Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Mimesis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... imitation.] (Rhet. & Biol.) Imitation; mimicry.

Mimetene noun (Min.) See Mimetite .

Mimetic (?; 277), Mi*met"ic*al }[ Greek ..., from ... to imitate.]


1. Apt to imitate; given to mimicry; imitative.

2. (Biol.) Characterized by mimicry; - - applied to animals and plants; as, mimetic species; mimetic organisms. See Mimicry .

Mimetism noun [ From Greek ... to mimic.] (Biol.) Same as Mimicry .

Mimetite noun [ Greek ... an imitator. So called because it resembles pyromorphite.] (Min.) A mineral occurring in pale yellow or brownish hexagonal crystals. It is an arseniate of lead.

Mimic noun One who imitates or mimics, especially one who does so for sport; a copyist; a buffoon. Burke.

Mimic transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Mimicked ; present participle & verbal noun Mimicking .]


1. To imitate or ape for sport; to ridicule by imitation.

The walk, the words, the gesture, could supply,
The habit mimic , and the mien belie.
Dryden.

2. (Biol.) To assume a resemblance to (some other organism of a totally different nature, or some surrounding object), as a means of protection or advantage.

Syn. -- To ape; imitate; counterfeit; mock.

Mimic, Mimical adjective [ Latin mimicus , Greek ..., from ... mime: confer French mimique . See Mime .]


1. Imitative; mimetic.

Oft, in her absence, mimic fancy wakes
To imitate her.
Milton.

Man is, of all creatures, the most mimical .
W. Wotton.

2. Consisting of, or formed by, imitation; imitated; as, mimic gestures. " Mimic hootings." Wordsworth.

3. (Min.) Imitative; characterized by resemblance to other forms; -- applied to crystals which by twinning resemble simple forms of a higher grade of symmetry.

» Mimic often implies something droll or ludicrous, and is less dignified than imitative .

Mimic beetle (Zoology) , a beetle that feigns death when disturbed, esp. the species of Hister and allied genera.

Mimically adverb In an imitative manner.

Mimicker noun
1. One who mimics; a mimic.

2. (Zoology) An animal which imitates something else, in form or habits.

Mimicry noun
1. The act or practice of one who mimics; ludicrous imitation for sport or ridicule.

2. (Biol.) Protective resemblance; the resemblance which certain animals and plants exhibit to other animals and plants or to the natural objects among which they live, -- a characteristic which serves as their chief means of protection against enemies; imitation; mimesis; mimetism.

Mimographer noun [ Latin mimographus , Greek ...; ... a mime + ... to write: confer French mimographe .] A writer of mimes. Sir T. Herbert.

Mimosa noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... imitator. Confer Mime .] (Botany) A genus of leguminous plants, containing many species, and including the sensitive plants ( Mimosa sensitiva , and M. pudica ).

» The term mimosa is also applied in commerce to several kinds bark imported from Australia, and used in tanning; -- called also wattle bark . Tomlinson.

Mimotannic adjective [ Mimo sa + tannic .] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or designating, a variety of tannin or tannic acid found in Acacia, Mimosa, etc.

Mina noun ; plural Latin Minæ , English Minas . [ Latin , from Greek ....] An ancient weight or denomination of money, of varying value. The Attic mina was valued at a hundred drachmas.

Mina noun (Zoology) See Myna .

Minable adjective Such as can be mined; as, minable earth. Sir T. North.

Minaceous adjective Of the color of minium or red lead; miniate.

Minacious adjective [ Latin minax , -acis . See Menace .] Threatening; menacing. [ R.]

Minacity noun Disposition to threaten. [ R.]

Minaret noun [ Spanish minarete , Arabic manārat lamp, lantern, lighthouse, turret, from nār to shine.] (Architecture) A slender, lofty tower attached to a mosque and surrounded by one or more projecting balconies, from which the summon to prayer is cried by the muezzin.

Minargent noun [ Prob. contr. from alu min ium + Latin argent um silver.] An alloy consisting of copper, nickel, tungsten, and aluminium; -- used by jewelers.

