Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Militate intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Militated
; present participle & verbal noun Militating
.] [ Latin militare
, to be a soldier, from miles
, soldier.] To make war; to fight; to contend; -- usually followed by against and with .
These are great questions, where great names militate against each other. Burke.
The invisible powers of heaven seemed to militate on the side of the pious emperor. Gibbon.
[ Latin , military service, soldiery, from miles
, soldier: confer French milice
.] 1. In the widest sense, the whole military force of a nation, including both those engaged in military service as a business, and those competent and available for such service; specifically, the body of citizens enrolled for military instruction and discipline, but not subject to be called into actual service except in emergencies.
The king's captains and soldiers fight his battles, and yet . . . the power of the militia is he. Jer. Taylor. 2. Military service; warfare.
[ Obsolete] Baxter.
; plural Militiamen One who belongs to the militia.
Militiate intransitive verb To carry on, or prepare for, war. [ Obsolete] Walpole.
[ Anglo-Saxon meoluc
; akin to OFries. meloc
, Dutch melk
, German milch
, Old High German miluh
, Icelandic mjōlk
, Swedish mjölk
, Danish melk
, Goth. miluks
, German melken
to milk, Old High German melchan
, Lithuanian milszti
, Latin mulgere
, Greek 'ame`lgein
. √107. Confer Milch
soft roe of fishes.] 1. (Physiol.) A white fluid secreted by the mammary glands of female mammals for the nourishment of their young, consisting of minute globules of fat suspended in a solution of casein, albumin, milk sugar, and inorganic salts.
"White as morne milk
." Chaucer. 2. (Botany) A kind of juice or sap, usually white in color, found in certain plants; latex. See Latex . 3. An emulsion made by bruising seeds; as, the milk of almonds, produced by pounding almonds with sugar and water. 4. (Zoology) The ripe, undischarged spat of an oyster. Condensed milk
. See under Condense , transitive verb
-- Milk crust (Medicine)
, vesicular eczema occurring on the face and scalp of nursing infants. See Eczema .
-- Milk fever
. (a) (Medicine) A fever which accompanies or precedes the first lactation
. It is usually transitory. (b) (Vet. Surg.) A form puerperal peritonitis in cattle; also, a variety of meningitis occurring in cows after calving.
-- Milk glass
, glass having a milky appearance.
-- Milk knot (Medicine)
, a hard lump forming in the breast of a nursing woman, due to obstruction to the flow of milk and congestion of the mammary glands.
-- Milk leg (Medicine)
, a swollen condition of the leg, usually in puerperal women, caused by an inflammation of veins, and characterized by a white appearance occasioned by an accumulation of serum and sometimes of pus in the cellular tissue.
-- Milk meats
, food made from milk, as butter and cheese.
[ Obsolete] Bailey.
-- Milk mirror
. Same as Escutcheon , 2.
-- Milk molar (Anat.)
, one of the deciduous molar teeth which are shed and replaced by the premolars.
-- Milk of lime (Chemistry)
, a watery emulsion of calcium hydrate, produced by macerating quicklime in water.
-- Milk parsley (Botany)
, an umbelliferous plant ( Peucedanum palustre ) of Europe and Asia, having a milky juice.
-- Milk pea (Botany)
, a genus ( Galactia ) of leguminous and, usually, twining plants.
-- Milk sickness (Medicine)
, a peculiar malignant disease, occurring in some parts of the Western United States, and affecting certain kinds of farm stock (esp. cows), and persons who make use of the meat or dairy products of infected cattle. Its chief symptoms in man are uncontrollable vomiting, obstinate constipation, pain, and muscular tremors. Its origin in cattle has been variously ascribed to the presence of certain plants in their food, and to polluted drinking water.
-- Milk snake (Zoology)
, a harmless American snake ( Ophibolus triangulus , or O. eximius ). It is variously marked with white, gray, and red. Called also milk adder , chicken snake , house snake , etc.
