Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Foot-sore adjective Having sore or tender feet, as by reason of much walking; as, foot-sore cattle.

Footed adjective
1. Having a foot or feet; shaped in the foot. " Footed like a goat." Grew.

» Footed is often used in composition in the sense of having ( such or so many ) feet ; as, four footed beasts.

2. Having a foothold; established.

Our king . . . is footed in this land already.
Shak.

Footfall noun A setting down of the foot; a footstep; the sound of a footstep. Shak.

Seraphim, whose footfalls tinkled on the tufted floor.
Poe.

Footfight noun A conflict by persons on foot; -- distinguished from a fight on horseback. Sir P. Sidney.

Footglove noun A kind of stocking. [ Obsolete]

Foothalt noun A disease affecting the feet of sheep.

Foothill noun A low hill at the foot of higher hills or mountains.

Foothold noun A holding with the feet; firm standing; that on which one may tread or rest securely; footing. L'Estrange.

Foothook noun (Nautical) See Futtock .

Foothot adverb Hastily; immediately; instantly; on the spot; hotfoot. Gower.

Custance have they taken anon, foothot .
Chaucer.

Footing noun
1. Ground for the foot; place for the foot to rest on; firm foundation to stand on.

In ascent, every step gained is a footing and help to the next.
Holder.

2. Standing; position; established place; basis for operation; permanent settlement; foothold.

As soon as he had obtained a footing at court, the charms of his manner . . . made him a favorite.
Macaulay.

3. Relative condition; state.

Lived on a footing of equality with nobles.
Macaulay.

4. Tread; step; especially, measured tread.

Hark, I hear the footing of a man.
Shak.

5. The act of adding up a column of figures; the amount or sum total of such a column.

6. The act of putting a foot to anything; also, that which is added as a foot; as, the footing of a stocking.

7. A narrow cotton lace, without figures.

8. The finer refuse part of whale blubber, not wholly deprived of oil. Simmonds.

9. (Arch. & Enging.) The thickened or sloping portion of a wall, or of an embankment at its foot.

Footing course (Architecture) , one of the courses of masonry at the foot of a wall, broader than the courses above. -- To pay one's footing , to pay a fee on first doing anything, as working at a trade or in a shop. Wright. -- Footing beam , the tie beam of a roof.

Footless adjective Having no feet.

Footlicker noun A sycophant; a fawner; a toady. Confer Bootlick . Shak.

Footlight noun One of a row of lights in the front of the stage in a theater, etc., and on a level therewith.

Before the footlights , upon the stage; -- hence, in the capacity of an actor.

Footman noun ; plural Footmen
1. A soldier who marches and fights on foot; a foot soldier.

2. A man in waiting; a male servant whose duties are to attend the door, the carriage, the table, etc.

3. Formerly, a servant who ran in front of his master's carriage; a runner. Prior.

4. A metallic stand with four feet, for keeping anything warm before a fire.

5. (Zoology) A moth of the family Lithosidæ ; -- so called from its livery-like colors.

Footmanship noun Art or skill of a footman.

Footmark noun A footprint; a track or vestige. Coleridge.

Footnote noun A note of reference or comment at the foot of a page.

Footpace noun
1. A walking pace or step.

2. A dais, or elevated platform; the highest step of the altar; a landing in a staircase. Shipley.

Footpad noun A highwayman or robber on foot.

Footpath noun ; plural Footpaths A narrow path or way for pedestrains only; a footway.

Footplate noun (Locomotives) See Footboard (a) .

Footprint noun The impression of the foot; a trace or footmark; as, " Footprints of the Creator."

Footrope noun (Aut.) (a) The rope rigged below a yard, upon which men stand when reefing or furling; -- formerly called a horse . (b) That part of the boltrope to which the lower edge of a sail is sewed.

Foots noun plural The settlings of oil, molasses, etc., at the bottom of a barrel or hogshead. Simmonds.

Footstalk noun
1. (Botany) The stalk of a leaf or of flower; a petiole, pedicel, or reduncle.

2. (Zoology) (a) The peduncle or stem by which various marine animals are attached, as certain brachiopods and goose barnacles. (b) The stem which supports which supports the eye in decapod Crustacea; eyestalk.

3. (Machinery) The lower part of a millstone spindle. It rests in a step. Knight.

Footstall noun [ Confer Pedestal .]
1. The stirrup of a woman's saddle.

2. (Architecture) The plinth or base of a pillar.

Footstep noun
1. The mark or impression of the foot; a track; hence, visible sign of a course pursued; token; mark; as, the footsteps of divine wisdom.

How on the faltering footsteps of decay
Youth presses.
Bryant.

2. An inclined plane under a hand printing press.

Footstone noun The stone at the foot of a grave; -- opposed to headstone .

Footstool noun A low stool to support the feet of one when sitting.

Footway noun A passage for pedestrians only.

Footworn adjective Worn by, or weared in, the feet; as, a footworn path; a footworn traveler.