Minatorially, Minatorily adverb In a minatory manner; with threats.

Minatory adjective [ Latin minatorius , from minari to threaten. See Menace .] Threatening; menacing. Bacon.

Minaul noun (Zoology) Same as Manul .

Mince (mĭns) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Minced (mĭnst); present participle & verbal noun Minging (mĭn"sĭng).] [ Anglo-Saxon minsian to grow less, dwindle, from min small; akin to German minder less, Goth. minniza less, mins less, adverb , Latin minor , adj. (cf. Minor ); or more likely from French mincer to mince, probably from (assumed) Late Latin minutiare . √101. See Minish .]


1. To cut into very small pieces; to chop fine; to hash; as, to mince meat. Bacon.

2. To suppress or weaken the force of; to extenuate; to palliate; to tell by degrees, instead of directly and frankly; to clip, as words or expressions; to utter half and keep back half of.

I know no ways to mince it in love, but directly to say -- "I love you."
Shak.

Siren, now mince the sin,
And mollify damnation with a phrase.
Dryden.

If, to mince his meaning, I had either omitted some part of what he said, or taken from the strength of his expression, I certainly had wronged him.
Dryden.

3. To affect; to make a parade of. [ R.] Shak.

Mince intransitive verb
1. To walk with short steps; to walk in a prim, affected manner.

The daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, . . . mincing as they go.
Is. iii. 16.

I 'll . . . turn two mincing steps
Into a manly stride.
Shak.

2. To act or talk with affected nicety; to affect delicacy in manner.

Mince noun A short, precise step; an affected manner.

Mince pie A pie made of mince-meat.

Mince-meat noun Minced meat; meat chopped very fine; a mixture of boiled meat, suet, apples, etc., chopped very fine, to which spices and raisins are added; -- used in making mince pie.

Mincer noun One who minces.

Mincing adjective That minces; characterized by primness or affected nicety.

Mincingly adverb In a mincing manner; not fully; with affected nicety.

Mind (mīnd) noun [ Anglo-Saxon mynd , gemynd ; akin to Old High German minna memory, love, German minne love, Danish minde mind, memory, remembrance, consent, vote, Swedish minne memory, Icelandic minni , Goth. gamunds , Latin mens , mentis , mind, Greek me`nos , Sanskrit manas mind, man to think. √104, 278. Confer Comment , Man , Mean , v. , 3d Mental , Mignonette , Minion , Mnemonic , Money .]


1. The intellectual or rational faculty in man; the understanding; the intellect; the power that conceives, judges, or reasons; also, the entire spiritual nature; the soul; -- often in distinction from the body .

By the mind of man we understand that in him which thinks, remembers, reasons, wills.
Reid.

What we mean by mind is simply that which perceives, thinks, feels, wills, and desires.
Sir W. Hamilton.

Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind .
Rom. xiv. 5.

The mind shall banquet, though the body pine.
Shak.

2. The state, at any given time, of the faculties of thinking, willing, choosing, and the like; psychical activity or state; as: (a) Opinion; judgment; belief.

A fool uttereth all his mind .
Prov. xxix. 11.

Being so hard to me that brought your mind , I fear she'll prove as hard to you in telling her mind .
Shak.

(b) Choice; inclination; liking; intent; will.

If it be your minds , then let none go forth.
2 Kings ix. 15.

(c) Courage; spirit. Chapman.

3. Memory; remembrance; recollection; as, to have or keep in mind , to call to mind , to put in mind , etc.

To have a mind or great mind , to be inclined or strongly inclined in purpose; -- used with an infinitive. "Sir Roger de Coverly . . . told me that he had a great mind to see the new tragedy with me." Addison. -- To lose one's mind , to become insane, or imbecile. -- To make up one's mind , to come to an opinion or decision; to determine. -- To put in mind , to remind. "Regard us simply as putting you in mind of what you already know to be good policy." Jowett (Thucyd. ).

