Webster's Dictionary, 1913
Karpholite noun [ Greek ... rice straw + -lite : confer French carpholithe .] (Min.) A fibrous mineral occurring in tufts of a straw-yellow color. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and manganese.
; plural Karroos
(-rōz"). One of the dry table-lands of South Africa, which often rise terracelike to considerable elevations.
[ Also karoo
.] The Great Karroo
, or The Karroo
, a vast plateau, in Cape Colony, stretching through five degrees of longitude, at an elevation of about 3,000 feet.
[ New Latin , from Greek ka`ryon
a nut, kernel + kinei^n
to move.] (Biol.) The indirect division of cells in which, prior to division of the cell protoplasm, complicated changes take place in the nucleus, attended with movement of the nuclear fibrils; -- opposed to karyostenosis . The nucleus becomes enlarged and convoluted, and finally the threads are separated into two groups which ultimately become disconnected and constitute the daughter nuclei . Called also mitosis . See Cell development , under Cell .
Karyokinetic (-nĕt"ĭk) adjective (Biol.) Of or pertaining to karyokinesis; as, karyokinetic changes of cell division.
Karyomiton (-ŏm"ĭ*tŏn) noun [ New Latin , Greek ka`ryon a nut + mi`tos a thread.] (Biol.) The reticular network of fine fibers, of which the nucleus of a cell is in part composed; -- in opposition to kytomiton , or the network in the body of the cell. W. Flemming.
Karyoplasma (kăr`ĭ*o*plăz"mȧ) noun [ New Latin , from Greek ka`ryon a nut + pla`sma a thing molded.] (Biol.) The protoplasmic substance of the nucleus of a cell: nucleoplasm; -- in opposition to kytoplasma , the protoplasm of the cell.
Karyostenosis noun [ New Latin , from Greek ka`ryon a nut, kernel + ... a being straitened.] (Biol.) Direct cell division (in which there is first a simple division of the nucleus, without any changes in its structure, followed by division of the protoplasm of the cell); -- in opposition to karyokinesis .
[ 1913 Webster]
Karyostenotic adjective (Biol.) Pertaining to, or connected with, karyostenosis; as, the karyostenotic mode of nuclear division.
(kăt) noun (Ethnol.) Same as Cossack .
Kat (kät) noun (Botany) An Arabian shrub ( Catha edulis ) the leaves of which are used as tea by the Arabs.
Katabolic adjective (Physiol.) Of or pertaining to katabolism; as, katabolic processes, which give rise to substances (katastates) of decreasing complexity and increasing stability.
[ Greek ... down + ... to throw.] (Physiol.) Destructive or downward metabolism; regressive metamorphism; -- opposed to anabolism . See Disassimilation .
[ Greek down + to cause to stand.] (Physiol.) A substance formed by a katabolic process; -- opposed to anastate . See Katabolic .
Kate noun (Zoology) The brambling finch.
[ Greek ... a perpendicular line. See Cathetus
.] (Math.) Making a right angle; perpendicular, as two lines or two sides of a triangle, which include a right angle.
Kattimundoo noun A caoutchouc-like substance obtained from the milky juice of the East Indian Euphorbia Kattimundoo . It is used as a cement.
Katydid noun (Zoology) A large, green, arboreal, orthopterous insect ( Cyrtophyllus concavus ) of the family Locustidæ , common in the United States. The males have stridulating organs at the bases of the front wings. During the summer and autumn, in the evening, the males make a peculiar, loud, shrill sound, resembling the combination Katy-did , whence the name.
Kauri noun [ Native name.] (Botany) A lofty coniferous tree of New Zealand Agathis, or Dammara, australis ), furnishing valuable timber and yielding one kind of dammar resin. [ Written also kaudi , cowdie , and cowrie .]
Kauri noun (a) Kauri resin. (b) By extension, any of various species of Dammara ; as, the red kauri ( D. lanceolata ).
Kauri resin, gum or copal A resinous product of the kauri, found in the form of yellow or brown lumps in the ground where the trees have grown. It is used for making varnish, and as a substitute for amber.
