Webster's Dictionary, 1913

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Instaurator noun [ Latin : confer French instaurateur .] One who renews or restores to a former condition. [ R.] Dr. H. More.

Instaure transitive verb [ See Instaurate .] To renew or renovate; to instaurate. [ Obsolete] Marston.

Instead adverb [ Prefix in- + stead place.]


1. In the place or room; -- usually followed by of .

Let thistles grow of wheat.
Job xxxi. 40.

Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab.
2 Sam. xvii. 25.

2. Equivalent; equal to; -- usually with of . [ R.]

This very consideration to a wise man is instead of a thousand arguments, to satisfy him, that in those times no such thing was believed.
Tillotson.

Insteep transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Insteeped ; present participle & verbal noun Insteeping .] To steep or soak; to drench. [ R.] "In gore he lay insteeped ." Shak.

Instep noun [ Formerly also instop , instup .]


1. The arched middle portion of the human foot next in front of the ankle joint.

2. That part of the hind leg of the horse and allied animals, between the hock, or ham, and the pastern joint.

Instigate transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instigated ; present participle & verbal noun Instigating .] [ Latin instigatus , past participle of instigare to instigate; prefix in- in + a root akin to German stechen to prick, English stick . See Stick .] To goad or urge forward; to set on; to provoke; to incite; -- used chiefly with reference to evil actions; as, to instigate one to a crime.

He hath only instigated his blackest agents to the very extent of their malignity.
Bp. Warburton.

Syn. -- To stimulate; urge; spur; provoke; tempt; incite; impel; encourage; animate.

Instigatingly adverb Incitingly; temptingly.

Instigation noun [ Latin instigatio : confer French instigation .] The act of instigating, or the state of being instigated; incitement; esp. to evil or wickedness.

The baseness and villainy that . . . the instigation of the devil could bring the sons of men to.
South.

Instigator noun [ Latin : confer French instigateur .] One who instigates or incites. Burke.

Instill transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instilled ; present participle & verbal noun Instilling .] [ Latin instillare , instillatum ; prefix in- in + stillare to drop, from stilla a drop: confer French instiller . See Distill .] [ Written also instil .] To drop in; to pour in drop by drop; hence, to impart gradually; to infuse slowly; to cause to be imbibed.

That starlight dews
All silently their tears of love instill .
Byron.

How hast thou instilled
Thy malice into thousands.
Milton.

Syn. -- To infuse; impart; inspire; implant; inculcate; insinuate.

Instillation noun [ Latin instillatio : confer French instillation .] The act of instilling; also, that which is instilled. Johnson.

Instillator noun An instiller. [ R.]

Instillatory adjective Belonging to instillation. [ R.]

Instiller noun One who instills. Skelton.

Instillment noun The act of instilling; also, that which is instilled. [ Written also instilment .]

Instimulate transitive verb [ Prefix in- not + stimulate .] Not to stimulate; to soothe; to quiet. [ Obsolete] Cheyne.

Instimulate transitive verb [ Latin instimulatus , past participle instimulare to stimulate. See 1st In- , and Stimulate .] To stimulate; to excite. [ Obsolete] Cockeram.

Instimulation noun Stimulation.

Instinct adjective [ Latin instinctus , past participle of instinguere to instigate, incite; confer instigare to instigate. Confer Instigate , Distinguish .] Urged or stimulated from within; naturally moved or impelled; imbued; animated; alive; quick; as, birds instinct with life.

The chariot of paternal deity . . .
Itself instinct with spirit, but convoyed
By four cherubic shapes.
Milton.

A noble performance, instinct with sound principle.
Brougham.

Instinct (ĭn"stĭnkt) noun [ Latin instinctus instigation, impulse, from instinguere to instigate: confer French instinct . See Instinct , adjective ]


1. Natural inward impulse; unconscious, involuntary, or unreasoning prompting to any mode of action, whether bodily, or mental, without a distinct apprehension of the end or object to be accomplished.

An instinct is a propensity prior to experience, and independent of instructions.
Paley.

An instinct is a blind tendency to some mode of action, independent of any consideration, on the part of the agent, of the end to which the action leads.
Whately.

An instinct is an agent which performs blindly and ignorantly a work of intelligence and knowledge.
Sir W. Hamilton.

By a divine instinct , men's minds mistrust
Ensuing dangers.
Shak.

2. (Zoology) Specif., the natural, unreasoning, impulse by which an animal is guided to the performance of any action, without thought of improvement in the method.

