Webster's Dictionary, 1913
. See Alkali
.] Forming alkalies with oxygen, as some metals.
[ New Latin See Kali
.] (Chemistry) Potassium; -- so called by the German chemists.
Kalki noun [ Sanskrit ] The name of Vishnu in his tenth and last avatar. Whitworth.
Kalmia noun [ New Latin Named in honor of Peter Kalm , a Swedish botanist.] (Botany) A genus of North American shrubs with poisonous evergreen foliage and corymbs of showy flowers. Called also mountain laurel , ivy bush , lamb kill , calico bush , etc.
Kalmuck noun 1. plural (Ethnol.) See Calmucks . 2. A kind of shaggy cloth, resembling bearskin. 3. A coarse, dyed, cotton cloth, made in Prussia.
Kalong noun (Zoology) A fruit bat, esp. the Indian edible fruit bat ( Pteropus edulis ).
Kalpa noun [ Sanskrit ] (Hind. Myth.) One of the Brahmanic eons, a period of 4,320,000,000 years. At the end of each Kalpa the world is annihilated.
Kalsomine noun & transitive verb Same as Calcimine .
[ From Celtic; confer Gael., Ir., & W. cam
. Confer Jamb
] Crooked; awry.
[ Obsolete] "This is clean kam
Kama noun [ Sanskrit kāma love, the god of love.] The Hindoo Cupid. He is represented as a beautiful youth, with a bow of sugar cane or flowers.
Kama (kä"mä) noun (Theosophy) Desire; animal passion; -- supposed to create the ka"ma ru"pa (rōpȧ) [ Sanskrit rūpa shape, image], a kind of simulacrum or astral likeness of a man which exists after his death in an invisible plane of being, called ka"ma lo"ca (lō"kȧ) [ Sanskrit lōka space, world], until the impulses which created it are exhausted and it finally fades away.
Kamala noun (Botany) The red dusty hairs of the capsules of an East Indian tree ( Mallotus Philippinensis ) used for dyeing silk. It is violently emetic, and is used in the treatment of tapeworm. [ Written also kameela .]
Kame noun A low ridge.
[ Scot.] See Eschar
Kami noun plural [ Japanese.] A title given to the celestial gods of the first mythical dynasty of Japan and extended to the demigods of the second dynasty, and then to the long line of spiritual princes still represented by the mikado.
Kamichi noun (Zoology) A curious South American bird ( Anhima, or Palamedea, cornuta ), often domesticated by the natives and kept with poultry, which it defends against birds of prey. It has a long, slender, hornlike ornament on its head, and two sharp spurs on each wing. Although its beak, feet, and legs resemble those of gallinaceous birds, it is related in anatomical characters to the ducks and geese ( Anseres ). Called also horned screamer . The name is sometimes applied also to the chaja. See Chaja , and Screamer .
Kamptulicon noun [ Greek ... to bend + ... material, from ... wood, matter.] A kind of elastic floor cloth, made of India rubber, gutta-percha, linseed oil, and powdered cork.
Kampylite noun [ Greek ... bent, curved, from ... to bend.] (Min.) A variety of mimetite or arseniate of lead in hexagonal prisms of a fine orange yellow. [ Written also campylite .]
Kamsin, Khamsin noun [ Arabic khamsīn , from khamsūn , oblique case khamsīn , fifty; -- so called because it blows for about fifty days, from April till June.] A hot southwesterly wind in Egypt, coming from the Sahara. [ Written also Khamseen .]
Kamtschadales noun plural (Ethnol.) An aboriginal tribe inhabiting the southern part of Kamtschatka.
Kan transitive verb To know; to ken.
[ Obsolete] See Ken
Kanacka, Kanaka noun [ Native name, prop., a man.] A native of the Sandwich Islands.
Kanchil noun [ Malay canchīl .] (Zoology) A small chevrotain of the genus Tragulus , esp. T. pygmæus , or T. kanchil , inhabiting Java, Sumatra, and adjacent islands; a deerlet. It is noted for its agility and cunning.