Mind transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Minded ; present participle & verbal noun Minding .] [ Anglo-Saxon myndian , gemyndīan to remember. See Mind , noun ]


1. To fix the mind or thoughts on; to regard with attention; to treat as of consequence; to consider; to heed; to mark; to note. " Mind not high things, but condescend to men of low estate." Rom. xii. 16.

My lord, you nod: you do not mind the play.
Shak.

2. To occupy one's self with; to employ one's self about; to attend to; as, to mind one's business.

Bidding him be a good child, and mind his book.
Addison.

3. To obey; as, to mind parents; the dog minds his master.

4. To have in mind; to purpose. Beaconsfield.

I mind to tell him plainly what I think.
Shak.

5. To put in mind; to remind. [ Archaic] M. Arnold.

He minded them of the mutability of all earthly things.
Fuller.

I do thee wrong to mind thee of it.
Shak.

Never mind , do not regard it; it is of no consequence; no matter.

Syn. -- To notice; mark; regard; obey. See Attend .

Mind intransitive verb To give attention or heed; to obey; as, the dog minds well.

Minded adjective Disposed; inclined; having a mind.

Joseph . . . was minded to put her away privily.
Matt. i. 19.

If men were minded to live virtuously.
Tillotson.

» Minded is much used in composition; as, high- minded , feeble- minded , sober- minded , double- minded .

Minder noun
1. One who minds, tends, or watches something, as a child, a machine, or cattle; as, a minder of a loom.

2. One to be attended; specif., a pauper child intrusted to the care of a private person. [ Eng.] Dickens.

Mindful adjective Bearing in mind; regardful; attentive; heedful; observant.

What is man, that thou art mindful of him?
Ps. viii. 4.

I promise you to be mindful of your admonitions.
Hammond.

-- Mind"ful*ly , adverb -- Mind"ful*ness , noun

Minding noun Regard; mindfulness.

Mindless adjective
1. Not indued with mind or intellectual powers; stupid; unthinking.

2. Unmindful; inattentive; heedless; careless.

Cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth.
Shak.

Mine (mēn) noun [ French] See Mien . [ Obsolete]

Mine (mīn) pron. & adjective [ Middle English min , from Anglo-Saxon mīn ; akin to Dutch mijn , Old Saxon , OFries., & Old High German mīn , German mein , Swedish & Danish min , Icelandic minn , Goth. meins my, mine, meina of me, and English me . √187. See Me , and confer My .] Belonging to me; my. Used as a pronominal to me; my. Used as a pronominal adjective in the predicate; as, "Vengeance is mine ; I will repay." Rom. xii. 19 . Also, in the old style, used attributively, instead of my , before a noun beginning with a vowel.

I kept myself from mine iniquity.
Ps. xviii. 23.

» Mine is often used absolutely, the thing possessed being understood; as, his son is in the army, mine in the navy.

When a man deceives me once, says the Italian proverb, it is his fault; when twice, it is mine .
Bp. Horne.

This title honors me and mine .
Shak.

She shall have me and mine .
Shak.

Mine intransitive verb [ French miner , Latin minare to drive animals, in Late Latin also, to lead, conduct, dig a mine (cf. English lode , and lead to conduct), akin to Latin minari to threaten; confer Spanish mina mine, conduit, subterraneous canal, a spring or source of water, Italian mina . See Menace , and confer Mien .]


1. To dig a mine or pit in the earth; to get ore, metals, coal, or precious stones, out of the earth; to dig in the earth for minerals; to dig a passage or cavity under anything in order to overthrow it by explosives or otherwise.

2. To form subterraneous tunnel or hole; to form a burrow or lodge in the earth; as, the mining cony.

Mine transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Mined ; present participle & verbal noun Mining .]


1. To dig away, or otherwise remove, the substratum or foundation of; to lay a mine under; to sap; to undermine; hence, to ruin or destroy by slow degrees or secret means.

They mined the walls.
Hayward.

Too lazy to cut down these immense trees, the spoilers . . . had mined them, and placed a quantity of gunpowder in the cavity.
Sir W. Scott.

