Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Foraminated adjective [ Latin foraminatus .] Having small opening, or foramina.
Foraminifer noun (Zoology) One of the Foraminifera.
Foraminifera noun plural
[ New Latin , from Latin foramen
, a foramen + ferre
to bear.] (Zoology) An extensive order of rhizopods which generally have a chambered calcareous shell formed by several united zooids. Many of them have perforated walls, whence the name. Some species are covered with sand. See Rhizophoda .
1. Having small openings, or foramina. 2. Pertaining to, or composed of, Foraminifera; as, foraminiferous mud.
Foraminous adjective [ Latin foraminosus .] Having foramina; full of holes; porous. Bacon.
Forasmuch conj. In consideration that; seeing that; since; because that; -- followed by as . See under For , preposition
fo*rā"; 277) noun
[ Another form of forahe
. Confer Forray
.] A sudden or irregular incursion in border warfare; hence, any irregular incursion for war or spoils; a raid. Spenser.
The huge Earl Doorm, . . . Tennyson.
Bound on a foray , rolling eyes of prey.
Foray transitive verb To pillage; to ravage.
He might foray our lands. Sir W. Scott.
Forayer noun One who makes or joins in a foray.
They might not choose the lowland road, Sir W. Scott.
For the Merse forayers were abroad.
Forbathe transitive verb To bathe. [ Obsolete]
[ See Fore
, and Bear
to produce.] An ancestor; a forefather; -- usually in the plural.
[ Scot.] "Your forbears
of old." Sir W. Scott.
(fŏr*bâr") intransitive verb
[ imperfect Forbore
[ Obsolete]); past participle Forborne
; present participle & verbal noun Forbearing
.] [ Middle English forberen
, Anglo-Saxon forberan
; prefix for-
to bear. See Bear
to support.] 1. To refrain from proceeding; to pause; to delay.
Shall I go against Ramoth-gilead to battle, or shall I forbear ? 1 Kings xxii. 6. 2. To refuse; to decline; to give no heed.
Thou shalt speak my words unto them, whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear . Ezek. ii. 7. 3. To control one's self when provoked.
The kindest and the happiest pair Cowper.
Will find occasion to forbear .
Both bear and forbear . Old Proverb.
Forbear transitive verb 1. To keep away from; to avoid; to abstain from; to give up; as, to forbear the use of a word of doubtful propriety.
But let me that plunder forbear . Shenstone.
The King Tennyson. 2. To treat with consideration or indulgence.
In open battle or the tilting field
Forbore his own advantage.
Forbearing one another in love. Eph. iv. 2. 3. To cease from bearing.
Whenas my womb her burden would forbear . Spenser.
Forbearance noun The act of forbearing or waiting; the exercise of patience.
He soon shall find Milton. 2. The quality of being forbearing; indulgence toward offenders or enemies; long-suffering.
Forbearance no acquittance ere day end.
Have a continent forbearance , till the speed of his rage goes slower. Shak. Syn.
-- Abstinence; refraining; lenity; mildness.
Forbearant adjective Forbearing. [ R.] Carlyle.
Forbearer noun One who forbears. Tusser.
Forbearing adjective Disposed or accustomed to forbear; patient; long-suffering. -- For*bear"ing*ly , adverb
(fŏr*bĭd") transitive verb
[ imperfect Forbade
(-băd"); past participle Forbidden
(-bĭd"d'n) ( Forbid
, [ Obsolete]); present participle & verbal noun Forbidding
.] [ Middle English forbeden
, Anglo-Saxon forbeódan
; prefix for-
to bid; akin to Dutch verbieden
, German verbieten
, Icelandic fyrirbjōða
, Swedish förbjuda
, Danish forbyde
. See Bid
, transitive verb
] 1. To command against, or contrary to; to prohibit; to interdict.
More than I have said . . . Shak. 2. To deny, exclude from, or warn off, by express command; to command not to enter.
The leisure and enforcement of the time
Forbids to dwell upon.
Have I not forbid her my house? Shak. 3. To oppose, hinder, or prevent, as if by an effectual command; as, an impassable river forbids the approach of the army.
