Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Novercal adjective [ Latin novennis of nine years; novem nine + annus year.] Done or recurring every ninth year.

Novice noun [ French, from Latin novicius , novitius , new, from novus new. See New , and confer Novitious .]


1. One who is new in any business, profession, or calling; one unacquainted or unskilled; one yet in the rudiments; a beginner; a tyro.

I am young; a novice in the trade.
Dryden.

2. One newly received into the church, or one newly converted to the Christian faith. 1 Tim. iii. 6.

3. (Eccl.) One who enters a religious house, whether of monks or nuns, as a probationist. Shipley.

No poore cloisterer, nor no novys .
Chaucer.

Novice adjective Like a novice; becoming a novice. [ Obsolete]

Noviceship noun The state of being a novice; novitiate.

Novilunar adjective [ Latin novus new + luna the moon.] Of or pertaining to the new moon. [ R.]

Novitiate noun [ Late Latin novitiatus : confer French noviciat .]


1. The state of being a novice; time of initiation or instruction in rudiments.

2. Hence: Time of probation in a religious house before taking the vows.

3. One who is going through a novitiate, or period of probation; a novice. Addison.

4. The place where novices live or are trained. [ R.]

Novitious adjective [ Latin novitius , novicius .] Newly invented; recent; new. [ Obsolete] Bp. Pearson.

Novity noun [ Latin novitas , from novus new.] Newness; novelty. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Browne.

Novum noun A game at dice, properly called novem quinque (L., nine five), the two principal throws being nine and five. [ Obsolete] Shak.

Now adverb [ Middle English nou , nu , Anglo-Saxon , nu ; akin to D., Old Saxon , & Old High German nu , German nu , nun , Icelandic , , Dan., Swedish , & Goth. nu , Latin nunc , Greek ..., ..., Sanskrit nu , . √193. Confer New .]


1. At the present time; at this moment; at the time of speaking; instantly; as, I will write now .

I have a patient now living, at an advanced age, who discharged blood from his lungs thirty years ago.
Arbuthnot.

2. Very lately; not long ago.

They that but now , for honor and for plate,
Made the sea blush with blood, resign their hate.
Waller.

3. At a time contemporaneous with something spoken of or contemplated; at a particular time referred to.

The ship was now in the midst of the sea.
Matt. xiv. 24.

4. In present circumstances; things being as they are; -- hence, used as a connective particle, to introduce an inference or an explanation.

How shall any man distinguish now betwixt a parasite and a man of honor ?
L'Estrange.

Why should he live, now nature bankrupt is ?
Shak.

Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now , Barabbas was a robber.
John xviii. 40.

The other great and undoing mischief which befalls men is, by their being misrepresented. Now , by calling evil good, a man is misrepresented to others in the way of slander.
South.

Now and again , now and then; occasionally. -- Now and now , again and again; repeatedly. [ Obsolete] Chaucer. -- Now and then , at one time and another; indefinitely; occasionally; not often; at intervals. "A mead here, there a heath, and now and then a wood." Drayton. -- Now now , at this very instant; precisely now. [ Obsolete] "Why, even now now , at holding up of this finger, and before the turning down of this." J. Webster (1607). -- Now . . . now , alternately; at one time . . . at another time. " Now high, now low, now master up, now miss." Pope.

Now adjective Existing at the present time; present. [ R.] "Our now happiness." Glanvill.

Now noun The present time or moment; the present.

Nothing is there to come, and nothing past;
But an eternal now does ever last.
Cowley.

Nowadays adverb [ For now on (OE. an ) days . See A- , 1.] In these days; at the present time.

What men of spirit, nowadays ,
Come to give sober judgment of new plays ?
Garrick.

Noway, Noways adverb [ No , adjective + way. Confer - wards .] In no manner or degree; not at all; nowise.

But Ireland will noways allow that name unto it.
Fuller.

Nowch noun See Nouch . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Nowd noun (Zoology) The European gray gurnard ( Trigla gurnardus ). [ Written also knoud .]

Nowed adjective [ French noué , past participle of nouer to knot, from Latin nodare . See Nodated .] (Her.) Knotted; tied in a knot, as a serpent.

Nowel noun [ See Noel .] [ Written also noël .]


1. Christmas; also, a shout of joy at Christmas for the birth of the Savior. [ Obsolete]

2. (Mus.) A kind of hymn, or canticle, of mediæval origin, sung in honor of the Nativity of our Lord; a Christmas carol. Grove.

Nowel noun [ French noyau , prop., a kernel. See Noyau , Newel a post.] (Founding) (a) The core, or the inner part, of a mold for casting a large hollow object. (b) The bottom part of a mold or of a flask, in distinction from the cope; the drag.