The resemblance between what originally was a habit, and an instinct becomes so close as not to be distinguished.
Darwin.

3. A natural aptitude or knack; a predilection; as, an instinct for order; to be modest by instinct .

Instinct (ĭn*stĭnkt") transitive verb To impress, as an animating power, or instinct. [ Obsolete] Bentley.

Instinction noun Instinct; incitement; inspiration. [ Obsolete] Sir T. Elyot.

Instinctive adjective [ Confer French instinctif .] Of or pertaining to instinct; derived from, or prompted by, instinct; of the nature of instinct; determined by natural impulse or propensity; acting or produced without reasoning, deliberation, instruction, or experience; spontaneous. " Instinctive motion." Milton. " Instinctive dread." Cowper.

With taste instinctive give
Each grace appropriate.
Mason.

Have we had instinctive intimations of the death of some absent friends?
Bp. Hall.

» The terms instinctive belief , instinctive judgment , instinctive cognition , are expressions not ill adapted to characterize a belief, judgment, or cognition, which, as the result of no anterior consciousness, is, like the products of animal instinct, the intelligent effect of (as far as we are concerned) an unknown cause. Sir H. Hamilton.

Syn. -- Natural; voluntary; spontaneous; original; innate; inherent; automatic.

Instinctively adverb In an instinctive manner; by force of instinct; by natural impulse.

Instinctivity noun The quality of being instinctive, or prompted by instinct. [ R.] Coleridge.

Instipulate adjective See Exstipulate .

Institute (ĭn"stĭ*tūt) p. adjective [ Latin institutus , past participle of instituere to place in, to institute, to instruct; prefix in- in + statuere to cause to stand, to set. See Statute .] Established; organized; founded. [ Obsolete]

They have but few laws. For to a people so instruct and institute , very few to suffice.
Robynson (More's Utopia).

Institute (ĭn"stĭ*tūt) transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instituted (- tū`tĕd); present participle & verbal noun Instituting .]


1. To set up; to establish; to ordain; as, to institute laws, rules, etc.

2. To originate and establish; to found; to organize; as, to institute a court, or a society.

Whenever any from of government becomes destructive of these ends it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute a new government.
Jefferson (Decl. of Indep. ).

3. To nominate; to appoint. [ Obsolete]

We institute your Grace
To be our regent in these parts of France.
Shak.

4. To begin; to commence; to set on foot; as, to institute an inquiry; to institute a suit.

And haply institute
A course of learning and ingenious studies.
Shak.

5. To ground or establish in principles and rudiments; to educate; to instruct. [ Obsolete]

If children were early instituted , knowledge would insensibly insinuate itself.
Dr. H. More.

6. (Eccl. Law) To invest with the spiritual charge of a benefice, or the care of souls. Blackstone.

Syn. -- To originate; begin; commence; establish; found; erect; organize; appoint; ordain.

Institute noun [ Latin institutum : confer French institut . See Institute , transitive verb & adjective ]


1. The act of instituting; institution. [ Obsolete] "Water sanctified by Christ's institute ." Milton.

2. That which is instituted, established, or fixed, as a law, habit, or custom. Glover.

3. Hence: An elementary and necessary principle; a precept, maxim, or rule, recognized as established and authoritative; usually in the plural, a collection of such principles and precepts; esp., a comprehensive summary of legal principles and decisions; as, the Institutes of Justinian; Coke's Institutes of the Laws of England. Confer Digest , noun

They made a sort of institute and digest of anarchy.
Burke.

To make the Stoics' institutes thy own.
Dryden.

4. An institution; a society established for the promotion of learning, art, science, etc.; a college; as, the Institute of Technology; also, a building owned or occupied by such an institute; as, the Cooper Institute .

5. (Scots Law) The person to whom an estate is first given by destination or limitation. Tomlins.

Institutes of medicine , theoretical medicine; that department of medical science which attempts to account philosophically for the various phenomena of health as well as of disease; physiology applied to the practice of medicine. Dunglison.

Instituter noun An institutor. [ R.]

Institution noun [ Latin institutio : confer French institution .]


1. The act or process of instituting; as: (a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the institution of a school.

The institution of God's law is described as being established by solemn injunction.
Hooker.

(b) Instruction; education. [ Obsolete] Bentley. (c) (Eccl. Law) The act or ceremony of investing a clergyman with the spiritual part of a benefice, by which the care of souls is committed to his charge. Blackstone.