A blaze of glory that forbids the sight. Dryden. 4. To accurse; to blast.
He shall live a man forbid . Shak. 5. To defy; to challenge.
[ Obsolete] Latin Andrews. Syn.
-- To prohibit; interdict; hinder; preclude; withhold; restrain; prevent. See Prohibit
Forbid intransitive verb To utter a prohibition; to prevent; to hinder. "I did not or forbid ." Milton.
Forbiddance noun The act of forbidding; prohibition; command or edict against a thing.
How hast thou yield to transgress Milton.
The strict forbiddance .
Forbidden adjective Prohibited; interdicted.
I know no spells, use no forbidden arts. Milton. Forbidden fruit
. (a) Any coveted unlawful pleasure, -- so called with reference to the forbidden fruit of the Garden of Eden. (b) (Botany) A small variety of shaddock ( Citrus decumana ). The name is given in different places to several varieties of Citrus fruits.
Forbiddenly adverb In a forbidden or unlawful manner. Shak.
Forbidder noun One who forbids. Milton.
Forbidding adjective Repelling approach; repulsive; raising abhorrence, aversion, or dislike; disagreeable; prohibiting or interdicting; as, a forbidding aspect; a forbidding formality; a forbidding air. Syn. -- Disagreeable; unpleasant; displeasing; offensive; repulsive; odious; abhorrent. -- For*bid"ding*ly , adverb -- For*bid"ding*ness , noun
Forblack adjective Very black.
As any raven's feathers it shone forblack . Chaucer.
obsolete past participle of Forbid . Chaucer.
Forborne past participle of Forbear .
Forbruise transitive verb To bruise sorely or exceedingly.
All forbrosed , both back and side. Chaucer.
Forby adverb & preposition
[ See Foreby
.] Near; hard by; along; past.
To tell her if her child went ought forby . Chaucer.
To the intent that ships may pass along forby all the sides of the city without let. Robynson (More's Utopia).
Forcarve transitive verb To cut completely; to cut off. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Force transitive verb
[ See Farce
to stuff.] To stuff; to lard; to farce.
Wit larded with malice, and malice forced with wit. Shak.
[ Of Scand. origin; confer Icelandic fors
, Danish fos
.] A waterfall; a cascade.
[ Prov. Eng.]
To see the falls for force of the river Kent. T. Gray.
[ French force
, Late Latin forcia
, from Latin fortis
strong. See Fort
] 1. Strength or energy of body or mind; active power; vigor; might; often, an unusual degree of strength or energy; capacity of exercising an influence or producing an effect; especially, power to persuade, or convince, or impose obligation; pertinency; validity; special signification; as, the force of an appeal, an argument, a contract, or a term.
He was, in the full force of the words, a good man. Macaulay. 2. Power exerted against will or consent; compulsory power; violence; coercion.
Which now they hold by force , and not by right. Shak. 3. Strength or power for war; hence, a body of land or naval combatants, with their appurtenances, ready for action; -- an armament; troops; warlike array; -- often in the plural; hence, a body of men prepared for action in other ways; as, the laboring force of a plantation.
Is Lucius general of the forces ? Shak. 4. (Law) (a) Strength or power exercised without law, or contrary to law, upon persons or things; violence. (b) Validity; efficacy. Burrill. 5. (Physics) Any action between two bodies which changes, or tends to change, their relative condition as to rest or motion; or, more generally, which changes, or tends to change, any physical relation between them, whether mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical, magnetic, or of any other kind; as, the force of gravity; cohesive force ; centrifugal force . Animal force (Physiol.)
, muscular force or energy.
-- Catabiotic force
[ Greek ... down (intens.) + ... life.] (Biol.)
, the influence exerted by living structures on adjoining cells, by which the latter are developed in harmony with the primary structures.
-- Centrifugal force
, Centripetal force
, Coercive force
, etc. See under Centrifugal , Centripetal , etc.
-- Composition of forces
, Correlation of forces
, etc. See under Composition , Correlation , etc.
-- Force and arms
[ trans. of Latin vi et armis
, an expression in old indictments, signifying violence .
-- In force
, or Of force
, of unimpaired efficacy; valid; of full virtue; not suspended or reversed.