Kava noun [ Polynesian.] (Botany) A species of Macropiper ( M. methysticum ), the long pepper, from the root of which an intoxicating beverage is made by the Polynesians, by a process of mastication; also, the beverage itself. [ Written also kawa , kava , and ava .]
; plural Kavasses
[ Turk. kāvvās
] An armed constable; also, a government servant or courier.
Kaw intransitive verb & noun See Caw .
Kawaka noun (Botany) a New Zealand tree, the Cypress cedar ( Libocedrus Doniana ), having a valuable, fine-grained, reddish wood.
Kawn noun An inn.
[ Turkey] See Khan
Kayak noun (Nautical) A light canoe, made of skins stretched over a frame, and usually capable of carrying but one person, who sits amidships and uses a double-bladed paddle. It is peculiar to the Eskimos and other Arctic tribes.
Kayaker noun One who uses a kayak.
Kayko noun (Zoology) The dog salmon.
Kayles noun plural [ Akin to Danish kegle , Swedish kegla , D. & German kegel , Old High German kegil , whence French quille .] A game; ninepins. [ Prov Eng.] Carew.
Kaynard noun [ French cagnard .] A lazy or cowardly person; a rascal. [ Obsolete] Chaucer.
Kazoo noun [ Etymol. uncertain.] A kind of toy or rude musical instrument, as a tube inside of which is a stretched string made to vibrate by singing or humming into the tube.
Kea (kā"ȧ; colloquial kē"ȧ) noun [ Maori.] (Zoology) A large New Zealand parrot ( Nestor notabilis ), notorious for having acquired the habit of killing sheep; -- called also mountain parrot .
Keck intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Kecked
; present participle & verbal noun Kecking
.] [ Confer dial. German köcken
.] To heave or to retch, as in an effort to vomit.
[ R.] Swift.
Keck noun An effort to vomit; queasiness. [ R.]
Keckle intransitive verb & noun See Keck , intransitive verb & noun
Keckle transitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Keckled
; present participle & verbal noun Keckling
.] (Nautical) To wind old rope around, as a cable, to preserve its surface from being fretted, or to wind iron chains around, to defend from the friction of a rocky bottom, or from the ice. Totten.
Keckling noun Old rope or iron chains wound around a cable. See Keckle , transitive verb
Kecklish adjective [ From keck , keckle .] Inclined to vomit; squeamish. [ R.] Holland.
; plural Kecksies
(-sĭz). [ Properly plural of kex
. See Kex
.] (Botany) The hollow stalk of an umbelliferous plant, such as the cow parsnip or the hemlock.
[ Written also kex
, and in pl
Nothing teems Shak.
But hateful docks, rough thistles, kecksies , burs.
Kecky adjective Resembling a kecksy. Grew.
Keddah noun [ Malay kedah , from Arabic qadah hole.] An inclosure constructed to entrap wild elephants; an elephant trap. [ India]
(kĕj) intransitive verb
[ imperfect & past participle Kedged
(kĕjd); present participle & verbal noun Kedging
.] [ Confer dial. Swedish keka
to tug, to drag one's self slowly forward; or perhaps from ked
, and kedge
, for keg anchor
, named from the keg
or cask fastened to the anchor to show where it lies.] (Nautical) To move (a vessel) by carrying out a kedge in a boat, dropping it overboard, and hauling the vessel up to it.
[ See Kedge
, transitive verb
] (Nautical) A small anchor used whenever a large one can be dispensed with. See Kedge , transitive verb , and Anchor , noun
Kedger noun (Nautical) A small anchor; a kedge.
[ Confer dial. German köddik
, Danish kidike
, English charlock
, and Anglo-Saxon cedelc
the herb mercury.] (Botany) See Charlock .
(kē) noun plural
of Cow. [ Anglo-Saxon cȳ
, plural of cū
cow. See Kine
.] See Kie , Ky , and Kine .
[ Prov. Eng.] Gay.
Keech (kēch) noun [ Confer Prov. English keech a cake.] A mass or lump of fat rolled up by the butcher. [ Obsolete] Shak.