Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Inspect transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inspected ; present participle & verbal noun Inspecting .] [ Latin inspectus , past participle of inspicere to inspect; prefix in- in + specere to look at, to view: confer French inspecter , from Latin inspectare , freq. from inspicere . See Spy .]


1. To look upon; to view closely and critically, esp. in order to ascertain quality or condition, to detect errors, etc., to examine; to scrutinize; to investigate; as, to inspect conduct.

2. To view and examine officially, as troops, arms, goods offered, work done for the public, etc.; to oversee; to superintend. Sir W. Temple.

Inspect noun [ Latin inspectus . See Inspect , transitive verb ] Inspection. [ Obsolete] Thomson.

Inspection noun [ Latin inspectio : confer French inspection .]
1. The act or process of inspecting or looking at carefully; a strict or prying examination; close or careful scrutiny; investigation. Spenser.

With narrow search, and with inspection deep,
Considered every creature.
Milton.

2. The act of overseeing; official examination or superintendence.

Trial by inspection (O. Eng. Law) , a mode of trial in which the case was settled by the individual observation and decision of the judge upon the testimony of his own senses, without the intervention of a jury. Abbott.

Inspective adjective [ Latin inspectivus .] Engaged in inspection; inspecting; involving inspection.

Inspector noun [ Latin : confer French inspecteur .] One who inspects, views, or oversees; one to whom the supervision of any work is committed; one who makes an official view or examination, as a military or civil officer; a superintendent; a supervisor; an overseer.

Inspector general (Mil.) , a staff officer of an army, whose duties are those of inspection, and embrace everything relative to organization, recruiting, discharge, administration, accountability for money and property, instruction, police, and discipline.

Inspectorate noun Inspectorship. [ R.]

Inspectorial adjective Of or pertaining to an inspector or to inspection. [ R.]

Inspectorship noun
1. The office of an inspector.

2. The district embraced by an inspector's jurisdiction.

Inspectress noun A female inspector.

Insperse transitive verb [ Latin inspersus , past participle of inspergere to sprinkle upon; prefix in- in, on + spargere to sprinkle.] To sprinkle; to scatter. [ Obsolete] Bailey.

Inspersion noun [ Latin inspersio .] The act of sprinkling. [ Obsolete] Chapman.

Inspeximus noun [ Latin , we have inspected.] The first word of ancient charters in England, confirming a grant made by a former king; hence, a royal grant.

Insphere transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Insphered ; present participle & verbal noun Insphering .] [ Confer Ensphere .] To place in, or as in, an orb a sphere. Confer Ensphere .

Bright aërial spirits live insphered
In regions mild of calm and serene air.
Milton.

Inspirable adjective Capable of being inspired or drawn into the lungs; inhalable; respirable; admitting inspiration. Harvey.

Inspiration noun [ French inspiration , Latin inspiratio . See Inspire .]


1. The act of inspiring or breathing in; breath; specif. (Physiol.) , the drawing of air into the lungs, accomplished in mammals by elevation of the chest walls and flattening of the diaphragm; -- the opposite of expiration .

2. The act or power of exercising an elevating or stimulating influence upon the intellect or emotions; the result of such influence which quickens or stimulates; as, the inspiration of occasion, of art, etc.

Your father was ever virtuous, and holy men at their death have good inspirations .
Shak.

3. (Theol.) A supernatural divine influence on the prophets, apostles, or sacred writers, by which they were qualified to communicate moral or religious truth with authority; a supernatural influence which qualifies men to receive and communicate divine truth; also, the truth communicated.

All Scripture is given by inspiration of God.
2 Tim. iii. 16.

The age which we now live in is not an age of inspiration and impulses.
Sharp.

Plenary inspiration (Theol.) , that kind of inspiration which excludes all defect in the utterance of the inspired message. -- Verbal inspiration (Theol.) , that kind of inspiration which extends to the very words and forms of expression of the divine message.

Inspirational adjective Pertaining to inspiration.

Inspirationist noun One who holds to inspiration.

Inspirator noun (Machinery) A kind of injector for forcing water by steam. See Injector , noun , 2.

Inspiratory adjective Pertaining to, or aiding, inspiration; as, the inspiratory muscles.

Inspire (ĭn*spīr") transitive verb [ Middle English enspiren , Old French enspirer , inspirer , French inspirer , from Latin inspirare ; prefix in- in + spirare to breathe. See Spirit .]


1. To breathe into; to fill with the breath; to animate.

When Zephirus eek, with his sweete breath,
Inspirèd hath in every holt and heath
The tender crops.
Chaucer.

Descend, ye Nine, descend and sing,
The breathing instruments inspire .
Pope.