-- Milk sugar
. (Physiol. Chem.) See Lactose , and Sugar of milk (below).
-- Milk thistle (Botany)
, an esculent European thistle ( Silybum marianum ), having the veins of its leaves of a milky whiteness.
-- Milk thrush
. (Medicine) See Thrush .
-- Milk tooth (Anat.)
, one of the temporary first set of teeth in young mammals; in man there are twenty.
-- Milk tree (Botany)
, a tree yielding a milky juice, as the cow tree of South America ( Brosimum Galactodendron ), and the Euphorbia balsamifera of the Canaries, the milk of both of which is wholesome food.
-- Milk vessel (Botany)
, a special cell in the inner bark of a plant, or a series of cells, in which the milky juice is contained. See Latex .
-- Rock milk
. See Agaric mineral , under Agaric .
-- Sugar of milk
. The sugar characteristic of milk; a hard white crystalline slightly sweet substance obtained by evaporation of the whey of milk. It is used in pellets and powder as a vehicle for homeopathic medicines, and as an article of diet. See Lactose .
(mĭlk) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Milked
(mĭlkt); present participle & verbal noun Milking
.] 1. To draw or press milk from the breasts or udder of, by the hand or mouth; to withdraw the milk of.
the kine." Gay.
I have given suck, and know Shak. 2. To draw from the breasts or udder; to extract, as milk; as, to milk wholesome milk from healthy cows. 3. To draw anything from, as if by milking; to compel to yield profit or advantage; to plunder. Tyndale.
How tender 't is to love the babe that milks me.
They [ the lawyers] milk an unfortunate estate as regularly as a dairyman does his stock. London Spectator. To milk the street
, to squeeze the smaller operators in stocks and extract a profit from them, by alternately raising and depressing prices within a short range; -- said of the large dealers.
[ Cant] -- To milk a telegram
, to use for one's own advantage the contents of a telegram belonging to another person.
Milk intransitive verb To draw or to yield milk.
Milk intransitive verb
1. To draw or to yield milk. 2. (Electricity) To give off small gas bubbles during the final part of the charging operation; -- said of a storage battery.
Milk sickness (Veter.) A peculiar malignant disease, occurring in parts of the western United States, and affecting certain kinds of farm stock (esp. cows), and persons using the meat or dairy products of infected cattle. Its chief symptoms in man are uncontrollable vomiting, obstinate constipation, pain, and muscular tremors. Its origin in cattle has been variously ascribed to the presence of certain plants in their food, and to polluted water.
Milk vetch (Botany) A leguminous herb ( Astragalus glycyphyllos ) of Europe and Asia, supposed to increase the secretion of milk in goats. » The name is sometimes taken for the whole genus Astragalus , of which there are about two hundred species in North America, and even more elsewhere.
Milk-livered adjective White- livered; cowardly; timorous.
Milken adjective Consisting of milk. [ Obsolete]
1. One who milks; also, a mechanical apparatus for milking cows. 2. A cow or other animal that gives milk.
Milkful adjective Full of milk; abounding with food. [ R.] " Milkful vales." Sylvester.
Milkily adverb In a milky manner.
Milkiness noun State or quality of being milky.
Milkmaid noun A woman who milks cows or is employed in the dairy.
; plural Milkmen A man who sells milk or delivers it to customers.
Milksop noun A piece of bread sopped in milk; figuratively, an effeminate or weak-minded person. Shak.
To wed a milksop or a coward ape. Chaucer.
Milkweed noun (Botany) Any plant of the genera Asclepias and Acerates , abounding in a milky juice, and having its seed attached to a long silky down; silkweed. The name is also applied to several other plants with a milky juice, as to several kinds of spurge.
Milkwort noun (Botany) A genus of plants ( Polygala ) of many species. The common European P. vulgaris was supposed to have the power of producing a flow of milk in nurses. » The species of Campanula , or bellflower, are sometimes called milkwort , from their juice.
