Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Numismatology noun [ Latin numisma , -atis + -logy .] The science which treats of coins and medals, in their relation to history; numismatics.

Nummary adjective [ Latin nummarius , from nummus a coin.] Of or relating to coins or money.

Nummular, Nummulary adjective [ Latin nummularius , from nummulus , dim. of nummus a coin: confer French nummulaire .]


1. Of or pertaining to coin or money; pecuniary; as, the nummulary talent.

2. (Pathol.) Having the appearance or form of a coin. " Nummular sputa." Sir T. Watson.

Nummulation noun (Physiol.) The arrangement of the red blood corpuscles in rouleaux, like piles of coins, as when a drop of human blood is examined under the microscope.

Nummulite noun [ Latin nummus a coin + -lite : confer French nummulite .] (Paleon.) A fossil of the genus Nummulites and allied genera.

Nummulites noun [ New Latin See Nummulite .] (Paleon.) A genus of extinct Tertiary Foraminifera, having a thin, flat, round shell, containing a large number of small chambers arranged spirally.

Nummulitic adjective Of, like, composed of, containing, nummulites; as, nummulitic beds.

Numps noun [ Confer Numb .] A dolt; a blockhead. [ Obsolete] Bp. Parker.

Numskull noun [ Numb + skull .] A dunce; a dolt; a stupid fellow. [ Colloq.]

They have talked like numskulls .
Arbuthnot.

Numskulled adjective Stupid; doltish. [ Colloq.]

Nun noun [ Middle English nunne , Anglo-Saxon nunne , from Latin nonna nun, nonnus monk; confer Greek ..., ...; of unknown origin. Confer Nunnery .]


1. A woman devoted to a religious life, who lives in a convent, under the three vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.

They holy time is quiet as a nun
Breathless with adoration.
Wordsworth.

2. (Zoology) (a) A white variety of domestic pigeons having a veil of feathers covering the head. (b) The smew. (c) The European blue titmouse.

Gray nuns (R. C. Ch.) , the members of a religious order established in Montreal in 1745, whence branches were introduced into the United States in 1853; -- so called from the color or their robe, and known in religion as Sisters of Charity of Montreal . -- Nun buoy . See under Buoy .

Nunatak noun ; plural - taks (the plural form Nunatakker is Swedish). [ Eskimo nunættak .] In Greenland, an insular hill or mountain surrounded by an ice sheet.

Nunc dimittis [ Latin nunc now + dimittis thou lettest depart.] (Eccl.) The song of Simeon ( Luke ii. 29-32 ), used in the ritual of many churches. It begins with these words in the Vulgate.

Nunchion noun [ Middle English nonechenche , for noneschenche , prop., a noon drink; none noon + schenchen , schenken , skinken , to pour, Anglo-Saxon scencan . See Noon , and Skink , intransitive verb ] A portion of food taken at or after noon, usually between full meals; a luncheon. [ Written also noonshun .] Hudibras.

Nunciate noun One who announces; a messenger; a nuncio. [ Obsolete] Hoole.

Nunciature noun [ Latin nunciare , nuntiare , to announce, report, from nuncius , nuntius , messenger: confer French nonciature , Italian nunziatura . See Nuncio .] The office of a nuncio. Clarendon.

Nuncio noun ; plural Nuncios . [ Italian nunzio , nuncio , from Latin nuncius , nuntius , messenger; perhaps akin to novus new, English new , and thus, one who brings news. Confer Announce .]


1. A messenger. [ Obsolete] Shak.

2. The permanent official representative of the pope at a foreign court or seat of government. Distinguished from a legate a latere , whose mission is temporary in its nature, or for some special purpose. Nuncios are of higher rank than internuncios.

Nuncius noun ; plural Nuncii . [ Latin ] (Roman & Old Eng. Law) (a) A messenger. (b) The information communicated.

Nuncupate transitive verb [ Latin nuncupatus , past participle of nuncupare to nuncupate, probably from nomen name + capere to take.]
1. To declare publicly or solemnly; to proclaim formally. [ Obsolete]

In whose presence did St. Peter nuncupate it ?
Barrow.

