Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Nicery noun Nicety. [ Colloq.] Chapman.
; plural Niceties
. [ Middle English niceté
foolishness.] 1. The quality or state of being nice (in any of the senses of that word.).
The miller smiled of her nicety . Chaucer. 2. Delicacy or exactness of perception; minuteness of observation or of discrimination; precision. 3. A delicate expression, act, mode of treatment, distinction, or the like; a minute distinction.
The fineness and niceties of words. Locke. To a nicety
, with great exactness or accuracy.
[ French, from Italian nicchia
, prop., a shell-like recess in a wall, from nicchio
a shellfish, mussel, from Latin mytilus
.] A cavity, hollow, or recess, generally within the thickness of a wall, for a statue, bust, or other erect ornament. hence, any similar position, literal or figurative.
Images defended from the injuries of the weather by niches of stone wherein they are placed. Evelun.
Niched adjective Placed in a niche. "Those niched shapes of noble mold." Tennyson.
[ Anglo-Saxon nicor
a marine monster; akin to Dutch nikker
a water spite, Icelandic nykr
, ONG. nihhus
a crocodile, German nix
a water sprite; confer Greek ... to wash, Sanskrit nij
. Confer Nix
.] (Northern Myth.) An evil spirit of the waters. Old Nick
, the evil one; the devil.
[ Akin to Nock
.] 1. A notch cut into something
; as: (a) A score for keeping an account; a reckoning.
[ Obsolete] (b) (Print.) A notch cut crosswise in the shank of a type, to assist a compositor in placing it properly in the stick, and in distribution. W. Savage. (c) A broken or indented place in any edge or surface; nicks in china. 2. A particular point or place considered as marked by a nick; the exact point or critical moment.
To cut it off in the very nick . Howell.
This nick of time is the critical occasion for the gainger of a point. L'Estrange.
Nick transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Nicked
; present participle & verbal noun Nicking
.] 1. To make a nick or nicks in; to notch; to keep count of or upon by nicks; as, to nick a stick, tally, etc. 2. To mar; to deface; to make ragged, as by cutting nicks or notches in.
And thence proceed to nicking sashes. Prior.
The itch of his affection should not then Shak. 3. To suit or fit into, as by a correspondence of nicks; to tally with.
Have nicked his captainship.
Words nicking and resembling one another are applicable to different significations. Camden. 4. To hit at, or in, the nick; to touch rightly; to strike at the precise point or time.
The just season of doing things must be nicked , and all accidents improved. L'Estrange. 5. To make a cross cut or cuts on the under side of (the tail of a horse, in order to make him carry it higher).
Nick transitive verb To nickname; to style.
For Warbeck, as you nick him, came to me. Ford.
[ G., from Swedish nickel
, abbrev. from Swedish kopparnickel
copper-nickel, a name given in derision, as it was thought to be a base ore of copper. The origin of the second part of the word is uncertain. Confer Kupfer-nickel
.] 1. (Chemistry) A bright silver-white metallic element. It is of the iron group, and is hard, malleable, and ductile. It occurs combined with sulphur in millerite, with arsenic in the mineral niccolite, and with arsenic and sulphur in nickel glance. Symbol Ni. Atomic weight 58.6.
» On account of its permanence in air and inertness to oxidation, it is used in the smaller coins, for plating iron, brass, etc., for chemical apparatus, and in certain alloys, as german silver. It is magnetic, and is very frequently accompanied by cobalt, both being found in meteoric iron. 2. A small coin made of or containing nickel; esp., a five-cent piece.
[ Colloq. U.S.] Nickel silver
, an alloy of nickel, copper, and zinc; -- usually called german silver ; called also argentan .
Nickel steel A kind of cast steel containing nickel, which greatly increases its strength. It is used for armor plate, bicycle tubing, propeller shafts, etc.
Nickelic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or containing, nickel; specifically, designating compounds in which, as contrasted with the nickelous compounds, the metal has a higher valence; as nickelic oxide.
Nickeliferous adjective [ Nickel + -ferous .] Containing nickel; as, nickelferous iron.
1. (Chemistry) An alloy of nickel, a variety of German silver. 2. (Min.) Niccolite.
Nickelodeon noun [ Nickel + odeon .] A place of entertainment, as for moving picture exhibition, charging a fee or admission price of five cents. [ U. S.]
Nickelous adjective (Chemistry) Of, pertaining to, or designating, those compounds of nickel in which, as contrasted with the nickelic compounds, the metal has a lower valence; as, nickelous oxide. Frankland.
[ From Nick
, transitive verb
] 1. One of the night brawlers of London formerly noted for breaking windows with half- pence.
[ Cant] Arbuthnot. 2. The cutting lip which projects downward at the edge of a boring bit and cuts a circular groove in the wood to limit the size of the hole that is bored.