Milky adjective 1. Consisting of, or containing, milk.
Pails high foaming with a milky flood. Pope. 2. Like, or somewhat like, milk; whitish and turbid; as, the water is milky . " Milky juice." Arbuthnot. 3. Yielding milk.
mothers." Roscommon. 4. Mild; tame; spiritless.
Has friendship such a faint and milky heart? Shak. Milky Way
. (Astron.) See Galaxy , 1.
[ Latin mille
a thousand. Confer Mile
.] A money of account of the United States, having the value of the tenth of a cent, or the thousandth of a dollar.
[ Middle English mille
, Anglo-Saxon myln
; akin to Dutch molen
, German mühle
, Old High German mulī
, Icelandic mylna
; all probably from Latin molina
, from mola
millstone; prop., that which grinds, akin to molere
to grind, Goth. malan
, German mahlen
, and to English meal
. √108. See Meal
flour, and confer Moline
.] 1. A machine for grinding or comminuting any substance, as grain, by rubbing and crushing it between two hard, rough, or indented surfaces; as, a grist mill , a coffee mill ; a bone mill . 2. A machine used for expelling the juice, sap, etc., from vegetable tissues by pressure, or by pressure in combination with a grinding, or cutting process; as, a cider mill ; a cane mill . 3. A machine for grinding and polishing; as, a lapidary mill . 4. A common name for various machines which produce a manufactured product, or change the form of a raw material by the continuous repetition of some simple action; as, a saw mill ; a stamping mill , etc. 5. A building or collection of buildings with machinery by which the processes of manufacturing are carried on; as, a cotton mill ; a powder mill ; a rolling mill . 6. (Die Sinking) A hardened steel roller having a design in relief, used for imprinting a reversed copy of the design in a softer metal, as copper. 7. (Mining) (a) An excavation in rock, transverse to the workings, from which material for filling is obtained. (b) A passage underground through which ore is shot. 8. A milling cutter. See Illust. under Milling . 9. A pugilistic encounter.
[ Cant] R. D. Blackmore. Edge mill
, Flint mill
, etc. See under Edge , Flint , etc.
-- Mill bar (Iron Works)
, a rough bar rolled or drawn directly from a bloom or puddle bar for conversion into merchant iron in the mill.
-- Mill cinder
, slag from a puddling furnace.
-- Mill head
, the head of water employed to turn the wheel of a mill.
-- Mill pick
, a pick for dressing millstones.
-- Mill pond
, a pond that supplies the water for a mill.
-- Mill race
, the canal in which water is conveyed to a mill wheel, or the current of water which drives the wheel.
-- Mill tail
, the water which flows from a mill wheel after turning it, or the channel in which the water flows.
-- Mill tooth
, a grinder or molar tooth.
- - Mill wheel
, the water wheel that drives the machinery of a mill.
-- Roller mill
, a mill in which flour or meal is made by crushing grain between rollers.
-- Stamp mill (Mining)
, a mill in which ore is crushed by stamps.
-- To go through the mill
, to experience the suffering or discipline necessary to bring one to a certain degree of knowledge or skill, or to a certain mental state.
(mĭl) transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Milled
(mĭld); present participle & verbal noun Milling
.] [ See Mill
, and confer Muller
.] 1. To reduce to fine particles, or to small pieces, in a mill; to grind; to comminute. 2. To shape, finish, or transform by passing through a machine; specifically, to shape or dress, as metal, by means of a rotary cutter. 3. To make a raised border around the edges of, or to cut fine grooves or indentations across the edges of, as of a coin, or a screw head; also, to stamp in a coining press; to coin. 4. To pass through a fulling mill; to full, as cloth. 5. To beat with the fists.
[ Cant] Thackeray. 6. To roll into bars, as steel. To mill chocolate
, to make it frothy, as by churning.
Mill intransitive verb (Zoology) To swim under water; -- said of air-breathing creatures.