2. That which instituted or established ; as: (a) Established order, method, or custom; enactment; ordinance; permanent form of law or polity.

The nature of our people,
Our city's institutions .
Shak.

(b) An established or organized society or corporation; an establishment, especially of a public character, or affecting a community; a foundation; as, a literary institution ; a charitable institution ; also, a building or the buildings occupied or used by such organization; as, the Smithsonian Institution . (c) Anything forming a characteristic and persistent feature in social or national life or habits.

We ordered a lunch (the most delightful of English institutions , next to dinner) to be ready against our return.
Hawthorne.

3. That which institutes or instructs; a textbook; a system of elements or rules; an institute. [ Obsolete]

There is another manuscript, of above three hundred years old, . . . being an institution of physic.
Evelyn.

Institutional adjective
1. Pertaining to, or treating of, institutions; as, institutional legends.

Institutional writers as Rousseau.
J. S. Mill.

2. Instituted by authority.

3. Elementary; rudimental.

Institutionary adjective
1. Relating to an institution, or institutions.

2. Containing the first principles or doctrines; elemental; rudimentary.

Institutist noun A writer or compiler of, or a commentator on, institutes. [ R.] Harvey.

Institutive adjective
1. Tending or intended to institute; having the power to establish. Barrow.

2. Established; depending on, or characterized by, institution or order. " Institutive decency." Milton.

Institutively adverb In conformity with an institution. Harrington.

Institutor noun [ Latin : confer French instituteur .]


1. One who institutes, founds, ordains, or establishes.

2. One who educates; an instructor. [ Obsolete] Walker.

3. (Episcopal Church) A presbyter appointed by the bishop to institute a rector or assistant minister over a parish church.

Instop transitive verb To stop; to close; to make fast; as, to instop the seams. [ Obsolete] Dryden.

Instore transitive verb [ See Instaurate , Store .] To store up; to inclose; to contain. [ Obsolete] Wyclif.

Instratified adjective Interstratified.

Instroke noun An inward stroke; specif., in a steam or other engine, a stroke in which the piston is moving away from the crank shaft; -- opposed to outstroke .

Instruct adjective [ Latin instructus , past participle of instruere to furnish, provide, construct, instruct; prefix in- in, on + struere . See Structure .]
1. Arranged; furnished; provided. [ Obsolete] "He had neither ship instruct with oars, nor men." Chapman.

2. Instructed; taught; enlightened. [ Obsolete] Milton.

Instruct transitive verb [ imperfect & past participle Instructed ; present participle & verbal noun Instructing .]


1. To put in order; to form; to prepare. [ Obsolete]

They speak to the merits of a cause, after the proctor has prepared and instructed the same for a hearing.
Ayliffe.

2. To form by communication of knowledge; to inform the mind of; to impart knowledge or information to; to enlighten; to teach; to discipline.

Schoolmasters will I keep within my house,
Fit to instruct her youth.
Shak.

3. To furnish with directions; to advise; to direct; to command; as, the judge instructs the jury.

She, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist's head in a charger.
Matt. xiv. 8.

Take her in; instruct her what she has to do.
Shak.

Syn. -- To teach; educate; inform; train; discipline; indoctrinate; direct; enjoin.

Instructer noun See Instructor .

Instructible adjective Capable of being instructed; teachable; docible. Bacon.

Instruction noun [ Latin instructio : confer French instruction .]


1. The act of instructing, teaching, or furnishing with knowledge; information.

2. That which instructs, or with which one is instructed; the intelligence or information imparted ; as: (a) Precept; information; teachings. (b) Direction; order; command. "If my instructions may be your guide." Shak.

Syn. -- Education; teaching; indoctrination; information; advice; counsel. See Education .

Instructional adjective Pertaining to, or promoting, instruction; educational.

Instructive adjective [ Confer French instructif .] Conveying knowledge; serving to instruct or inform; as, experience furnishes very instructive lessons. Addison.

In various talk the instructive hours they past.
Pope.

-- In*struct"ive*ly , adverb -- In*struct"ive*ness , noun

The pregnant instructiveness of the Scripture.
Boyle.

Instructor noun [ Latin , a preparer: confer French instructeur .] [ Written also instructer .] One who instructs; one who imparts knowledge to another; a teacher.

Instructress noun A woman who instructs; a preceptress; a governess. Johnson.