Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Integral adjective [ Confer French intégral . See Integer .]


1. Lacking nothing of completeness; complete; perfect; uninjured; whole; entire.

A local motion keepeth bodies integral .
Bacon.

2. Essential to completeness; constituent, as a part; pertaining to, or serving to form, an integer; integrant.

Ceasing to do evil, and doing good, are the two great integral parts that complete this duty.
South.

3. (Math.) (a) Of, pertaining to, or being, a whole number or undivided quantity; not fractional. (b) Pertaining to, or proceeding by, integration; as, the integral calculus.

Integral calculus . See under Calculus .

Integral noun
1. A whole; an entire thing; a whole number; an individual.

2. (Math.) An expression which, being differentiated, will produce a given differential. See differential Differential , and Integration . Confer Fluent .

Elliptic integral , one of an important class of integrals, occurring in the higher mathematics; -- so called because one of the integrals expresses the length of an arc of an ellipse .

Integrality noun [ Confer French intégralité .] Entireness. [ Obsolete] Whitaker.

Integrally adverb In an integral manner; wholly; completely; also, by integration.

Integrant adjective [ Latin integrans , -antis , present participle of integrare to make whole, renew: confer French intégrant . See Integrate .] Making part of a whole; necessary to constitute an entire thing; integral. Boyle.

All these are integrant parts of the republic.
Burke.

Integrant parts , or particles , of bodies, those smaller particles into which a body may be reduced without loss of its original constitution, as by mechanical division.

Integrate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Integrated ; present participle & verbal noun Integrating .] [ Latin integratus , past participle of integrare to make whole, renew: confer French intégrer . See Integer , Entire .]


1. To form into one whole; to make entire; to complete; to renew; to restore; to perfect. "That conquest rounded and integrated the glorious empire." De Quincey.

Two distinct substances, the soul and body, go to compound and integrate the man.
South.

2. To indicate the whole of; to give the sum or total of; as, an integrating anemometer, one that indicates or registers the entire action of the wind in a given time.

3. (Math.) To subject to the operation of integration; to find the integral of.

Integration (ĭn`te*grā"shŭn) noun [ Latin integratio a renewing, restoring: confer French intégration .]


1. The act or process of making whole or entire.

2. (Math.) The operation of finding the primitive function which has a given function for its differential coefficient. See Integral .

» The symbol of integration is ʃ (standing for the Latin summa sum), and the integral is also regarded as the limiting value of the sum of great numbers of differentials, when the magnitude of the differentials decreases, and their number increases indefinitely. See Limit , noun When the summation is made between specified values of the variable, the result is a definite integral , and those values of the variable are the limits of the integral. When the summation is made successively for two or more variables, the result is a multiple integral .

3. In the theory of evolution: The process by which the manifold is compacted into the relatively simple and permanent. It is supposed to alternate with differentiation as an agent in development.

Integrator noun (Math. & Mech.) That which integrates; esp., an instrument by means of which the area of a figure can be measured directly, or its moment of inertia, or statical moment, etc., be determined.

Integrity noun [ Latin integritas : confer French intégrité . See Integer , and confer Entirety .]


1. The state or quality of being entire or complete; wholeness; entireness; unbroken state; as, the integrity of an empire or territory. Sir T. More.

2. Moral soundness; honesty; freedom from corrupting influence or motive; -- used especially with reference to the fulfillment of contracts, the discharge of agencies, trusts, and the like; uprightness; rectitude.

The moral grandeur of independent integrity is the sublimest thing in nature.
Buckminster.

Their sober zeal, integrity , and worth.
Cowper.

3. Unimpaired, unadulterated, or genuine state; entire correspondence with an original condition; purity.

Language continued long in its purity and integrity .
Sir M. Hale.

Syn. -- Honesty; uprightness; rectitude. See Probity .

Integropallial adjective [ Latin integer whole + English pallial .] (Zoology) Having the pallial line entire, or without a sinus, as certain bivalve shells.

Integumation noun [ See Integument .] That part of physiology which treats of the integuments of animals and plants.

Integument noun [ Latin integumentum , from integere to cover; prefix in- in, on + tegere to cover: confer French intégument . See 1st n- , and Tegument .] That which naturally invests or covers another thing, as the testa or the tegmen of a seed; specifically (Anat.) , a covering which invests the body, as the skin, or a membrane that invests a particular part.