Nowes noun plural [ From Old French nous . See Noose , Node .] The marriage knot. [ Obsolete] Crashaw.

Nowhere adverb [ Anglo-Saxon nāhwǣr . See No , and Where .] Not anywhere; not in any place or state; as, the book is nowhere to be found.

Nowhither adverb [ No + whither .] Not anywhither; in no direction; nowhere. [ Archaic] "Thy servant went nowhither ." 2 Kings v. 25.

Nowise adverb [ For in no wise . See Wise , noun ] Not in any manner or degree; in no way; noways.

Others whose case is nowise different.
Earle.

Nowt noun plural (Zoology) Neat cattle.

Nowthe See Nouthe . [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Noxious adjective [ Latin noxius , from noxa harm; akin to nocere to harm, hurt. Confer Nuisance , Necromancy .]


1. Hurtful; harmful; baneful; pernicious; injurious; destructive; unwholesome; insalubrious; as, noxious air, food, or climate; pernicious; corrupting to morals; as, noxious practices or examples.

Too frequent an appearance in places of public resort is noxious to spiritual promotions.
Swift.

2. Guilty; criminal. [ R.]

Those who are noxious in the eye of the law.
Abp. Bramhall.

Syn. -- Noisome; hurtful; harmful; injurious; destructive; pernicious; mischievous; corrupting; baneful; unwholesome; insalubrious. See Noisome .

-- Nox"ious*ly , adverb -- Nox"ious*ness , noun

Noy transitive verb [ See Annoy .] To annoy; to vex. [ Obsolete or Prov. Eng.] Piers Plowman.

All that noyed his heavy spright.
Spenser.

Noy noun That which annoys. [ Obsolete] Piers Plowman.

Noyade noun [ French, from noyer to drown, Latin necare to kill.] A drowning of many persons at once, -- a method of execution practiced at Nantes in France during the Reign of Terror, by Jean Baptiste Carrier.

Noyance noun Annoyance. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Noyau noun [ French, prop., the stone or nut of a fruit, from Latin nucalis like a nut. See Newel a post.] A cordial of brandy, etc., flavored with the kernel of the bitter almond, or of the peach stone, etc.

Noyer noun An annoyer. [ Obsolete] Tusser.

Noyful adjective Full of annoyance. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Noyls noun plural See Noils .

Noyous adjective Annoying; disagreeable. [ Obsolete]

Watch the noyous night, and wait for ... yous day.
Spenser.

Nozle noun Nozzle. [ Obsolete]

Nozzle noun [ A dim. of nose . √261] [ Written also nosle .]
1. The nose; the snout; hence, the projecting vent of anything; as, the nozzle of a bellows.

2. Specifically: (a) A short tube, usually tapering, forming the vent of a hose or pipe. (b) A short outlet, or inlet, pipe projecting from the end or side of a hollow vessel, as a steam-engine cylinder or a steam boiler.

Nuance noun [ French] A shade of difference; a delicate gradation.

Nub transitive verb [ Confer Knob .] To push; to nudge; also, to beckon. [ Prov. Eng.]

Nub noun A jag, or snag; a knob; a protuberance; also, the point or gist, as of a story. [ Colloq.]

Nubbin noun A small or imperfect ear of maize. [ Colloq. U. S.]

Nubble transitive verb [ Confer LG. nubben to knock, cuff.] To beat or bruise with the fist. [ Obsolete] Ainsworth.

Nubecula noun ; plural Nubeculæ (-lē). [ Latin , dim. of nubes cloud.]
1. (Astron.) (a) A nebula. (b) plural Specifically, the Magellanic clouds.

2. (Medicine) (a) A slight spot on the cornea. (b) A cloudy object or appearance in urine. Dunglison.

Nubia noun [ From Latin nubes cloud.] A light fabric of wool, worn on the head by women; a cloud.

Nubian adjective Of or pertaining to Nubia in Eastern Africa. -- noun A native of Nubia.

Nubiferous adjective [ Latin nubifer ; nubes cloud + ferre to bear: confer French nubifère .] Bringing, or producing, clouds.

Nubigenous adjective [ Latin nubes cloud + -genous .] Born of, or produced from, clouds. [ R.]

Nubilate transitive verb [ Latin nubilatus , past participle of nubilare to cloud, from nubes cloud.] To cloud. [ Obsolete]

Nubile adjective [ Latin nubilis , from nubere to marry: confer French nubile . See Nuptial .] Of an age suitable for marriage; marriageable. Prior.