Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Myopic adjective Pertaining to, or affected with, or characterized by, myopia; nearsighted. Myopic astigmatism , a condition in which the eye is affected with myopia in one meridian only.
[ New Latin ] See Myope .
[ New Latin , from Greek ... fly + ... sight.] (Medicine) The appearance of muscæ volitantes. See Muscæ volitantes , under Musca .
Myopy noun [ French myopie .] (Medicine) Myopia.
[ Greek ..., a muscle.] (Physiol. Chem.) An albuminous body present in dead muscle, being formed in the process of coagulation which takes place in rigor mortis ; the clot formed in the coagulation of muscle plasma. See Muscle plasma , under Plasma .
» Myosin belongs to the group of globulins. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in dilute solution of salt, and is especially characterized by being completely precipitated by saturation of its solutions with salt.
Myosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... to close the eyes or lips.] (Medicine) Long-continued contraction of the pupil of the eye.
Myositic adjective (Medicine) Myotic.
Myositis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ..., ..., muscle + -itis .] (Medicine) Inflammation of the muscles.
[ New Latin ; Greek ..., lit., mouse ear.] (Botany) A genus of plants. See Mouse- ear .
[ See Myosis
.] (Medicine) Producing myosis, or contraction of the pupil of the eye, as opium, calabar bean, etc.
-- noun A myotic agent.
[ See Myotomy
.] (Anat.) (a) A muscular segment; one of the zones into which the muscles of the trunk, especially in fishes, are divided; a myocomma. (b) One of the embryonic muscular segments arising from the protovertebræ; also, one of the protovertebræ themselves. (c) The muscular system of one metamere of an articulate.
Myotomic adjective (Anat.) Of or pertaining to a myotome or myotomes.
Myotomy noun [ Myo- + Greek ... to cut: confer French myotomie .] The dissection, or that part of anatomy which treats of the dissection, of muscles.
Myrcia noun [ New Latin ] (Botany) A large genus of tropical American trees and shrubs, nearly related to the true myrtles ( Myrtus ), from which they differ in having very few seeds in each berry.
[ Greek ... a myriad. See Myriad
.] A prefix, esp. in the metric system, indicating ten thousand , ten thousand times ; as, myria meter.
Myriacanthous adjective [ Greek ... numberless + 'a`kanqa a spine.] (Zoology) Having numerous spines, as certain fishes.
Myriad noun [ Greek ..., ..., from ... numberless, plural ... ten thousand: confer French myriade .]
1. The number of ten thousand; ten thousand persons or things. 2. An immense number; a very great many; an indefinitely large number.
Myriad adjective Consisting of a very great, but indefinite, number; as, myriad stars.
Myriagram, Myriagramme noun
[ French myriagramme
. See Myria-
, and 3d Gram
.] A metric weight, consisting of ten thousand grams or ten kilograms. It is equal to 22.046 lbs. avoirdupois.
Myrialiter, Myrialitre noun
[ French myrialitre
. See Myria-
, and Liter
.] A metric measure of capacity, containing ten thousand liters. It is equal to 2641.7 wine gallons.
Myriameter, Myriametre noun
[ French myriamètre
. See Myria-
, and Meter
.] A metric measure of length, containing ten thousand meters. It is equal to 6.2137 miles.
Myriapod noun [ Confer French myriapode .] (Zoology) One of the Myriapoda.
Myriapoda noun plural
[ New Latin , from Greek ... numberless + -poda
.] (Zoology) A class, or subclass, of arthropods, related to the hexapod insects, from which they differ in having the body made up of numerous similar segments, nearly all of which bear true jointed legs. They have one pair of antennæ, three pairs of mouth organs, and numerous tracheæ, similar to those of true insects. The larvæ, when first hatched, often have but three pairs of legs. See Centiped , Galleyworm , Milliped .
» The existing Myriapoda are divided into three orders: Chilopoda
, and Pauropoda
(see these words in the Vocabulary). Large fossil species (very different from any living forms) are found in the Carboniferous formation.
Myriarch noun [ Greek ..., ...; ... ten thousand + ... chief.] A captain or commander of ten thousand men.
[ French See Myria-
, and 2d Are
.] A measure of surface in the metric system containing ten thousand ares, or one million square meters. It is equal to about 247.1 acres.
Myrica noun [ Latin , from Greek ... tamarisk.] (Botany) A widely dispersed genus of shrubs and trees, usually with aromatic foliage. It includes the bayberry or wax myrtle, the sweet gale, and the North American sweet fern, so called.