2. To dig into, for ore or metal.

Lead veins have been traced . . . but they have not been mined .
Ure.

3. To get, as metals, out of the earth by digging.

The principal ore mined there is the bituminous cinnabar.
Ure.

Mine noun [ French, from Late Latin mina . See Mine , intransitive verb ]


1. A subterranean cavity or passage ; especially: (a) A pit or excavation in the earth, from which metallic ores, precious stones, coal, or other mineral substances are taken by digging; -- distinguished from the pits from which stones for architectural purposes are taken, and which are called quarries . (b) (Mil.) A cavity or tunnel made under a fortification or other work, for the purpose of blowing up the superstructure with some explosive agent.

2. Any place where ore, metals, or precious stones are got by digging or washing the soil; as, a placer mine .

3. Fig.: A rich source of wealth or other good. Shak.

Mine dial , a form of magnetic compass used by miners. -- Mine pig , pig iron made wholly from ore; in distinction from cinder pig , which is made from ore mixed with forge or mill cinder. Raymond.

Miner noun [ Confer French mineur .]


1. One who mines; a digger for metals, etc.; one engaged in the business of getting ore, coal, or precious stones, out of the earth; one who digs military mines; as, armies have sappers and miners .

2. (Zoology) (a) Any of numerous insects which, in the larval state, excavate galleries in the parenchyma of leaves. They are mostly minute moths and dipterous flies. (b) The chattering, or garrulous, honey eater of Australia ( Myzantha garrula ).

Miner's elbow (Medicine) , a swelling on the black of the elbow due to inflammation of the bursa over the olecranon; -- so called because of frequent occurrence in miners. -- Miner's inch , in hydraulic mining, the amount of water flowing under a given pressure in a given time through a hole one inch in diameter. It is a unit for measuring the quantity of water supplied.

Mineral noun [ French minéral , Late Latin minerale , from minera mine. See Mine , intransitive verb ]


1. An inorganic species or substance occurring in nature, having a definite chemical composition and usually a distinct crystalline form. Rocks, except certain glassy igneous forms, are either simple minerals or aggregates of minerals.

2. A mine. [ Obsolete] Shak.

3. Anything which is neither animal nor vegetable, as in the most general classification of things into three kingdoms (animal, vegetable, and mineral).

Mineral adjective
1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance.

2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters.

Mineral acids (Chemistry) , inorganic acids, as sulphuric, nitric, phosphoric, hydrochloric, acids, etc., as distinguished from the organic acids . -- Mineral blue , the name usually given to azurite, when reduced to an impalpable powder for coloring purposes. -- Mineral candle , a candle made of paraffine. -- Mineral caoutchouc , an elastic mineral pitch, a variety of bitumen, resembling caoutchouc in elasticity and softness. See Caoutchouc , and Elaterite . -- Mineral chameleon (Chemistry) See Chameleon mineral , under Chameleon . -- Mineral charcoal . See under Charcoal . -- Mineral cotton . See Mineral wool (below). -- Mineral green , a green carbonate of copper; malachite. -- Mineral kingdom (Nat. Sci.) , that one of the three grand divisions of nature which embraces all inorganic objects, as distinguished from plants or animals. -- Mineral oil . See Naphtha , and Petroleum . -- Mineral paint , a pigment made chiefly of some natural mineral substance, as red or yellow iron ocher. -- Mineral patch . See Bitumen , and Asphalt . -- Mineral right , the right of taking minerals from land. -- Mineral salt (Chemistry) , a salt of a mineral acid. -- Mineral tallow , a familiar name for hatchettite , from its fatty or spermaceti- like appearance. -- Mineral water . See under Water . -- Mineral wax . See Ozocerite . -- Mineral wool , a fibrous wool-like material, made by blowing a powerful jet of air or steam through melted slag. It is a poor conductor of heat.

Mineralist noun [ Confer French minéraliste .] One versed in minerals; mineralogist. [ R.]