Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Notus noun [ Latin , from Greek ....] The south wind.

Notwheat noun [ Nott + wheat .] Wheat not bearded. Carew.

Notwithstanding preposition Without prevention, or obstruction from or by; in spite of.

We gentil women bee
Loth to displease any wight,
Notwithstanding our great right.
Chaucer's Dream.

Those on whom Christ bestowed miraculous cures were so transported that their gratitude made them, notwithstanding his prohibition, proclaim the wonders he had done.
Dr. H. More.

» Notwithstanding was, by Johnson and Webster, viewed as a participle absolute, an English equivalent of the Latin non obstante . Its several meanings, either as preposition, adverb, or conjunction, are capable of being explained in this view. Later grammarians, while admitting that the word was originally a participle, and can be treated as such, prefer to class it as a preposition or disjunctive conjunction.

Syn. -- In spite of; despite. -- Notwithstanding , In spite of , Despite . These words and phrases are often interchanged, but there is a difference between them, chiefly in strength. Notwithstanding is the weaker term, and simply points to some obstacle that may exist; as, I shall go, notwithstanding the rain. In spite or despite of has reference primarily to active opposition to be encountered from others; as, "I'll be, in man's despite , a monarch; " "I'll keep mine own, despite of all the world." Shak. Hence, these words, when applied to things , suppose greater opposition than notwithstanding . We should say. "He was thrust rudely out of doors in spite of his entreaties," rather than " notwithstanding ". On the other hand, it would be more civil to say, " Notwithstanding all you have said, I must still differ with you."

Notwithstanding adverb or conj. [ Originally the participle of withstand , with not prefixed.] Nevertheless; however; although; as, I shall go, notwithstanding it rains.

I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. Notwithstanding , in thy days I will not do it.
1 Kings xi. 11, 12.

They which honor the law as an image of the wisdom of God himself, are, notwithstanding , to know that the same had an end in Christ.
Hooker.

You did wisely and honestly too, notwithstanding
She is the greatest beauty in the parish.
Fielding.

Notwithstanding that , notwithstanding; although.

These days were ages to him, notwithstanding that he was basking in the smiles of the pretty Mary.
W. Irving.

Nouch noun [ See Ouch .] An ouch; a jewel. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Nougat noun [ French] A cake, sweetmeat, or confectión made with almonds or other nuts.

Nought noun & adverb See Naught . Chaucer.

Nould [ Contr. from ne would .] Would not. [ Obsolete] "By those who nould repent." Fairfax.

Noule noun [ See Noll .] The top of the head; the head or noll. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Noumenal adjective (Metaph.) Of or pertaining to the noumenon; real; -- opposed to phenomenal . G. H. Lewes.

Noumenon noun [ New Latin from Greek ... the thing perceived, present participle pass. of ... to perceive, ... the mind.] (Metaph.) The of itself unknown and unknowable rational object, or thing in itself , which is distinguished from the phenomenon through which it is apprehended by the senses, and by which it is interpreted and understood; -- so used in the philosophy of Kant and his followers.

Noun noun [ Old French noun , nun , num , non , nom , French nom , from Latin nomen name. See Name .] (Gram.) A word used as the designation or appellation of a creature or thing, existing in fact or in thought; a substantive.

» By some grammarians the term noun is so used as to include adjectives, as being descriptive; but in general it is limited to substantives.

Nounal adjective Of or pertaining to a noun.

Verbs which in whole or in part have shed their old nounal coat.
Earle.

Nounize transitive verb To change (an adjective, verb, etc.) into a noun. Earle.

Nourice noun A nurse. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Nourish transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Nourished ; present participle & verbal noun Nourishing .] [ Middle English norisen , norischen , Old French nurir , nurrir , norir , French norrir , from Latin nutrire . Confer Nurse , Nutriment , and see - ish .]


1. To feed and cause to grow; to supply with matter which increases bulk or supplies waste, and promotes health; to furnish with nutriment.

He planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.
Is. xliv. 14.

2. To support; to maintain.

Whiles I in Ireland nourish a mighty band.
Shak.

3. To supply the means of support and increase to; to encourage; to foster; as, to nourish rebellion; to nourish the virtues. " Nourish their contentions." Hooker.

4. To cherish; to comfort.

Ye have nourished your hearts.
James v. 5.

5. To educate; to instruct; to bring up; to nurture; to promote the growth of in attainments. Chaucer.

Nourished up in the words of faith.
1 Tim. iv. 6.

Syn. -- To cherish; feed; supply. See Nurture .

Nourish intransitive verb
1. To promote growth; to furnish nutriment.

Grains and roots nourish more than their leaves.
Bacon.

2. To gain nourishment. [ R.] Bacon.

Nourish noun A nurse. [ Obsolete] Hoolland.

Nourishable adjective [ Confer French nourrissable .]


1. Capable of being nourished; as, the nourishable parts of the body. Grew.

2. Capable of giving nourishment. [ Obsolete] Bp. Hall.

Nourisher noun One who, or that which, nourishes. Milton.

Nourishing adjective Promoting growth; nutritious,

Nourishingly adverb Nutritively; cherishingly.

Nourishment noun [ Confer Old French norrissement .]