Kand noun (Mining) Fluor spar; -- so called by Cornish miners.
[ Said to be the native name.] (Zoology) Any one of numerous species of jumping marsupials of the family Macropodidæ . They inhabit Australia, New Guinea, and adjacent islands, They have long and strong hind legs and a large tail, while the fore legs are comparatively short and feeble. The giant kangaroo ( Macropus major ) is the largest species, sometimes becoming twelve or fourteen feet in total length. The tree kangaroos, belonging to the genus Dendrolagus , live in trees; the rock kangaroos, of the genus Petrogale , inhabit rocky situations; and the brush kangaroos, of the genus Halmaturus , inhabit wooded districts. See Wallaby . Kangaroo apple (Botany)
, the edible fruit of the Tasmanian plant Solanum aviculare .
-- Kangaroo grass (Botany)
, a perennial Australian forage grass ( Anthistiria australis ).
-- Kangaroo hare (Zoology)
, the jerboa kangaroo. See under Jerboa .
-- Kangaroo mouse
. (Zoology) See Jumping mouse , under Jumping .
-- Kangaroo rat (Zoology)
, the potoroo.
Kansas noun plural (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians allied to the Winnebagoes and Osages. They formerly inhabited the region which is now the State of Kansas, but were removed to the Indian Territory.
Kantian adjective Of or pertaining to Immanuel Kant , the German philosopher; conformed or relating to any or all of the philosophical doctrines of Immanuel Kant.
Kantian noun A follower of Kant; a Kantist.
Kantianism, Kantism noun The doctrine or theory of Kant; the Kantian philosophy.
Kantist noun A disciple or follower of Kant.
Kaolin, Kaoline noun [ Chin. kao-ling .] (Min.) A very pure white clay, ordinarily in the form of an impalpable powder, and used to form the paste of porcelain; China clay; porcelain clay. It is chiefly derived from the decomposition of common feldspar. » The name is now applied to all porcelain clays which endure the fire without discoloration.
Kaolinization noun The process by which feldspar is changed into kaolin.
Kaolinize transitive verb To convert into kaolin.
Kapelle noun [ G.] (Mus.) A chapel; hence, the choir or orchestra of a prince's chapel; now, a musical establishment, usually orchestral. Grove.
Kapia noun [ Native name.] (Min.) The fossil resin of the kauri tree of New Zealand.
Kapnomar noun (Chemistry) See Capnomor .
Kapok noun [ Prob. from the native name.] (Botany) A silky wool derived from the seeds of Ceiba pentandra (syn. Eriodendron anfractuosum ), a bombaceous tree of the East and West Indies.
Karagane noun [ Russian karagan' ] (Zoology) A species of gray fox found in Russia.
Karaism noun Doctrines of the Karaites.
Karaite noun [ Hebrew qārā to read.] (Eccl. Hist.) A sect of Jews who adhere closely to the letter of the Scriptures, rejecting the oral law, and allowing the Talmud no binding authority; -- opposed to the Rabbinists .
[ Russian karakul'
curly fleece of Bokhara and Khiva sheep.] Astrakhan, esp. in fine grades. Confer Caracul .
Karatas noun (Botany) A West Indian plant of the Pineapple family ( Nidularium Karatas ).
Karma noun [ Sanskrit ] (Buddhism) One's acts considered as fixing one's lot in the future existence. (Theos.) The doctrine of fate as the inflexible result of cause and effect; the theory of inevitable consequence.
Karmathian noun One of a Mohammedan sect founded in the ninth century by Karmat.
[ Cornish. Confer Cairn
.] (Mining) A pile of rocks; sometimes, the solid rock. See Cairn .
[ Confer Carat
.] The twenty-fourth part of a grain; -- a weight used by goldsmiths. Crabb.
[ Native name.] A native garment or rug of skin sewed together in the form of a square.
[ South Africa]
The wants of a native . . . are confined to a kaross (skin cloak) or some pieces of cotton cloth. James Bryce.