Webster's Dictionary, 1913
(ou"zẽr) noun Tanner's ooze. See Ooze , 3.
; plural Oxen
. [ Anglo-Saxon oxa
; akin to Dutch os
. German ochs
, Old High German ohso
, Icelandic oxi
, Swedish & Danish oxe
, Goth. aúhsa
, Sanskrit ukshan
ox, bull; confer Sanskrit uksh
to sprinkle. √214. Confer Humid
.] (Zoology) The male of bovine quadrupeds, especially the domestic animal when castrated and grown to its full size, or nearly so. The word is also applied, as a general name, to any species of bovine animals, male and female.
All sheep and oxen , yea, and the beasts of the field. Ps. viii. 7.
» The castrated male is called a steer
until it attains its full growth, and then, an ox
; but if castrated somewhat late in life, it is called a stag
. The male, not castrated, is called a bull
. These distinctions are well established in regard to domestic animals of this genus. When wild animals of this kind are spoken of, ox
is often applied both to the male and the female. The name ox
is never applied to the individual cow
, or female, of the domestic kind. Oxen
may comprehend both the male and the female. Grunting ox (Zoology)
, the yak.
-- Indian ox (Zoology)
, the zebu.
-- Javan ox (Zoology)
, the banteng.
-- Musk ox
. (Zoology) See under Musk .
-- Ox bile
. See Ox gall , below.
-- Ox gall
, the fresh gall of the domestic ox; -- used in the arts and in medicine.
-- Ox pith
, ox marrow.
[ Obsolete] Marston.
-- Ox ray (Zoology)
, a very large ray ( Dicerobatis Giornæ ) of Southern Europe. It has a hornlike organ projecting forward from each pectoral fin. It sometimes becomes twenty feet long and twenty-eight feet broad, and weighs over a ton. Called also sea devil .
-- To have the black ox tread on one's foot
, to be unfortunate; to know what sorrow is (because black oxen were sacrificed to Pluto). Leigh Hunt.
(ŏks`ăs"ĭd) noun (Chemistry) See Oxyacid .
[ From Alloxan
, by transposition of letters.] (Chemistry) A complex nitrogenous substance C 3 N 3 H 5 O 3 obtained from alloxan (or when urea is fused with ethyl oxamate), as a stable white crystalline powder; -- called also oxaluramide .
[ From Alloxantin
, by transposition of letters.] (Chemistry) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance (C 6 H 4 N 4 O 5 ) obtained by the reduction of parabanic acid; -- called also leucoturic acid .
[ Confer French oxalate
. See Oxalic
.] (Chemistry) A salt of oxalic acid.
lic + aldehyde
.] (Chemistry) Same as Glyoxal .
Oxalethyline noun [ Oxal ic + ethyl + -ine .] A poisonous nitrogenous base (C 6 H 10 N 2 ) obtained indirectly from oxamide as a thick transparent oil which has a strong narcotic odor, and a physiological action resembling that of atropine. It is probably related to pyridine.
[ From Oxalis
: confer French oxalique
.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, derived from, or contained in, sorrel, or oxalis; specifically, designating an acid found in, and characteristic of, oxalis, and also certain plant of the Buckwheat family. Oxalic acid (Chemistry)
, a dibasic acid, existing combined in oxalis as an acid potassium oxalate, and in many plant tissues as the calcium oxalate. It is prepared on a large scale, by the action of fused caustic soda or potash on sawdust, as a white crystalline substance, which has a strong acid taste, and is poisonous in large doses. It is used in dyeing, calico printing, bleaching flax and straw, the preparation of formic acid, and in salts of lemon for removing ink stains, mold, etc.
[ Gly oxal + - ine
.] (Chemistry) See Glyoxaline .
Oxalis noun [ Latin , a kind of sorrel, Greek ........., from ............ sharp, pungent, acid.] (Botany) A genus of plants, mostly herbs, with acid-tasting trifoliolate or multifoliolate leaves; -- called also wood sorrel .
Oxalite noun (Min.) A yellow mineral consisting of oxalate of iron.
.] (Chemistry) Same as Oxalan .
Oxalurate noun (Chemistry) A salt of oxaluric acid.
Oxaluric adjective [ Oxal yl + urea .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid related to the ureids, and obtained from parabanic acid as a white silky crystalline substance.
Oxalyl noun [ Oxal ic + - yl .] (Chemistry) (a) A hydrocarbon radical (C 2 O 2 ) regarded as a residue of oxalic acid and occurring in derivatives of it. (b) An old name for carbonyl . (c) An old name for carboxyl .
Oxamate noun (Chemistry) A salt of oxamic acid.
Oxamethane noun [ Oxam ic + eth yl.] (Chemistry) Ethyl oxamate, obtained as a white scaly crystalline powder.
Oxamethylane noun [ Oxam ic + methyl .] (Chemistry) Methyl oxamate, obtained as a pearly white crystalline substance.
Oxamic adjective [ Ox alic + am ido] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid NH 2 .C 2 O 2 .HO obtained as a fine crystalline powder, intermediate between oxalic acid and oxamide. Its ammonium salt is obtained by boiling oxamide with ammonia.