2. To infuse by breathing, or as if by breathing.

He knew not his Maker, and him that inspired into him an active soul.
Wisdom xv. 11.

3. To draw in by the operation of breathing; to inhale; -- opposed to expire .

Forced to inspire and expire the air with difficulty.
Harvey.

4. To infuse into the mind; to communicate to the spirit; to convey, as by a divine or supernatural influence; to disclose preternaturally; to produce in, as by inspiration.

And generous stout courage did inspire .
Spenser.

But dawning day new comfort hath inspired .
Shak.

5. To infuse into; to affect, as with a superior or supernatural influence; to fill with what animates, enlivens, or exalts; to communicate inspiration to; as, to inspire a child with sentiments of virtue.

Erato, thy poet's mind inspire ,
And fill his soul with thy celestial fire.
Dryden.

Inspire intransitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inspired ; present participle & verbal noun Inspiring .]


1. To draw in breath; to inhale air into the lungs; -- opposed to expire .

2. To breathe; to blow gently. [ Obsolete]

And when the wind amongst them did inspire ,
They wavèd like a penon wide dispread.
Spenser.

Inspired adjective
1. Breathed in; inhaled.

2. Moved or animated by, or as by, a supernatural influence; affected by divine inspiration; as, the inspired prophets; the inspired writers.

3. Communicated or given as by supernatural or divine inspiration; having divine authority; hence, sacred, holy; -- opposed to uninspired , profane , or secular ; as, the inspired writings, that is, the Scriptures.

Inspirer noun One who, or that which, inspires. " Inspirer of that holy flame." Cowper.

Inspiring adjective Animating; cheering; moving; exhilarating; as, an inspiring or scene.

Inspirit transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inspirited ; present participle & verbal noun Inspiriting .] To infuse new life or spirit into; to animate; to encourage; to invigorate.

The courage of Agamemnon is inspirited by the love of empire and ambition.
Pope.

Syn. -- To enliven; invigorate; exhilarate; animate; cheer; encourage; inspire.

Inspissate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Inspissated ; present participle & verbal noun Inspissating .] [ Latin inspissatus , past participle of inspissare to thicken; prefix in- + spissare to thicken, from spissus thick.] To thicken or bring to greater consistence, as fluids by evaporation.

Inspissate adjective [ Latin inspissatus , past participle ] Thick or thickened; inspissated. Greenhill.

Inspissation noun The act or the process of inspissating, or thickening a fluid substance, as by evaporation; also, the state of being so thickened.

Instability noun ; plural Instabilities . [ Latin instabilitas : confer French instabilité .]


1. The quality or condition of being unstable; want of stability, firmness, or steadiness; liability to give way or to fail; insecurity; precariousness; as, the instability of a building.

2. Lack of determination of fixedness; inconstancy; fickleness; mutability; changeableness; as, instability of character, temper, custom, etc. Addison.

Syn. -- Inconstancy; fickleness; changeableness; wavering; unsteadiness; unstableness.

Instable adjective [ Latin instabilis : confer French instable . See In- not, and Stable , adjective , and confer Unstable .] Not stable; not standing fast or firm; unstable; prone to change or recede from a purpose; mutable; inconstant.

Instableness noun Instability; unstableness.

Install transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Installed ; present participle & verbal noun Installing .] [ French installer , Late Latin installare , from prefix in- in + Old High German stal a place, stall, German stall , akin to English stall : confer Italian installare . See Stall .] [ Written also instal .]


1. To set in a seat; to give a place to; establish (one) in a place.

She installed her guest hospitably by the fireside.
Sir W. Scott.

2. To place in an office, rank, or order; to invest with any charge by the usual ceremonies; to instate; to induct; as, to install an ordained minister as pastor of a church; to install a college president.

Unworthily
Thou wast installed in that high degree.
Shak.

Installation noun [ French installation , Late Latin installatio : confer Italian installazione . See Install .]


1. The act of installing or giving possession of an office, rank, or order, with the usual rites or ceremonies; as, the installation of an ordained minister in a parish.

On the election, the bishop gives a mandate for his installation .
Ayliffe.

2. (Mech.) The whole of a system of machines, apparatus, and accessories, when set up and arranged for practical working, as in electric lighting, transmission of power, etc.

Installment noun [ Written also instalment .]


1. The act of installing; installation.

Take oaths from all kings and magistrates at their installment , to do impartial justice by law.
Milton.

2. The seat in which one is placed. [ Obsolete]

The several chairs of order, look, you scour; . . .
Each fair installment , coat, and several crest
With loyal blazon, evermore be blest.
Shak.

3. A portion of a debt, or sum of money, which is divided into portions that are made payable at different times. Payment by installment is payment by parts at different times, the amounts and times being often definitely stipulated. Bouvier.

