Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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By-end noun Private end or interest; secret purpose; selfish advantage. [ Written also bye- end .]

"Profit or some other by-end ."
L'Estrange.

By-interest noun Self-interest; private advantage. Atterbury.

By-lane (bī"-lān`) noun A private lane, or one opening out of the usual road.

By-law (bī"-la`) noun [ Confer Swedish bylag , Dutch bylov , Icelandic bȳarlög , from Swedish & Danish by town, Icelandic bær , byr (fr. bûa to dwell) + the word for law ; hence, a law for one town, a special law. Confer Birlaw and see Law .]
1. A local or subordinate law; a private law or regulation made by a corporation for its own government.

There was likewise a law to restrain the by-laws , or ordinances of corporations.
Bacon.

The law or institution; to which are added two by- laws , as a comment upon the general law.
Addison.

2. A law that is less important than a general law or constitutional provision, and subsidiary to it; a rule relating to a matter of detail; as, civic societies often adopt a constitution and by- laws for the government of their members. In this sense the word has probably been influenced by by , meaning secondary or aside .

By-name noun A nickname. Camden.

By-pass noun (Mech.) A by- passage, for a pipe, or other channel, to divert circulation from the usual course.

By-passage noun A passage different from the usual one; a byway.

By-past adjective Past; gone by. " By-past perils." Shak.

By-place noun A retired or private place.

By-product noun A secondary or additional product; something produced, as in the course of a manufacture, in addition to the principal product.

By-respect (bī"re*spĕkt`) noun Private end or view; by-interest. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

By-room noun A private room or apartment. "Stand in some by-room " Shak.

By-speech noun An incidental or casual speech, not directly relating to the point. "To quote by- speeches ." Hooker.

By-spell noun [ Anglo-Saxon bigspell .] A proverb. [ Obsolete]

By-street noun A separate, private, or obscure street; an out of the way or cross street.

He seeks by-streets , and saves the expensive coach.
Gay.

By-stroke noun An accidental or a slyly given stroke.

By-turning noun An obscure road; a way turning from the main road. Sir P. Sidney.

By-view noun A private or selfish view; self-interested aim or purpose.

No by-views of his own shall mislead him.
Atterbury.

By-walk noun A secluded or private walk.

He moves afterward in by-walks .
Dryden.

By-wash noun The outlet from a dam or reservoir; also, a cut to divert the flow of water.

By-wipe noun A secret or side stroke, as of raillery or sarcasm. Milton.

Bygone (bī"gŏn`; 115) adjective Past; gone by. " Bygone fooleries." Shak.

Bygone noun Something gone by or past; a past event. "Let old bygones be" Tennyson.

Let bygones be bygones , let the past be forgotten.

Byland noun A peninsula. [ Obsolete]

Bylander noun See Bilander . [ Obsolete]

Byname transitive verb To give a nickname to. Camden.

Bypath noun ; plural Bypaths A private path; an obscure way; indirect means.

God known, my son,
By what bypaths , and indirect crooked ways,
I met this crown.
Shak.

Byplay noun Action carried on aside, and commonly in dumb show, while the main action proceeds.

Byre noun [ Cf, Icelandic bür pantry, Swedish bur cage, Danish buur , English bower .] A cow house. [ N. of Eng. & Scot.]

Byroad noun A private or obscure road. "Through slippery byroads " Swift.

Byronic adjective Pertaining to, or in the style of, Lord Byron.

With despair and Byronic misanthropy .
Thackeray

Bysmottered (bi*smŏt"tẽr*ĕd) p.a. [ See Besmut .] Bespotted with mud or dirt. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Byss noun See Byssus , noun , 1.

Byssaceous adjective [ From Byssus .] (Botany) Byssuslike; consisting of fine fibers or threads, as some very delicate filamentous algæ.

Byssiferous adjective [ Byssus + -ferous .] Bearing a byssus or tuft.

Byssin noun See Byssus , noun , 1.

Byssine adjective [ Latin byssinus made of byssus, Greek by`ssinos See Byssus .] Made of silk; having a silky or flaxlike appearance. Coles.

Byssoid adjective [ Byssus + - oid .] Byssaceous.

Byssolite noun [ Greek ... See flax + - lite .] (Min.) An olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende.

Byssus noun ; plural English Byssuses ; Latin Byssi . [ Latin byssus fine flax, fine linen or cotton, Greek by`ssos .]


1. A cloth of exceedingly fine texture, used by the ancients. It is disputed whether it was of cotton, linen, or silk. [ Written also byss and byssin .]

2. (Zoology) A tuft of long, tough filaments which are formed in a groove of the foot, and issue from between the valves of certain bivalve mollusks, as the Pinna and Mytilus , by which they attach themselves to rocks, etc.

3. (Botany) An obsolete name for certain fungi composed of slender threads.

4. Asbestus.

Bystander noun [ By + stander , equiv. to stander-by ; confer Anglo-Saxon big-standan to stand by or near.] One who stands near; a spectator; one who has no concern with the business transacting.

He addressed the bystanders and scattered pamphlets among them.
Palfrey.

Syn. -- Looker on; spectator; beholder; observer.

Byway noun A secluded, private, or obscure way; a path or road aside from the main one. " Take no byways. " Herbert.

Byword noun [ Anglo-Saxon bïword ; , English by + word .]
1. A common saying; a proverb; a saying that has a general currency.

I knew a wise man that had it for a byword .
Bacon.

2. The object of a contemptuous saying.

Thou makest us a byword among the heathen.
Ps. xliv. 14

Bywork noun Work aside from regular work; subordinate or secondary business.

Byzant, Byzantine (-ăn"tīn) noun [ Middle English besant , besaunt , French besant , from Late Latin Byzantius , Byzantinus , from Byzantium .] (Numis.) A gold coin, so called from being coined at Byzantium. See Bezant .

Byzantian (bĭ*zăn"sh a n) adjective & noun See Byzantine .

Byzantine (bĭ*zăn"tĭn) adjective Of or pertaining to Byzantium. -- noun A native or inhabitant of Byzantium, now Constantinople; sometimes, applied to an inhabitant of the modern city of Constantinople. [ Written also Bizantine .]

Byzantine church , the Eastern or Greek church, as distinguished from the Western or Roman or Latin church. See under Greek . -- Byzantine empire , the Eastern Roman or Greek empire from a.d. 364 or a.d. 395 to the capture of Constantinople by the Turks, a.d. 1453. -- Byzantine historians , historians and writers (Zonaras, Procopius, etc.) who lived in the Byzantine empire. P. Cyc. -- Byzantine style (Architecture) , a style of architecture developed in the Byzantine empire. Its leading forms are the round arch, the dome, the pillar, the circle, and the cross. The capitals of the pillars are of endless variety, and full of invention. The mosque of St. Sophia, Constantinople, and the church of St. Mark, Venice, are prominent examples of Byzantine architecture.