2. To dedicate by declaration; to inscribe; as, to nuncupate a book. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

Nuncupation noun [ Latin nuncupatio .] The act of nuncupating. [ Obsolete]

Nuncupative adjective [ Latin nuncupativus nominal: confer French nuncupatif .]
1. Publicly or solemnly declaratory. [ Obsolete]

2. Nominal; existing only in name. [ Obsolete]

3. Oral; not written.

Nuncupative will or testament , a will or testament made by word of mouth only, before witnesses, as by a soldier or seaman, and depending on oral testimony for proof. Blackstone.

Nuncupatory adjective Nuncupative; oral.

Nundinal noun A nundinal letter.

Nundinal, Nundinary adjective [ Latin nundinalis , nundinarius , from nundinae the market day, the weekly market, prop., the ninth day, from nundinus belonging to nine days; novem nine + dies day: confer French nundinal .] Of or pertaining to a fair, or to a market day.

Nundinal letter , among the Romans, one of the first eight letters of the alphabet, which were repeated successively from the first to the last day of the year. One of these always expressed the market day, which returned every nine days (every eight days by our reckoning).

Nundinate intransitive verb [ Latin nundinatus , past participle of nundinary to attend fairs, to traffic. See Nundinal , adjective ] To buy and sell at fairs or markets. [ Obsolete]

Nundination noun [ Latin nundinatio .] Traffic at fairs; marketing; buying and selling. [ Obsolete]

Common nundination of pardons.
Abp. Bramhall.

Nunnation noun [ From nun , the Arabic name of the letter n : confer New Latin nunnatio , French nunnation .] (Arabic Gram.) The pronunciation of n at the end of words.

Nunnery noun ; plural Nunneries . [ Middle English nonnerie , Old French nonerie , French nonnerie , from nonne nun, Latin nonna . See Nun .] A house in which nuns reside; a cloister or convent in which women reside for life, under religious vows. See Cloister , and Convent .

Nunnish adjective Of, pertaining to, or resembling a nun; characteristic of a nun. -- Nun"nish*ness , noun

Nup noun Same as Nupson . [ Obsolete]

Nuphar noun [ Persian n...far .] (Botany) A genus of plants found in the fresh-water ponds or lakes of Europe, Asia, and North America; the yellow water lily. Confer Nymphaea .

Nupson noun [ Of doubtful origin.] A simpleton; a fool. [ Obsolete] B. Jonson.

Nuptial adjective [ Latin nuptialis , from nuptiae marriage, wedding, from nubere , nuptum , prop., to cover, to veil, hence, to marry, as the head of the bride was covered with a veil; confer Greek ... bride, nymph: confer French nuptial .] Of or pertaining to marriage; done or used at a wedding; as, nuptial rites and ceremonies.

Then, all in heat,
They light the nuptial torch.
Milton.

Nuptial noun ; plural Nuptials Marriage; wedding; nuptial ceremony; -- now only in the plural.

Celebration of that nuptial , which
We two have sworn shall come.
Shak.

Preparations . . . for the approaching nuptials .
Prescott.

Nur noun [ Confer Knur .] A hard knot in wood; also, a hard knob of wood used by boys in playing hockey.

I think I'm as hard as a nur , and as tough as whitleather.
W. Howitt.

Nuraghe noun ; Italian plural - ghi Also Nu"ragh etc. [ Italian dial. (Sardinia) nuraghe ).] One of the prehistoric towerlike structures found in Sardinia.

The so-called nuraghi , conical monuments with truncated summits, 30-60 ft. in height, 35-100 ft. in diameter at the base, constructed sometimes of hewn, and sometimes of unhewn blocks of stone without mortar. They are situated either on isolated eminences or on the slopes of the mountains, seldom on the plains, and usually occur in groups. They generally contain two (in some rare instances three) conically vaulted chambers, one above the other, and a spiral staircase constructed in the thick walls ascends to the upper stories.
Baedeker.

Nurl transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Nurled ; present participle & verbal noun Nurling .] [ Confer Knurl .] To cut with reeding or fluting on the edge of, as coins, the heads of screws, etc.; to knurl.

Nurse noun [ Middle English nourse , nurice , norice , Old French nurrice , norrice , nourrice , French nourrice , from Latin nutricia nurse, prop., fem. of nutricius that nourishes; akin to nutrix , -icis , nurse, from nutrire to nourish. See Nourish , and confer Nutritious .]
1. One who nourishes; a person who supplies food, tends, or brings up; as: (a) A woman who has the care of young children; especially, one who suckles an infant not her own. (b) A person, especially a woman, who has the care of the sick or infirm.