Oxamide n , [ Ox alic + amide .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline neutral substance (C 2 O 2 (NH 2 ) 2 ) obtained by treating ethyl oxalate with ammonia. It is the acid amide of oxalic acid. Formerly called also oxalamide .
Oxamidine noun [ Ox ygen + amido + -ine .] (Chemistry) One of a series of bases containing the amido and the isonitroso groups united to the same carbon atom.
Oxanilamide noun [ Oxanil ic + amide .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance, obtained indirectly by the action of cyanogen on aniline, and regarded as an anilide of oxamic acid; -- called also phenyl oxamide .
Oxanilate noun (Chemistry) A salt of oxanilic acid.
Oxanilic adjective [ Ox alic + anil ine.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, oxalic acid and aniline; -- used to designate an acid obtained in white crystalline scales by heating these substances together.
Oxanilide noun [ Ox alic + anil ine + am ide .] (Chemistry) A white crystalline substance, resembling oxanilamide, obtained by heating aniline oxalate, and regarded as a double anilide of oxalic acid; -- called also diphenyl oxamide .
Oxbane noun (Botany) A poisonous bulbous plant ( Buphane toxicaria ) of the Cape of Good Hope.
Oxbird noun (Zoology) (a) The dunlin. (b) The sanderling. (c) An African weaver bird ( Textor alector ).
Oxbiter noun (Zoology) The cow blackbird. [ Local, U. S.]
Oxbow noun A frame of wood, bent into the shape of the letter U , and embracing an ox's neck as a kind of collar, the upper ends passing through the bar of the yoke; also, anything so shaped, as a bend in a river.
.] 1. (Botany) (a) The oxeye daisy. See under Daisy . (b) The corn camomile ( Anthemis arvensis ). (c) A genus of composite plants ( Buphthalmum ) with large yellow flowers. 2. (Zoology) (a) A titmouse, especially the great titmouse ( Parus major ) and the blue titmouse ( P. cœruleus ).
[ Prov. Eng.] (b) The dunlin. (c) A fish; the bogue, or box. Creeping oxeye (Botany) a West Indian composite plant ( Wedelia carnosa ).
-- Seaside oxeye (Botany)
, a West Indian composite shrub ( Borrichia arborescens ).
Oxeyed adjective Having large, full eyes, like those of an ox. Burton.
Oxfly noun (Zoology) The gadfly of cattle.
Oxford adjective Of or pertaining to the city or university of Oxford, England. Oxford movement
. See Tractarianism .
-- Oxford School
, a name given to those members of the Church of England who adopted the theology of the so-called Oxford "Tracts for the Times," issued the period 1833 -- 1841. Shipley.
-- Oxford tie
, a kind of shoe, laced on the instep, and usually covering the foot nearly to the ankle.
, noun , 1.] (O. Eng. Law) See Bovate .
Oxgoad noun A goad for driving oxen.
[ Confer Hogshead
.] Literally, the head of an ox (emblem of cuckoldom); hence, a dolt; a blockhead.
Dost make a mummer of me, oxhead ? Marston.
Oxheart noun A large heart- shaped cherry, either black, red, or white.
Oxhide noun 1. The skin of an ox, or leather made from it. 2. (O. Eng. Law) A measure of land. See 3d Hide .
Oxid noun (Chemistry) See Oxide .
Oxidability noun [ Confer French oxydabilité .] Capability of being converted into an oxide.
Oxidable adjective [ Confer French oxydable .] Capable of being converted into an oxide.
Oxidate transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Oxidated
; present participle & verbal noun Oxidating
.] [ Confer f. oxyder
. See Oxide
.] (Chemistry) To oxidize.
Oxidation noun [ Confer French oxidation .] (Chemistry) The act or process of oxidizing, or the state or result of being oxidized.
1. An oxidizer. [ Obsolete] 2. A contrivance for causing a current of air to impinge on the flame of the Argand lamp; -- called also oxygenator .
Oxide noun [ French ox ygène oxygen + ac ide acid: confer French oxyde . The French word was correctly spelt oxide , till about the year 1840, when, in ignorance or forgetfulness of the true history and composition of the word, the orthography was change to make it represent the υ of Greek 'oxy`s , from which it was supposed to be directly derived.] (Chemistry) A binary compound of oxygen with an atom or radical, or a compound which is regarded as binary; as, iron oxide , ethyl oxide , nitrogen oxide , etc. » In the chemical nomenclature adopted by Guyton de Morveau, Lavoisier,and their associates, the term oxides was made to include all compounds of oxygen which had no acid (F. acide ) properties, as contrasted with the acids, all of which were at that time supposed to contain oxygen. The orthography oxyde , oxyd , etc., was afterwards introduced in ignorance or disregard of the true etymology, but these forms are now obsolete in English. The spelling oxid is not common.
Oxidizable adjective Capable of being oxidized.
Oxidize transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Oxidized
; present participle & verbal noun Oxidizing
.] (Chemistry) To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent.
Specifically: (a) To combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid. (b) To remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde. (c) To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.
» In certain cases to oxidize
is identical with to acidify
; for, in nearly all cases, the more oxygen a substance contains the more nearly does it approximate to acid qualities; thus, by oxidation many elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon, chromium, manganese, etc., pass into compounds which are acid anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state.
Oxidizement noun Oxidation. [ R.]