"A testament is of force
after men are dead." Hebrew ix. 17.
-- Metabolic force (Physiol.)
, the influence which causes and controls the metabolism of the body.
-- No force
, no matter of urgency or consequence; no account; hence, to do no force , to make no account of; not to heed.
[ Obsolete] Chaucer.
-- Of force
, of necessity; unavoidably; imperatively.
"Good reasons must, of force
, give place to better." Shak.
-- Plastic force
.), the force which presumably acts in the growth and repair of the tissues.
-- Vital force (Physiol.)
, that force or power which is inherent in organization; that form of energy which is the cause of the vital phenomena of the body, as distinguished from the physical forces generally known. Syn.
-- Strength; vigor; might; energy; stress; vehemence; violence; compulsion; coaction; constraint; coercion. -- Force
looks rather to power as an inward
capability or energy. Thus we speak of the strength
of timber, bodily strength
, mental strength
of emotion, etc. Force
, on the other hand, looks more to the outward
; as, the force
of gravitation, force
of circumstances, force
of habit, etc. We do, indeed, speak of strength
of will and force
of will; but even here the former may lean toward the internal tenacity of purpose, and the latter toward the outward expression of it in action. But, though the two words do in a few cases touch thus closely on each other, there is, on the whole, a marked distinction in our use of force
. " Force
is the name given, in mechanical science, to whatever produces, or can produce, motion." Nichol.
Thy tears are of no force to mollify Heywood.
This flinty man.
More huge in strength than wise in works he was. Spenser.
Adam and first matron Eve Milton.
Had ended now their orisons, and found
Strength added from above, new hope to spring
Out of despair.
Force transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Forced
; present participle & verbal noun Forcing
.] [ Old French forcier
, French forcer
, from Late Latin forciare
. See Force
] 1. To constrain to do or to forbear, by the exertion of a power not resistible; to compel by physical, moral, or intellectual means; to coerce; as, masters force slaves to labor. 2. To compel, as by strength of evidence; as, to force conviction on the mind. 3. To do violence to; to overpower, or to compel by violence to one's will; especially, to ravish; to violate; to commit rape upon.
To force their monarch and insult the court. Dryden.
I should have forced thee soon wish other arms. Milton.
To force a spotless virgin's chastity. Shak. 4. To obtain or win by strength; to take by violence or struggle; specifically, to capture by assault; to storm, as a fortress. 5. To impel, drive, wrest, extort, get, etc., by main strength or violence; -- with a following adverb, as along , away , from , into , through , out , etc.
It stuck so fast, so deeply buried lay Dryden.
That scarce the victor forced the steel away.
To force the tyrant from his seat by war. Sahk.
Ethelbert ordered that none should be forced into religion. Fuller. 6. To put in force; to cause to be executed; to make binding; to enforce.
What can the church force more? J. Webster. 7. To exert to the utmost; to urge; hence, to strain; to urge to excessive, unnatural, or untimely action; to produce by unnatural effort; as, to force a conceit or metaphor; to force a laugh; to force fruits.
High on a mounting wave my head I bore, Dryden. 8. (Whist) To compel (an adversary or partner) to trump a trick by leading a suit of which he has none. 9. To provide with forces; to reënforce; to strengthen by soldiers; to man; to garrison.
Forcing my strength, and gathering to the shore.
[ Obsolete] Shak. 10. To allow the force of; to value; to care for.
For me, I force not argument a straw. Shak. Syn.
-- To compel; constrain; oblige; necessitate; coerce; drive; press; impel.
Force intransitive verb
[ Obsolete in all the senses.] 1. To use violence; to make violent effort; to strive; to endeavor.
Forcing with gifts to win his wanton heart. Spenser. 2. To make a difficult matter of anything; to labor; to hesitate; hence, to force of , to make much account of; to regard.
Your oath once broke, you force not to forswear. Shak.
I force not of such fooleries. Camden. 3. To be of force, importance, or weight; to matter.
It is not sufficient to have attained the name and dignity of a shepherd, not forcing how. Udall.
