Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Nitroquinol noun [ Nitro- + quine + -ol .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical nitro derivative of quinol or hydroquinone, not known in the free state, but forming a well defined series of derivatives.
Nitrosaccharin noun [ Nitro- + saccharin .] (Chemistry) An explosive nitro derivative of certain sugars, analogous to nitroglycerin, gun cotton, etc.
Nitrosalicylic adjective [ Nitro- + salicylic .] (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a nitro derivative of salicylic acid, called also anilic acid .
Nitrose adjective (Chemistry) See Nitrous .
Nitroso- (... or ...). (Chemistry) A prefix (also used adjectively) designating the group or radical NO, called the nitroso group , or its compounds.
Nitrosyl noun [ Nitroso- + -yl .] (Chemistry) the radical NO, called also the nitroso group . The term is sometimes loosely used to designate certain nitro compounds; as, nitrosyl sulphuric acid. Used also adjectively.
Nitrosylic adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or containing, nitrosyl; as, nitrosylic acid.
[ Latin nitrosus
full of natron: confer French nitreux
. See Niter
.] 1. Of, pertaining to, or containing, niter; of the quality of niter, or resembling it. 2. (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, any one of those compounds in which nitrogen has a relatively lower valence as contrasted with nitric compounds. Nitrous acid (Chemistry)
, a hypothetical acid of nitrogen HNO 2 , not known in the free state, but forming a well known series of salts, viz., the nitrites .
-- Nitrous oxide
. See Laughing gas .
Nitroxyl noun [ Nitro- + ox ygen + -yl .] (Chemistry) The group NO 2 , usually called the nitro group .
[ Latin , natron. See Niter
.] (Old Chem.) Niter.
Nitry adjective (Chemistry) Nitrous. [ Obsolete]
Nitryl noun [ Nitro- + - yl .] (Chemistry) A name sometimes given to the nitro group or radical.
[ From Nit
.] (Zoology) The horse louse; an insect that deposits nits on horses.
Nittily adverb Lousily. [ Obsolete] Hayward.
Nittings noun plural
[ Prob. from Nit
.] (Mining) The refuse of good ore. Raymond.
Nitty adjective Full of nits. B. Jonson.
[ Latin nitidus
. See Nitid
.] Shining; elegant; spruce.
[ Obsolete] "O sweet, nitty
Nival adjective [ Latin nivalis , from nix , nivis , snow.] Abounding with snow; snowy. [ Obsolete] Johnson.
Niveous adjective [ Latin niveus , from nix , nivis , snow.] Snowy; resembling snow; partaking of the qualities of snow. Sir T. Browne.
[ French, from Latin nix
, snow.] The fourth month of the French republican calendar [ 1792-1806]. It commenced December 21, and ended January 19. See VendÉmiaire .
; fem. Nixe
[ G. Confer 1st Nick
.] (Teut. Myth.) One of a class of water spirits, commonly described as of a mischievous disposition.
The treacherous nixes who entice men to a watery death. Tylor.
1. Nothing. [ Slang] 2. (U. S. Mail Service) A piece of mail matter which cannot be delivered, either because no post office exists at the place to which is it addressed, or because there is no place of the name mentioned in the designated State, Territory, or the like. [ Cant]
Nixie clerk A post-office clerk in charge of the nixies.
Nizam noun [ Hind. & Arabic nizām order, a ruler, from Arabic nazama arrange, govern.] The title of the native sovereigns of Hyderabad, in India, since 1719.
; plural Nizam
. [ Turk. nizām
.] A regular soldier of the Turkish army. See Army organization , above.
[ Middle English no
, the same word as English none
; confer English a
. See None
.] Not any; not one; none.
Let there be no strife . . . between me and thee. Gen. xiii. 8.
That goodness is no name, and happiness no dream. Byron.
» In Old England before a vowel the form non
was used. " No
man." " Noon
[ Middle English no
, Anglo-Saxon nā
not + ā
ever. Anglo-Saxon ne
is akin to Old High German ni
, Goth. ni
, Russian ne
, Ir., Gael. & W. ni
, Latin ne
, Greek nh
(in comp.), Sanskrit na
, and also to E. prefix un-
. √ 193. See Aye
, and confer Nay
.] Nay; not; not at all; not in any respect or degree; -- a word expressing negation, denial, or refusal. Before or after another negative, no is emphatic.
We do no otherwise than we are willed. Shak.
I am perplx'd and doubtful whether or no Coleridge.
I dare accept this your congratulation.
There is none righteous, no , not one. Rom. iii. 10.
No ! Nay, Heaven forbid. Coleridge.