Integumentary noun Belonging to, or composed of, integuments.

Integumentation noun The act or process of covering with integuments; the state or manner of being thus covered.

Intellect noun [ Latin intellectus , from intelligere , intellectum , to understand: confer intellect . See Intelligent .] (Metaph.) The part or faculty of the human soul by which it knows, as distinguished from the power to feel and to will; sometimes, the capacity for higher forms of knowledge, as distinguished from the power to perceive objects in their relations; the power to judge and comprehend; the thinking faculty; the understanding.

Intellected adjective Endowed with intellect; having intellectual powers or capacities. [ R.]

In body, and in bristles, they became
As swine, yet intellected as before.
Cowper.

Intellection noun [ Latin intellectio synecdoche: confer French intellection .] A mental act or process; especially: (a) The act of understanding; simple apprehension of ideas; intuition. Bentley . (b) A creation of the mind itself. Hickok.

Intellective adjective [ Confer French intellectif .]


1. Pertaining to, or produced by, the intellect or understanding; intellectual.

2. Having power to understand, know, or comprehend; intelligent; rational. Glanvill.

3. Capable of being perceived by the understanding only, not by the senses.

Intellective abstractions of logic and metaphysics.
Milton.

Intellectively adverb In an intellective manner. [ R.] "Not intellectivelly to write." Warner.

Intellectual adjective [ Latin intellectualis : confer French intellectuel .]


1. Belonging to, or performed by, the intellect; mental; as, intellectual powers, activities, etc.

Logic is to teach us the right use of our reason or intellectual powers.
I. Watts.

2. Endowed with intellect; having the power of understanding; having capacity for the higher forms of knowledge or thought; characterized by intelligence or mental capacity; as, an intellectual person.

Who would lose,
Though full of pain, this intellectual being,
Those thoughts that wander through eternity?
Milton.

3. Suitable for exercising the intellect; formed by, and existing for, the intellect alone; perceived by the intellect; as, intellectual employments.

4. Relating to the understanding; treating of the mind; as, intellectual philosophy, sometimes called "mental" philosophy.

Intellectual noun The intellect or understanding; mental powers or faculties.

Her husband, for I view far round, not nigh,
Whose higher intellectual more I shun.
Milton.

I kept her intellectuals in a state of exercise.
De Quincey.

Intellectualism noun
1. Intellectual power; intellectuality.

2. The doctrine that knowledge is derived from pure reason.

Intellectualist noun
1. One who overrates the importance of the understanding. [ R.] Bacon.

2. One who accepts the doctrine of intellectualism.

Intellectuality noun [ Latin intellectualitas : confer French intellectualité .] Intellectual powers; possession of intellect; quality of being intellectual.

Intellectualize transitive verb
1. To treat in an intellectual manner; to discuss intellectually; to reduce to intellectual form; to express intellectually; to idealize.

Sentiment is intellectualized emotion.
Lowell.

2. To endow with intellect; to bestow intellectual qualities upon; to cause to become intellectual.

Intellectually adverb In an intellectual manner.

Intelligence noun [ French intelligence , Latin intelligentia , intellegentia . See Intelligent .]


1. The act or state of knowing; the exercise of the understanding.

2. The capacity to know or understand; readiness of comprehension; the intellect, as a gift or an endowment.

And dimmed with darkness their intelligence .
Spenser.

3. Information communicated; news; notice; advice.

Intelligence is given where you are hid.
Shak.

4. Acquaintance; intercourse; familiarity. [ Obsolete]

He lived rather in a fair intelligence than any friendship with the favorites.
Clarendon.

5. Knowledge imparted or acquired, whether by study, research, or experience; general information.

I write as he that none intelligence
Of meters hath, ne flowers of sentence.
Court of Love.

6. An intelligent being or spirit; -- generally applied to pure spirits; as, a created intelligence . Milton.

The great Intelligences fair
That range above our mortal state,
In circle round the blessed gate,
Received and gave him welcome there.
Tennyson.

Intelligence office , an office where information may be obtained, particularly respecting servants to be hired.

Syn. -- Understanding; intellect; instruction; advice; notice; notification; news; information; report.

Intelligencer noun One who, or that which, sends or conveys intelligence or news; a messenger.

All the intriguers in foreign politics, all the spies, and all the intelligencers . . . acted solely upon that principle.
Burke.