Footy adjective
1. Having foots , or settlings; as, footy oil, molasses, etc. [ Eng.]

2. Poor; mean. [ Prov. Eng.] C. Kingsley.

Foozle transitive verb & i. [ imperfect & past participle Foozled ; present participle & verbal noun Foozling .] [ Confer German fuseln to work badly or slowly.] To bungle; to manage awkwardly; to treat or play unskillfully; as, to foozle a stroke in golf.

She foozles all along the course.
Century Mag.

Foozle noun
1. A stupid fellow; a fogy. [ Colloq.]

2. Act of foozling; a bungling stroke, as in golf.

Fop noun [ Middle English foppe , fop , fool; confer English fob to cheat, German foppen to make a fool of one, jeer, Dutch foppen .] One whose ambition it is to gain admiration by showy dress; a coxcomb; an inferior dandy.

Fop-doodle noun A stupid or insignificant fellow; a fool; a simpleton. [ R.] Hudibras.

Fopling noun A petty fop. Landor.

Foppery noun ; plural Fopperies . [ From Fop .]
1. The behavior, dress, or other indication of a fop; coxcombry; affectation of show; showy folly.

2. Folly; foolery.

Let not the sound of shallow foppery enter
My sober house.
Shak.

Foppish adjective Foplike; characteristic of a top in dress or manners; making an ostentatious display of gay clothing; affected in manners.

Syn. -- Finical; spruce; dandyish. See Finical .

-- Fop"pish*ly , adverb -- Fop"pish*ness , noun

For preposition [ Anglo-Saxon for , fore ; akin to Old Saxon for , fora , furi , Dutch voor , Old High German fora , German vor , Old High German furi , German für , Icelandic fyrir , Swedish för , Danish for , adverb för , Goth. faúr , faúra , Latin pro , Greek ..., Sanskrit pra -. √ 202. Confer Fore , First , Foremost , Forth , Pro -.] In the most general sense, indicating that in consideration of, in view of, or with reference to, which anything is done or takes place.


1. Indicating the antecedent cause or occasion of an action; the motive or inducement accompanying and prompting to an act or state; the reason of anything; that on account of which a thing is or is done.

With fiery eyes sparkling for very wrath.
Shak.

How to choose dogs for scent or speed.
Waller.

Now, for so many glorious actions done,
For peace at home, and for the public wealth,
I mean to crown a bowl for Cæsar's health.
Dryden.

That which we, for our unworthiness, are afraid to crave, our prayer is, that God, for the worthiness of his Son, would, notwithstanding, vouchsafe to grant.
Hooker.

2. Indicating the remoter and indirect object of an act; the end or final cause with reference to which anything is, acts, serves, or is done.

The oak for nothing ill,
The osier good for twigs, the poplar for the mill.
Spenser.

It was young counsel for the persons, and violent counsel for the matters.
Bacon.

Shall I think the worls was made for one ,
And men are born for kings, as beasts for men,
Not for protection, but to be devoured?
Dryden.

For he writes not for money, nor for praise.
Denham.

3. Indicating that in favor of which, or in promoting which, anything is, or is done; hence, in behalf of; in favor of; on the side of; -- opposed to against .

We can do nothing against the truth, but for the truth.
2 Cor. xiii. 8.

It is for the general good of human society, and consequently of particular persons, to be true and just; and it is for men's health to be temperate.
Tillotson.

Aristotle is for poetical justice.
Dennis.

4. Indicating that toward which the action of anything is directed, or the point toward which motion is made; ...ntending to go to.

We sailed from Peru for China and Japan.
Bacon.

5. Indicating that on place of or instead of which anything acts or serves, or that to which a substitute, an equivalent, a compensation, or the like, is offered or made; instead of, or place of.

And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Ex. xxi. 23, 24.

6. Indicating that in the character of or as being which anything is regarded or treated; to be, or as being.

We take a falling meteor for a star.
Cowley.

If a man can be fully assured of anything for a truth, without having examined, what is there that he may not embrace for tru...?
Locke.

Most of our ingenious young men take up some cried- up English poet for their model.
Dryden.

But let her go for an ungrateful woman.
Philips.

7. Indicating that instead of which something else controls in the performing of an action, or that in spite of which anything is done, occurs, or is; hence, equivalent to notwithstanding , in spite of ; -- generally followed by all , aught , anything , etc.

The writer will do what she please for all me.
Spectator.

God's desertion shall, for aught he knows, the next minute supervene.
Dr. H. More.

For anything that legally appears to the contrary, it may be a contrivance to fright us.
Swift.

8. Indicating the space or time through which an action or state extends; hence, during; in or through the space or time of.

For many miles about
There 's scarce a bush.
Shak.

Since, hired for life, thy servile muse sing.
prior.

To guide the sun's bright chariot for a day.
Garth.

9. Indicating that in prevention of which, or through fear of which, anything is done. [ Obsolete]

We 'll have a bib, for spoiling of thy doublet.
Beau. & Fl.