Myricin noun [ Confer French myricine . Prob. so called from a fancied resemblance to the wax of the bayberry ( Myrica ).] (Chemistry) A silky, crystalline, waxy substance, forming the less soluble part of beeswax, and regarded as a palmitate of a higher alcohol of the paraffin series; -- called also myricyl alcohol .
Myricyl noun [ Myric in + -yl .] (Chemistry) A hypothetical radical regarded as the essential residue of myricin; -- called also melissyl .
Myriological adjective Of or relating to a myriologue.
Myriologist noun One who composes or sings a myriologue.
Myriologue noun [ French myriologue , myriologie , NGr. ..., ..., from Greek Moi^ra the goddess of fate or death + lo`gos speech, discourse.] An extemporaneous funeral song, composed and sung by a woman on the death of a friend. [ Modern Greece]
Myriophyllous adjective [ Greek ... numberless + fy`llon leaf.] (Botany) Having an indefinitely great or countless number of leaves.
Myriorama noun [ Greek ... numberless + ... a sight, from ... to see.] A picture made up of several smaller pictures, drawn upon separate pieces in such a manner as to admit of combination in many different ways, thus producing a great variety of scenes or landscapes.
Myrioscope noun [ Greek ... numberless + -scope .] A form of kaleidoscope.
Myristate (mĭ*rĭs"tat) noun (Chemistry) A salt of myristic acid.
Myristic (mĭ*rĭs"tĭk) adjective (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or derived from, the nutmeg ( Myristica ). Specifically, designating an acid found in nutmeg oil and otoba fat, and extracted as a white crystalline waxy substance.
Myristin noun (Chemistry) The myristate of glycerin, -- found as a vegetable fat in nutmeg butter, etc.
Myristone noun [ Myrist ic + -one .] (Chemistry) The ketone of myristic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.
Myrmecophyte noun [ Greek my`rmhx , my`rmhkos , ant + fyto`n plant.] (Botany) A plant that affords shelter and food to certain species of ants which live in symbiotic relations with it. Special adaptations for this purpose exist; thus, Acacia spadicigera has large hollows thorns, and species of Cecropia have stem cavities. -- Myr`me*co*phyt"ic adjective
Myrmicine adjective (Zoology) Of or pertaining to Myrmica , a genus of ants including the small house ant ( M. molesta ), and many others.
[ Latin Myrmidones
, Greek ..., plural] 1. One of a fierce tribe or troop who accompanied Achilles, their king, to the Trojan war. 2. A soldier or a subordinate civil officer who executes cruel orders of a superior without protest or pity; -- sometimes applied to bailiffs, constables, etc. Thackeray.
With unabated ardor the vindictive man of law and his myrmidons pressed forward. W. H. Ainsworth.
Myrmidonian adjective Consisting of, or like, myrmidons. Pope.
Myrmotherine adjective [ Greek ... an ant + ... to hunt.] (Zoology) Feeding upon ants; -- said of certain birds.
Myrobalan, Myrobolan noun [ Latin myrobalanum the fruit of a palm tree from which a balsam was made, Greek ...; ... any sweet juice distilling from plants, any prepared unguent or sweet oil + ... an acorn or any similar fruit: confer French myrobolan .] A dried astringent fruit much resembling a prune. It contains tannin, and was formerly used in medicine, but is now chiefly used in tanning and dyeing. Myrobolans are produced by various species of Terminalia of the East Indies, and of Spondias of South America.
Myronic adjective [ Greek ... a sweet- smelling unguent.] (Chemistry) Pertaining to, or obtained from, mustard; -- used specifically to designate a glucoside called myronic acid , found in mustard seed.
Myropolist noun [ Greek ...; ... unguent + ... to sell.] One who sells unguents or perfumery. [ Obsolete] Jonhson.
Myrosin noun (Chemistry) A ferment, resembling diastase, found in mustard seeds.
Myroxylon noun [ New Latin , from Greek ... a sweet juice distilling from a plant + ... wood.] (Botany) A genus of leguminous trees of tropical America, the different species of which yield balsamic products, among which are balsam of Peru, and balsam of Tolu. The species were formerly referred to Myrospermum .
[ Middle English mirre
, Old French mirre
, French myrrhe
, Latin myrrha
, Greek ...; confer Arabic murr
bitter, also myrrh, Hebrew mar
bitter.] A gum resin, usually of a yellowish brown or amber color, of an aromatic odor, and a bitter, slightly pungent taste. It is valued for its odor and for its medicinal properties. It exudes from the bark of a shrub of Abyssinia and Arabia, the Balsamodendron Myrrha . The myrrh of the Bible is supposed to have been partly the gum above named, and partly the exudation of species of Cistus , or rockrose. False myrrh
. See the Note under Bdellium .