Webster's Dictionary, 1913
[ Latin vituperatio
: confer Old French vituperation
. See Vituperate
.] The act of vituperating; abuse; severe censure; blame.
When a man becomes untractable and inaccessible by fierceness and pride, then vituperation comes upon him. Donne.
Vituperative adjective Uttering or writing censure; containing, or characterized by, abuse; scolding; abusive.
Vituperative appellations derived from their real or supposed ill qualities. B. Jonson.
Vituperator noun [ Latin ] One who vituperates, or censures abusively.
Vituperrious adjective Worthy of vituperation; shameful; disgraceful. [ Obsolete]
[ Italian ] Lit., (long) live; -- an exclamation expressing good will, well wishing, etc.
-- noun The word viva, or a shout or sound made in uttering it.
A wilder burst of " vivas ". R. H. Davis.
Viva voce (v> imac/"vȧ vō"se). [ Latin ] By word of mouth; orally.
Vivace adjective & adverb [ Italian ] (Mus.) Brisk; vivacious; with spirit; -- a direction to perform a passage in a brisk and lively manner.
[ Latin vívax
, from vivere
to live. See Vivid
.] 1. Having vigorous powers of life; tenacious of life; long-lived.
Hitherto the English bishops have been vivacious almost to wonder. . . . But five died for the first twenty years of her [ Queen Elizabeth's] reign. Fuller.
The faith of Christianity is far more vivacious than any mere ravishment of the imagination can ever be. I. Taylor. 2. Sprightly in temper or conduct; lively; merry; as, a vivacious poet.
nonsense." V. Knox. 3. (Botany) Living through the winter, or from year to year; perennial.
[ R.] Syn.
-- Sprightly; active; animated; sportive; gay; merry; jocund; light-hearted. -- Vi*va"cious*ly
[ Latin vivicitas
: confer French vivacité
.] The quality or state of being vivacious.
Specifically: -- (a) Tenacity of life; vital force; natural vigor.
The vivacity of some of these pensioners is little less than a miracle, they lived so long. Fuller. (b) Life; animation; spiritedness; liveliness; sprightliness; as, the vivacity of a discourse; a lady of great vivacity ; vivacity of countenance. Syn.
-- Liveliness; gayety. See Liveliness
[ Old French & French vivandier
, from Late Latin vivanda
, provisions. Confer Viand
.] In Continental armies, esp. the French, a sutler.
[ French See Viand
.] In Continental armies, especially in the French army, a woman accompanying a regiment, who sells provisions and liquor to the soldiers; a female sutler.
Vivant noun [ French, p.pr., living.] In mort, bridge, and similar games, the partner of dummy.
, Latin Vivaria
. [ Latin , from vivarius
belonging to living creatures, from vivus
alive, living. See Vivid
.] A place artificially arranged for keeping or raising living animals, as a park, a pond, an aquarium, a warren, etc.
; plural Vivaries
(-rĭz). A vivarium.
"That . . . vivary
of fowls and beasts." Donne.
(vĭv"dȧ) noun See Vifda .
Vive (vēv). [ French, imperative sing. present from vivre to live, Latin vivere .] Long live, that is, success to; as, vive le roi , long live the king; vive la bagatelle , success to trifles or sport.
[ Latin vivus
: confer French vif
. See Vivid
.] Lively; animated; forcible.
[ Obsolete] Bacon.
Vively adverb In a lively manner.
If I see a thing vively represented on the stage. B. Jonson.
Vivency noun [ Latin vivens , present participle of vivere to live.] Manner of supporting or continuing life or vegetation. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.
Viverra noun [ Latin , a ferret.] (Zoology) A genus of carnivores which comprises the civets.
Viverrine adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to the Viverridæ , or Civet family.
Vivers noun plural
[ French vivres
, plural of vivre
, orig., to live.] Provisions; victuals.
[ Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
I 'll join you at three, if the vivers can tarry so long. Sir W. Scott.
[ Old French vives
, French avives
(cf. Spanish abivas
) from Arabic ad- dhība
. Confer Fives
vives.] (Far.) A disease of brute animals, especially of horses, seated in the glands under the ear, where a tumor is formed which sometimes ends in suppuration.
Vivianite noun [ So called by Werner after the English mineralogist F. German Vivian .] (Min.) A hydrous phosphate of iron of a blue to green color, growing darker on exposure. It occurs in monoclinic crystals, also fibrous, massive, and earthy.
[ Latin vividus
, from vivere
to life; akin to vivus
living. See Quick
, and confer Revive
.] 1. True to the life; exhibiting the appearance of life or freshness; animated; spirited; bright; strong; intense; as, vivid colors.