Mill intransitive verb 1. To undergo hulling, as maize. 2. To move in a circle, as cattle upon a plain.
The deer and the pig and the nilghar were milling round and round in a circle of eight or ten miles radius. Kipling. 3. To swim suddenly in a new direction; -- said of whales. 4. To take part in a mill; to box.
Mill noun 1. Short for Treadmill . 2. The raised or ridged edge or surface made in milling anything, as a coin or screw.
Mill transitive verb
1. (Mining) To fill (a winze or interior incline) with broken ore, to be drawn out at the bottom. 2. To cause to mill, or circle round, as cattle.
Mill-cake noun The incorporated materials for gunpowder, in the form of a dense mass or cake, ready to be subjected to the process of granulation.
Millboard noun A kind of stout pasteboard.
Milldam noun A dam or mound to obstruct a water course, and raise the water to a height sufficient to turn a mill wheel.
Milled adjective Having been subjected to some process of milling. Milled cloth , cloth that has been beaten in a fulling mill. -- Milled lead , lead rolled into sheets.
Millefiore glass [ Italian mille thousand + fiore flower.] Slender rods or tubes of colored glass fused together and embedded in clear glass; -- used for paperweights and other small articles.
[ See Millenary
.] Consisting of a thousand years; of or pertaining to the millennium, or to the Millenarians.
Millenarian noun One who believes that Christ will personally reign on earth a thousand years; a Chiliast.
Millenarianism, Millenarism noun The doctrine of Millenarians.
[ Latin millenarius
, from milleni
a thousand each, from mille
a thousand: confer French millénaire
. See Mile
.] Consisting of a thousand; millennial.
Millenary noun The space of a thousand years; a millennium; also, a Millenarian .
"During that millenary
Millennial adjective Of or pertaining to the millennium, or to a thousand years; as, a millennial period; millennial happiness.
Millennialist noun One who believes that Christ will reign personally on earth a thousand years; a Chiliast; also, a believer in the universal prevalence of Christianity for a long period.
Millennianism, Millenniarism noun Belief in, or expectation of, the millennium; millenarianism.
Millennist (mĭl"lĕn*nĭst) noun One who believes in the millennium. [ Obsolete] Johnson.
[ Late Latin , from Latin mille
a thousand + annus
a year. See Mile
, and Annual
.] A thousand years; especially, the thousand years mentioned in the twentieth chapter of Revelation, during which holiness is to be triumphant throughout the world. Some believe that, during this period, Christ will reign on earth in person with his saints.
Milleped (mĭl"le*pĕdĭ) noun [ Latin millepeda ; mille a thousand + pes , pedis , foot: confer French mille-pieds .] (Zoology) A myriapod with many legs, esp. a chilognath, as the galleyworm. [ Written also millipede and milliped .]
Millepora (mĭl*le*pō"rȧ) noun [ New Latin ] (Zoology) A genus of Hydrocorallia, which includes the millipores.
[ Latin mille
thousand + porus
pore: confer French millépore
.] (Zoology) Any coral of the genus Millepora, having the surface nearly smooth, and perforated with very minute unequal pores, or cells. The animals are hydroids, not Anthozoa. See Hydrocorallia .
Milleporite noun (Paleon.) A fossil millepore.
Miller (mĭl"ẽr) noun Miller's thumb . (Zoology) (a) A small fresh-water fish of the genus Uranidea (formerly Cottus ), as the European species ( U. gobio ), and the American ( U. gracilis ); -- called also bullhead . (b) A small bird, as the gold-crest, chiff-chaff, and long-tailed tit. [ Prov. Eng.]
1. One who keeps or attends a flour mill or gristmill. 2. A milling machine. 3. (Zoology) (a) A moth or lepidopterous insect; -- so called because the wings appear as if covered with white dust or powder, like a miller's clothes. Called also moth miller . (b) The eagle ray. (c) The hen harrier. [ Prov. Eng.]