Intelligencing adjective Informing; giving information; talebearing. [ Obsolete] Shak.

That sad intelligencing tyrant.
Milton.

Intelligency noun Intelligence. [ Obsolete] Evelyn.

Intelligent adjective [ Latin intelligens , intellegens , -entis , present participle of intelligere , intellegere , to perceive; inter between + legere to gather, collect, choose: confer French intelligent . See Legend .]


1. Endowed with the faculty of understanding or reason; as, man is an intelligent being.

2. Possessed of intelligence, education, or judgment; knowing; sensible; skilled; marked by intelligence; as, an intelligent young man; an intelligent architect; an intelligent answer.

3. Cognizant; aware; communicative. [ Obsolete]

Intelligent of seasons.
Milton.

Which are to France the spies and speculations
Intelligent of our state.
Shak.

Syn. -- Sensible; understanding. See Sensible .

Intelligential adjective [ Confer French intelligentiel .] [ R.]


1. Of or pertaining to the intelligence; exercising or implying understanding; intellectual. "With act intelligential ." Milton.

2. Consisting of unembodied mind; incorporeal.

Food alike those pure
Intelligential substances require.
Milton.

Intelligentiary noun One who gives information; an intelligencer. [ Obsolete] Holinshed.

Intelligently adverb In an intelligent manner; with intelligence.

Intelligibility [ Confer French intelligilibilité .] The quality or state of being intelligible; clearness; perspicuity; definiteness.

Intelligible [ Latin intellegibilis : confer French intelligible . See Intelligent .] Capable of being understood or comprehended; as, an intelligible account or description; intelligible pronunciation, writing, etc.

The intelligible forms of ancient poets.
Coleridge.

Syn. -- Comprehensible; perspicuous; plain; clear.

Intelligibleness noun The quality or state of being intelligible; intelligibility. Locke.

Intelligibly adverb In an intelligible manner; so as to be understood; clearly; plainly; as, to write or speak intelligibly .

Intemerate, Intemerated adjective [ Latin intemeratus ; prefix in- not + temeratus defiled.] Pure; undefiled. [ Obsolete]

Intemerateness noun The state of being unpolluted; purity. [ Obsolete] Donne.

Intemperament noun A bad state; as, the intemperament of an ulcerated part. [ R.] Harvey.

Intemperance noun [ French intempérance , Latin intemperantia . See In- not, and Temperance .]


1. The act of becoming, or state of being, intemperate; excess in any kind of action or indulgence; any immoderate indulgence of the appetites or passions.

God is in every creature; be cruel toward none, neither abuse any by intemperance .
Jer. Taylor.

Some, as thou sawest, by violent stroke shall die,
By fire, flood, famine, by intemperance more
In meats and drinks.
Milton.

2. Specifically: Habitual or excessive indulgence in alcoholic liquors.

Intemperancy noun Intemperance. [ Obsolete]

Intemperant adjective [ Latin intemperans , -antis . See In- not, and Temperant .] Intemperate. [ Obsolete]

Such as be intemperant , that is, followers of their naughty appetites and lusts.
Udall.

Intemperate adjective [ Latin intemperatus . See In- not, and Temperate .]
1. Indulging any appetite or passion to excess; immoderate in enjoyment or exertion.

2. Specifically, addicted to an excessive or habitual use of alcoholic liquors.

3. Excessive; ungovernable; inordinate; violent; immoderate; as, intemperate language, zeal, etc.; intemperate weather.

Most do taste through fond intemperate thirst.
Milton.

Use not thy mouth to intemperate swearing.
Ecclus. xxiii. 13.

Intemperate transitive verb To disorder. [ Obsolete]

Intemperately adverb In an intemperate manner; immoderately; excessively; without restraint.

The people . . . who behaved very unwisely and intemperately on that occasion.
Burke.

Intemperateness noun
1. The state of being intemperate; excessive indulgence of any appetite or passion; as, intemperateness in eating or drinking.

2. Severity of weather; inclemency. Boyle.

By unseasonable weather, by intemperateness of the air or meteors.
Sir M. Hale.

Intemperature noun [ Confer Old French intemperature .] Intemperateness. [ Obsolete] Boyle.

Intempestive adjective [ Latin intempestivus : confer French intempestif . See In- not, and Tempestive .] Out of season; untimely. [ Obsolete] Burton.

Intempestive bashfulness gets nothing.
Hales.