Nicker nut A rounded seed, rather smaller than a nutmeg, having a hard smooth shell, and a yellowish or bluish color. The seeds grow in the prickly pods of tropical, woody climbers of the genus Cæsalpinia . C. Bonduc has yellowish seeds; C. Bonducella , bluish gray. [ Spelt also neckar nut , nickar nut .]
Nicker tree (Botany) The plant producing nicker nuts. [ Written also neckar tree and nickar tree .]
[ From Nick
, transitive verb
] (Coal Mining) (a) The cutting made by the hewer at the side of the face. (b) plural Small coal produced in making the nicking.
Nickle noun (Zoology) The European woodpecker, or yaffle; -- called also nicker pecker .
[ Middle English ekename
surname, hence, a nickname, an ekename
being understood as a nekename
, influenced also by English nick
, v. See Eke
, and Name
.] A name given in contempt, derision, or sportive familiarity; a familiar or an opprobrious appellation.
Nickname transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Nicknamed
; present participle & verbal noun Nicknaming
.] To give a nickname to; to call by a nickname.
You nickname virtue; vice you should have spoke. Shak.
I altogether disclaim what has been nicknamed the doctrine of finality. Macaulay.
Nicolaitan noun [ So called from Nicolas of Antioch, mentioned in Acts vi. 5.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of certain corrupt persons in the early church at Ephesus, who are censured in rev. ii. 6, 15.
[ French nicotiane
; -- so called from Nicot
, who introduced it into France, a.d.
[ R.] B. Jonson.
Nicotian adjective Pertaining to, or derived from, tobacco. [ R.] Bp. Hall.
[ New Latin See Nicotian
.] (Botany) A genus of American and Asiatic solanaceous herbs, with viscid foliage and funnel-shaped blossoms. Several species yield tobacco. See Tobacco .
[ French nicotianine
. See Nicotian
.] (Chemistry) A white waxy substance having a hot, bitter taste, extracted from tobacco leaves and called also tobacco camphor .
Nicotic adjective (Chemistry) Nicotinic.
Nicotidine noun [ Nicot ine + pyr idine .] (Chemistry) A complex, oily, nitrogenous base, isomeric with nicotine, and obtained by the reduction of certain derivatives of the pyridine group.
[ French nicotine
. See Nicotian
.] (Chemistry) An alkaloid which is the active principle of tobacco. It is a colorless, transparent, oily liquid, having an acrid odor, and an acrid burning taste. It is intensely poisonous. Ure.
Nicotinic adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, nicotine; nicotic; -- used specifically to designate an acid related to pyridine, obtained by the oxidation of nicotine, and called nicotinic acid .
Nicotinism noun [ Nicotine + -ism .] (Medicine) The morbid condition produced by the excessive use of tobacco.
Nictate intransitive verb [ Latin nictare , nictatum , from nicere to beckon.] To wink; to nictitate.
Nictation noun [ Latin nictatio ... confer French nictation .] the act of winking; nictitation.
Nictitate intransitive verb
[ See Nictate
.] To wink; to nictate. Nictitating membrane (Anat.)
, a thin membrane, found in many animals at the inner angle, or beneath the lower lid, of the eye, and capable of being drawn across the eyeball; the third eyelid; the haw.
Nictitation noun The act of winking.
[ Latin nidamentum
materials for a nest, from nidus
nest. See Nest
.] (Zoology) Of, pertaining to, or baring, eggs or egg capsules; as, the nidament capsules of certain gastropods; nidamental glands. See Illust . of Dibranchiata .
Nidary noun [ Latin nidus a nest.] A collection of nests. [ R.] velyn.
Nide noun [ Latin nidus a nest: confer French nid .] A nestful; a brood; as, a nide of pheasants. [ Obsolete]
[ See Niding
.] Infamous; dastardly.
[ Obsolete] Sir W. Scott.
[ See Nidget
.] A trifle; a piece of foolery.
[ Obsolete] Skinner.
Nidget noun [ Written also nigget , nigeot .] [ Confer French nigaud a booby, fool, Old French niger to play the fool.] A fool; an idiot, a coward. [ Obsolete] Camden.
Nidificate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Nidificated
; present participle & verbal noun Nidificating
.] [ Latin nidificare
nest + -ficare
(in comp.) to make. See -fy
, and confer nest
.] To make a nest.
Where are the fishes which nidificated in trees? Lowell.
Nidification noun [ Confer French nidification .] The act or process of building a nest.
[ Written also nithing
.] [ Anglo-Saxon nīðing
, from nīð
wickness, malice, hatred.] A coward; a dastard; -- a term of utmost opprobrium.
He is worthy to be called a niding . Howell.
Nidor noun [ Latin ] Scent or savor of meat or food, cooked or cooking. [ Obsolete] Jer. Taylor.
Nidorose adjective Nidorous. [ R.] Arbuthnot.