Instamp transitive verb See Enstamp .

Instance noun [ French instance , Latin instantia , from instans . See Instant .]


1. The act or quality of being instant or pressing; urgency; solicitation; application; suggestion; motion.

Undertook at her instance to restore them.
Sir W. Scott.

2. That which is instant or urgent; motive. [ Obsolete]

The instances that second marriage move
Are base respects of thrift, but none of love.
Shak.

3. Occasion; order of occurrence.

These seem as if, in the time of Edward I., they were drawn up into the form of a law, in the first instance .
Sir M. Hale.

4. That which offers itself or is offered as an illustrative case; something cited in proof or exemplification; a case occurring; an example.

Most remarkable instances of suffering.
Atterbury.

5. A token; a sign; a symptom or indication. Shak.

Causes of instance , those which proceed at the solicitation of some party. Hallifax. -- Court of first instance , the court by which a case is first tried. -- For instance , by way of example or illustration. -- Instance Court (Law) , the Court of Admiralty acting within its ordinary jurisdiction, as distinguished from its action as a prize court .

Syn. -- Example; case. See Example .

Instance transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instanced ; present participle & verbal noun Instancing .] To mention as a case or example; to refer to; to cite; as, to instance a fact. H. Spenser.

I shall not instance an abstruse author.
Milton.

Instance intransitive verb To give an example. [ Obsolete]

This story doth not only instance in kingdoms, but in families too.
Jer. Taylor.

Instancy noun Instance; urgency. [ Obsolete]

Those heavenly precepts which our Lord and Savior with so great instancy gave.
Hooker.

Instant adjective [ Latin instans , -antis , present participle of instare to stand upon, to press upon; prefix in- in, on + stare to stand: confer French instant . See Stand .]


1. Pressing; urgent; importunate; earnest.

Rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing instant in prayer.
Rom. xii. 12.

I am beginning to be very instant for some sort of occupation.
Carlyle.

2. Closely pressing or impending in respect to time; not deferred; immediate; without delay.

Impending death is thine, and instant doom.
Prior.

3. Present; current.

The instant time is always the fittest time.
Fuller.

» The word in this sense is now used only in dates, to indicate the current month; as, the tenth of July instant .

Instant adverb Instantly. [ Poetic]

Instant he flew with hospitable haste.
Pope.

Instant noun [ French instant , from Latin instans standing by, being near, present. See Instant , adjective ]


1. A point in duration; a moment; a portion of time too short to be estimated; also, any particular moment.

There is scarce an instant between their flourishing and their not being.
Hooker.

2. A day of the present or current month; as, the sixth instant ; -- an elliptical expression equivalent to the sixth of the month instant , i. e., the current month. See Instant , adjective , 3.

Syn. -- Moment; flash; second.

Instantaneity noun [ Confer French instantanéité .] Quality of being instantaneous. Shenstone.

Instantaneous adjective [ Confer French instantané .]


1. Done or occurring in an instant, or without any perceptible duration of time; as, the passage of electricity appears to be instantaneous .

His reason saw
With instantaneous view, the truth of things.
Thomson.

2. At or during a given instant; as, instantaneous acceleration, velocity, etc.

Instantaneous center of rotation (Kinematics) , in a plane or in a plane figure which has motions both of translation and of rotation in the plane, is the point which for the instant is at rest. -- Instantaneous axis of rotation (Kinematics) , in a body which has motions both of translation and rotation, is a line, which is supposed to be rigidly united with the body, and which for the instant is at rest. The motion of the body is for the instant simply that of rotation about the instantaneous axis.

-- In`stan*ta"ne*ous*ly , adverb -- In`stan*ta"ne*ous*ness , noun

Instanter adverb [ Latin , vehemently, earnestly. See Instant , noun & adjective ] Immediately; instantly; at once; as, he left instanter .

Instantly adverb
1. Without the least delay or interval; at once; immediately. Macaulay.

2. With urgency or importunity; earnestly; pressingly. "They besought him instantly ." Luke vii. 4.

Syn. -- Directly; immediately; at once. See Directly .

Instar transitive verb To stud as with stars. [ R.] "A golden throne instarred with gems." J. Barlow.

Instate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instated ; present participle & verbal noun Instating .] To set, place, or establish, as in a rank, office, or condition; to install; to invest; as, to instate a person in greatness or in favor. Shak.

Instaurate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instaurated ; present participle & verbal noun Instaurating .] [ Latin instauratus , past participle of instaurare to renew. See 1st In- , and Store .] To renew or renovate. [ R.]

Instauration noun [ Latin instauratio : confer French instauration .] Restoration after decay, lapse, or dilapidation; renewal; repair; renovation; renaissance.

Some great catastrophe or . . . instauration .
T. Burnet.