; plural Noes 1. A refusal by use of the wordd no ; a denial. 2. A negative vote; one who votes in the negative; as, to call for the ayes and noes ; the noes have it.
Noachian adjective Of or pertaining to the patriarch Noah, or to his time.
Noah noun [ Hebrew Nōakh rest.] A patriarch of Biblical history, in the time of the Deluge. Noah's ark . (a) (Zoology) A marine bivalve shell ( Arca Noæ ), which somewhat resembles an ark, or ship, in form. (b) A child's toy, consisting of an ark-shaped box containing many different wooden animals.
[ Confer Knob
.] The head.
Nob noun [ Abbrev. from noble .] A person in a superior position in life; a nobleman. [ Slang]
Nobbily adverb In a nobby manner. [ Slang]
Nobbler noun A dram of spirits. [ Australia]
[ From 2d Nob
.] Stylish; modish; elegant; showy; aristocratic; fashionable.
Nobel prizes Prizes for the encouragement of men and women who work for the interests of humanity, established by the will of A. B. Nobel (1833-96), the Swedish inventor of dynamite, who left his entire estate for this purpose. They are awarded yearly for what is regarded as the most important work during the year in physics, chemistry, medicine or physiology, idealistic literature, and service in the interest of peace. The prizes, averaging $40,000 each, were first awarded in 1901.
Nobert's lines [ After F. A. Nobert , German manufacturer in Pomerania.] Fine lines ruled on glass in a series of groups of different closeness of line, and used to test the power of a microscope.
Nobili's rings [ After Leopoldo Nobili , an Italian physicist who first described them in 1826.] (Physics) Colored rings formed upon a metal plate by the electrolytic disposition of copper, lead peroxide, etc. They may be produced by touching with a pointed zinc rod a silver plate on which is a solution of copper sulphate.
[ French nobiliare
. See Noble
.] Of or pertaining to the nobility. Fitzed. Hall.
Nobiliary noun A history of noble families.
Nobilify transitive verb [ Latin nobilis noble + -fy .] To make noble; to nobiliate. [ Obsolete]
Nobilitate transitive verb [ Latin nobilitatus , past participle of nobilitare .] To make noble; to ennoble; to exalt. [ Obsolete]
Nobilitation noun [ Confer Old French nobilitation .] The act of making noble. [ Obsolete] Dr. H. More.
[ Latin nobilitas
: confer Old French nobilité
. See Noble
.] 1. The quality or state of being noble; superiority of mind or of character; commanding excellence; eminence.
Though she hated Amphialus, yet the nobility of her courage prevailed over it. Sir P. Sidney.
They thought it great their sovereign to control, Dryden. 2. The state of being of high rank or noble birth; patrician dignity; antiquity of family; distinction by rank, station, or title, whether inherited or conferred.
And named their pride nobility of soul.
I fell on the same argument of preferring virtue to nobility of blood and titles, in the story of Sigismunda. Dryden. 3. Those who are noble; the collective body of nobles or titled persons in a state; the aristocratic and patrician class; the peerage; as, the English nobility .
[ Compar. Nobler
; superl. Noblest
.] [ French noble
, from Latin nobilis
that can be or is known, well known, famous, highborn, noble, from noscere
to know. See know
.] 1. Possessing eminence, elevation, dignity, etc.; above whatever is low, mean, degrading, or dishonorable; magnanimous; as, a noble nature or action; a noble heart.
Statues, with winding ivy crowned, belong Dryden. 2. Grand; stately; magnificent; splendid; as, a noble edifice. 3. Of exalted rank; of or pertaining to the nobility; distinguished from the masses by birth, station, or title; highborn; as, noble blood; a noble personage.
To nobler poets for a nobler song.
is used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, noble
- minded. Noble metals (Chemistry)
, silver, gold, and platinum; -- so called from their freedom from oxidation and permanence in air. Copper, mercury, aluminium, palladium, rhodium, iridium, and osmium are sometimes included. Syn.
-- Honorable; worthy; dignified; elevated; exalted; superior; sublime; great; eminent; illustrious; renowned; stately; splendid; magnificent; grand; magnanimous; generous; liberal; free.
1. A person of rank above a commoner; a nobleman; a peer. 2. An English money of account, and, formerly, a gold coin, of the value of 6 s. 8 d. sterling, or about $1.61. 3. (Zoology) A European fish; the lyrie.
Noble transitive verb To make noble; to ennoble.
Thou nobledest so far forth our nature. Chaucer.
Noble-minded adjective Having a noble mind; honorable; magnanimous. -- No"ble- mind`ed*ness , noun
; plural Noblemen One of the nobility; a noble; a peer; one who enjoys rank above a commoner, either by virtue of birth, by office, or by patent.