Force pump (Machinery) (a) A pump having a solid piston, or plunger, for drawing and forcing a liquid, as water, through the valves; in distinction from a pump having a bucket, or valved piston. (b) A pump adapted for delivering water at a considerable height above the pump, or under a considerable pressure; in distinction from one which lifts the water only to the top of the pump or delivers it through a spout. See Illust. of Plunger pump , under Plunger .
Forced adjective Done or produced with force or great labor, or by extraordinary exertion; hurried; strained; produced by unnatural effort or pressure; as, a forced style; a forced laugh. Forced draught
. See under Draught .
-- Forced march (Mil.)
, a march of one or more days made with all possible speed.
-- For"ced*ly adverb
Forceful adjective Full of or processing force; exerting force; mighty.
Against the steed he threw Dryden.
His forceful spear.
Forceless adjective Having little or no force; feeble.
These forceless flowers like sturdy trees support me. Shak.
[ Corrupt. for farce-meat
, from French farce
stuffing. See Farce
] (Cookery) Meat chopped fine and highly seasoned, either served up alone, or used as a stuffing.
[ Written also forced meat
Forcement noun The act of forcing; compulsion.
It was imposed upon us by constraint; J. Webster.
And will you count such forcement treachery?
[ Latin forceps
, from the root of formus
Hot + capere
to take; akin to English heave
. Confer Furnace
.] 1. A pair of pinchers, or tongs; an instrument for grasping, holding firmly, or exerting traction upon, bodies which it would be inconvenient or impracticable to seize with the fingers, especially one for delicate operations, as those of watchmakers, surgeons, accoucheurs, dentists, etc. 2. (Zoology) The caudal forceps- shaped appendage of earwigs and some other insects. See Earwig . Dressing forceps
. See under Dressing .
1. One who, or that which, forces or drives. 2. (Mech.) (a) The solid piston of a force pump; the instrument by which water is forced in a pump. (b) A small hand pump for sinking pits, draining cellars, etc.
[ Confer Old French forcible
that may be forced.] 1. Possessing force; characterized by force, efficiency, or energy; powerful; efficacious; impressive; influential.
How forcible are right words! Job. vi. 2....
Sweet smells are most forcible in dry substances, when broken. Bacon.
But I have reasons strong and forcible . Shak.
That punishment which hath been sometimes forcible to bridle sin. Hooker.
He is at once elegant and sublime, forcible and ornamented. Lowth (Transl. ) 2. Violent; impetuous.
Like mingled streams, more forcible when joined. Prior. 3. Using force against opposition or resistance; obtained by compulsion; effected by force; as, forcible entry or abduction.
In embraces of King James . . . forcible and unjust. Swift. Forcible entry and detainer (Law)
, the entering upon and taking and withholding of land and tenements by actual force and violence, and with a strong hand, to the hindrance of the person having the right to enter. Syn.
-- Violent; powerful; strong; energetic; mighty; potent; weighty; impressive; cogent; influential.
[ From Feeble
, a character in the Second Part of Shakespeare's "King Henry IV.," to whom Falstaff derisively applies the epithet " forcible
."] Seemingly vigorous, but really weak or insipid.
He [ Prof. Ayton] would purge his book of much offensive matter, if he struck out epithets which are in the bad taste of the forcible-feeble school. N. Brit. Review.
Forcibleness noun The quality of being forcible.
Forcibly adverb In a forcible manner.
Forcing noun 1. The accomplishing of any purpose violently, precipitately, prematurely, or with unusual expedition. 2. (Gardening) The art of raising plants, flowers, and fruits at an earlier season than the natural one, as in a hitbed or by the use of artificial heat. Forcing bed or pit
, a plant bed having an under layer of fermenting manure, the fermentation yielding bottom heat for forcing plants; a hotbed.
-- Forcing engine
, a fire engine.
-- Forcing fit (Mech.)
, a tight fit, as of one part into a hole in another part, which makes it necessary to use considerable force in putting the two parts together.
-- Forcing house
, a greenhouse for the forcing of plants, fruit trees, etc.
-- Forcing machine
, a powerful press for putting together or separating two parts that are fitted tightly one into another, as for forcing a crank on a shaft, or for drawing off a car wheel from the axle.
-- Forcing pump
. See Force pump (b) .