1. The act of nourishing, or the state of being nourished; nutrition.

2. That which serves to nourish; nutriment; food.

Learn to seek the nourishment of their souls.
Hooker.

Nouriture noun Nurture. [ Obsolete] Spenser.

Noursle transitive verb [ Freq., from Middle English nourse . See Nurse .] To nurse; to rear; to bring up. [ Obsolete] [ Written also nosel , nousel , nousle , nowsle , nusle , nuzzle , etc.]

She noursled him till years he raught.
Spenser.

Nous noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... mind.] Intellect; understanding; talent; -- used humorously.

Nousel, Nousle transitive verb [ See Noose .] To insnare; to entrap. [ Obsolete] Johnson.

Nouthe, Nowthe adverb [ Now + the .] Just now; at present. [ Obsolete]

But thereof needeth not to speak as nouthe .
Chaucer.

Nouveau riche m. , Nou`velle" riche" f. ; plural m. Noveaux riches f. Nouvelles riches . [ French] A person newly rich.

Nova (nō"vȧ) noun ; plural Latin Novæ (-vē), English Novas (-vȧz). [ Latin , fem. sing. of novus new.] (Astron.) A new star, usually appearing suddenly, shining for a brief period, and then sinking into obscurity. Such appearances are supposed to result from cosmic collisions, as of a dark star with interstellar nebulosities. The most important modern novæ are: --
Novaculite noun [ Latin novacula a sharp knife, razor: confer French novaculite .] (Min.) A variety of siliceous slate, of which hones are made; razor stone; Turkey stone; hone stone; whet slate.

Novatian noun (Eccl. Hist.) One of the sect of Novatius , or Novatianus , who held that the lapsed might not be received again into communion with the church, and that second marriages are unlawful.

Novatianism noun The doctrines or principles of the Novatians. Milner.

Novation noun [ Latin novatio ; novus new: confer French novation .]
1. Innovation. [ Obsolete]

I shall easily grant that novations in religion are a main cause of distempers in commonwealths.
Laud.

2. (Law) A substitution of a new debt for an old one; also, the remodeling of an old obligation.

Novator noun An innovator. [ Obsolete]

Novel adjective [ Old French novel , nuvel , French nouvel , nouveau , Latin novellus , dim. of novus new. See New .] Of recent origin or introduction; not ancient; new; hence, out of the ordinary course; unusual; strange; surprising.

» In civil law, the novel or new constitutions are those which are supplemental to the code, and posterior in time to the other books. These contained new decrees of successive emperors.

Novel assignment (Law) , a new assignment or specification of a suit.

Syn. -- New; recent; modern; fresh; strange; uncommon; rare; unusual. -- Novel , New . Everything at its first occurrence is new ; that is novel which is so much out of the ordinary course as to strike us with surprise. That is a new sight which is beheld for the first time; that is a novel sight which either was never seen before or is seen but seldom. We have daily new inventions, but a novel one supposes some very peculiar means of attaining its end. Novel theories are regarded with distrust, as likely to prove more ingenious than sound.

Novel noun [ French nouvelle . See Novel , adjective ]


1. That which is new or unusual; a novelty.

2. plural News; fresh tidings. [ Obsolete]

Some came of curiosity to hear some novels .
Latimer.

3. A fictitious tale or narrative, professing to be conformed to real life; esp., one intended to exhibit the operation of the passions, and particularly of love. Dryden.

4. [ Latin novellae (sc. constitutiones ): confer French novelles .] (Law) A new or supplemental constitution. See the Note under Novel , adjective

Novelette noun [ Dim. of novel , noun See Novel .] A short novel.

Novelism noun Innovation. [ Obsolete]

Novelist noun
1. An innovator; an asserter of novelty. [ Obsolete] Cudworth.

2. [ Confer French nouvelliste , Italian novellista .] A writer of news. [ Obsolete] Tatler (178).

3. [ Confer French nouvelliste .] A writer of a novel or novels.

Novelize intransitive verb To innovate. [ Obsolete]

Novelize transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Novelized ; present participle & verbal noun Novelizing .]
1. To innovate. [ Obsolete]

2. To put into the form of novels; to represent by fiction. "To novelize history." Sir J. Herschel.

Novelry noun [ Old French novelerie .] Novelty; new things. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.

Novelty noun ; plural Novelties . [ Old French novelté , French nouveauté , Latin novellitas .]


1. The quality or state of being novel; newness; freshness; recentness of origin or introduction.

Novelty is the great parent of pleasure.
South.

2. Something novel; a new or strange thing.

November noun [ Latin November , or Novembris (sc. mensis ), the ninth month of the old Roman year, which began with March, from novem nine: confer French Novembre . See Nine .] The eleventh month of the year, containing thirty days.

Novenary adjective [ Latin novenarius , from novem nine.] Of or pertaining to the number nine.

Novenary noun The number of nine units; nine, collectively.

Novene adjective [ Latin novenus nine each, in Late Latin , ninth, from Latin novem nine.] Relating to, or dependent on, the number nine; novenary. [ R.]

The triple and novene division ran throughout.
Milman.

Novennial adjective [ Latin novennis of nine years; novem nine + annus year.] Done or recurring every ninth year.