2. One who, or that which, brings up, rears, causes to grow, trains, fosters, or the like.

The nurse of manly sentiment and heroic enterprise.
Burke.

3. (Nautical) A lieutenant or first officer, who is the real commander when the captain is unfit for his place.

4. (Zoology) (a) A peculiar larva of certain trematodes which produces cercariæ by asexual reproduction. See Cercaria , and Redia . (b) Either one of the nurse sharks.

Nurse shark . (Zoology) (a) A large arctic shark ( Somniosus microcephalus ), having small teeth and feeble jaws; -- called also sleeper shark , and ground shark . (b) A large shark ( Ginglymostoma cirratum ), native of the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico, having the dorsal fins situated behind the ventral fins. -- To put to nurse , or To put out to nurse , to send away to be nursed; to place in the care of a nurse. -- Wet nurse , Dry nurse . See Wet nurse , and Dry nurse , in the Vocabulary.

Nurse transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Nursed ; present participle & verbal noun Nursing .]
1. To nourish; to cherish; to foster ; as: (a) To nourish at the breast; to suckle; to feed and tend, as an infant. (b) To take care of or tend, as a sick person or an invalid; to attend upon.

Sons wont to nurse their parents in old age.
Milton.

Him in Egerian groves Aricia bore,
And nursed his youth along the marshy shore.
Dryden.

2. To bring up; to raise, by care, from a weak or invalid condition; to foster; to cherish; -- applied to plants, animals, and to any object that needs, or thrives by, attention. "To nurse the saplings tall." Milton.

By what hands [ has vice] been nursed into so uncontrolled a dominion?
Locke.

3. To manage with care and economy, with a view to increase; as, to nurse our national resources.

4. To caress; to fondle, as a nurse does. A. Trollope.

To nurse billiard balls , to strike them gently and so as to keep them in good position during a series of caroms.

Nursehound noun (Zoology) See Houndfish .

Nursemaid noun A girl employed to attend children.

Nursepond noun A pond where fish are fed. Walton.

Nurser noun One who nurses; a nurse; one who cherishes or encourages growth.

Nursery noun ; plural Nurseries . [ Confer French nourricerie .]
1. The act of nursing. [ Obsolete] "Her kind nursery ." Shak.

2. The place where nursing is carried on ; as: (a) The place, or apartment, in a house, appropriated to the care of children. (b) A place where young trees, shrubs, vines, etc., are propagated for the purpose of transplanting; a plantation of young trees. (c) The place where anything is fostered and growth promoted. "Fair Padua, nursery of arts." Shak.

Christian families are the nurseries of the church on earth, as she is the nursery of the church in heaven.
J. M. Mason.

(d) That which forms and educates; as, commerce is the nursery of seamen.

3. That which is nursed. [ R.] Milton.

Nurseryman noun ; plural Nurserymen One who cultivates or keeps a nursery, or place for rearing trees, etc.

Nursing adjective Supplying or taking nourishment from, or as from, the breast; as, a nursing mother; a nursing infant.

Nursling noun [ Nurse + - ling .] One who, or that which, is nursed; an infant; a fondling.

I was his nursling once, and choice delight.
Milton.

Nurstle transitive verb To nurse. See Noursle . [ Obsolete]

Nurture noun [ Middle English norture , noriture , Old French norriture , norreture , French nourriture , from Latin nutritura a nursing, suckling. See Nourish .]
1. The act of nourishing or nursing; thender care; education; training.

A man neither by nature nor by nurture wise.
Milton.

2. That which nourishes; food; diet. Spenser.

Nurture transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Nurtured ; present participle & verbal noun Nurturing .]
1. To feed; to nourish.

2. To educate; to bring or train up.

He was nurtured where he had been born.
Sir H. Wotton.

Syn. -- To nourish; nurse; cherish; bring up; educate; tend. -- To Nurture , Nourish , Cherish . Nourish denotes to supply with food, or cause to grow; as, to nourish a plant, to nourish rebellion. To nurture is to train up with a fostering care, like that of a mother; as, to nurture into strength; to nurture in sound principles. To cherish is to hold and treat as dear; as, to cherish hopes or affections.