In dazzling streaks the vivid lightnings play. Cowper.
Arts which present, with all the vivid charms of painting, the human face and human form divine. Bp. Hobart. 2. Forming brilliant images, or painting in lively colors; lively; sprightly; as, a vivid imagination.
Body is a fit workhouse for sprightly, vivid faculties to exercise . . . themselves in. South. Syn.
-- Clear; lucid; bright; strong; striking; lively; quick; sprightly; active. -- Viv"id*ly
Vividity noun The quality or state of being vivid; vividness. [ R.]
Vivific, Vivifical adjective
[ Latin vivificus
: confer French vivifique
. See Vivify
.] Giving life; reviving; enlivening.
Vivificate transitive verb
[ Latin vivificatus
, past participle vivificare
. See Vivify
.] 1. To give life to; to animate; to revive; to vivify.
God vivificates and actuates the whole world. Dr. H. More. 2. (Chemistry) To bring back a metal to the metallic form, as from an oxide or solution; to reduce.
Vivification noun [ Latin vivificatio : confer vivification .]
1. The act of vivifying, or the state of being vivified; restoration of life; revival. Bacon. 2. (Physiol.) One of the changes of assimilation, in which proteid matter which has been transformed, and made a part of the tissue or tissue cells, is endowed with life, and thus enabled to manifest the phenomena of irritability, contractility, etc. McKendrick. 3. (Chemistry) The act or process of vivificating. [ Obsolete]
Vivificative adjective Able or tending to vivify, animate, or give life; vivifying.
Vivify transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Vivified
; present participle & verbal noun Vivifying
.] [ French vivifier
, Latin vivificare
. See Vivid
; confer Vivificate
.] To endue with life; to make to be living; to quicken; to animate.
Sitting on eggs doth vivify , not nourish. Bacon.
Vivipara noun plural
[ New Latin See Viviparous
.] (Zoology) An artificial division of vertebrates including those that produce their young alive; -- opposed to Ovipara .
Viviparity noun (Biol.) The quality or condition of being viviparous. H. Spencer.
[ Latin viviparus
alive + parere
to bear, bring forth. Confer Viper
.] (Biol.) Producing young in a living state, as most mammals, or as those plants the offspring of which are produced alive, either by bulbs instead of seeds, or by the seeds themselves germinating on the plant, instead of falling, as they usually do; -- opposed to oviparous . Viviparous fish
. (Zoology) See Embiotocoid .
-- Viviparous shell (Zoology)
, any one of numerous species of operculated fresh- water gastropods belonging to Viviparus , Melantho , and allied genera. Their young, when born, have a well-developed spiral shell.
Viviparously adverb (Biol.) In a viviparous manner.
Viviparousness noun (Biol.) The quality of being viviparous; viviparity.
Vivisect transitive verb To perform vivisection upon; to dissect alive. [ Colloq.] Pop. Sci. Monthly.
[ Latin vivus
alive + English section
: confer French vivisection
. See Vivid
, and Section
.] The dissection of an animal while alive, for the purpose of making physiological investigations.
Vivisectional adjective Of or pertaining to vivisection.
Vivisectionist noun One who practices or advocates vivisection; a vivisector.
Vivisector noun A vivisectionist.
[ Anglo-Saxon fixen
a she-fox, for fyxen
, fem. of fox
. See Fox
.] 1. A female fox.
[ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] 2. A cross, ill-tempered person; -- formerly used of either sex, now only of a woman. Barrow.
She was a vixen when she went to school. Shak.
Vixenish adjective Of or pertaining to a vixen; resembling a vixen.
Vixenly adjective Like a vixen; vixenish. Barrow.
Viz adverb [ Contr. from videlicet .] To wit; that is; namely.
[ See Visor
.] A mask; a visor.
[ Archaic] "A grotesque vizard
." Sir W. Scott.
To mislead and betray them under the vizard of law. Milton.
Vizarded adjective Wearing a vizard. [ R.] Shak.
[ Spanish ] (Zoology) Same as Viscacha .
[ Arabic wezīr
, properly, a bearer of burdens, a porter, from wazara
to bear a burden: confer French vizir
. Confer Alguazil
.] A councilor of state; a high executive officer in Turkey and other Oriental countries.
[ Written also visier
, and vizer
.] Grand vizier
, the chief minister of the Turkish empire; -- called also vizier-azem .
Vizierate noun [ Confer French vizirat .] The office, dignity, or authority of a vizier.