Loathly , etc.

Lothario noun [ Name of a character in Rowe's drama, "The Fair Penitent."] A gay seducer of women; a libertine.

Lotion noun [ Latin lotio , from lavare , lotum , to wash: confer French lotion . See Lave to wash.]
1. A washing, especially of the skin for the purpose of rendering it fair.

2. A liquid preparation for bathing the skin, or an injured or diseased part, either for a medicinal purpose, or for improving its appearance.

Loto noun See Lotto .

Lotong noun [ Malay lūtong .] (Zoology) An East Indian monkey ( Semnopithecus femoralis ).

Lotophagi noun plural [ Latin , from Greek ...; ... the lotus + ... to eat.] (Class. Myth.) A people visited by Ulysses in his wanderings. They subsisted on the lotus. See Lotus (b) , and Lotus- eater .

Lotos noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) See Lotus .

Lottery noun ; plural Lotteries . [ Lot + -ery , as in brewe ry , bind ery .]
1. A scheme for the distribution of prizes by lot or chance; esp., a gaming scheme in which one or more tickets bearing particular numbers draw prizes, and the rest of the tickets are blanks. Fig.: An affair of chance.

» The laws of the United States and of most of the States make lotteries illegal.

2. Allotment; thing allotted. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Lotto noun [ French loto or Italian lotto , prop., a lot; of German origin. See Lot .] A game of chance, played with cards, on which are inscribed numbers, and any contrivance (as a wheel containing numbered balls) for determining a set of numbers by chance. The player holding a card having on it the set of numbers drawn from the wheel takes the stakes after a certain percentage of them has been deducted for the dealer. A variety of lotto is called keno . [ Often written loto .]

Loture noun [ Latin lotura . See Lotion .] See Lotion . [ Obsolete] Holland.

Lotus (lō"tŭs) noun [ Latin lotus , Greek lwto`s . Confer Lote .]
1. (Botany) (a) A name of several kinds of water lilies; as Nelumbium speciosum , used in religious ceremonies, anciently in Egypt, and to this day in Asia; Nelumbium luteum , the American lotus; and Nymphæa Lotus and N. cærulea , the respectively white- flowered and blue-flowered lotus of modern Egypt, which, with Nelumbium speciosum , are figured on its ancient monuments. (b) The lotus of the lotuseaters , probably a tree found in Northern Africa, Sicily, Portugal, and Spain ( Zizyphus Lotus ), the fruit of which is mildly sweet. It was fabled by the ancients to make strangers who ate of it forget their native country, or lose all desire to return to it. (c) The lote, or nettle tree. See Lote . (d) A genus ( Lotus ) of leguminous plants much resembling clover. [ Written also lotos .]

European lotus , a small tree ( Diospyros Lotus ) of Southern Europe and Asia; also, its rather large bluish black berry, which is called also the date plum .

2. (Architecture) An ornament much used in Egyptian architecture, generally asserted to have been suggested by the Egyptian water lily.

Lotus-eater (lō"tŭs-ēt`ẽr), Lo"tos-eat`er (lō"tŏs-ēt`ẽr) noun (Class. Myth.) One who ate the fruit or leaf of the lotus, and, as a consequence, gave himself up to indolence and daydreams; one of the Lotophagi.

The mild-eyed melancholy Lotos- eaters .
Tennyson.

Louchettes noun plural [ French] Goggles intended to rectify strabismus by permitting vision only directly in front. Knight.

Loud (loud) adjective [ Compar. Louder (loud"ẽr); superl. Loudest .] [ Middle English loud , lud , Anglo-Saxon hlūd ; akin to Old Saxon hlūd , Dutch luid , Old High German lūt , German laut , Latin - clutus , in in clutus , in clitus , celebrated, renowned, cluere to be called, Greek klyto`s heard, loud, famous, kly`ein to hear, Sanskrit çru . √41. Confer Client , Listen , Slave a serf.]
1. Having, making, or being a strong or great sound; noisy; striking the ear with great force; as, a loud cry; loud thunder.

They were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified.
Luke xxiii. 23.

2. Clamorous; boisterous.

She is loud and stubborn.
Prov. vii. 11.

3. Emphatic; impressive; urgent; as, a loud call for united effort. [ Colloq.]

4. Ostentatious; likely to attract attention; gaudy; as, a loud style of dress; loud colors. [ Slang]

Syn. -- Noisy; boisterous; vociferous; clamorous; obstreperous; turbulent; blustering; vehement.

Loud adverb [ Anglo-Saxon hlūde .] With loudness; loudly.

To speak loud in public assemblies.
Addison.

Loud-mouthed adjective Having a loud voice; talking or sounding noisily; noisily impudent.

Loud-voiced adjective Having a loud voice; noisy; clamorous. Byron.

Loudful adjective Noisy. [ Obsolete] Marsion.

Loudly adverb In a loud manner. Denham.

Loudness noun The quality or state of being loud.

Lough noun [ See 1st Loch .] A loch or lake; -- so spelt in Ireland.

Lough obsolete strong imperfect of Laugh . Chaucer.

Louis d'or [ French, gold louis.] Formerly, a gold coin of France nominally worth twenty shillings sterling, but of varying value; -- first struck in 1640.

Louis quatorze (lō"ĭ kȧ*tôrz"). [ French, Louis fourteenth.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the art or style of the times of Louis XIV. of France; as, Louis quatorze architecture.

Louk (louk) noun An accomplice; a "pal." [ Obsolete]

There is no thief without a louk .
Chaucer.

Lounge (lounj) intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Lounged (lounjd); present participle & verbal noun Lounging (loun"jĭng).] [ Middle English lungis a tall, slow, awkward fellow, Old French longis , longin , said to be from Longinus , the name of the centurion who pierced the body of Christ, but with reference also to Latin longus long. Confer Long , adjective ] To spend time lazily, whether lolling or idly sauntering; to pass time indolently; to stand, sit, or recline, in an indolent manner.

We lounge over the sciences, dawdle through literature, yawn over politics.
J. Hannay.

Lounge noun
1. An idle gait or stroll; the state of reclining indolently; a place of lounging.

She went with Lady Stock to a bookseller's whose shop served as a fashionable lounge .
Miss Edgeworth.

2. A piece of furniture resembling a sofa, upon which one may lie or recline.

Lounger noun One who lounges; an idler.

Loup (lōp) noun (Iron Works) See 1st Loop .