For , or As for , so far as concerns; as regards; with reference to; -- used parenthetically or independently. See under As .

As for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.
Josh. xxiv. 15.

For me, my stormy voyage at an end,
I to the port of death securely tend.
Dryden.

-- For all that , notwithstanding; in spite of. -- For all the world , wholly; exactly. "Whose posy was, for all the world , like cutlers' poetry." Shak. -- For as much as , or Forasmuch as , in consideration that; seeing that; since. -- For by . See Forby , adverb -- For ever , eternally; at all times. See Forever . -- For me , or For all me , as far as regards me. -- For my life , or For the life of me , if my life depended on it. [ Colloq.] T. Hook. -- For that , For the reason that , because; since. [ Obsolete] " For that I love your daughter." Shak. -- For thy , or Forthy [ Anglo-Saxon for...... .], for this; on this account. [ Obsolete] "Thomalin, have no care for thy ." Spenser. -- For to , as sign of infinitive, in order to; to the end of. [ Obsolete, except as sometimes heard in illiterate speech.] -- "What went ye out for to see?" Luke vii. 25. See To , preposition , 4. -- O for , would that I had; may there be granted; -- elliptically expressing desire or prayer. " O for a muse of fire." Shak. -- Were it not for , or If it were not for , leaving out of account; but for the presence or action of. "Moral consideration can no way move the sensible appetite, were it not for the will." Sir M. Hale.

For conj.
1. Because; by reason that; for that; indicating, in Old English, the reason of anything.

And for of long that way had walkéd none,
The vault was hid with plants and bushes hoar.
Fairfax.

And Heaven defend your good souls, that you think
I will your serious and great business scant,
For she with me.
Shak.

2. Since; because; introducing a reason of something before advanced, a cause, motive, explanation, justification, or the like, of an action related or a statement made. It is logically nearly equivalent to since , or because , but connects less closely, and is sometimes used as a very general introduction to something suggested by what has gone before.

Give thanks unto the Lord; for he is good; for his mercy endureth forever.
Ps. cxxxvi. 1.

Heaven doth with us as we with torches do,
Not light them for themselves; for if our virtues
Did not go forth of us, 't were all alike
As if we had them not.
Shak.

For because , because. [ Obsolete] "Nor for because they set less store by their own citizens." Robynson (More's Utopia). -- For why . (a) Why; for that reason; wherefore. [ Obsolete] (b) Because. [ Obsolete] See Forwhy .

Syn. -- See Because .

For noun One who takes, or that which is said on, the affrimative side; that which is said in favor of some one or something; -- the antithesis of against , and commonly used in connection with it.

The fors and against . those in favor and those opposed; the pros and the cons; the advantages and the disadvantages. Jane Austen.

For- [ Anglo-Saxon for- ; akin to D. & German ver - , Old High German fir -, Icelandic for -, Goth. fra -, confer Sanskrit parā- away, Greek ... beside, and English far , adj. Confer Fret to rub.] A prefix to verbs, having usually the force of a negative or privative. It often implies also loss , detriment , or destruction , and sometimes it is intensive, meaning utterly , quite thoroughly , as in for bathe.

Forage noun [ Old French fourage , French fourrage , from forre , fuerre , fodder, straw, French feurre , from Late Latin foderum , fodrum , of German or Scand, origin; confer Old High German fuotar , German futter . See Fodder food, and confer Foray .]
1. The act of foraging; search for provisions, etc.

He [ the lion] from forage will incline to play.
Shak.

One way a band select from forage drives
A herd of beeves, fair oxen and fair kine.
Milton.

Mawhood completed his forage unmolested.
Marshall.

2. Food of any kind for animals, especially for horses and cattle, as grass, pasture, hay, corn, oats. Dryden.

Forage cap . See under Cap . -- Forage master (Mil.) , a person charged with providing forage and the means of transporting it. Farrow.

Forage intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Foraged ; present participle & verbal noun Foraging .] To wander or rove in search of food; to collect food, esp. forage, for horses and cattle by feeding on or stripping the country; to ravage; to feed on spoil.

His most mighty father on a hill
Stood smiling to behold his lion's whelp
Forage in blood of French nobility.
Shak.

Foraging ant (Zoology) , one of several species of ants of the genus Eciton , very abundant in tropical America, remarkable for marching in vast armies in search of food. -- Foraging cap , a forage cap. -- Foraging party , a party sent out after forage.

Forage transitive verb To strip of provisions; to supply with forage; as, to forage steeds. Pope.

Forager noun One who forages.

Foralite noun [ Latin forare to bore + -lite .] (Geol.) A tubelike marking, occuring in sandstone and other strata.

Foramen noun ; plural Latin Foramina , English Foramines . [ Latin , from forare to bore, pierce.] A small opening, perforation, or orifice; a fenestra.

Foramen of Monro (Anat.) , the opening from each lateral into the third ventricle of the brain. -- Foramen of Winslow (Anat.) , the opening connecting the sac of the omentum with the general cavity of the peritoneum.